Surmortalité des enfants dans les quartiers informels de Ouagadougou: effet de composition ou effet de contexte ?

TitreSurmortalité des enfants dans les quartiers informels de Ouagadougou: effet de composition ou effet de contexte ?
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuteursLankoandé, B, Soura, A, Millogo, R, Compaoré, Y, Rossier, C
JournalAfrican Population Studies
Volume30
Nombre1
Pagination2192–2202
ISSN2308-7854
Mots-clésAfrique sub-saharienne, Mortalité des enfants, Observatoire, Ouagadougou, Quartiers informels
Résumé

En Afrique sub-saharienne, les auteurs cherchant à expliquer la surmortalité des enfants des quartiers informels ont rarement essayé de dissocier les caractéristiques sociodémographiques des parents, d’une part, et les effets de contexte, d’autre part, en utilisant une définition « locale » de ces quartiers. Le différentiel de mortalité entre les quartiers formels et informels de la capitale du Burkina Faso est analysé ici à l’aide des données de l’Observatoire de Population de Ouagadougou. Les analyses reposent sur le calcul des taux de mortalité, et sur le modèle de régression de Cox. Au-delà des effets de l’instruction de la mère, de l’âge de la mère, et du niveau de vie du ménage, la résidence dans les quartiers informels est positivement associée à la mortalité des enfants. L’amélioration des conditions sanitaires dans ces quartiers, et un meilleur accès aux services de santé sont deux préalables à la baisse de la mortalité des enfants.

URLhttp://aps.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/800
DOI10.11564/30-1-800
Short TitleSurmortalité des enfants dans les quartiers informels de Ouagadougou

Non-communicable disease mortality and risk factors in formal and informal neighborhoods, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Evidence from a health and demographic surveillance system

TitreNon-communicable disease mortality and risk factors in formal and informal neighborhoods, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Evidence from a health and demographic surveillance system
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursRossier, C, Soura, ABassiahi, Duthé, G, Findley, S
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Nombre12
ISSN1932-6203
Résumé

The expected growth in NCDs in cities is one of the most important health challenges of the coming decades in Sub-Saharan countries. This paper aims to fill the gap in our understanding of socio-economic differentials in NCD mortality and risk in low and middle income neighborhoods in urban Africa. We use data collected in the Ouagadougou Health and Demographic Surveillance System. 409 deaths were recorded between 2009–2011 among 20,836 individuals aged 35 years and older; verbal autopsies and the InterVA program were used to determine the probable cause of death. A random survey asked in 2011 1,039 adults aged 35 and over about tobacco use, heavy alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and measured their weight, height, and blood pressure. These data reveal a high level of premature mortality due to NCDs in all neighborhoods: NCD mortality increases substantially by age 50. NCD mortality is greater in formal neighborhoods, while adult communicable disease mortality remains high, especially in informal neighborhoods. There is a high prevalence of risk factors for NCDs in the studied neighborhoods, with over one-fourth of the adults being overweight and over one-fourth having hypertension. Better-off residents are more prone to physical inactivity and excessive weight, while vulnerable populations such as widows/divorced individuals and migrants suffer more from higher blood pressure. Females have a significantly lower risk of being smokers or heavy drinkers, while they are more likely to be physically inactive or overweight, especially when married. Muslim individuals are less likely to be smokers or heavy drinkers, but have a higher blood pressure. Everything else being constant, individuals living in formal neighborhoods are more often overweight. The data presented make clear the pressing need to develop effective programs to reduce NCD risk across all types of neighborhoods in African cities, and suggest several entry points for community-based prevention programs.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4262303/
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0113780
Short TitleNon-communicable disease mortality and risk factors in formal and informal neighborhoods, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Identifiant (ID) PubMed25493649

Are the urban poor really worse off? Socieconomic differentials in adult cause specific mortality at the periphery of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

TitreAre the urban poor really worse off? Socieconomic differentials in adult cause specific mortality at the periphery of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursRossier, C, Soura, A, Duthé, G, Lankoandé, B, Millogo, R
JournalQuetelet
Volume2
Nombre2
Pagination61–80
ISSN2034-9378
Mots-clésadultes, Afrique au sud du Sahara, migrants, Mortalité, villes
Résumé

