Presentation of the Study LIVES_SHPHealth on Experiences after Psychological and Physical Health Problems. A Cross-sectional Study within a Longitudinal Panel-survey

TitrePresentation of the Study LIVES_SHPHealth on Experiences after Psychological and Physical Health Problems. A Cross-sectional Study within a Longitudinal Panel-survey
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursKlaas, HS, Morselli, D, Tillmann, R, Pin, S, Spini, D
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume78
Pagination1-66
Date Published06/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-cléshealth, health survey, mental health, survey design, Swiss Household Panel
Résumé

Background. In Switzerland, recovery-oriented mental health research collecting nonclinical population data remains scarce. People experiencing psychological health problems (HPs) are more likely to be stigmatised than people experiencing physical HPs. Here, we present a study in which participants of the Swiss Household Panel (SHP) were contacted for an auto-administered questionnaire survey in order to report on the impact that psychological or physical HPs had on their identity, experiences of stigmatisation, subjective state of recovery as well as positive and negative consequences for various aspects of their lives. This report describes the study aims, procedure, measures, sample selection and response analyses, sample composition and health characteristics.

Methods. 1426 persons were selected based on their health reports in the SHP, 713 for a psychological and 713 for a physical HP. We analysed the impact of the selection and the response process on sociodemographic characteristics and on psychosocial variables (social integration and mental health indicators). We also investigated mode (online versus paperpencil) effects. Difference between groups were analysed using Chi-Square and t-tests.

Results. The response rate was 60.17%; 47.83% of the data could be used for analyses. There were slight mode effects, especially regarding sociodemographic variables. Respondents, in comparison to non-respondents, showed higher levels of education, social trust, and satisfaction in several domains. Finally, we obtained a heterogeneous convenience sample from the German and French speaking parts of the Swiss population that had experienced past or ongoing health problems. Women, individuals with high educational
levels, Swiss nationals, and individuals living in the French-speaking part were overrepresented. The principal HPs reported were the most frequent and burdensome for the Swiss population, mainly depression, burnout, anxiety, orthopaedic problems, allergies and cardiac problems. Most participants had received treatment for their HP and had experienced it already for some years.

Conclusion. Using these data enables to analyse the impact of frequent and burdensome psychological and physical HPs on people’s lives in a heterogeneous convenience sample that has already had some time to deal with their HPs. Future research should try to reach more socially isolated individuals, stigmatised illness groups and individuals without treatment.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.78

L’engagement collectif des aînés au prisme du genre : évolutions et enjeux

TitreL’engagement collectif des aînés au prisme du genre : évolutions et enjeux
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBaeriswyl, M
JournalGerontologie et societe
Volumevol. 40 / n° 157
Nombre3
Pagination53–78
ISSN0151-0193
Résumé

Dans le nouveau contexte entourant le vieillissement, la participation sociale est devenue un enjeu central. Si tout semble favorable &\#224; un fort investissement social des a&\#238;n&\#233;s, les in&\#233;galit&\#233;s face aux chances d&\#8217;acc&\#233;der &\#224; de telles activit&\#233;s ne doivent pas &\#234;tre n&\#233;glig&\#233;es. Cet article vise &\#224; les explorer en se centrant sur l&\#8217;engagement collectif&\#160;&\#8211;&\#160;associatif, b&\#233;n&\#233;vole, politique/syndical&\#160;&\#8211;&\#160;sous l&\#8217;angle du genre. En exploitant deux enqu&\#234;tes transversales sur les conditions de vie des 65&\#160;ans et plus en Suisse, r&\#233;alis&\#233;es en 1979 (n=1519) et en 2011 (n=1097), nous montrons que les discriminations au d&\#233;triment des femmes subsistent. Une analyse plus approfondie des donn&\#233;es de 2011 confirme ce constat en consid&\#233;rant un syst&\#232;me d&\#8217;in&\#233;galit&\#233;s et de ressources plus large autour de l&\#8217;engagement collectif. Nos r&\#233;sultats mettent aussi en &\#233;vidence des logiques de participation sp&\#233;cifiques selon le genre. Ils r&\#233;v&\#232;lent notamment l&\#8217;&\#233;cart important entre les femmes dot&\#233;es d&\#8217;un haut niveau d&\#8217;&\#233;ducation et leurs cons&\#339;urs dans l&\#8217;acc&\#232;s aux pratiques impliquant un pouvoir de d&\#233;cision. L&\#8217;engagement collectif des hommes appara&\#238;t pour sa part comme plus d&\#233;pendant de leur r&\#233;seau proche.

