Distinguishing dismissing from fearful attachment in the association between closeness and commitment

TitreDistinguishing dismissing from fearful attachment in the association between closeness and commitment
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPark, Y, Debrot, A, Spielmann, SS, Joel, S, Impett, E, MacDonald, G
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
ISSN1948-5506, 1948-5514
URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1948550618768823
DOI10.1177/1948550618768823

Oldest old

TitreOldest old
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJopp, D, Spini, D, Gondo, Y
ÉditeurBornstein, M
Book TitleThe SAGE encyclopedia of lifespan human development
Pagination1542–1544
PublisherSAGE Publications
Place PublishedSAGE Publications. CA

Valuation of Life Among Old and Very Old Adults: Comparison Between Germany and Japan

TitreValuation of Life Among Old and Very Old Adults: Comparison Between Germany and Japan
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursNakagawa, T, Jopp, DS, Gondo, Y, Lehrfeld, J, Rott, C, Oswald, F
JournalInnovation in Aging
Volume2
Nombre2
Résumé

AbstractBackground and Objectives. Valuation of life (VOL) represents a construct capturing individuals’ active attachment to their life. The majority of studi

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/innovateage/article/2/2/igy020/5051923
DOI10.1093/geroni/igy020

Adult children’s relationship to parent influences their views on aging and attitude toward own aging

TitreAdult children’s relationship to parent influences their views on aging and attitude toward own aging
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJung, S, Jopp, DS
JournalThe International Journal of Aging and Human Development
ISSN0091-4150
Résumé

The goal of this study was to examine how the quality of relationship between parent and adult children influences adult children’s views on aging and attitude toward their own aging and whether the effects of relationship qualities depend on parents’ health and adult children’s perceptions of how well their parents were aging. The sample included 217 adult children aged 18 to 73. Findings revealed that different parent–child relationship quality dimensions (i.e., support, conflict, depth, ambivalence) differentially influenced adult children’s view on aging (positive and negative) and attitude toward own aging, and some of these effects depended on levels of parental health and the way adult children view how successfully their parents were aging. The quality of the relationship to one’s parents has an important role in shaping adults’ views on aging and experience of their own aging, highlighting the importance of incorporating the role of family context to further enhance our understanding of how individuals develop perceptions of aging.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0091415018784703
DOI10.1177/0091415018784703

Centenarians' end-of-life thoughts and plans: Is their social network on the same page?

TitreCentenarians' end-of-life thoughts and plans: Is their social network on the same page?
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBoerner, K, Kim, K, Kim, Y, Rott, C, Jopp, DS
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume66
Nombre7
Pagination1311–1317
ISSN1532-5415
Mots-cléscaregivers, centenarian, death, end of life, very old adults
Résumé

Objectives To explore how centenarians think about and plan for the end of life (EOL) and to what extent their primary contacts (proxy informants) are aware of these thoughts. Design Population-based study with semistructured in-person interviews. Setting Defined geographical region approximately 60 km around Heidelberg, Germany. Participants Subsample drawn from the larger study of centenarians (N = 78) with data on centenarians' EOL thoughts from the centenarian and the proxy informant. Measurements Centenarians reported on their thoughts about the EOL, perception of the EOL as threatening, longing for death, engagement in any EOL planning, and type of EOL plan (will, living will, healthcare surrogate) in place. Proxy respondents answered the same set of questions based on what they thought the centenarians' perspective was. Results In nearly half of cases, proxies misjudged whether the centenarian thought about EOL. Although only few centenarians perceived the EOL as threatening, and approximately one-quarter reported longing for death, proxies overestimated centenarians' reports on the former and underestimated the latter. Proxies reported more centenarian EOL planning than centenarians themselves. Conclusion Even though enrolled proxies were mostly persons very close to the centenarian, many of them did not seem to be well informed about the centenarians' thoughts and plans regarding the EOL, suggesting a lack of communication between centenarians and social network members in this respect. Healthcare professionals should be aware that, even for very old adults approaching the end of their lives, discussions about EOL and EOL planning may need to be actively encouraged and supported.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jgs.15398
DOI10.1111/jgs.15398

Depressive symptoms in the oldest-old: The role of sensory impairments

TitreDepressive symptoms in the oldest-old: The role of sensory impairments
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursCimarolli, VR, Jopp, DS, Boerner, K, Minahan, J
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume78
Pagination249–254
ISSN01674943
URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167494318301420
DOI10.1016/j.archger.2018.07.009