Dans les pays les moins développés, tandis que les citadins les plus pauvres sont plus susceptibles de mourir de maladies transmissibles et de blessures, les plus ri­ches pourraient souffrir d’un plus grand fardeau de maladies non transmissibles. Il n’est donc pas évident de savoir si dans les villes africaines les adultes les plus pau­vres sont en moins bonne santé que leurs homologues plus aisés. Dans cet article, nous décrivons les inégalités sociales qui caractérisent la mortalité des adultes (per­sonnes de 15 à 59 ans) à la périphérie de Ouagadougou, capitale du Burkina Faso. En utilisant les données du Système de Surveillance Démographique et Sanitaire de Ouagadougou, de 2009 à 2011, nous vérifions si des facteurs tels que le niveau d’éducation, la pauvreté et la résidence en quartier informel sont liés au risque de décès prématuré chez les adultes. Nous menons cette analyse de la mortalité tou­tes causes confondues, et aussi en considérant trois grandes catégories de causes de décès : les maladies transmissibles, les maladies non transmissibles et les causes externes. En limitant l’analyse aux adultes nés à Ouagadougou, nous avons constaté que le citadin pauvre fait face à une pénalité sanitaire considérable comparative­ment au moins pauvre, ce qui est conforme aux attentes basées sur la littérature existante. Les non-migrants riches font face à des risques plus faibles de décès pré­maturé dû aussi bien aux maladies transmissibles qu’aux maladies non transmissi­bles. Les adultes migrants quant à eux présentent des tendances très différentes qui faussent l’image globale des inégalités de santé dans la ville. Les migrants riches et les migrants vivant dans les quartiers formels courent un plus grand risque de décès de maladies non transmissibles. Ces résultats particuliers sont probablement dus à des effets de sélection liés à la migration, et peut-être aussi à des niveaux plus élevés d’exposition à des maladies non transmissibles par les migrants. Ils ap­pellent à une plus grande attention portée sur les effets de la migration lors d’étu­des sur les différences rurales-urbaines ou les inégalités sociales de santé en Afri­que sub-saharienne.
In the cities of less developed countries, while poorer residents are likely to be at greater risk of dying from communicable diseases and injuries, wealthier residents may suffer from a greater burden of non-communicable diseases. It remains thus unclear whether poorer African adult city dwellers are in worse health than their better-off counterparts. In this paper, we describe the social inequalities that characterize adult mortality (individuals aged 15 to 59) at the periphery of Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso. Using data from the Ouagadougou Health and Demographic Surveillance System from 2009 to 2011, we test whether factors such as levels of education, poverty and informal settlement are related to risks of pre­mature deaths among adults. We conduct this analysis for all-cause mortality, and also considered three main categories of causes of death: communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and external causes. Restricting the analysis to adults born in Ouagadougou, we found that the urban poor face a considerable health penalty compared to the less poor, which is consistent with expectation based on existing literature. Wealthier non-migrants face relatively lower risks of premature death, from both communicable and non-communicable diseases. Adult migrants exhibit very different patterns of mortality, which distort the overall picture of health inequalities in the city. Wealthier adult migrants and migrants living in formal settlements face a greater risk of dying from non-communicable diseases. These particular patterns are probably due to selective in and/or out-migration, and maybe to greater levels of exposure to non-communicable diseases by migrants. These results call for more attention to the effects of migration when studying rural-urban and social differentials of health in Sub-Saharan Africa.

URLhttps://ojs.uclouvain.be/index.php/Quetelet/article/view/2563
DOI10.14428/rqj2014.02.02.03

HIV/AIDS-related mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance system sites