URLhttps://www.cairn.info/revue-gerontologie-et-societe-2018-3-page-53.htm?contenu=resume
DOI10.3917/gs1.157.0053

Employment prospects of young adults with mental disorders

TitreEmployment prospects of young adults with mental disorders
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBaumann, I, Altwicker-Hámori, S, Juvalta, S, Baer, N, Frick, U, Rüesch, P
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume44
Nombre2
Pagination259–280
ISSN2297-8348
URLhttps://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/8134
DOI10.1515/sjs-2018-0012

Heat, greed and human need: climate change, capitalism and sustainable wellbeing gough, Ian Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing (2017), 264 p., ISBN 978-1-785-36512-6

TitreHeat, greed and human need: climate change, capitalism and sustainable wellbeing gough, Ian Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing (2017), 264 p., ISBN 978-1-785-36512-6
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursBaumann, I, Garcia, V, Metz, F
JournalSwiss Political Science Review
Volume25
Nombre1
Pagination95–100
ISSN1662-6370
URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/spsr.12336
DOI10.1111/spsr.12336

Balance and mobility relationships in older adults: A representative population-based cross-sectional study in Madeira, Portugal

TitreBalance and mobility relationships in older adults: A representative population-based cross-sectional study in Madeira, Portugal
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursGouveia, ÉR, Gouveia, BR, Ihle, A, Kliegel, M, Marques, A, Freitas, DL
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume80
Pagination65–69
ISSN0167-4943
Mots-clésBalance, Falls’ risk factors, Functional fitness, Gait pattern, physical activity
Résumé

Background Balance and mobility impairments are important modifiable risk factors associated with falls in older people. Purpose To investigate how different functional fitness components relate to balance and mobility, after controlling for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and different physical activity (PA) domains. Methods This representative cross-sectional study included 802 individuals, 401 males and 401 females (69.8 ± 5.6 years) from Madeira, Portugal. The Fullerton Advance Balance (FAB) scale was used to assess balance. Mobility in terms of gait velocity, cadence, stride length, and gait stability ratio (GSR) were assessed using the 50-foot Walk test. PA was assessed through a face-to-face interview using the Baecke questionnaire, and functional fitness was assessed with Senior Fitness tests (strength, flexibility, and aerobic endurance). Results Balance and mobility were negatively associated with age and BMI, and positively related to PA and functional fitness. Moreover, male presented better performance in balance and mobility. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that functional fitness explained the highest amount of variance in balance and all mobility parameters (over and above age, sex, BMI, and PA). Specifically, entering functional fitness components significantly increased explained variance in FAB (+19%), gait velocity (+25%), cadence (+15%), stride length (+9%), and GSR (+ 31%). In these models, aerobic endurance consistently had the strongest contribution. Conclusion Strength, flexibility, and especially aerobic endurance, over and above non-modifiable variables like age and sex, are crucial for maintaining or improving balance and mobility and, thereby, prevent falls in older people.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494318302012
DOI10.1016/j.archger.2018.10.009

The role of cognitive reserve accumulated in midlife for the relation between chronic diseases and cognitive decline in old age: A longitudinal follow-up across six years

TitreThe role of cognitive reserve accumulated in midlife for the relation between chronic diseases and cognitive decline in old age: A longitudinal follow-up across six years
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursIhle, A, Ghisletta, P, Ballhausen, N, Fagot, D, Vallet, F, Baeriswyl, M, Sauter, J, Oris, M, Maurer, J, Kliegel, M
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume121
Pagination37–46
ISSN1873-3514
Mots-clés80 and over, activities, aged, Chronic Disease, cognitive aging, cognitive decline, Cognitive Dysfunction, cognitive reserve, Educational Status, employment, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, leisure activities, life course, longitudinal studies, longitudinal study, Male, Models, multimorbidity, Psychological
Résumé

