An index of precarity for measuring early employment insecurity

TitreAn index of precarity for measuring early employment insecurity
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursRitschard, G, Bussi, M, O’Reilly, J
ÉditeurRitschard, G, Studer, M
Book TitleSequence analysis and related approaches : Innovative methods and applications
Pagination289–308
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
Résumé

A vast body of research examined changing employment relations and the ensued employment precarity. However there is a lack of quantitative tools able to assess the extent and impact of precarity overtime and at the individual level. Using the index of complexity as a starting point, we aim to create an index of precarity accounting for the benefit or loss entailed by each transition. Including the nature of each transition and the unpredictability of the whole employment trajectory in the index allows researchers to grasp both the complexity and the quality of young people’s employment trajectories. Our contribution shows how the proposed index provides a synthetic measure for comparing the degree of precarity. Results from a school-to-work transition dataset confirm the usefulness of the index as a predictor of future negative labour market trajectories.

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URLhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-95420-2_16
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-95420-2_16

Cognitive complaints mediate the effect of cognition on emotional stability across 12 years in old age

TitreCognitive complaints mediate the effect of cognition on emotional stability across 12 years in old age
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursAschwanden, D, Kliegel, M, Allemand, M
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume33
Nombre3
Pagination425–438
ISSN0882-7974
Mots-clésaging, cognition, cognitive complaints, cognitive impairment, emotional stability, longitudinal mediation, old age, protective factors, Test Construction
Résumé

Previous research supports a positive relationship between cognition and emotional stability, although findings regarding healthy older adults are inconsistent. Additionally, little is known about the mechanisms that underlie this association. Thus, the present study investigated the mediating effect of cognitive complaints on the bidirectional longitudinal association between cognition and emotional stability in old age. The study sample consisted of 500 older individuals (M age 62.97 years, SD 0.91, range 60–64 years; 52% male) from the Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on Adult Development. The results showed that cognitive complaints mediated the effect of cognition on emotional stability over 12 years even when taking baseline emotional stability, baseline cognitive complaints, depressive affect, gender, sensory functioning, and objective and subjective health into account. However, cognitive complaints did not mediate the effect of emotional stability on cognition. The results of the current study emphasize the importance of investigating cognition as a predictor of personality traits, and indicate that cognitive resources may serve as a protective factor for emotional stability in old age.

URLhttps://psycnet.apa.org/fulltext/2018-21485-004.html
DOI10.1037/pag0000246

Cognitive Reserve and Social Capital Accrued in Early and Midlife Moderate the Relation of Psychological Stress to Cognitive Performance in Old Age

TitreCognitive Reserve and Social Capital Accrued in Early and Midlife Moderate the Relation of Psychological Stress to Cognitive Performance in Old Age
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursIhle, A, Oris, M, Sauter, J, Rimmele, U, Kliegel, M
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Volume45
Pagination190–197
ISSN1420-8008, 1421-9824
Mots-cléscognitive functioning, Cognitive level of job, cognitive reserve, education, Family and friends, leisure activities, life course, older adults, Psychological stress, social capital
Résumé

Aims: The present study set out to investigate the relation of psychological stress to cognitive performance and its interplay with key life course markers of cognitive reserve and social capital in a large sample of older adults. Methods: We assessed cognitive performance (verbal abilities and processing speed) and psychological stress in 2,812 older adults. The Participants reported information on education, occupation, leisure activities, family, and close friends. Results: Greater psychological stress was significantly related to lower performance in verbal abilities and processing speed. Moderation analyses suggested that the relations of psychological stress to cognitive performance were reduced in individuals with higher education, a higher cognitive level of the first profession practiced after education, a larger number of midlife leisure activities, a larger number of significant family members, and a larger number of close friends. Conclusion: Cognitive reserve and social capital accrued in early and midlife may reduce the detrimental influences of psychological stress on cognitive functioning in old age.

