Employers’ attitudes towards long-term unemployed people and the role of activation in Switzerland

TitreEmployers’ attitudes towards long-term unemployed people and the role of activation in Switzerland
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursBonoli, G
JournalInternational Journal of Social Welfare
Volume2014
Ticket23
Pagination421-430
ISSN1369-6866
Mots-clésactivation, employers, long term unemployed, recruitment activation, statistical discrimination
Résumé

Over the last few years, most OECD countries have extended their activation policy to new groups of non-working people, including the long term unemployed (LTU). However, it is widely known that LTU people tend to be regarded as potentially problematic persons by employers. This is likely to constitute a major obstacle for long term unemployed jobseekers. On the basis of a survey among employers in a Swiss canton (N=722), this paper aims to shed some light on the perception employers have of the long term unemployed and whether this may matter for their recruitment practices. It also asks what, from the employer point of view, may facilitate access to employment for a LTU person. Key findings: Large companies have a worse image of the long term unemployed and are less likely to hire them. Independent of company size, a test period or the recommendation of a trustworthy person are seen as the factors most likely to facilitate access to jobs for LTU people.

DOI10.1111/ijsw.12086
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Patterns of psychological adaptation to divorce after a long-term marriage

TitrePatterns of psychological adaptation to divorce after a long-term marriage
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuteursPerrig-Chiello, P, Hutchison, S, Morselli, D
JournalJournal of Social and Personal Relationships
Volume32
Ticket3
Pagination386-405
Date Published05/2015
Mots-clésdivorce, long-term marriage, personality, psychological adaptation, resilience, vulnerability
Résumé

Despite the increase in divorces after a long relationship, this trend remains a neglected research topic. The present contribution seeks to identify patterns of psychological adaptation to divorce after a long-term marriage. Data from a questionnaire study with 308 persons aged 45–65 years, who divorced after having been married for an average of 25 years, are presented. Exploratory latent profile analysis with various well-being outcomes revealed five groups: one with average adapted, one with resilients, and three small groups with seriously affected individuals. Discriminant variables between the groups were personality, time since separation, a new relationship, and financial situation. Age, gender, and length of marriage played a marginal role; satisfaction with the former marriage and initiator status were not relevant.

DOI10.1177/0265407514533769
Refereed DesignationRefereed

«Votre questionnaire est trop policier!». De la distance sociale dans une enquête quantitative auprès d’immigrés retraités résidant en Suisse

Titre«Votre questionnaire est trop policier!». De la distance sociale dans une enquête quantitative auprès d’immigrés retraités résidant en Suisse
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursKaeser, L
JournalGenèses
Volume3
Ticket96
Pagination157-174
Date Published09/2014
Résumé

S’inscrivant dans le cadre d’une grande enquête suisse sur le vieillissement des populations d’origine étrangère résidant en Suisse, cet article propose un exercice réflexif sur la production de données quantitatives auprès de populations difficiles à atteindre. Au-delà d’un simple compte-rendu de recherche, il lève le voile sur un dispositif d’enquête en en assumant le récit de ses succès, mais aussi de ses échecs, afin d’analyser les mécanismes à l’œuvre dans les interactions sociales se nouant entre concepteurs de l’enquêteurs, enquêteurs et enquêtés lors de l’accès au terrain et du déroulé de l’enquête.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

Package 'TraMineR'. Trajectory miner: A toolbox for exploring and rendering sequence dat

TitrePackage 'TraMineR'. Trajectory miner: A toolbox for exploring and rendering sequence dat
Type de publicationReport
Year of Publication2014
AuteursGabadinho, A, Studer, M, Müller, NS, Bürgin, R, Ritschard, G
Pagination1-135
Date Published07/2014
PublisherCRAN
Résumé

This package is a toolbox for sequence manipulation, description, rendering and more generally the mining of sequence data in the field of social sciences. Though it is primarily intended for analyzing state or event sequences that describe life courses such as family formation histories or professional careers its features also apply to many other kinds of categorical sequence data. It accepts many different sequence representations as input and provides tools for translating sequences from one format to another. It offers several statistical functions for describing and rendering sequences, for computing distances between sequences with different metrics among which optimal matching, the longest common prefix and the longest common subsequence, and simple functions for extracting the most frequent subsequences and identifying the most discriminating ones among them. A user's guide can be found on the TraMineR web page.

URLhttp://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/TraMineR/TraMineR.pdf
Citation Key1236

Package 'PST'. Probabilistic suffix trees and variable length Markov chains

TitrePackage 'PST'. Probabilistic suffix trees and variable length Markov chains
Type de publicationReport
Year of Publication2014
AuteursGabadinho, A
Pagination1-40
Date Published07/2014
PublisherCRAN
Résumé

This package provides a framework for analysing state sequences with probabilistic suffix trees (PST), the construction that stores variable length Markov chains (VLMC). Besides functions for learning and optimizing VLMC models, the PST library includes many additional tools to analyse sequence data with these models: visualization tools, functions for sequence prediction and artificial sequences generation, as well as for context and pattern mining. The package is specifically adapted to the field of social sciences by allowing to learn VLMC models from sets of individual sequences possibly containing missing values, and by accounting for case weights. The library also allows to compute probabilistic divergence between two models, and to fit segmented VLMC, where sub-models fitted to distinct strata of the learning sample are stored in a single PST. This software results from research work executed within the framework of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES, which is financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation. The authors are grateful to the Swiss National Science Foundation for its financial support.

URLhttp://cran.fhcrc.org/web/packages/PST/PST.pdf
Citation Key1235

Package 'spnet': Plotting (social) networks on maps

TitrePackage 'spnet': Plotting (social) networks on maps
Type de publicationReport
Year of Publication2014
AuteursRousseaux, E, Deville, M
Pagination1-61
PublisherCRAN
Résumé

The spnet package offers methods for dealing with spacial social networks. It allows to plot networks for which actors have a specific location on a map (participants in a political debate, cities, etc.). SpatialPolygons objects from the sp package are supported.

URLhttp://cran.at.r-project.org/web/packages/spnet/spnet.pdf
Citation Key1234

The Rsocialdata package: Handling survey data in R

TitreThe Rsocialdata package: Handling survey data in R
Type de publicationReport
Year of Publication2013
AuteursRousseaux, E, Bolano, D, Ritschard, G
Pagination1-23
PublisherR-Forge
Résumé

In this article we introduce the Rsocialdata package. This package provides researchers in social sciences with high-level tools for handling survey data in R. As a key feature it allows to store, document and share complex survey data, as panel data and network data. It provides tools for efficiently exploring and recoding data, allowing researchers to proceed more quickly to the task of analysis. Finally, the software puts forward a new methodology for dealing with statistical methods. Adopting a programming syntax especially designed for scientists in social sciences and presenting outputs in PDF files with a "ready-to-publish" formatting, this methodology aims at focusing more quickly on the analysis. Furthermore, printing all parameters used to fine-tune a given statistical method together with the corresponding results facilitates reproducible research. After an introduction to the design of the software, we present a full user guide with various examples based on the Swiss Household Panel data, allowing the reader to become autonomous with the software.

URLhttp:// www.rsocialdata.org/
Citation Key1233

Erwerbstätige: Im Sandwich

TitreErwerbstätige: Im Sandwich
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuteursPerrig-Chiello, P
ÉditeurCosandey, J
Book TitleGenerationenungerechtigkeit überwinden. Revisionsvorschläge für einen veralteten Vertrag
Pagination57-74
PublisherNZZ Verlag Libro
Place PublishedZürich
ISBN Number978-3-03823-936-9

Pages