La musique de SMart

TitreLa musique de SMart
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBataille, P, De Brabandère, L
ÉditeurVirone, C
Book TitleMusicien‧ne : Quelques réalités du métier
Pagination21–40
PublisherSmart
Place PublishedBruxelles, Belgium
Résumé

Aux yeux d’un public non averti, l’expression « vivre de la musique » peut sembler limpide : il s’agit de désigner le fait de tirer sinon la totalité – au moins la grande majorité – de ses revenus mensuels de son activité musicale. Pour qui s’intéresse de plus près à ce que « vivre de la musique » veut dire ou – plus encore – pour qui expérimente concrètement au jour le jour cette réalité, force est de constater que l’expression perd en clarté ce qu’elle gagne en complexité.

The gendered diversification of academic career paths in comparative perspective

TitreThe gendered diversification of academic career paths in comparative perspective
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursLe Feuvre, N, Bataille, P, Kradolfer, S, Carral, MDel Rio, Sautier, M
ÉditeurMurgia, A, Poggio, B
Book TitleGender and precarious research careers: A comparative analysis
Chapter2
Pagination50–80
PublisherRoutledge
Place PublishedAbingdon, UK
ISBN Number978-1-315-20127-6
URLhttps://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9781351781428/chapters/10.4324/9781315201245-3
DOI10.4324/9781315201245-3

Mortality during heat episodes in Switzerland: a story of vulnerability

TitreMortality during heat episodes in Switzerland: a story of vulnerability
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursLerch, M, Oris, M
ÉditeurPuschmann, P, Riswick, T
Book TitleBuilding bridges: scholars, history and historical demography; a Festschrift in honor of Professor Theo Engelen
Chapter16
Pagination626–646
PublisherValkhof Pers.
Place PublishedNijmegen, Netherlands

Vieillissement et sida, le vécu de femmes séropositives en Suisse romande

TitreVieillissement et sida, le vécu de femmes séropositives en Suisse romande
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursFargnoli, V, Burton-Jeangros, C
JournalSoins
Volume834
Pagination25–27
Résumé

Moyennant un traitement à vie contraignant, il est désormais possible de mener une vie presque “normale” tout en étant séropositif. Les personnes vivant avec le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH) ont un statut a priori peu questionné. Elles ont délaissé l’image du “malade infectieux mourant” pour revêtir celle du “malade chronique classique”. Toutefois, leur statut sérologique induit encore des discriminations. Une étude sociologique menée à partir des récits de 30 femmes séropositives en Suisse romande montre ce qu’elles ressentent face au vieillissement avec le VIH.

DOI10.1016/j.soin.2019.02.004

Life course socioeconomic conditions and frailty at older ages

TitreLife course socioeconomic conditions and frailty at older ages
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
Auteursvan der Linden, B, Cheval, B, Sieber, S, Orsholits, D, Guessous, I, Stringhini, S, Gabriel, R, Aartsen, M, Blane, D, Courvoisier, D, Burton-Jeangros, C, Kliegel, M, Cullati, S
JournalThe Journals of Gerontology
Résumé

Objectives: This article aimed to assess associations of childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSC) with the risk of frailty in old age and whether adulthood socioeconomic conditions (ASC) influence this association.
Methods: Data from 21,185 individuals aged 50 years and older included in the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe were used. Frailty was operationalized as a sum of presenting weakness, shrinking, exhaustion, slowness, or low activity. Confounder-adjusted multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze associations of CSC and ASC with frailty.
Results: While disadvantaged CSC was associated with higher odds of (pre-)frailty in women and men (odds ratio [OR] = 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.34, 2.24; OR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.27, 2.66, respectively), this association was mediated by ASC. Personal factors and demographics, such as birth cohort, chronic conditions, and difficulties with activities of daily living, increased the odds of being (pre-)frail.
Discussion: Findings suggest that CSC are associated with frailty at old age. However, when taking into account ASC, this association no longer persists. The results show the importance of improving socioeconomic conditions over the whole life course in order to reduce health inequalities in old age.