TitreHIV/AIDS-related mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance system sites
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursP. Streatfield, K, Khan, WA, Bhuiya, A, Hanifi, SMA, Alam, N, Millogo, O, Sié, A, Zabré, P, Rossier, C, Soura, AB, Bonfoh, B, Kone, S, Ngoran, EK, Utzinger, J, Abera, SF, Melaku, YA, Weldearegawi, B, Gomez, P, Jasseh, M, Ansah, P, Azongo, D, Kondayire, F, Oduro, A, Amu, A, Gyapong, M, Kwarteng, O, Kant, S, Pandav, CS, Rai, SK, Juvekar, S, Muralidharan, V, Wahab, A, Wilopo, S, Bauni, E, Mochamah, G, Ndila, C, Williams, TN, Khagayi, S, Laserson, KF, Nyaguara, A, Van Eijk, AM, Ezeh, A, Kyobutungi, C, Wamukoya, M, Chihana, M, Crampin, A, Price, A, Delaunay, V, Diallo, A, Douillot, L, Sokhna, C, F. Gómez-Olivé, X, Mee, P, Tollman, SM, Herbst, K, Mossong, J, Chuc, NTK, Arthur, SS, Sankoh, OA, Byass, P
JournalGlobal Health Action
Volume7
ISSN1654-9716
Mots-clésAfrica, Asia, HIV/AIDS, INDEPTH Network, InterVA, mortality, tuberculosis, verbal autopsy
Résumé

Background: As the HIV/AIDS pandemic has evolved over recent decades, Africa has been the most affected region, even though a large proportion of HIV/AIDS deaths have not been documented at the individual level. Systematic application of verbal autopsy (VA) methods in defined populations provides an opportunity to assess the mortality burden of the pandemic from individual data. Objective: To present standardised comparisons of HIV/AIDS-related mortality at sites across Africa and Asia, including closely related causes of death such as pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and pneumonia. Design Deaths related to HIV/AIDS were extracted from individual demographic and VA data from 22 INDEPTH sites across Africa and Asia. VA data were standardised to WHO 2012 standard causes of death assigned using the InterVA-4 model. Between-site comparisons of mortality rates were standardised using the INDEPTH 2013 standard population. Results: The dataset covered a total of 10,773 deaths attributed to HIV/AIDS, observed over 12,204,043 person-years. HIV/AIDS-related mortality fractions and mortality rates varied widely across Africa and Asia, with highest burdens in eastern and southern Africa, and lowest burdens in Asia. There was evidence of rapidly declining rates at the sites with the heaviest burdens. HIV/AIDS mortality was also strongly related to PTB mortality. On a country basis, there were strong similarities between HIV/AIDS mortality rates at INDEPTH sites and those derived from modelled estimates. Conclusions: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related mortality continues to be a challenging issue, all the more so as anti-retroviral treatment programmes alleviate mortality risks. The congruence between these results and other estimates adds plausibility to both approaches. These data, covering some of the highest mortality observed during the pandemic, will be an important baseline for understanding the future decline of HIV/AIDS.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4220131/
DOI10.3402/gha.v7.25370
Short TitleHIV/AIDS-related mortality in Africa and Asia
Identifiant (ID) PubMed25377330

Adult non-communicable disease mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites

TitreAdult non-communicable disease mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursP. Streatfield, K, Khan, WA, Bhuiya, A, Hanifi, SMA, Alam, N, Bagagnan, CH, Sié, A, Zabré, P, Lankoandé, B, Rossier, C, Soura, AB, Bonfoh, B, Kone, S, Ngoran, EK, Utzinger, J, Haile, F, Melaku, YA, Weldearegawi, B, Gomez, P, Jasseh, M, Ansah, P, Debpuur, C, Oduro, A, Wak, G, Adjei, A, Gyapong, M, Sarpong, D, Kant, S, Misra, P, Rai, SK, Juvekar, S, Lele, P, Bauni, E, Mochamah, G, Ndila, C, Williams, TN, Laserson, KF, Nyaguara, A, Odhiambo, FO, Phillips-Howard, P, Ezeh, A, Kyobutungi, C, Oti, S, Crampin, A, Nyirenda, M, Price, A, Delaunay, V, Diallo, A, Douillot, L, Sokhna, C, F. Gómez-Olivé, X, Kahn, K, Tollman, SM, Herbst, K, Mossong, J, Chuc, NTK, Bangha, M, Sankoh, OA, Byass, P
JournalGlobal Health Action
Volume7
Nombre1
ISSN1654-9716
Mots-clésadults, Africa, Asia, INDEPTH Network, InterVA, mortality, non-communicable disease, verbal autopsy
Résumé

