Disadvantaged early-life socioeconomic circumstances are associated with low respiratory function in older Age.

TitreDisadvantaged early-life socioeconomic circumstances are associated with low respiratory function in older Age.
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursCheval, B, Chabert, C, Orsholits, D, Sieber, S, Guessous, I, Blane, D, Kliegel, M, Janssens, J-P, Burton-Jeangros, C, Pison, C, Courvoisier, DS, Boisgontier, MP, Cullati, S
JournalThe Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume74
Nombre7
Pagination1134–1140
ISSN1758-535X
Mots-clésaging, health status, Peak expiratory flow, Respiratory system, Socioeconomic factors, www2
Résumé

BACKGROUND: Poor lung function in late life may stem from early-life risk factors, but the epidemiological evidence is inconsistent. We investigated whether individuals who experienced disadvantageous socioeconomic circumstances (SEC) in early life showed lower levels of respiratory function in older age, a steeper decline over time, and whether these relationships were explained by adult-life SEC, body mass index, and physical inactivity in older age. METHODS: We used data from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-2015). Participants' peak expiratory flow (PEF) was assessed with a mini-Wright peak flow meter at second, fourth, and sixth waves. Confounder-adjusted linear mixed-effect models were used to examine the associations between early-life SEC and PEF in older age. A total of 21,734 adults aged 50-96 years (46,264 observations) were included in the analyses. RESULTS: Older adults with disadvantaged early-life SEC showed lower levels of PEF compared with those with advantaged early-life SEC. The association between early-life SEC and late-life PEF persisted after adjusting for adult-life SEC, smoking, physical inactivity, and body mass index. PEF declined with age, but the effect of early-life SEC on this decline was not consistent across robustness and sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Early life is a sensitive period for respiratory health. Further considering the effect of SEC arising during this period may improve the prevention of chronic respiratory diseases.

DOI10.1093/gerona/gly177
Identifiant (ID) PubMed31211384

From intentions to births: Gendered paths of realization in a multi-dimensional life course perspective.

TitreFrom intentions to births: Gendered paths of realization in a multi-dimensional life course perspective.
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursTesta, MR, Bolano, D
ÉditeurKapella, O, Schneider, NF, Rost, H
Book TitleFamilie – Bildung – Migration: Familienforschung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Wissenschaft, Politik und Praxis. Tagungsband zum 5. Europäischen Fachkongress Familienforschung
EditionVerlag Barbara Budrich
Pagination105–124
PublisherVerlag Barbara Budrich
Place PublishedOpladen; Berlin; Toronto:
Mots-cléswww2
URLhttps://www.amazon.de/Familie-Familienforschung-Spannungsfeld-Wissenschaft-Europ%C3%A4ischen/dp/3847422286

The life course cube: A tool for studying lives

TitreThe life course cube: A tool for studying lives
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursBernardi, L, Huinink, J, Settersten, RA
JournalTheoretical and Methodological Frontiers in Life Course Research
Volume41
Pagination100258
Date Publishedsep
ISSN1040-2608
Mots-clésBehavioral processes, life course, Life domains, Modeling, Multilevel, theory, Time interdependencies
Résumé

This paper proposes a conceptualization of the life course as a set of behavioral processes characterized by interdependencies that cross time, life domains, and levels of analysis. We first discuss the need for a systematized approach to life course theory that integrates parallel and partially redundant concepts developed in a variety of disciplines. We then introduce the ‘life course cube,’ which graphically defines and illustrates time-domain-level interdependencies and their multiple interactions that are central to understanding life courses. Finally, in an appendix, we offer a formal account of these interactions in a language that can be readily adopted across disciplines. Our aim is to provide a consistent and parsimonious foundation to further develop life course theories and methods and integrate life course scholarship across disciplines.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040260818301850
DOI10.1016/j.alcr.2018.11.004

Adding life to one’s added years: Self-regulatory balancing of life domains across old age

TitreAdding life to one’s added years: Self-regulatory balancing of life domains across old age
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursNapolitano, CM, Freund, AM
JournalAdvances in Life Course Research
ISSN1040-2608
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040260819300474
DOI10.1016/j.alcr.2019.04.008