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/psychsocgerontology/advance-article/doi/10.1093/geronb/gbz018/5308612
DOI10.1093/geronb/gbz018
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Vulnérabilité et résilience chez les centenaires

TitreVulnérabilité et résilience chez les centenaires
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJopp, DS, Lampraki, C, Meystre, C
JournalGérontologie et société
Volume40
Nombre157
Pagination111–130
ISSN0151-0193
Résumé

Les centenaires sont souvent perçus comme des prototypes de vieillissement réussi, pourtant les recherches soulignent leur grande vulnérabilité en raison de pertes majeures et d’importantes baisses de ressources. En particulier, les centenaires présentent une multi-morbidité et courent le risque d’un déclin cognitif et d’une diminution des contacts sociaux les plus proches. Néanmoins, ils sont également résilients : malgré leur vulnérabilité, ils expriment fréquemment un bon niveau de satisfaction de vie. À ce jour, nous connaissons peu sur les mécanismes de résilience qui pourraient expliquer ce « paradoxe du bien-être » ; peu d’études ont porté sur ce sujet chez les centenaires. Cet article présente une synthèse des études sur la vulnérabilité à l’âge de 100 ans pour mieux comprendre les défis auxquels les centenaires sont confrontés. Nous présentons ensuite de manière contrastée des données sur la résilience, en particulier le bien-être, et plusieurs mécanismes sous-tendant potentiellement une telle résilience. Diverses forces psychologiques – dont les stratégies d’adaptation (par exemple coping) et les croyances concernant soi-même (par exemple auto-efficacité, sens donné à l’existence) – et leur impact sur le bien-être sont discutés. Pour résumer, les résultats indiquent que les centenaires sont assez vulnérables, faisant face à de nombreux défis, mais également résilients en raison de diverses forces psychologiques qui contribuent à leur bien-être et bonne qualité de vie. Les futures études devraient faire progresser la théorie et les méthodes de recherche en la matière. Des applications concrètes sont proposées, comprenant des pistes pour réduire la vulnérabilité et renforcer la résilience.

DOI10.3917/gs1.157.0111

Welfare regimes modify the association of disadvantaged adult-life socioeconomic circumstances with self-rated health in old age

TitreWelfare regimes modify the association of disadvantaged adult-life socioeconomic circumstances with self-rated health in old age
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursSieber, S, Cheval, B, Orsholits, D, Van der Linden, BW, Guessous, I, Gabriel, R, Kliegel, M, Aartsen, MJ, Boisgontier, MP, Courvoisier, D, Burton-Jeangros, C, Cullati, S
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Résumé

Background: Welfare regimes in Europe modify individuals’ socioeconomic trajectories over their life-course, and, ultimately, the link between socioeconomic circumstances (SECs) and health. This paper aimed to assess whether the associations between lifecourse SECs (early-life, young adult-life, middle-age and old-age) and risk of poor selfrated health (SRH) trajectories in old age are modified by welfare regimes (Scandinavian [SC], Bismarckian [BM], Southern European [SE], Eastern European [EE]).
Methods: We used data from the longitudinal SHARE survey. Early-life SECs consisted of four indicators of living conditions at age 10. Young adult-life, middle-age, and old-age SECs indicators were education, main occupation and satisfaction with household income, respectively. The association of life-course SECs with poor SRH trajectories was analysed by confounder-adjusted multilevel logistic regression models stratified by welfare regime. We included 24 011 participants (3626 in SC, 10 256 in BM, 6891 in SE, 3238 in EE) aged 50 to 96 years from 13 European countries.
Results: The risk of poor SRH increased gradually with early-life SECs from most advantaged to most disadvantaged. The addition of adult-life SECs differentially attenuated the association of early-life SECs and SRH at older age across regimes: education attenuated the association only in SC and SE regimes and occupation only in SC and BM regimes; satisfaction with household income attenuated the association across regimes.
Conclusions: Early-life SECs have a long-lasting effect on SRH in all welfare regimes. Adult-life SECs attenuated this influence differently across welfare regimes.