Background: Mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a major global issue, as other categories of mortality have diminished and life expectancy has increased. The World Health Organization's Member States have called for a 25% reduction in premature NCD mortality by 2025, which can only be achieved by substantial reductions in risk factors and improvements in the management of chronic conditions. A high burden of NCD mortality among much older people, who have survived other hazards, is inevitable. The INDEPTH Network collects detailed individual data within defined Health and Demographic Surveillance sites. By registering deaths and carrying out verbal autopsies to determine cause of death across many such sites, using standardised methods, the Network seeks to generate population-based mortality statistics that are not otherwise available. Objective: To describe patterns of adult NCD mortality from INDEPTH Network sites across Africa and Asia, according to the WHO 2012 verbal autopsy (VA) cause categories, with separate consideration of premature (15–64 years) and older (65+ years) NCD mortality. Design: All adult deaths at INDEPTH sites are routinely registered and followed up with VA interviews. For this study, VA archives were transformed into the WHO 2012 VA standard format and processed using the InterVA-4 model to assign cause of death. Routine surveillance data also provide person-time denominators for mortality rates. Results: A total of 80,726 adult (over 15 years) deaths were documented over 7,423,497 person-years of observation. NCDs were attributed as the cause for 35.6% of these deaths. Slightly less than half of adult NCD deaths occurred in the 15–64 age group. Detailed results are presented by age and sex for leading causes of NCD mortality. Per-site rates of NCD mortality were significantly correlated with rates of HIV/AIDS-related mortality. Conclusions: These findings present important evidence on the distribution of NCD mortality across a wide range of African and Asian settings. This comes against a background of global concern about the burden of NCD mortality, especially among adults aged under 70, and provides an important baseline for future work.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.25365
DOI10.3402/gha.v7.25365
Short TitleAdult non-communicable disease mortality in Africa and Asia
Identifiant (ID) PubMed25377326

Freely Expressed Views: Methodological Challenges for the Right of the Child to be Heard

TitreFreely Expressed Views: Methodological Challenges for the Right of the Child to be Heard
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursStoecklin, D
JournalChild Indicators Research
Volume12
Nombre2
Pagination569–588
ISSN1874-8988
Mots-cléscapabilities, child, Methodological challenges, participation, Right to be heard, subjective well-being
Résumé

The methodological challenges in the research on children’s subjective understandings of well-being are very close to the ones surrounding the implementation of the right of the child to be heard. Therefore, identification of the factors favouring or impeding children’s freely expressed views on the one hand, and preliminary results of research on children’s subjective well-being on the other hand, reciprocally inform each other. The right to be heard is approached from the perspective of capabilities (Stoecklin & Bonvin 2014) identifying factors that are converting this formal freedom into real freedom. They highlight preliminary results of a qualitative study conducted in Switzerland along the procotol of the Child’s Subjective Well-Being study (Hunner-Kreisel et al. 2016). The inclusion of a participative research tool, the “actor’s system” (Stoecklin 2013), has allowed to concentrate on children’s subjective understandings of their experience. The results are not analysed in terms of statistical representativeness, but rather in terms of « structural » features they allow to highlight. The endeavour is methodological. The analysis shows that language itself can be a conversion factor in the implementation of the right to be heard, and similarly a methodological trap inducing specific translations of children’s voices into the official “vocabulary” of well-being. Research protocols should therefore be adapted to the evolving capacities of children, considering that well-being is not given state but rather a subjective feeling stemming from processual social dynamics in which children play a part, even when they have little voice.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-018-9527-6
DOI10.1007/s12187-018-9527-6

Children’s multidimensional agency: Insights into the structuration of choice

TitreChildren’s multidimensional agency: Insights into the structuration of choice
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursStoecklin, D, Fattore, T
JournalChildhood
Volume25
Nombre1
Pagination47–62
ISSN0907-5682
Mots-clésagency, capability, children, multidimensionality, structure
Résumé

The structuration of agency that lies behind children’s accounts of their well-being in Australia is highlighted. The three forms of agency that are evidenced from the data – agency as competence, agency as self-determination and agency as practical action in everyday contexts – provide insights regarding the characteristics of social structure. The multidimensionality of agency appears in practical achievements, individual choices and everyday action that are all constituted intersubjectively. Theories dealing with the complex links between choice and reflexive monitoring allow better understanding of agency.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0907568217743557
DOI10.1177/0907568217743557
Short TitleChildren’s multidimensional agency

Recognition and Capability: A New Way to Understand How Children Can Achieve Their Rights?