URLhttps://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/488052
DOI10.1159/000488052
Identifiant (ID) PubMed29870984

The relation of close friends to cognitive performance in old age: the mediating role of leisure activities

TitreThe relation of close friends to cognitive performance in old age: the mediating role of leisure activities
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursIhle, A, Oris, M, Baeriswyl, M, Kliegel, M
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
ISSN1041-6102, 1741-203X
Mots-clésclose friends, cognition, cognitive reserve, leisure activities, older adults
Résumé

Background: From a conceptual point of view, close friends are an important resource for promoting activity engagement in old age. Leisure activity engagement in turn is a key predictor of cognitive performance. Empirically, it remains unclear so far whether leisure activity engagement mediates between having close friends on the one hand and cognitive performance on the other, which we investigated in a large sample of older adults. Methods: We assessed cognitive performance (Mill Hill vocabulary scale and Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A and B) in 2,812 older adults. Participants reported information on leisure activity engagement and close friends. Results: A larger number of leisure activities and a larger number of close friends were significantly related to better cognitive performance in the Mill Hill vocabulary scale and TMT parts A and B. A larger number of close friends were significantly related to a larger number of leisure activities. The number of leisure activities mediated more than half of the relation of the number of close friends to performance in all three cognitive measures. Conclusions: Having close friends may be helpful to stimulate and promote activity participation in old age. By enhancing individuals’ cognitive reserve, this may finally preserve their cognitive performance level in old age.

URLhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-psychogeriatrics/article/relation-of-close-friends-to-cognitive-performance-in-old-age-the-mediating-role-of-leisure-activities/59282D2D93BE51DBEC2CE666939C761C
DOI10.1017/S1041610218000789
Short Titlehe relation of close friends to cognitive performance in old age

Cross-lagged relation of leisure activity participation to trail making test performance six years later: differential patterns in old age and very old age

TitreCross-lagged relation of leisure activity participation to trail making test performance six years later: differential patterns in old age and very old age
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursIhle, A, Fagot, D, Vallet, F, Ballhausen, N, Mella, N, Baeriswyl, M, Sauter, J, Oris, M, Maurer, J, Kliegel, M
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume33
Nombre2
Pagination234-244
Mots-clésactivities, cognition, cognitive reserve, life course, longitudinal study
Résumé

With respect to ongoing debates in gerontological neuropsychology concerning whether activity predicts cognitive functioning over time, present cross-lagged investigations over 6 years suggest that late-life leisure activity participation may predict later cognitive status in terms of Trail Making Test performance but, notably, only in certain individuals such as young-old adults, individuals who had less cognitively demanding jobs in midlife, and those with high vocabulary (as a proxy of crystallized intelligence).

URLhttps://psycnet.apa.org/fulltext/2018-49051-001.html
DOI10.1037/neu0000497
Short TitleCross-lagged relation of leisure activity participation to trail making test performance six years later

Inégalités spatiales de mortalité en Suisse : l’influence des contextes sur les différentiels entre natifs et migrants

TitreInégalités spatiales de mortalité en Suisse : l’influence des contextes sur les différentiels entre natifs et migrants
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursZufferey, J, Oris, M
JournalEspace populations sociétés [Space populations societies]
Volume1-2
Pagination1–23
ISSN0755-7809
Résumé

Dans les sociétés postindustrielles contemporaines, les migrants ont généralement des risques de mortalité plus faibles que les natifs malgré des positions sociales tendanciellement plus basses. La recherche académique peine toujours à expliquer pleinement les origines de ce paradoxe. Bien que les facteurs individuels soient les causes fondamentales des inégalités face à la mort, l’influence de l’environnement social, économique et culturel est aussi décisif. En prenant l’exemple de la Suisse, cet article détermine dans quelle mesure les contextes socioéconomique, culturel et géographique parviennent expliquer le différentiel entre les natifs et les migrants. Par des modèles bayésiens multiniveaux, les auteurs décomposent, pour chaque population, les inégalités spatiales de mortalité dans les communes et les quartiers Suisses.
In Western societies, migrants are known to have lower mortality risks than natives although they are characterized by a lower socioeconomic status. Academic research has found some explanations, but the causes of the migrant mortality paradox are still partially unknown. Individual factors are generally seen as the fundamental causes of death, but recent research showed that social, economic and cultural environments also produce inequalities in mortality. This article aims at determining the influence of socioeconomic, cultural and geographic contexts in explaining the mortality differences between migrants and natives. In running multilevel bayesian models, the authors decompose spatial inequalities in mortality between migrants and natives within Swiss municipalities and neighborhoods.