Validation of the Hebrew version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H): Evidence for a generalizable measure of pathological daydreaming

TitreValidation of the Hebrew version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H): Evidence for a generalizable measure of pathological daydreaming
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJopp, DS, Dupuis, M, Somer, E, Hagani, N, Herscu, O
JournalPsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
PaginationNo Pagination Specified–No Pagination Specified
ISSN2326-5531(Electronic),2326-5523(Print)
Mots-clésDaydreaming, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Fantasies (Thought Disturbances), Foreign Language Translation, Mental Disorders, Pathology, Test Construction, Test Reliability, Test Validity
Résumé

Maladaptive daydreaming (MD) is a newly described mental disorder characterized by extensive mental fantasy activity featuring addiction-like longing for fantasizing, accompanying repetitive movement, and feeling hindered in everyday life. This study describes the first validation of a non-English version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS) and provides additional evidence for MD as a clinical phenomenon. The Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale–Hebrew version (MDS-H) is an adaptation of the 14-item English MDS (Somer, Lehrfeld, Bigelsen, & Jopp, 2016), a self-report questionnaire developed on the basis of qualitative information provided by self-identified maladaptive daydreamers (MDers). The MDS-H was administered to 280 individuals aged 13 to 73 years, including 45 self-identified MDers. Findings confirmed the expected 3-factorial structure, scalar invariance in comparison to the English MDS validation sample, and good psychometric properties. MDS-H scores were associated with dissociation, obsessive-compulsive behavior, and attentiondeficit/hyperactivity. Given high sensitivity and specificity separating MDers and non-MDers, the MDS-H represents a useful tool to assess MD among Hebrew speakers, suggesting the relevance of MD in a non-English speaking culture, and highlighting the potential value of the MDS for world-wide investigation of this condition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)

DOI10.1037/cns0000162

Adaptation to loss and major life change

TitreAdaptation to loss and major life change
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursJopp, D
Book TitleThe wiley blackwell Encyclopedia of adulthood and aging
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Place PublishedOxford, UK

The intricacies of space and inclusiveness in family and personal networks

TitreThe intricacies of space and inclusiveness in family and personal networks
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursWidmer, ED, Viry, G, Ganjour, O
ÉditeurKapella, O, Schneider, N, Rost, H
Book TitleFamilie – Bildung – Migration. Familienforschung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Wissenschaft, Politik und Praxis
Series TitleTagungsband zum 5. Europäischen Fachkongress Familienforschung
PublisherVerlag Barbara Budrich
Place PublishedLeverkusen, Deutschland

Ambivalence in later-life family networks: Beyond intergenerational dyads

TitreAmbivalence in later-life family networks: Beyond intergenerational dyads
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursGirardin, M, Widmer, ED, Connidis, IArnet, Castrén, A-M, Gouveia, R, Masotti, B
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume80
Nombre3
Pagination768–784
ISSN1741-3737
Mots-clésambivalence, conflict, Emotional support, family networks, inequalities, older adults
Résumé

In later life, changing conditions related to health, partnership, and economic status may trigger not only support but also conflict and ambivalence, with the consequent renegotiation of family ties. The aim of this study is to investigate both conflict and emotional support in the family networks of older adults, taking the research beyond the level of intergenerational dyads. We used a subsample of 563 elders (aged 65 years and older) from the Swiss Vivre/Leben/Vivere survey. Multiple correspondence analysis and in-depth case studies were used to identify the key social conditions that relate to the prevalence of conflicted and supportive dyads in family networks. Findings showed that the balance of conflict and emotional support in older adults' family networks varied according to the composition of their family network as well as their age, health, income, and gender.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jomf.12469
DOI10.1111/jomf.12469

Health disparities on the periphery of Ouagadougou

TitreHealth disparities on the periphery of Ouagadougou
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuteursRossier, C, Soura, ABassiahi, Lankoandé, B, Millogo, RModeste
ÉditeurFarinas, DRamiro, Oris, M
Book TitleNew Approaches to Death in Cities during the Health Transition
Series TitleInternational Studies in Population
Pagination217–241
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-3-319-43001-0 978-3-319-43002-7
Résumé

Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, is currently experiencing rapid population growth, mainly concentrated in the outskirts of the city. Since 2008, the Ouagadougou Health and Demographic Surveillance System (Ouaga HDSS) has followed 80,000 people living in five neighbourhoods on the periphery of the city, half of them living in poor, informal settlements. This urban population faces a complex burden of disease: children under five die mainly from infectious diseases, while the main causes of deaths among adults aged 15–59 are AIDS, cardiovascular diseases and accidents. In this analysis, we explore whether poverty is associated with greater mortality among small children and among adults and we examine how the risk factors associated with the main causes of death in these two age groups vary by socio-economic status. We find that children who are born to uneducated and poor parents are twice as likely to die as their counterparts likely because they have worse access to both preventive and curative health care. Young children living in informal areas are also twice as likely to die compared to others because, everything else being equal, they are more often ill, more often malnourished, and less likely to receive medical care; these outcomes can be related to the unsanitary environment. In contrast, adult mortality is higher in formal neighbourhoods. Since adult health behaviours are similar regardless of neighbourhood (everything else being constant), this excess mortality seems attributable to the relatively higher wealth of households in formal neighbourhoods: affluent adults are more often overweight and more likely to be HIV positive. Better educated adults have a lower risk of dying than others because, despite their higher rates of accidents and HIV infection, they are more likely to seek medical care.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-43002-7_12
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-43002-7_12

Vulnerability in Health Trajectories: Life Course Perspectives

TitreVulnerability in Health Trajectories: Life Course Perspectives
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursCullati, S, Burton-Jeangros, C, Abel, T
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume44
Nombre2
Pagination203–216
Date Publishedjul
URLhttps://content.sciendo.com/abstract/journals/sjs/44/2/article-p203.xml
DOI10.1515/sjs-2018-0009

Mixed marriages in Switzerland: A test of the segmented assimilation hypothesis

TitreMixed marriages in Switzerland: A test of the segmented assimilation hypothesis
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPotarca, G, Bernardi, L
JournalDemographic Research
Volume38
Pagination1457–1494
ISSN1435-9871
Résumé

Background The Swiss context Trends across origin groups Marital union formation Marital dissolution Trends across birth cohort Marital union formation Marital dissolution 3 Data and methods 3.1 Data source 3.2 Measurement of variables 3.3 Analytical plan 4 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.1.1 4.2.1.2 4.2.2 4.2.2.1 4.2.2.2 4.3 Results Descriptive results Multivariate analysis: Competing-risks and Cox regression models Marital union formation Trends across origin groups Trends across birth cohorts Marital dissolution Trends across origin groups Trends across birth cohorts Sensitivity analyses 5 Conclusions References Appendix

URLhttps://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol38/48/
DOI10.4054/DemRes.2018.38.48

Recognition and Capability: A New Way to Understand How Children Can Achieve Their Rights?

TitreRecognition and Capability: A New Way to Understand How Children Can Achieve Their Rights?
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursThomas, N, Stoecklin, D
ÉditeurBaraldi, C, Cockburn, T
Book TitleTheorising Childhood
Series TitleStudies in Childhood and Youth
Pagination73–94
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-3-319-72672-4 978-3-319-72673-1
Résumé

This chapter explores how we can better understand children’s place in society using two theoretical models: recognition theory and the capability approach. It looks at the strengths and weaknesses of each theoretical approach, and how they can be used in combination. While recognition theory focuses on personal identity, the capability approach is primarily concerned with acts that people have the freedom to perform. The link between activities and identities is a central issue, mediated as it is by specific values. The chapter also considers the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as an example of how children’s place in intergenerational relations is constructed. It concludes with a review of current attempts to use the two theories to inform and guide empirical research with children.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-72673-1_4
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-72673-1_4

Children’s multidimensional agency: Insights into the structuration of choice

TitreChildren’s multidimensional agency: Insights into the structuration of choice
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursStoecklin, D, Fattore, T
JournalChildhood
Volume25
Nombre1
Pagination47–62
ISSN0907-5682
Résumé

The structuration of agency that lies behind children’s accounts of their well-being in Australia is highlighted. The three forms of agency that are evidenced from the data – agency as competence, agency as self-determination and agency as practical action in everyday contexts – provide insights regarding the characteristics of social structure. The multidimensionality of agency appears in practical achievements, individual choices and everyday action that are all constituted intersubjectively. Theories dealing with the complex links between choice and reflexive monitoring allow better understanding of agency.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0907568217743557
DOI10.1177/0907568217743557

Freely Expressed Views: Methodological Challenges for the Right of the Child to be Heard

TitreFreely Expressed Views: Methodological Challenges for the Right of the Child to be Heard
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursStoecklin, D
JournalChild Indicators Research
Pagination1–20
Date Publishedfeb
ISSN1874-897X, 1874-8988
Résumé

