Introduction of an organised programme and social inequalities in mammography screening: A 22-year population-based study in Geneva, Switzerland

TitreIntroduction of an organised programme and social inequalities in mammography screening: A 22-year population-based study in Geneva, Switzerland
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursSandoval, JLuis, Theler, J-M, Cullati, S, Bouchardy, C, Manor, O, Gaspoz, J-M, Guessous, I
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume103
Pagination49–55
ISSN00917435
Mots-clésBreast neoplasms, Female, Mammography, Socioeconomic factors
Résumé

In developed countries, breast cancer mortality has decreased during the last decades due to, at least partially, the advent of mammography screening. Organised programmes aim, among other objectives, to increase participation and decrease social inequalities in screening access. We aimed to characterise the evolution of socioeconomic disparities in mammography screening before and after the implementation of an organised programme in Geneva, Switzerland. We included 5345 women, aged 50-74years, without past history of breast cancer who participated in the cross-sectional Bus Santé study, between 1992 and 2014. Outcome measures were: 1) never had a mammography (1992-2014) and 2) never had a mammography or not screened in the two years before being surveyed (subgroup analysis, 2007-2014). Educational attainment was divided in three groups (primary, secondary and tertiary) and period in two (before/after introduction of a screening programme in 1999). We calculated measures of relative and absolute change, including the relative (RII) and slope (SII) indices of social inequality adjusted for age and nationality. We compared the prevalence of screening before and after screening programme implementation using Poisson models. The proportion of unscreened women decreased during the study period from 30.5% to 3.6%. Lower educated women were more frequently unscreened (RII=2.39, p

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091743517302736
DOI10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.07.025

Public smoking ban and socioeconomic inequalities in smoking prevalence and cessation: a cross-sectional population-based study in Geneva, Switzerland (1995–2014)

TitrePublic smoking ban and socioeconomic inequalities in smoking prevalence and cessation: a cross-sectional population-based study in Geneva, Switzerland (1995–2014)
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSandoval, JLuis, Leão, T, Cullati, S, Theler, J-M, Joost, S, Humair, J-P, Gaspoz, J-M, Guessous, I
JournalTobacco Control
Date Published01/2018
ISSN0964-4563, 1468-3318
Mots-cléscessation, disparities, public policy, socioeconomic status
Résumé

INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans were suggested to reduce smoking prevalence and increase quit ratio but their equity impact remains unclear. We aimed to characterise the socioeconomic status (SES)-related inequalities in smoking prevalence and quit ratio before and after the implementation of a public smoking ban. METHODS: We included data from 17 544 participants in the population-based cross-sectional Bus Santé study in Geneva, Switzerland, between 1995 and 2014. We considered educational attainment (primary, secondary and tertiary) as a SES indicator. Outcomes were smoking prevalence (proportion of current smokers) and quit ratio (ex-smokers to ever-smokers ratio). We used segmented linear regression to assess the overall impact of smoking ban on outcome trends. We calculated the relative (RII) and slope (SII, absolute difference) indexes of inequality, quantifying disparities between educational groups in outcomes overall (1995-2014), before and after ban implementation (November 2009). RESULTS: Least educated participants displayed higher smoking prevalence (RII=2.04, P

URLhttp://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2018/01/25/tobaccocontrol-2017-053986
DOI10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053986

The Influence of educational expansion on partnership stability: A cohort study of first partnerships in Switzerland

TitreThe Influence of educational expansion on partnership stability: A cohort study of first partnerships in Switzerland
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursKessler, D
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume43
Ticket3
Pagination543-565
Date Published11/2017
ISSN2297-8348
Mots-cléscohabitation, divorce, educational expansion, educational gradient, séparation
Résumé

This study examines the association between educational attainment and separation risks in marital or non-marital first partnerships to query the extent to which educational expansion has affected trends in partnership stability. Because the educational gradient in separation changed from being positive for women (and, to a lesser extent, for men) to being statistically non-significant at the same time as educational expansion took place, the latter can only serve as a minor explanation of the exceptional rise in breakup rates in Switzerland.