URLhttp://journals.openedition.org/eps/7576
DOI10.4000/eps.7576

A cause-of-death decomposition of young adult excess mortality

TitreA cause-of-death decomposition of young adult excess mortality
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursRemund, A, Camarda, CG, Riffe, T
JournalDemography
Volume55
Nombre3
Pagination957–978
ISSN0070-3370, 1533-7790
Résumé

We propose a method to decompose the young adult mortality hump by cause of death. This method is based on a flexible shape decomposition of mortality rates that separates cause-of-death contributions to the hump from senescent mortality. We apply the method to U.S. males and females from 1959 to 2015. Results show divergence between time trends of hump and observed deaths, both for all-cause and cause-specific mortality. The study of the hump shape reveals age, period, and cohort effects, suggesting that it is formed by a complex combination of different forces of biological and socioeconomic nature. Male and female humps share some traits in all-cause shape and trend, but they also differ by their overall magnitude and cause-specific contributions. Notably, among males, the contributions of traffic and other accidents were progressively replaced by those of suicides, homicides, and poisonings; among females, traffic accidents remained the major contributor to the hump.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0680-9
DOI10.1007/s13524-018-0680-9

Modèles théoriques du rétablissement

TitreModèles théoriques du rétablissement
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPomini, V, Bonsack, C
ÉditeurFranck, N
Book TitleTraité de réhabilitation psychosociale
Chapter6
Pagination55–63
PublisherElsevier Masson
Place PublishedIssy-les-Moulineaux, France
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9782294759154/traite-de-rehabilitation-psychosociale

IPT (integrated psychological therapy)

TitreIPT (integrated psychological therapy)
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursLauney, C, Petitjean, F, Pomini, V
ÉditeurFranck, N
Book TitleTraité de réhabilitation psychosociale
Chapter61
Pagination591–604
PublisherElsevier Masson
Place PublishedIssy-les-Moulineaux, France
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9782294759154/traite-de-rehabilitation-psychosociale

L’évaluation des ressources en réhabilitation psychosociale

TitreL’évaluation des ressources en réhabilitation psychosociale
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBellier-Teichmann, T, Pomini, V
ÉditeurFranck, N
Book TitleTraité de réhabilitation psychosociale
Chapter33
Pagination289–299
PublisherElsevier Masson
Place PublishedIssy-les-Moulineaux, France
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9782294759154/traite-de-rehabilitation-psychosociale

Distinguishing dismissing from fearful attachment in the association between closeness and commitment

TitreDistinguishing dismissing from fearful attachment in the association between closeness and commitment
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPark, Y, Debrot, A, Spielmann, SS, Joel, S, Impett, E, MacDonald, G
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
ISSN1948-5506, 1948-5514
Mots-clésattachment style, commitment, intimacy, Romantic relationships
Résumé

When avoidantly attached individuals are simultaneously high in attachment anxiety, they are inclined to experience strong
internal conflicts between seeking and avoiding closeness. This research examined whether the extent to which closeness,
assessed as the inclusion of other in the self (IOS), is associated with greater commitment varies within individuals high in
attachment avoidance as a result of differences in ambivalence toward maintaining the relationship. In two studies (N1 ¼ 1,604, N2
¼ 2,271), we found that the positive association between IOS and commitment was significantly weaker when attachment
avoidance was combined with high (vs. low) attachment anxiety. In Study 2, we found lingering relational ambivalence even at high
levels of IOS among individuals simultaneously high in attachment avoidance and anxiety, which in turn was related to relatively
low commitment. Our findings highlight the role of relational ambivalence in avoidants’ relationship functioning and the need to
examine the interplay of the two attachment dimensions.

URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1948550618768823
DOI10.1177/1948550618768823
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Valuation of life among old and very old adults: Comparison between Germany and Japan

TitreValuation of life among old and very old adults: Comparison between Germany and Japan
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursNakagawa, T, Jopp, D, Gondo, Y, Lehrfeld, J, Rott, C, Oswald, F
JournalInnovation in Aging
Volume2
Nombre2
Mots-clésculture, Old-old, quality of life, well-being, Young-old
Résumé

Background and Objectives: Valuation of life (VOL) represents a construct capturing individuals’ active attachment to
their life. The majority of studies on VOL were conducted in North America and Europe where personal autonomy and
independence are highly valued, leaving open the question about the relevance of this construct in interdependence-oriented
cultures. Using a framework of cross-cultural and life-span theories, the present study compared levels and predictors of
VOL between the young-old and old-old individuals from Germany and Japan. Research Design and Methods: Two hundred fifty-seven Germans and 248 Japanese, matched by age, gender, education, and IADL, answered a 5-item VOL scale and shared information on sociodemographic, social, and health resources. Results: Germans’ VOL levels were higher than in Japanese participants. Both culture- and age-moderated predictions of VOL: education was significant only in the young-old Japanese, and close social partners mattered in the old-old, not in the young-old. Health determined VOL irrespective of culture and age. Discussion and Implications: The findings suggest that cultural values and aging processes should be considered to
better understand how individuals value their life and to help older adults to feel that his/her life is meaningful and
worth living.

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/innovateage/article/2/2/igy020/5051923
DOI10.1093/geroni/igy020
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Vulnérabilités, équité et santé

TitreVulnérabilités, équité et santé
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2018
Series EditorBodenmann, P, Jackson, Y, Wolff, H
PublisherRMS éditions
Place PublishedChêne-Bourg, Switzerland
Résumé

Que les inégalités des conditions sociales engendrent des inégalités en santé est une réalité dont l’injustice doit être combattue, par tous y compris par les professionnels de santé et du domaine social. Dans tous les pays et particulièrement dans les pays « développés », il existe une corrélation entre la position socio-économique et l’état de santé, que les crises financières et politiques ainsi que les flux migratoires accentuent encore. Cet ouvrage, fruit de la collaboration d’institutions médicales et académiques, rappelle l’importance de maintenir ou de rétablir activement l’équité dans les soins et de contextualiser la prise en charge d’un patient avec professionnalisme mais aussi avec humanisme et éthique. Il cherche à sensibiliser aux besoins spécifiques et souvent complexes des populations vulnérables, moins aptes à faire valoir leurs droits. Car les inégalités sont liées non seulement à la déprivation matérielle, mais aussi aux facteurs psychosociaux et à leurs effets biologiques, affectant les personnes à tous les stades de leur vie, aussi bien physiquement que mentalement. Ces déterminants sociaux sont les plus évidents auprès des groupes exclus de la population générale – familles exilées, prisonniers, travailleurs du sexe, sans-abris et bien d’autres. Ce livre a pour objectif de présenter les différents concepts de la vulnérabilité en lien avec les inégalités de santé dans un cadre ancré dans la pratique médicale et de santé publique. Il offre des conseils pratiques pour la prise en charge des personnes et patients en situation de vulnérabilité et de précarité, tant sur le plan individuel que collectif, basés sur des évidences scientifiques.