TitreRecognition and Capability: A New Way to Understand How Children Can Achieve Their Rights?
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursThomas, N, Stoecklin, D
ÉditeurBaraldi, C, Cockburn, T
Book TitleTheorising Childhood
Series TitleStudies in Childhood and Youth
Pagination73–94
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-3-319-72672-4 978-3-319-72673-1
Résumé

This chapter explores how we can better understand children’s place in society using two theoretical models: recognition theory and the capability approach. It looks at the strengths and weaknesses of each theoretical approach, and how they can be used in combination. While recognition theory focuses on personal identity, the capability approach is primarily concerned with acts that people have the freedom to perform. The link between activities and identities is a central issue, mediated as it is by specific values. The chapter also considers the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as an example of how children’s place in intergenerational relations is constructed. It concludes with a review of current attempts to use the two theories to inform and guide empirical research with children.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-72673-1_4
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-72673-1_4

Mixed marriages in Switzerland: A test of the segmented assimilation hypothesis

TitreMixed marriages in Switzerland: A test of the segmented assimilation hypothesis
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPotarca, G, Bernardi, L
JournalDemographic Research
Volume38
Pagination1457–1494
ISSN1435-9871
Résumé

Background: Switzerland hosts one of the largest and most diversified migrant populations in Europe, while currently reinforcing restrictive immigration policies. Knowledge on Swiss immigrant-native marriages, as ultimate signposts of integration, is limited. Objective: We explore the role of origin group and birth cohort in the emergence and dissolution of mixed marriages in Switzerland among both natives and immigrants. Methods: Based on a sample of 12,827 respondents from the 2013 Swiss Family and Generations
Survey, we fit competing-risks models for entry into first marriage, and Cox proportional hazards models for entry into (first) divorce. Results: We find evidence of a segmented marriage market, with migrants from neighbouring Western European countries having higher chances of getting and staying married to a
Swiss native. As opposed to natives, migrants from younger cohorts are progressively less likely to intermarry.
Conclusions: In line with segmented assimilation claims, results suggest differences in integration pathways between immigrant groups. Findings also point to the reactive ethnicity of marginalized groups (e.g., Turks and ex-Yugoslavs) in response to an increasingly hostile immigration climate. Decreasing (inter)marriage with natives among young immigrants reflects shifting marriage market conditions over the last decades.

URLhttps://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol38/48/
DOI10.4054/DemRes.2018.38.48
Short TitleMixed marriages in Switzerland

New perspectives on career counseling and guidance in Europe : Building careers in changing and diverse societies

TitreNew perspectives on career counseling and guidance in Europe : Building careers in changing and diverse societies
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2018
Series EditorCohen-Scali, V, Rossier, J, Nota, L
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-3-319-61475-5
Résumé

In industrialized societies, individuals are facing major challenges that mobilize many of their psychological and social resources. The world of work is changing constantly. Adults have to adapt their technical skills and knowledge continuously. For teenagers and young adults, choosing a vocation and constructing their future career paths is becoming increasingly difficult. The migration of people and the globalization of the workforce raise questions about social inclusion and the future of affected individuals. These examples highlight of the importance of the field of Career Counseling and Guidance to support citizens individually and collectively in building their future. The challenges our societies face demonstrate how crucial the development of research in this field is.The European Doctoral Programme in Career Guidance and Counselling (ECADOC), funded by the European Commission from 2013-2016, has brought together PhD students working on burning issues in this field, using various theoretical references and methodologies. The four parts of this book present a selection of innovative research aiming to find answers to the named challenges. Part 1 deals with key psychological processes involved in career construction of young adults. Part 2 presents research concerning transitions over the course of life. Part 3 covers research related to interventions of career guidance and counseling. Part 4 outlines perspectives for the future and proposes a European Research Agenda for our field of research. Perspectives on Current Research in Career Guidance and Counseling – Building Careers in Changing and Diverse Societies is dedicated to students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of education, career guidance, psychology, human resource management to inform them about very recent work and promote the development of innovative interventions and programmes.