URLhttp://www.degruyter.com/view/j/sjs.2017.43.issue-3/sjs-2017-0027/sjs-2017-0027.xml
DOI10.1515/sjs-2017-0027

Families and personal networks - An international comparative perspective

TitreFamilies and personal networks - An international comparative perspective
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2018
Series EditorWall, K, Widmer, E, Gauthier, J-A, Cesnuityté, V, Gouveia, R
Series TitlePalgrave Macmillan Studies in Family and Intimate Life
Edition1
Number of Pages254
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Place PublishedLondon, United Kingdom
ISBN Number978-1-349-95263-2
Mots-clésaging, Sociology of Family, youth
Résumé

This book critically assesses the main features of the modernization of family life and personal relationships by examining and comparing three European countries with different social and political pathways: Portugal, Switzerland and Lithuania. Drawing on national surveys of family trajectories and social networks, the contributors highlight personal and family relationships through the lens of network and life course perspectives as well as gender and generational perspectives.
Providing innovative, comparative findings on families and personal networks through the use of diverse methodologies, this edited collection will be of interest to scholars, students and policymakers across a range of social science disciplines.

DOI10.1057/978-1-349-95263-2

Basic values, career orientations, and career anchors: Empirical investigation of relationships

TitreBasic values, career orientations, and career anchors: Empirical investigation of relationships
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursAbessolo, M, Rossier, J, Hirschi, A
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
ISSN1664-1078
Mots-clésBoundaryless career orientation, career anchors, Protean career orientation, relationships, Schwartz's basic values
Résumé

In today’s dynamic and uncertain career context, values play an important role for career choice and lifelong career self-management. Values are desirable goals that are sought by individuals to satisfy their needs and are important for understanding career orientations in terms of protean and boundaryless career orientations and career anchors. However, how career orientations or career anchors fit into a well-established and supported model and into the structure of basic human values remains an important and under-investigated question. The aim of this study was to use Schwartz’s model of structural values to empirically explore the relationships and structural correspondences among basic values, career orientations, and career anchors. A heterogeneous sample of 238 employees from French-speaking Switzerland (Mage = 35.60, SD = 13.03) completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ5X), the Protean and Boundaryless Career Attitudes Scales (PCAS, BCAS), and the Career Orientation Inventory (COI) via an anonymous and confidential survey questionnaire. The results showed that it was possible to meaningfully position both career orientations and career anchors in Schwartz’s values structure. The protean and boundaryless career orientations were positively related to Schwartz’s basic values that emphasized openness to change and career anchors and meaningfully followed the motivational continuum of these basic values. Overall, the overlap among the basic values, career orientations, and career anchors appeared relatively important, suggesting that these basic values, orientations and anchors should be considered simultaneously to understand and address the factors and processes underlying individuals’ career choices and paths.

URLhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01556/full
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01556

The many faces of personality: The DSM-5 dimensional and categorical models and the five-factor model

TitreThe many faces of personality: The DSM-5 dimensional and categorical models and the five-factor model
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPocnet, C, Antonietti, J-P, Handschin, P, Massoudi, K, Rossier, J
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume121
Pagination11–18
ISSN01918869
Mots-clésMaladaptive traits, Personality disorders, Personality traits, PID-5
Résumé

The classical nosographical approach to personality disorders leads to a set of categories that may be considered to be both conceptually and empirically problematic. In this regard, the DSM-5 includes an alternative dimensional model for which the Personality Inventory Disorders (PID-5) has been developed. Our study compares this alternative dimensional model in regards to both personality disorder categories and normal personality dimensions. The 537 participants in our study, 65.4% of whom were women, completed both the PID-5 and the International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE) screening questionnaire. Among these participants, 273 participants (64.1% women) also completed the revised version of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI-R). A multiple factor analysis indicated that two higher-order principal dimensions described the relationships between the PID-5 and both the IPDE and the NEO-FFI-R. These relationships were analyzed in greater detail using a Principal Axis Factor Analysis. Five and four, respectively, intercorrelated lower-level factors were considered after a parallel analysis that confirmed to a certain extent that normal and abnormal personalities share a common underlying structure. Finally, a multiple regression bootstrap series confirmed the close associations between the PID-5 and both the IPDE and the NEO-FFI-R scales. Our results indicate that the PID-5 offers an alternative perspective for describing symptom syndromes with personality pathology.

URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886917305536
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2017.09.005
Short TitleThe many faces of personality

Psychology and the international labor organization: The role of psychology in the decent work agenda

TitrePsychology and the international labor organization: The role of psychology in the decent work agenda
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursBlustein, D, Masdonati, J, Rossier, J
JournalILO's Network on Future of Work
Mots-clésdecent work, occupational safety and health
Résumé

The initial development of both the International Labor Organisation (ILO) and the psychological study of working can be traced to a period nearly a century ago when the labor market was in the throes of major changes.
Now that many regions of the world are once again facing dramatic and far-reaching transformations in the world of work, the authors believe that it is important to connect the ILO and the psychological study of work and careers to maximize efforts to enhance the quality, availability, and security of work for all citizens across the globe. In this brief paper, the authors discuss some of the ways that psychology can inform the ILO mission.

URLhttp://www.ilo.org/global/research/publications/WCMS_561013/lang--en/index.htm
Short TitlePsychology and the International Labor Organization

Retirement planning: How to deal with different adjustment trajectories?

TitreRetirement planning: How to deal with different adjustment trajectories?
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursFroidevaux, A, Baumann, I, Maggiori, C, Wieber, F, Rossier, J
ÉditeurErtelt, B-J, Scharpf, M
Book TitleBerufliche beratung älterer [Career guidance for older people]
Pagination25–53
PublisherPeter Lang
Place PublishedBerlin, Germany
Résumé

This chapter examines whether planning for retirement leads to positive adjustment outcomes. The article reviews several retirement adjustment trajectories and suggests five distinct retiree types. Furthermore, it reports antecedents and consequences of retirement planning. Finally, implications for career counselling interventions are derived.

La recherche qualitative consensuelle en psychologie du conseil et de l'orientation [Qualitative consensual research in career counseling]

TitreLa recherche qualitative consensuelle en psychologie du conseil et de l'orientation [Qualitative consensual research in career counseling]
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursMasdonati, J, Froidevaux, A, Rossier, J
ÉditeurSantiago-Delfosse, M, Carral, MDel Rio
Book TitleLes méthodes qualitatives en psychologie et sciences humaines de la santé
Pagination153–175
PublisherDunod
Place PublishedParis, France

Personality structure and assessment in French-speaking African Cultures

TitrePersonality structure and assessment in French-speaking African Cultures
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursRossier, J, Ouedraogo, A, Dahourou, D
ÉditeurA. Church, T
Book TitleThe Praeger handbook of personality across cultures
Volume1
Chapter3
Pagination73–103
PublisherPraeger
Place PublishedSanta Barbara, CA

Feeling loved and integrated or lonely and rejected in everyday life: The role of age and social motivation

TitreFeeling loved and integrated or lonely and rejected in everyday life: The role of age and social motivation
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursNikitin, J, Freund, AM
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume54
Nombre6
Pagination1186–1198
ISSN1939-0599
Mots-clésadult-age differences, isolation, social approach and avoidance goals, social integration
Résumé

Social approach and social avoidance goals (i.e., approach of positive and avoidance of negative outcomes in social situations) are important predictors of the feeling of being socially integrated or isolated. However, little is known about the development of these goals across adulthood. In a large diary study with N = 744 young (18-39 years), middle-aged (40-59 years), and older adults (60-83 years), we tested the hypothesis that the adaptiveness of social goals changes across adulthood: Social approach goals were hypothesized to be adaptive during young adulthood when adult social relationships are to be established. In contrast, social avoidance goals were hypothesized to become more adaptive with age as people are increasingly motivated to avoid interpersonal tension. Our findings support these hypotheses: Social approach goals were positively and social avoidance goals negatively associated with younger but not with middle-aged and older adults' daily social well-being. These results were robust across different situations (positive, negative) and different types of relationships (close, peripheral). The study highlights the changing role of social approach and avoidance goals for daily social well-being across adulthood. (PsycINFO Database Record

URLhttp://psycnet.apa.org/fulltext/2018-13324-001.html
DOI10.1037/dev0000502

Professions from a Gendered Perspective

TitreProfessions from a Gendered Perspective
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursLe Goff, IBoni-, Le Feuvre, N
JournalOxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management
Date Published10/2017
Mots-clésbureaucracy, careers, feminization, gender discrimination, gender regimes, glass ceiling, masculinities, professions, work–life balance
Résumé