OBJECTIVES: The present study set out to investigate relations of the number of chronic diseases (as a global indicator of individuals' multimorbidity) to cognitive status and cognitive decline over six years as measured by changes in Trail Making Test (TMT) completion time in old adults and whether those relations differed by key life course markers of cognitive reserve (education, occupation, and cognitively stimulating leisure activities). METHOD: We analyzed data from 897 participants tested on TMT parts A and B in two waves six years apart. Mean age in the first wave was 74.33 years. Participants reported information on chronic diseases, education, occupation, and cognitively stimulating leisure activities. RESULTS: Latent change score modeling testing for moderation effects revealed that a larger number of chronic diseases significantly predicted stronger increase in TMT completion time (i.e., steeper cognitive performance decline). Notably, the detrimental relation of the number of chronic diseases to stronger increase in TMT completion time (i.e., cognitive performance decline) was significantly stronger in individuals with less engagement in cognitively stimulating leisure activities in midlife. DISCUSSION: Present data suggest that disease-related cognitive decline may be steeper in individuals who have accumulated less cognitive reserve in midlife. However, greater midlife activity engagement seemed to be associated with steeper cognitive decline in any case. Implications for current cognitive reserve and neuropsychological aging research are discussed.

DOI10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.10.013

The relation of education and cognitive activity to mini-mental state in old age: the role of functional fitness status

TitreThe relation of education and cognitive activity to mini-mental state in old age: the role of functional fitness status
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursIhle, A, Gouveia, ÉR, Gouveia, BR, Freitas, DL, Jurema, J, Ornelas, RT, Antunes, AM, Muniz, BR, Kliegel, M
JournalEuropean Journal of Ageing
Volume15
Nombre2
Pagination123–131
ISSN1613-9380
Mots-cléscognition, cognitive reserve, Functional fitness status, older adults
Résumé

{It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve for cognitive functioning in old age may differ between individuals with low, compared to those with high functional fitness status. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of education and cognitive leisure activity as key markers of cognitive reserve to mini-mental state in old age (as an indicator of the extent of cognitive impairment) and its interplay with functional fitness status in a large sample of older adults. We assessed MMSE in 701 older adults (M = 70.4 years

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-017-0441-4
DOI10.1007/s10433-017-0441-4

Parental digital health information seeking behavior in Switzerland: a cross-sectional study

TitreParental digital health information seeking behavior in Switzerland: a cross-sectional study
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursJaks, R, Baumann, I, Juvalta, S, Dratva, J
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
Nombre1
Pagination225
ISSN1471-2458
Résumé

Digital media are increasingly abundant and used to seek health information, however, to date very little is known on parents’ seeking behavior in the context of child’s health and development outside English-speaking and Scandinavian countries. By investigating the prevalence of, and reasons for use, we studied parents’ perception of the Internet as a resource for improving their health-related knowledge.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6524-8
DOI10.1186/s12889-019-6524-8

Childhood socioeconomic circumstances and disability trajectories in older men and women: a European cohort study

TitreChildhood socioeconomic circumstances and disability trajectories in older men and women: a European cohort study
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursLandös, A, von Arx, M, Cheval, B, Sieber, S, Kliegel, M, Gabriel, R, Orsholits, D, van der Linden, BWA, Blane, D, Boisgontier, MP, Courvoisier, DS, Guessous, I, Burton-Jeangros, C, Cullati, S
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume29
Nombre1
Pagination50–58
ISSN1101-1262
Résumé

AbstractBackground. We observed a lack of population-based longitudinal research examining the association of disadvantaged childhood socioeconomic circumstanc

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article/29/1/50/5078548
DOI10.1093/eurpub/cky166

Demander (ou pas) l’aide à domicile au grand âge. L’agency des personnes âgées

TitreDemander (ou pas) l’aide à domicile au grand âge. L’agency des personnes âgées
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursMasotti, B
JournalGerontologie et societe
Volumevol. 40 / n° 157
Nombre3
Pagination79–95
ISSN0151-0193
Résumé