The methodological challenges in the research on children’s subjective understandings of well-being are very close to the ones surrounding the implementation of the right of the child to be heard. Therefore, identification of the factors favouring or impeding children’s freely expressed views on the one hand, and preliminary results of research on children’s subjective well-being on the other hand, reciprocally inform each other. The right to be heard is approached from the perspective of capabilities (Stoecklin & Bonvin 2014) identifying factors that are converting this formal freedom into real freedom. They highlight preliminary results of a qualitative study conducted in Switzerland along the procotol of the Child’s Subjective Well-Being study (Hunner-Kreisel et al. 2016). The inclusion of a participative research tool, the “actor’s system” (Stoecklin 2013), has allowed to concentrate on children’s subjective understandings of their experience. The results are not analysed in terms of statistical representativeness, but rather in terms of « structural » features they allow to highlight. The endeavour is methodological. The analysis shows that language itself can be a conversion factor in the implementation of the right to be heard, and similarly a methodological trap inducing specific translations of children’s voices into the official “vocabulary” of well-being. Research protocols should therefore be adapted to the evolving capacities of children, considering that well-being is not given state but rather a subjective feeling stemming from processual social dynamics in which children play a part, even when they have little voice.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-018-9527-6
DOI10.1007/s12187-018-9527-6

Adult non-communicable disease mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites

TitreAdult non-communicable disease mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursP. Streatfield, K, Khan, WA, Bhuiya, A, Hanifi, SMA, Alam, N, Bagagnan, CH, Sié, A, Zabré, P, Lankoandé, B, Rossier, C, Soura, AB, Bonfoh, B, Kone, S, Ngoran, EK, Utzinger, J, Haile, F, Melaku, YA, Weldearegawi, B, Gomez, P, Jasseh, M, Ansah, P, Debpuur, C, Oduro, A, Wak, G, Adjei, A, Gyapong, M, Sarpong, D, Kant, S, Misra, P, Rai, SK, Juvekar, S, Lele, P, Bauni, E, Mochamah, G, Ndila, C, Williams, TN, Laserson, KF, Nyaguara, A, Odhiambo, FO, Phillips-Howard, P, Ezeh, A, Kyobutungi, C, Oti, S, Crampin, A, Nyirenda, M, Price, A, Delaunay, V, Diallo, A, Douillot, L, Sokhna, C, F. Gómez-Olivé, X, Kahn, K, Tollman, SM, Herbst, K, Mossong, J, Chuc, NTK, Bangha, M, Sankoh, OA, Byass, P
JournalGlobal Health Action
Volume7
Nombre1
Pagination25365
ISSN1654-9716
Mots-clésadults, Africa, Asia, INDEPTH Network, InterVA, mortality, non-communicable disease, verbal autopsy
Résumé

BackgroundMortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a major global issue, as other categories of mortality have diminished and life expectancy has increased. The World Health Organization's Member States have called for a 25% reduction in premature NCD mortality by 2025, which can only be achieved by substantial reductions in risk factors and improvements in the management of chronic conditions. A high burden of NCD mortality among much older people, who have survived other hazards, is inevitable. The INDEPTH Network collects detailed individual data within defined Health and Demographic Surveillance sites. By registering deaths and carrying out verbal autopsies to determine cause of death across many such sites, using standardised methods, the Network seeks to generate population-based mortality statistics that are not otherwise available.ObjectiveTo describe patterns of adult NCD mortality from INDEPTH Network sites across Africa and Asia, according to the WHO 2012 verbal autopsy (VA) cause categories, with separate consideration of premature (15–64 years) and older (65+ years) NCD mortality.DesignAll adult deaths at INDEPTH sites are routinely registered and followed up with VA interviews. For this study, VA archives were transformed into the WHO 2012 VA standard format and processed using the InterVA-4 model to assign cause of death. Routine surveillance data also provide person-time denominators for mortality rates.ResultsA total of 80,726 adult (over 15 years) deaths were documented over 7,423,497 person-years of observation. NCDs were attributed as the cause for 35.6% of these deaths. Slightly less than half of adult NCD deaths occurred in the 15–64 age group. Detailed results are presented by age and sex for leading causes of NCD mortality. Per-site rates of NCD mortality were significantly correlated with rates of HIV/AIDS-related mortality.ConclusionsThese findings present important evidence on the distribution of NCD mortality across a wide range of African and Asian settings. This comes against a background of global concern about the burden of NCD mortality, especially among adults aged under 70, and provides an important baseline for future work.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.25365
DOI10.3402/gha.v7.25365
Identifiant (ID) PubMed28672507

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