Professions or professional occupations have been studied through a large number of empirical and theoretical lenses over the last decades: as potential substitutes for organizations and markets, as protected labor markets, and as the site of the subjective experiences and socialization processes of their members. Combining a sociological and a gender perspective, a growing number of studies have shed new light on the growth and dynamics of professional occupations since the mid-20th century. They show how the massive entry of women into the upper reaches of Western labor markets has played a major role in the expansion and reconfiguration of the professions. However, by studying the barriers to women’s access to once exclusively masculine environments, scholars tend to show that the feminization processes coexist with persistent inequalities in income, promotion opportunities, career patterns, and access to leadership positions, popularized by the metaphor of the “glass ceiling” effect.These contradicting trends—numerical feminization and the persistence of gender inequalities—have inspired a large range of empirical research projects and conceptual innovations. This article distinguishes three ways of framing the gendered dynamics of professional and managerial occupations.A first way of framing the issue adopts a resolutely structural perspective, presenting feminization as a process that ultimately leads to the crystallization of traditional gender inequalities, thus confronting women with the risk of deprofessionalization or dequalification. Some of these studies observe variations in the rhythms and patterns of feminization across occupations. They reveal complex processes whereby the overall increase in women’s education levels comes with the persistence of gender-differentiated choices of study and occupation. Rhythms and patterns of feminization may also differ within a given occupation, from one specialty to another and from one type of organization to another, depending on the internal hierarchy of the occupation. Very significant gaps may also be observed according to employment status: wage labor or self-employment, for example.A second way of framing the question adopts an organizational-level perspective; showing, for example, that a “glass ceiling” systematically hampers women’s career progression in all sectors of the labor market. These studies explore the combination of direct and indirect discriminatory processes—from the persistence of “old boys’ networks” to the legitimation of certain gendered body images of professionalism—within different organizational and professional contexts. In the face of such resistance, women’s career progression is particularly slow and arduous, both due to the prevailing symbolic norms of leadership models and due to the collective strategies of closure by male professionals at the organizational level.Finally, a third way of framing the issue adopts a more holistic perspective, with a stronger focus on the agency of women within the occupational context and on the societal implications of changes to the gender composition of the professions. These studies insist on the potential or real changes that women may bring to the professional ethos and to the occupation-specific “rules of the game” in previously male-dominated bastions. Interested in the undoing of conventional norms of masculinity and fathering as well as of femininity and mothering, this third perspective explores a potential shift to more egalitarian gender arrangements at the organizational, interpersonal, and societal levels.

URLhttp://business.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190224851.001.0001/acrefore-9780190224851-e-89
DOI10.1093/acrefore/9780190224851.013.89

Gender equality and parental leave policies in Switzerland: A discursive and feminist perspective

TitreGender equality and parental leave policies in Switzerland: A discursive and feminist perspective
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursLanfranconi, LM, Valarino, I
JournalCritical Social Policy
Volume34
Ticket4
Nombre4
Pagination538–560
Date Published11/2014
ISSN0261-0183
Mots-clésliveswebsite
Résumé

Taking a discursive and feminist perspective, this paper aims to understand policy changes as well as gendered outcomes in two policy areas within the Swiss welfare state: gender equality and parental leave policies. We conduct a discourse analysis from a social science perspective of policy documents and interviews from 1996 to 2011. Our results show similar discourses concerning welfare responsibility between the two case studies. Specifically, there are opposing state- and economic-oriented discourses, which reveal different gendered assumptions. However, the time period under study shows an increasing mobilisation of discourses arguing for non-state, negotiated solutions between social partners or within work organisations. We discuss the potential risks of gender and class inequalities as well as scenarios for further policy change. Our findings call for an integrative approach to discourse and gender for welfare state analysis in general.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0261018314536132
DOI10.1177/0261018314536132

Postface

TitrePostface
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursTabin, J-P
ÉditeurRepetti, M
Book TitleLes bonnes figures de la vieillesse
Pagination211–215
PublisherEditions Antipodes
Place PublishedLausanne

La normalité en société capacitiste. Une étude cas (assurance invalidité suisse) [Normality in an ableist society. A case study (disability insurance in Switzerland)]

TitreLa normalité en société capacitiste. Une étude cas (assurance invalidité suisse) [Normality in an ableist society. A case study (disability insurance in Switzerland)]
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursPiecek, M, Tabin, J-P, Perrin, C, Probst, I
JournalSociologieS [En ligne]
Date Published11/2017
Mots-cléscapacitisme, invalidité, normalité, politiques sociales, programmes de réadaptation, Suisse
Résumé