URLhttps://www.springer.com/de/book/9783319614755
Short TitleNew perspectives on career counseling and guidance in Europe

Vocational interests and career indecision in Switzerland and Burkina Faso: Cross-cultural similarities and differences

TitreVocational interests and career indecision in Switzerland and Burkina Faso: Cross-cultural similarities and differences
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursAtitsogbe, KA, Moumoula, IA, Rochat, S, Antonietti, J-P, Rossier, J
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume107
Pagination126–140
ISSN0001-8791
Mots-clésCareer Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire, Career indecision, Cross-cultural psychology, Personal Globe Inventory, vocational interests
Résumé

The Personal Globe Inventory (PGI) and the Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ) have been adapted to be used in various languages and cultural contexts. However, French versions of these instruments have never been used in Africa and only very few studies have formally studied their cross-cultural replicability. Moreover, no studies have analyzed if the relationship between career interests and decision-making difficulties might be stable across cultures. For this reason, 413 Swiss students and adult workers and 287 Burkinabe students completed both the PGI and the CDDQ. Randomization tests and a series of confirmatory factor analyses supported the structural validity and replicability across the two countries of both the PGI and the CDDQ. Although CDDQ's scales reached scalar invariance across cultures, this was not the case for the scales of the PGI, which reached only metric invariance, suggesting that country-specific norms should be used for this inventory. However, both instruments reached scalar invariance with regard to gender. Gender differences were larger for interests than for career decision-making difficulties within each country sample. Finally, the associations between vocational interests and the CDDQ were small and significant in some cases only in Switzerland. Overall, this study shows that the structure of vocational interests and career indecision seem to replicate well across very different cultures.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001879118300423
DOI10.1016/j.jvb.2018.04.002
Short TitleVocational interests and career indecision in Switzerland and Burkina Faso

Evidence-based practice in career and workforce development interventions

TitreEvidence-based practice in career and workforce development interventions
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursWhiston, SC, Rossier, J, Barón, PMHernande
ÉditeurSolberg, S, Ali, SRasheed
Book TitleThe handbook of career and workforce development: Research, practice, and policy
Chapter3
Pagination39–56
PublisherRoutledge/Taylor & Francis Group
Place PublishedNew York, NY
Résumé

This chapter summarizes the scientific foundation for career and workforce development interventions with the intent of providing insight into what constitutes evidence-based career interventions. Spokane and Oliver (1983) defined “vocational interventions” as any treatment or effort intended to enhance an individual’s career development or to enable the person to make better career-related decisions. We have a similar definition of career and workforce development interventions, which is any treatment or effort intended to enhance an individual’s career, occupational, or work-related development, or to enable the person to make better work-related decisions and help the individual to manage work transitions. This is a broad definition that encompasses a wide array of interventions, such as individual counseling, group activities, career classes, computer information systems, and self-help interventions.

URLhttps://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315714769.ch3

Character strengths – stability, change, and relationships with well-being changes

TitreCharacter strengths – stability, change, and relationships with well-being changes
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursGander, F, Hofmann, J, Proyer, RT, Ruch, W
JournalApplied Research in Quality of Life
ISSN1871-2576
Mots-cléscharacter strengths, CSRF, Malleability, Stability, VIA-IS, well-being, www
Résumé

{Character strengths are positively valued personality traits that are assumed to be stable across time and situations, but also malleable due to cultivation or deliberate intervention. Also, studies showed that character strengths are robustly related to well-being. Consequently, character strengths have often been used in interventions aimed at increasing well-being. However, the stability of character strengths and the longitudinal relationships with well-being are widely unexplored: First, previous reports on the stability of character strengths have mainly focused on one assessment instrument only and second, they did not consider other indicators of stability (and malleability) besides rank-order stability, (i.e., mean-level stability). In this longitudinal study, we assessed character strengths and well-being at two time points and examined the stability and malleability of character strengths and the convergence of changes in character strengths and well-being by means of correlation analyses. Two samples (n1 = 601

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9690-4
DOI10.1007/s11482-018-9690-4
Custom 1

{:status: Advance online publication}

Perceived social support and Big Five personality traits in middle adulthood: A 4-year cross-lagged path analysis

TitrePerceived social support and Big Five personality traits in middle adulthood: A 4-year cross-lagged path analysis
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursUdayar, S, Urbanaviciute, I, Rossier, J
JournalApplied Research in Quality of Life
Mots-clésBig five, Middle adulthood, Perceived social support, Personality traits
Résumé