Adult children’s relationship to parent influences their views on aging and attitude toward own aging

TitreAdult children’s relationship to parent influences their views on aging and attitude toward own aging
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJung, S, Jopp, D
JournalThe International Journal of Aging and Human Development
ISSN0091-4150
Mots-clésattitude toward own aging, intergenerational relationships, parent–adult children relationships, subjective aging, views on aging
Résumé

The goal of this study was to examine how the quality of relationship between parent and adult children influences adult children’s views on aging and attitude toward their own aging and whether the effects of relationship qualities depend on parents’ health and adult children’s perceptions of how well their parents were aging. The sample included 217 adult children aged 18 to 73. Findings revealed that different parent–child relationship quality dimensions (i.e., support, conflict, depth, ambivalence) differentially influenced adult children’s view on aging (positive and negative) and attitude toward own aging, and some of these effects depended on levels of parental health and the way adult children view how successfully their parents were aging. The quality of the relationship to one’s parents has an important role in shaping adults’ views on aging and experience of their own aging, highlighting the importance of incorporating the role of family context to further enhance our understanding of how individuals develop perceptions of aging.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0091415018784703
DOI10.1177/0091415018784703
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Centenarians' end-of-life thoughts and plans: Is their social network on the same page?

TitreCentenarians' end-of-life thoughts and plans: Is their social network on the same page?
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBoerner, K, Kim, K, Kim, Y, Rott, C, Jopp, D
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume66
Nombre7
Pagination1311–1317
ISSN1532-5415
Mots-cléscaregivers, centenarian, death, end of life, very old adults
Résumé

Objectives: To explore how centenarians think about and plan for the end of life (EOL) and to what extent their primary contacts (proxy informants) are aware of these thoughts. Design: Population-based study with semistructured in-person interviews. Setting: Defined geographical region approximately 60 km around Heidelberg, Germany. Participants: Subsample drawn from the larger study of centenarians (N = 78) with data on centenarians' EOL thoughts from the centenarian and the proxy informant. Measurements: Centenarians reported on their thoughts about the EOL, perception of the EOL as threatening, longing for death, engagement in any EOL planning, and type of EOL plan (will, living will, healthcare surrogate) in place. Proxy respondents answered the same set of questions based on what they thought the centenarians' perspective was. Results: In nearly half of cases, proxies misjudged whether the centenarian thought about EOL. Although only few centenarians perceived the EOL as threatening, and approximately one-quarter reported longing for death, proxies overestimated centenarians' reports on the former and underestimated the latter. Proxies reported more centenarian EOL planning than centenarians themselves. Conclusion: Even though enrolled proxies were mostly persons very close to the centenarian, many of them did not seem to be well informed about the centenarians' thoughts and plans regarding the EOL, suggesting a lack of communication between centenarians and social network members in this respect. Healthcare professionals should be aware that, even for very old adults approaching the end of their lives, discussions about EOL and EOL planning may need to be actively encouraged and supported.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jgs.15398
DOI10.1111/jgs.15398
Short TitleCentenarians' end-of-life thoughts and plans

Depressive symptoms in the oldest-old: The role of sensory impairments

TitreDepressive symptoms in the oldest-old: The role of sensory impairments
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursCimarolli, V, Jopp, D, Boerner, K, Minahan, J
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume78
Pagination249–254
ISSN01674943
Mots-clésCentenarians, depressive symptoms, Hearing loss, Oldest-old, Sensory impairment, Visual impairment
Résumé

Background: While a fair amount of research has investigated the impact of sensory impairments on the mentalhealth of young older adults (65–79 years of age), only a few studies have focused on the associations of sensoryimpairments with mental health outcomes in the oldest-old (80 years and older). To close this gap, this studyexamined the separate and combined effects of self-reported vision and hearing impairment for depressivesymptoms in a sample of oldest-old individuals, controlling for other mental health risks (e.g., functional dis-ability, health interference, and loneliness).Methods: Centenarians and near-centenarians (N = 119; average age = 99) were recruited from the communityand geriatric healthcare organizations. In-person interviews were conducted at participants’place of residence.Results: Vision impairment and its interaction with hearing impairment as well as functional disability, healthinterference with desired activities, and loneliness were significant predictors of depressive symptoms in hier-archical regression analyses. Hearing impairment alone was not associated with depressive symptoms, butfollow-up analyses clarifying the interaction effect showed that individuals with poor vision had the highestlevels of depressive symptoms, if they had a concurrent hearing impairment. Thus, a concurrent presence of poorvision and poor hearing resulted in an increased vulnerability for depressive symptoms.Conclusions: Given that a majority of oldest-old has sensory impairments which can result in mental healthissues, it is important to facilitate this population’s access to vision and audiological treatment and rehabilita-tion.

URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167494318301420
DOI10.1016/j.archger.2018.07.009
Short TitleDepressive symptoms in the oldest-old

Validation of the Hebrew version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H): Evidence for a generalizable measure of pathological daydreaming

TitreValidation of the Hebrew version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H): Evidence for a generalizable measure of pathological daydreaming
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJopp, D, Dupuis, M, Somer, E, Hagani, N, Herscu, O
JournalPsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
ISSN2326-5531(Electronic),2326-5523(Print)
Mots-clésDaydreaming, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Fantasies (Thought Disturbances), Foreign Language Translation, Mental Disorders, Pathology, Test Construction, Test Reliability, Test Validity
Résumé

Maladaptive daydreaming (MD) is a newly described mental disorder characterized by extensive mental fantasy activity featuring addiction-like longing for fantasizing, accompanying repetitive movement, and feeling hindered in everyday life. This study describes the first validation of a non-English version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS) and provides additional evidence for MD as a clinical phenomenon. The Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale–Hebrew version (MDS-H) is an adaptation of the 14-item English MDS (Somer, Lehrfeld, Bigelsen, & Jopp, 2016), a self-report questionnaire developed on the basis of qualitative information provided by self-identified maladaptive daydreamers (MDers). The MDS-H was administered to 280 individuals aged 13 to 73 years, including 45 self-identified MDers. Findings confirmed the expected 3-factorial structure, scalar invariance in comparison to the English MDS validation sample, and good psychometric properties. MDS-H scores were associated with dissociation, obsessive-compulsive behavior, and attentiondeficit/hyperactivity. Given high sensitivity and specificity separating MDers and non-MDers, the MDS-H represents a useful tool to assess MD among Hebrew speakers, suggesting the relevance of MD in a non-English speaking culture, and highlighting the potential value of the MDS for world-wide investigation of this condition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)

DOI10.1037/cns0000162
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Short TitleValidation of the Hebrew version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H)

Adaptation to loss and major life change

TitreAdaptation to loss and major life change
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJopp, D
Book TitleThe wiley blackwell Encyclopedia of adulthood and aging
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Place PublishedOxford, UK

The intricacies of space and inclusiveness in family and personal networks

TitreThe intricacies of space and inclusiveness in family and personal networks
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursWidmer, E, Viry, G, Ganjour, O
ÉditeurKapella, O, Schneider, N, Rost, H
Book TitleFamilie – Bildung – Migration. Familienforschung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Wissenschaft, Politik und Praxis
Series TitleTagungsband zum 5. Europäischen Fachkongress Familienforschung
PublisherVerlag Barbara Budrich
Place PublishedLeverkusen, Deutschland
Résumé

The impact of physical distance and migration on family and intimate ties has long been of interest to family and intimate relationships scholars. Some research stresses that the increasing geographical dispersion of people in globalization undermines intimate bonds and commitments, while other research emphasises that family and intimate relationships are particularly resilient to distance (Holdsworth, 2013). In particular, family migration research has widely shown that support, intimacy and affection can persist with relatives living far apart (e.g. Baldassar & Merla, 2013; Parreñas, 2005). This chapter stresses that actors not only adjust their family and intimate relationships in response to spatial constraints, but set the boundaries of their families and core personal networks in various ways, with consequences for their spatiality. In other words, we sustain that individuals have agency in constructing and reconstructing their family environment, and in so doing shape the geography of their families and core personal networks. In this perspective, the central issue is not so much the impact of physical distance on personal relationships, as we have done elsewhere (Viry et al, 2017). It is rather to better understand the various ways in which individual actors reconfigure their family and intimate relationships in globalization, which entail important consequences for the spatiality of their families and personal networks.

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