Cet article propose une réflexion sur la production de la normalité à partir du traitement social de l’invalidité en Suisse. Sur la base d’une analyse du discours des organisateurs de programmes de réadaptation financés par l’assurance invalidité suisse (AI), il met au jour d’une part les normes que les technologies de réadaptation contribuent à instituer et d’autre part le travail effectué sur la subjectivité des destinataires. Le coaching des agent·e·s de l’AI, qui vise la reconstruction de l’aptitude à l’emploi, impose en effet d’intérioriser une posture spécifique : connaître sa place, l’accepter, l’investir. L’action de réadaptation dessine ainsi l’idéal capacitiste au regard duquel la validité des individus est évaluée.
This article proposes a reflection on the production of normality through an examination of the social treatment of disability in the Swiss context. Using an analysis of the discourse of actors who set up rehabilitation programmes financed by Swiss disability insurance (AI), it brings to light, on the one hand, the norms these programmes contribute to instituting and, on the other, their impact on the subjectivity of beneficiaries. « Coaching » carried out by AI agents, aimed at bolstering the reconstruction of an aptitude for employment, does actually require that beneficiaries interiorise a specific posture: it involves knowing one’s place, accepting it and inhabiting it. Rehabilitation programmes thus draw the outlines of a ableist ideal, with regard to which individuals are to be assessed.

URLhttp://sociologies.revues.org/6412

L’âge dans les politiques sociales au début du 21e siècle. L’exemple vaudois

TitreL’âge dans les politiques sociales au début du 21e siècle. L’exemple vaudois
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursPerriard, A, Tabin, J-P
JournalTraverse, revue d’histoire
Volume2
Pagination85–98
Date Published02/2017
Résumé

Dans les sociétés contemporaines du Nord global, l’âge est un principe de classement naturalisé qui produit des traitements différenciés. Ainsi, si des politiques sociales suisses et européennes préconisent la formation pour les personnes au moment de l’entrée dans la vie professionnelle, elles proposent des allocations financières aux familles et une sortie précoce de l’emploi pour les chômeurs et chômeuses qui s’approchent de l’âge de la retraite.
Cet article propose une réflexion sur les effets de la catégorisation par âge tant dans la formulation que dans la mise en œuvre des politiques sociales. Dans un premier temps, postulant que l’âge est un rapport social qui produit des hiérarchies dans la distribution du statut, de l’autorité et de l’argent, il présente un questionnement théorique sur le système des âges et les normes sociales qui en découlent. Il montre ensuite, à partir d’une étude de cas vaudoise, que ce classement spécifique crée une homogénéisation des positions sociales qui rend invisibles les autres rapports sociaux.

Les politiques familiales vaudoises. Un révélateur de rapports sociaux

TitreLes politiques familiales vaudoises. Un révélateur de rapports sociaux
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursPerriard, A, Tabin, J-P
JournalRevue des politiques sociales et familiales
Volume124
Pagination33–42
ISSN2431-4501
Résumé

Cet article a pour objectif d’analyser des politiques sociales développées dans un canton suisse en direction des familles pauvres afin de faire ressortir les normes sociales sur lesquelles elles reposent et qu’elles contribuent à produire. Pour l’essentiel, ces politiques soutiennent le modèle de la « conciliation » entre emploi et travail domestique pour sortir les familles de leur situation de pauvreté. Elles prennent en compte la faiblesse des salaires des classes populaires en proposant un supplément étatique de revenu, et elles correspondent aux normes sexuées helvétiques concernant la parentalité, qui promeuvent une présence importante de la mère auprès de l’enfant durant les six premières années. Le personnel chargé de la mise en oeuvre de ce dispositif est attentif aux conditions sociales de réalisation de cette articulation entre vie familiale et vie professionnelle, et il est également conscient du champ de tensions qui peut exister pour les mères entre les valeurs domestiques – bien s’occuper de leur(s) enfant(s) – et les valeurs de l’emploi. Mais il a tendance à limiter la condition de domination patriarcale des mères pauvres à celles des familles du Sud global.