Previous studies have shown that the Big Five personality traits are significantly associated with perceived social support and these associations are positively associated with agreeableness, extraversion, and emotional stability. However, it is not yet clear whether these associations hold longitudinally or how these variables may predict each other over time. To investigate the co-development of personality traits and perceived social support, a cross-lagged path model design was used on a sample of adults (N = 1309) measured on two occasions 4 years apart. The results indicated that while emotional stability predicted perceived social support 4 years later, perceived social support also predicted emotional stability, extraversion, agreeableness, openness, and conscientiousness 4 years later. Our findings suggest that perceived social support may be a resource that has an impact on the development of personality traits known to be associated with social skills as well as the quality and frequency of social interactions in middle adulthood.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9694-0
DOI10.1007/s11482-018-9694-0
Custom 1

{:status: Advance online publication}

Short TitlePerceived social support and Big Five personality traits in middle adulthood

European research agenda for career guidance and counselling

TitreEuropean research agenda for career guidance and counselling
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursWeber, PC, Katsarov, J, Cohen-Scali, V, Mulvey, R, Nota, L, Rossier, J, Thomsen, R
ÉditeurCohen-Scali, V, Rossier, J, Nota, L
Book TitleNew perspectives on career counseling and guidance in Europe
Pagination219–250
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-3-319-61475-5 978-3-319-61476-2
Mots-clésCareer Counselling, Career Guidance, Career Practice, Career Profession, literature review, Research Agenda
Résumé

In a changing world, there is a need to reflect about the research basis of career guidance and counselling (CGC) as a professional practice, considering the contributions of various disciplines and research traditions. This paper outlines a possible European research agenda (ERA) to further enhance the knowledge foundation of the CGC practice. The proposed lines of research, which are pronounced in the ERA, are based on a literature review involving 45 researchers concerned with the CGC practice. At three events, approximately 150 researchers from across Europe were engaged in the discussion, what kind of research is needed to enhance the knowledge foundation of the CGC practice. The paper provides a systematic overview of the relevant research fields, and links key research questions to current research endeavours. Due to the necessary
involvement of diverse types of practitioners, policy makers, and researchers from different disciplines to share the CGC practice and contribute to the development of its knowledge basis, the paper calls for open, cooperative and integrative research approaches, including the combination of different research paradigms and methods. The development of the European Research Agenda was co-funded by the European Union through the Lifelong Learning Programme.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-61476-2_14
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-61476-2_14

Precariousness profile and career adaptability as determinants of job insecurity: A three-wave study

TitrePrecariousness profile and career adaptability as determinants of job insecurity: A three-wave study
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursUrbanaviciute, I, Udayar, S, Maggiori, C, Rossier, J
JournalJournal of Career Development
Mots-cléscareer adaptability, employability, job insecurity, labor market precariousness
Résumé

The present study compares the mean levels and growth in job insecurity across employees’ precariousness profiles as defined by a combination of perceived employability and financial difficulties. Drawing on the labor market precariousness and workplace stress literature, we hypothesized that employees with the most precarious profile would report elevated levels of job insecurity followed by a growth trend. Moreover, career adaptability was expected to act as a resource for counteracting job insecurity. The study was based on three waves of a longitudinal “Professional Paths” survey (National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES) conducted in Switzerland. The data of 799 professionally active adults were analyzed using latent growth modeling. In line with our hypothesis, the findings showed the highest levels of job insecurity and the most pronounced growth trend among employees with the precarious profile. Interestingly, different career adaptability facets played differing roles in predicting job insecurity, potentially revealing some of its under-researched aspects.

URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0894845318791777
DOI10.1177/0894845318791777
Custom 1

{:status: Advance online publication}

Short TitlePrecariousness profile and career adaptability as determinants of job insecurity

Exploring differences in well-being across occupation type and skill

TitreExploring differences in well-being across occupation type and skill
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursHofmann, J, Gander, F, Ruch, W
JournalTranslational Issues in Psychological Science
Volume4
Nombre3
Pagination290–303
ISSN2332-2179(Electronic),2332-2136(Print)
Mots-clésCounseling, Employee Skills, happiness, insight, life satisfaction, Management Personnel, meaning, occupations, Personnel, pleasure, Well Being, www
Résumé