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/ije/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ije/dyy283/5272702
DOI10.1093/ije/dyy283
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Positive humor in couples as interpersonal emotion regulation: A dyadic study in everyday life on the mediating role of psychological intimacy

TitrePositive humor in couples as interpersonal emotion regulation: A dyadic study in everyday life on the mediating role of psychological intimacy
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursHorn, AB, Samson, AC, Debrot, A, Perrez, M
JournalJournal of Social and Personal Relationships
ISSN0265-4075
Résumé

The aim of this study was to investigate daily positive humor in couples as an interpersonal emotion regulation strategy. Associated changes in psychological intimacy were tested as a possible socio-affective pathway of emotion regulation that mediates the effects of couple humor on changes in individual momentary affect. Within a dyadic ambulatory assessment framework, 102 couples reported on their production of positive humor as an attempt to regulate their partner’s mood, psychological intimacy, and momentary affect four times a day for 1 week. An actor–partner interdependence mediation model revealed actor and partner effects of humor on changes in daily affect. Furthermore, the indirect effect of own humor via changes in the partner’s feelings of psychological intimacy (socio-affective pathway) on the partner’s affect was significant. Results support the assumption that daily positive humor experienced with one’s romantic partner serves as an interpersonal emotion regulation strategy in daily life as reflected in direct effects on one’s own and one’s partner’s momentary affect. The partner’s changes in affect were partially mediated by changes in their feelings of psychological intimacy. This speaks in favor of an indirect socio-affective mechanism of interpersonal emotion regulation associated with positive humor expressed toward the partner.

DOI10.1177/0265407518788197
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“We won’t retire without skeletons in the closet”: Healthcare-related regrets among physicians and nurses in german-speaking swiss hospitals

Titre“We won’t retire without skeletons in the closet”: Healthcare-related regrets among physicians and nurses in german-speaking swiss hospitals
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
Auteursvon Arx, M, Cullati, S, Schmidt, RE, Richner, S, Kraehenmann, R, Cheval, B, Agoritsas, T, Chopard, P, Burton-Jeangros, C, Courvoisier, DS
JournalQualitative Health Research
Volume28
Nombre11
Pagination1746–1758
ISSN1049-7323
Résumé

Physicians and nurses are expected to systematically provide high-quality healthcare in a context marked by complexity, time pressure, heavy workload, and the influence of nonclinical factors on clinical decisions. Therefore, healthcare professionals must eventually deal with unfortunate events to which regret is a typical emotional reaction. Using semistructured interviews, 11 physicians and 13 nurses working in two different hospitals in the German-speaking part of Switzerland reported a total of 48 healthcare-related regret experiences. Intense feelings of healthcare-related regrets had far-reaching repercussions on participants’ health, work-life balance, and medical practice. Besides active compensation strategies, social capital was the most important coping resource. Receiving superiors’ support was crucial for reaffirming professional identity and helped prevent healthcare professionals from quitting their job. Findings suggest that training targeting emotional coping could be beneficial for quality of life and may ultimately lead to lower job turnover among healthcare professionals.

DOI10.1177/1049732318782434

A comparison of perceived uselessness between centenarians and non-centenarians in China

TitreA comparison of perceived uselessness between centenarians and non-centenarians in China
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursZhao, Y, Fu, H, Guo, A, Qiu, L, Cheung, KSL, Wu, B, Jopp, D, Gu, D
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume18
Nombre1
Pagination251
ISSN1471-2318
Résumé

Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poorer health in older adults. However, it is unclear whether there is a difference in self-perceived uselessness between centenarians and non-centenarians, and if so, which factors contributed to the difference.

DOI10.1186/s12877-018-0944-7

Advantaged socioeconomic conditions in childhood are associated with higher cognitive functioning but stronger cognitive decline in older age

TitreAdvantaged socioeconomic conditions in childhood are associated with higher cognitive functioning but stronger cognitive decline in older age
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursAartsen, MJ, Cheval, B, Sieber, S, Van der Linden, BW, Gabriel, R, Courvoisier, DS, Guessous, I, Burton-Jeangros, C, Blane, D, Ihle, A, Kliegel, M, Cullati, S
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ISSN0027-8424, 1091-6490
Résumé

Cognitive aging is characterized by large heterogeneity, which may be due to variations in childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSC). Although there is substantial evidence for an effect of CSC on levels of cognitive functioning at older age, results on associations with cognitive decline are mixed. We examined by means of an accelerated longitudinal design the association between CSC and cognitive trajectories from 50 to 96 years. Cognition included two functions generally found to decline with aging: delayed recall and verbal fluency. Data are from six waves of the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), conducted between 2004 and 2015 (n = 24,066 at baseline; 56% female, age 50+). We found a consistent CSC pattern in levels of cognitive functioning in later life. Older people with disadvantaged CSC had lower levels of cognitive functioning than those with more advantaged CSC. We also find that decline is almost 1.6 times faster in the most advantaged group compared with the most disadvantaged group. The faster decline for people with more advantaged CSC becomes less pronounced when we additionally control for adulthood socioeconomic conditions and current levels of physical activity, depressive symptoms, and partner status. Our findings are in line with the latency, pathway, and cumulative model and lend support to theories of cognitive reserve, stating that neuronal loss can no longer be repaired in people with more cognitive reserve once the underlying pathology is substantial and speed of decline is accelerated.