URLhttp://www.persee.fr/doc/caf_2431-4501_2017_num_124_1_3202
DOI10.3406/caf.2017.3202

La construction de figures de la dépendance problématique par les politiques sociales à l’aune du genre et de l’âge

TitreLa construction de figures de la dépendance problématique par les politiques sociales à l’aune du genre et de l’âge
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursPerriard, A
JournalEnfances Familles Générations [En ligne]
Volume27
Mots-clésâge, analyse de discours, autonomie, genre, politiques publiques, problèmes publics
Résumé

Cadre de la recherche : Cet article cherche à saisir les processus de catégorisation et de hiérarchisation à l’œuvre dans des politiques sociales spécifiques
Objectifs : En analysant la formulation et la mise en œuvre de politiques de l’emploi dans un canton suisse en direction de trois catégories de parcours de vie que le politique nomme les « jeunes adultes en difficulté », les « familles pauvres » ou les « chômeurs âgés », cet article propose d’explorer l’articulation des rapports sociaux d’âge et de genre qui participent à produire des figures de la dépendance problématique. Méthodologie : La recherche, conduite au sein de Pôle de recherche LIVES, s’appuie sur l’analyse de discours de deux groupes d’agent·e·s : d’une part les élu·e·s chargé·e·s d’élaborer les lois et d’autre part le personnel du travail social mettant en œuvre ces lois dans ses pratiques professionnelles. Il a été demandé aux personnes interviewées de décrire trois situations qui leur paraissaient emblématiques de leur travail auprès des trois catégories cibles de politiques sociales. Cette méthodologie a l’avantage de faire apparaître des catégories sociales absentes de la formulation des politiques. Résultats : L’analyse met en lumière que les formes de dépendance à l’État ne sont pas toutes perçues comme problématiques, certaines étant normalisées en fonction de leur conformité aux normes du parcours de vie traditionnel constitué de la triade formation-emploi-retraite. Conclusions : L’analyse montre que les significations données aux notions d’autonomie et d’indépendance varient en fonction de l’âge et du genre. Contribution : L’originalité de cet article réside dans le fait de réunir et de comparer trois catégories de l’intervention sociale qui représentent trois étapes du parcours de vie traditionnel.

URLhttp://journals.openedition.org/efg/1439

Gute Betreuung im Alter in der Schweiz. Eine Bestandsaufnahme

TitreGute Betreuung im Alter in der Schweiz. Eine Bestandsaufnahme
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2018
AuteursKnöpfel, C, Pardini, R, Heinzmann, C
Number of Pages244
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZürich
Résumé

Die Betreuung und Pflege im Alter ist neben der Finanzierung der Altersvorsorge das zentrale Thema der Alterspolitik in der Schweiz. Während die Pflege seit geraumer Zeit im Fokus der gesundheits- und sozialpolitischen Diskussion steht, wird die Betreuung oft nur mitgedacht. Das Buch diskutiert die rechtliche Ebene der Betreuung und Pflege, beschreibt die darin involvierten Akteurinnen und Akteure, die Ausbildung, Rekrutierung und Entlohnung des Betreuungspersonals sowie selbstständiges, die Gesundheit unterstützendes Wohnen im Alter. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Betreuung weder gesetzlich geregelt noch inhaltlich definiert ist. In der Praxis fehlen dementsprechend sozialrechtliche Regulierungen, die Sicherung von Qualitätsstandards, der arbeitsrechtliche Schutz des Betreuungspersonals und die Integration der Betreuung in das System der sozialen Sicherheit. Im Hinblick auf diese Umstände und den gesellschaftlichen Wandel wird aufgezeigt, dass das Thema der Betreuung verstärkt in den Mittelpunkt der alterspolitischen Debatten rücken muss.

Investir dans la protection sociale - Atouts et limites pour la Suisse (Reformieren durch Investieren? Chancen und Grenzen des Sozialinvestitionsstaats in der Schweiz)

TitreInvestir dans la protection sociale - Atouts et limites pour la Suisse (Reformieren durch Investieren? Chancen und Grenzen des Sozialinvestitionsstaats in der Schweiz)
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2017
Series EditorBonvin, J-M, Dahmen, S
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZurich, Switzerland
Résumé

Le paradigme de l’État d’investissement social se présente comme une stratégie de réforme pour relever les défis posés à l’État social. En réponse aux critiques néolibérales de l’État-providence keynésien, il propose de réorienter les dépenses sociales en investissant dans la formation et le développement du capital humain. Au travers de mesures d‘activation visant l’amélioration de l’employabilité et de politiques familiales favorisant la disponibilité pour l’emploi, c’est une nouvelle conception de la politique sociale comme facteur productif qui prend forme. Forme qui est ici examinée et débattue par une sélection de contributions de spécialistes suisses et internationaux. L’ouvrage fournit des analyses et des réflexions critiques tant sur les fondements idéologiques que sur les implications pratiques de la stratégie de l’investissement social.

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