This study examines three orientations to happiness (OTH) – pleasure, engagement, and meaning—and their associations to life satisfaction across different occupations and skill levels associated with certain occupations in a representative sample of the Swiss workforce (N = 1140). Utilizing a broad classification of occupational groups, mean level differences in the OTH within and across occupational groups and skill levels were investigated. Results showed that people in higher skill occupations report a higher life satisfaction and a lower orientation to pleasure than those in lower skill occupations. Also, the orientation to meaning was more closely related to life satisfaction in higher skill than in lower skill occupations. With regard to occupational groups, we found a higher life satisfaction in managers and professionals, and further differences among other occupational groups (e.g., higher levels of pleasure in service and sales workers; or higher levels of engagement in craft and related trade workers). Overall, the effects across occupations were relatively small—which is largely consistent with previous findings in Swiss samples. Nonetheless, the differences across skill levels and occupational groups in the OTH could provide additional information in occupational counseling settings. Also, the current study covered all types of jobs (vs. investigating selected occupation groups), thus allowing first insights into the generalizability of results across studies (and cultures). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)

URLhttps://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-43625-007
DOI10.1037/tps0000167

Investigating the link between trait emotional intelligence, career indecision, and self-perceived employability: The role of career adaptability

TitreInvestigating the link between trait emotional intelligence, career indecision, and self-perceived employability: The role of career adaptability
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursUdayar, S, Fiori, M, Thalmayer, AGayle, Rossier, J
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume135
Pagination7–12
ISSN0191-8869
Mots-cléscareer adaptability, Career decision-making, mediation, Self-perceived employability, Trait emotional intelligence
Résumé

Trait emotional intelligence (TEI) is emerging as a useful and promising individual difference in predicting vocational behavior (e.g., Di Fabio & Saklofske, 2014). Little is yet known about the underlying processes that may lead TEI to associate with career related outcomes. This study investigates the role of career adaptability in mediating the association between TEI and career decision-making difficulties and self-perceived employability, in a sample of Swiss university students (N = 400). The results of a series of path analysis in which we controlled for intelligence, sex and personality showed that career adaptability fully mediated the effect of TEI on self-perceived employability and career decision-making difficulties, in particular the subscales of lack of information and inconsistent information. Our findings shed light on the role of regulatory processes in shaping the effects of TEI on career-related outcomes.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886918303787
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2018.06.046
Short TitleInvestigating the link between trait emotional intelligence, career indecision, and self-perceived employability

Relationship between perceived organizational support, proactive personality, and perceived employability in workers over 50

TitreRelationship between perceived organizational support, proactive personality, and perceived employability in workers over 50
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursGuilbert, L, Carrein, C, Guénolé, N, Monfray, L, Rossier, J, Priolo, D
JournalJournal of Employment Counseling
Volume55
Nombre2
Pagination58–71
ISSN2161-1920
Mots-clésperceived employability, perceived organizational support, proactive personality, workers over 50
Résumé

This article examines the relationship between perceived organizational support, proactive personality, and perceived employability in a sample of workers over 50. An online questionnaire assessing these variables were filled by 213 employees. Results confirmed that individual dispositions have a significant impact on perceived employability but also indicated that organizational context may have a greater impact on employability. The implications of the findings are discussed, and suggestions are offered for future research on employability.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/joec.12075
DOI10.1002/joec.12075

Devenir formateur ou formatrice en entreprise : modes d’accès et motivations à endosser cette fonction

TitreDevenir formateur ou formatrice en entreprise : modes d’accès et motivations à endosser cette fonction
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursBesozzi, R, Lamamra, N
JournalInitio
Volume6
Pagination113–136
ISSN1929-7734
Résumé

La formation professionnelle duale suisse est la filière post obligatoire la plus fréquentée, de ce fait la position des personnes formatrices en entreprise est centrale. Pourtant elles ont rarement fait l’objet d’études. Cette contribution vise à comprendre comment elles sont devenues formatrices et leurs motivations. Ce à partir des données qualitatives issues de trois groupes de discussion menés dans trois cantons romands (n=20) pendant la formation qualifiante. Les résultats montrent les enjeux sous-jacents aux modalités d’accès, aux motivations ainsi que des éléments transversaux. La discussion reviendra sur le concept de transition et établira des liens avec les changements du travail. Des pistes d’analyse et d’action seront proposées.

Short TitleDevenir formateur ou formatrice en entreprise

Pages