URLhttps://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/02/15/1807679116
DOI10.1073/pnas.1807679116
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Early predictors of impaired sleep: a study on life course socioeconomic conditions and sleeping problems in older adults

TitreEarly predictors of impaired sleep: a study on life course socioeconomic conditions and sleeping problems in older adults
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
Auteursvan de Straat, V, Cheval, B, Schmidt, RE, Sieber, S, Courvoisier, D, Kliegel, M, Burton-Jeangros, C, Cullati, S, Bracke, P
JournalAging & Mental Health
ISSN1360-7863
Résumé

Objectives: This study aimed to assess how childhood socioeconomic conditions are associated with sleeping problems in older adults and how this association may be mediated by socioeconomic conditions across the lives of individuals using a life course perspective. Since the life course opportunities differ systematically between men and women, attention was given to gender differences in the association.
Methods: Data from 23,766 individuals aged over 50 years of the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) were used. Logistic mixed-effect models were estimated to examine the associations between childhood socioeconomic conditions and the presence of sleeping problems.
Results: For women, the analyses showed an association between childhood socioeconomic conditions and sleeping problems. For men, only current socioeconomic conditions were found to be relevant for sleep. The importance of childhood socioeconomic conditions for sleeping problems did not affect the evolution of sleeping problems over ageing.
Conclusion: In this study no empirical support was found for processes of cumulative advantage/disadvantage or age-as-leveler. However, childhood does seem to be a critical period for the sleep of women, because the association with childhood socioeconomic conditions remains even when the circumstances later in life are considered. These findings, in particular the gender differences in the association, underline the importance of tracking life course patterns in the study of sleeping problems in older adults.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2018.1534078
DOI10.1080/13607863.2018.1534078
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Thinking about the end of life when it is near: A comparison of German and Portuguese centenarians

TitreThinking about the end of life when it is near: A comparison of German and Portuguese centenarians
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursBoerner, K, Jopp, DS, Kim, K, Butt, A, Ribeiro, O, Araújo, L, Rott, C
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume41
Nombre3
Pagination265–285
ISSN0164-0275
Résumé

This study examined how common thinking of and planning for the end of life (EOL) is among German and Portuguese centenarians, and whether patterns of EOL views are shaped by cultural and individual characteristics. A significant portion of centenarians in both countries reported not thinking about the EOL, not believing in the afterlife, and not having made EOL arrangements. Latent class analysis identified three EOL patterns: Class 1 (EOL thoughts with EOL arrangements and afterlife beliefs), Class 2 (EOL arrangements and afterlife beliefs without EOL thoughts), and Class 3 (Overall low endorsement of EOL items). The proportion of Portuguese centenarians was higher in Class 1 and of German centenarians higher in Classes 2 and 3. Centenarians’ demographic, social, and health characteristics were significantly different across EOL patterns. As lack of EOL planning can result in poor EOL quality, enhancing communication among centenarians, family, and health-care professionals seems imperative.

DOI10.1177/0164027518807919

Is the single self-rated health item reliable in India? A construct validity study

TitreIs the single self-rated health item reliable in India? A construct validity study
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursCullati, S, Mukhopadhyay, S, Sieber, S, Chakraborty, A, Burton-Jeangros, C
JournalBMJ global health
Volume3
Nombre6
ISSN2059-7908
Résumé

INTRODUCTION: In high-income countries, the self-rated health (SRH) item is used in health surveys to capture the population's general health because of its simplicity and satisfactory validity and reliability. Despite scepticism about its use in low-income and middle-income countries, India implemented the SRH item in many of its demographic and population health surveys, but evidence of its validity is lacking. The objective was to assess the construct validity of the SRH item in India.
METHODS: Data for 4492 men and 4736 women from the Indian sample of the World Health Survey (2003) were used. Overall, 43 health status indicators were grouped into health dimensions (physical, mental and functional health, chronic diseases, health behaviours) and the SRH item was regressed on these indicators by using sex-stratified multivariable linear regressions, adjusted with demographic and socioeconomic variables.
RESULTS: Respondents (participation rate 95.6%; mean age 38.9 years) rated their health as very good (21.8%), good (36.4%), moderate (26.6%), bad (13.2%) or very bad (2.0%). Among men, the adjusted explained SRH variance by health dimensions ranged between 18% and 41% (physical 33%, mental 32%, functional health 41%, chronic diseases 23%, health behaviours 18%). In multivariable models, the overall explained variance increased to 45%. The 43 health status indicators were associated with SRH and their effect sizes were in the expected direction. Among women, results were similar (overall explained variance 48%).
CONCLUSION: The SRH item has satisfactory construct validity and may be used to monitor health status in demographic and population health surveys of India.

DOI10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000856
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« Mon quartier a changé un peu, mais c’est moi qui ai aussi beaucoup changé ». Habiter la ville et y vieillir

Titre« Mon quartier a changé un peu, mais c’est moi qui ai aussi beaucoup changé ». Habiter la ville et y vieillir
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursRiom, L, Hummel, C, Burton-Jeangros, C
JournalMétropoles
Volume23
ISSN1957-7788
Résumé

Le vieillissement en ville s’impose peu à peu comme l’un des défis majeurs des sociétés occidentales. Toutefois, les recherches en sciences sociales sur ce sujet sont encore rares et on ne sait que peu de choses sur le vieillir en ville. Pourtant, la rencontre des deux champs de recherche que sont la sociologie urbaine et la sociologie du vieillissement ouvre des perspectives séduisantes. Il s’agit notamment de saisir les enjeux de la conjugaison de l’épreuve du grand âge et de l’épreuve de la ville. En partant du concept de l’habiter, cet article s’interroge sur les modalités du vieillir en ville en décrivant comment les personnes âgées renouvellent, renégocient et réinventent leurs attachements à leur environnement de vie. Pour ce faire, il s’appuie sur une enquête qualitative menée dans deux zones de l’agglomération genevoise auprès de vingt individus âgés de 64 à 91 ans. L’article commence par décrire le vieillir en ville à travers trois mises à l’épreuve : la réadaptation des pratiques quotidiennes de l’espace urbain, le maintien des relations sociales et la renégociation des ancrages territoriaux. Puis il cherche à saisir les dynamiques transversales des réponses apportées à ces mises à l’épreuve par les personnes âgées. Ce travail d’analyse permet de revisiter le concept de déprise en mettant en avant les arts d’habiter constitués par la somme des attachements qui lient les personnes vieillissantes à leur environnement de vie.

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Would I want to reach age 100? Perspectives of centenarians’ family members on reaching exceptional longevity

TitreWould I want to reach age 100? Perspectives of centenarians’ family members on reaching exceptional longevity
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursBrandão, D, Ribeiro, O, Jopp, D
JournalJournal of Family Issues
ISSN0192-513X
Résumé

This study aims to analyze the wish to reach 100 years old in a sample of centenarians’ family members and explore the main reasons for supporting or refuting such a desire. Answers to an open question on the wish to reach 100 years old were analyzed via thematic coding and further explored in relation to personal characteristics (age, gender, kinship, and caregiver status) and to the centenarians’ health status (cognition, functional health). Most family members (56.5%) wished to become centenarians but only under specific circumstances (i.e., functional independence, good health status). Younger proxies (

DOI10.1177/0192513X19833094
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Managing the global health response to epidemics: Social science perspectives

TitreManaging the global health response to epidemics: Social science perspectives
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2019
Series EditorBourrier, M, Brender, N, Burton-Jeangros, C
PublisherRoutledge
Place PublishedLondon, UK
ISBN Number978-1-138-57899-9
Résumé

Recent epidemics have prompted large-scale international interventions, aimed at mitigating the spread of disease in a globalized world. During a crisis, however, global health actions – including planning and organizing, communicating about risk, and cost–benefit evaluations – aren’t usually part of a single, integrated global response. Arguing that an uncoordinated approach can be challenged by local conditions and expectations, generating a wide range of resistance and difficulties, this volume provides important insights for future outbreak management and global health governance. Drawing on experiences with A(H1N1) and Ebola virus disease, the book is divided into three parts looking at how responses to global health crises have developed, lessons learned from particular pandemics and the ethical implications of our management of them. Individual chapters focus on, among other issues, financing, cost–benefit analysis, matrix management, risk communication and organizational strategies. Taking a social science perspective, this valuable book outlines the current state of global health emergency responses and explores ways in which they can be improved. It is a useful read for academics and practitioners interested in global health, the sociology of health and illness, health economics and emergency management.

DAISIE - Country report: Sweden

TitreDAISIE - Country report: Sweden
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursKrekula, C
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume77.6
Pagination1-30
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésAgeism in the labour market, Extended working life, gender mainstreaming, gendered labour market, precarious labour
Résumé

The DAISIE project explores the gendered impacts of policies and practices aimed at extending working life (EWL) in five contrasting national settings (the Czech Republic, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK), using a mixed methods research design inspired by insights from lifecourse and gender studies. The project addresses two significant and timely issues: labour market participation in later life and the influence of labour market and family trajectories on the experiences of older workers in different national and occupational contexts. This report explores the issue of extending working life in the Swedish context. It begins by discussing the Swedish gender equality politics, which follows by a presentation of the pension system, pension trends and obstacles against an extended working life. The processes towards an extended working life illustrates the difficulties in implementing gender equality in practice. In the Swedish debate on raised retirement age, older women’s and men’s equal opportunity to work into old age is not identified as a core issue, although this is an essential goal of the general gender equality policy in Sweden. Nor has the gender segregated labour market been emphasised to any great extent, despite being at the heart of gender inequalities in terms of wages, pensions and sick leave and parental leave. It is further shown that the argument for an extended working life is mainly based on demographic statistics and economic arguments about the sustainability of the Swedish welfare and pension systems, while organisational factors, such as ageism and age norms in work organisations have not highlighted as a real obstacle to older people’s participation in working life. Finally, it is argued that the Swedish gender equality project also has to include the older age groups and that the question of extended working life is an example of contemporary gender equality issues.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.77.6

Activists forever? Long-term impacts of political activism

TitreActivists forever? Long-term impacts of political activism
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2019
Series EditorNeveu, E, Fillieule, O
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place PublishedCambridge, UK
ISBN Number978-1-108-69092-8
Résumé

Activists Forever? explores the consequences of political involvement on an individual's life. While much of the research in this area has focused on the motivations of entire protests groups, the editors of this volume propose an approach that focuses on actors. This book examines political involvement's socio-biographical effects, or the ways in which political commitment generates or modifies dispositions to act, think, and perceive, in a way that is either consistent with or in contrast to the results of previous socialization. The contents explore what political involvement leads to rather than what causes involvement. Using a variety of case studies, this collection of essays provides global coverage with a focus on participation in major protests in the 1960s and significantly broadens our understanding by looking outside the United States. These essays look at the lasting effects of activists' knowledge, connections, and symbolic capital on their future participation in politics, as well as their personal and professional lives.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1017/9781108690928

Sociologie plurielle des comportements politiques: Je vote, tu contestes, elle cherche

TitreSociologie plurielle des comportements politiques: Je vote, tu contestes, elle cherche
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2017
Series EditorFillieule, O, Haegel, F, Hamidi, C, Tiberj, V
PublisherLes Presses de Sciences Po
Place PublishedParis, France
ISBN Number978-2-7246-2015-3
Résumé

La montée de l'abstention, celle des partis d'extrême droite, l'émergence d'une consommation engagée ou de formes de mobilisation des minorités ethniques, la place de l'identité nationale, le rôle des associations dans la vie démocratique... la sociologie politique se trouve au défi d'expliquer le maintien ou les transformations des formes de politisation.
Ce défi, Nonna Mayer l'a relevé tout au long de sa carrière, en alliant ouverture intellectuelle et rigueur méthodologique. Hommage à la sociologie politique plurielle que cette pionnière de la survey research expérimentale à la française a pratiquée et soutenue, l'ouvrage dresse un état des lieux des recherches et des controverses qui animent aujourd'hui ce champ de la science politique. Il compose ainsi une introduction à l'analyse des comportements politiques.

Short TitleSociologie plurielle des comportements politiques

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