L&\#8217;assistance formelle &\#224; domicile est devenue une pratique de plus en plus r&\#233;pandue dans le monde occidental. T&\#244;t ou tard, elle finit par constituer une des conditions du maintien &\#224; domicile dans la vieillesse&\#160;: mais qu&\#8217;en est-il de l&\#8217;agency des personnes &\#226;g&\#233;es lorsque, face aux pertes typiques du grand &\#226;ge, celles-ci doivent faire appel &\#224; des services et &\#224; des individus &\#233;trangers &\#224; leur chez-soi&\#160;? Les entretiens men&\#233;s avec des individus de 80&\#160;ans et plus vivant dans une r&\#233;gion de Suisse montrent que leur r&\#244;le &\#224; ce sujet, s&\#8217;il est parfois mis &\#224; mal par des contraintes, est loin d&\#8217;&\#234;tre marginal. Sa compr&\#233;hension demande une consid&\#233;ration du parcours de vie et des ressources de l&\#8217;individu, ainsi que des contextes dans lesquels il est ins&\#233;r&\#233;. Le type de service&\#160;&\#8211;&\#160;aide domestique ou soin personnel, aide publique ou priv&\#233;e&\#160;&\#8211;&\#160;a aussi une influence, de m&\#234;me que leur mode d&\#8217;organisation et le travail des soignants qui y op&\#232;rent.

URLhttps://www.cairn.info/revue-gerontologie-et-societe-2018-3-page-79.htm

Does the insula contribute to emotion-related distortion of time? A neuropsychological approach

TitreDoes the insula contribute to emotion-related distortion of time? A neuropsychological approach
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursMella, N, Bourgeois, A, Perren, F, Viaccoz, A, Kliegel, M, Picard, F
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Volume40
Nombre5
Pagination1470–1479
ISSN1097-0193
Mots-clésemotion, insula, time estimation
Résumé

The literature points to a large distributed brain network involved in the estimation of time. Among these regions, the role of the insular cortex is still poorly understood. At the confluence of emotional, interoceptive, and environmental signals, this brain structure has been proposed to underlie awareness of the passage of time and emotion related time dilation. Yet, this assumption has not been tested so far. This study aimed at exploring how a lesion of the insula affects subjective duration, either in an emotional context or in a non-emotional context. Twenty-one patients with a stroke affecting the insula, either left or right, were studied for their perception of sub and supra second durations. A verbal estimation task and a temporal bisection task were used with either pure tones or neutral and emotional sounds lasting between 300 and 1500 ms and presented monaurally. Results revealed that patients with a right insular lesion, showed less temporal sensitivity than both control participants and patients with a left insular lesion. Unexpectedly, emotional effects were similar in patients and control participants. Altogether, these results suggest a specific role of the right insula in the discrimination of durations, but not in emotion related temporal distortion. In addition, an ear × emotion interaction in control participants suggests that temporal processing of positive and negative sounds may be lateralized in the brain.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hbm.24460
DOI10.1002/hbm.24460

La surmortalité des jeunes adultes en Suisse : quel rôle joue la vulnérabilité socioéconomique ?

TitreLa surmortalité des jeunes adultes en Suisse : quel rôle joue la vulnérabilité socioéconomique ?
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursRemund, A
JournalPopulation
VolumeVol. 73
Nombre3
Pagination467–502
ISSN0032-4663
Résumé

Le début de l’âge adulte est souvent caractérisé par une phase de surmortalité. On ignore encore si cette augmentation momentanée du risque de décès est le produit de forces biologiques ou contextuelles, ni si cette menace concerne uniformément tous les individus d’une même cohorte. Grâce à un ensemble de données unique incluant tous les individus vivant en Suisse nés entre 1975 et 1979, des taux différentiels de mortalité par âge de 10 à 34 ans sont calculés. Certains facteurs de risque agissent avec une intensité variable qui suit une évolution similaire à la forme du risque général. Ces résultats suggèrent que les facteurs socioéconomiques de mortalité expliquent au moins en partie la surmortalité des jeunes adultes. La division de la cohorte en plusieurs sous-populations représentant différents niveaux de vulnérabilité montre que si une minorité de jeunes Suisses connaissent cet excès temporaire de mortalité, ce n’est pas le cas pour tous les groupes d’individus. Dans l’ensemble, les résultats indiquent qu’un contexte social favorable compense le stress associé à la transition vers l’âge adulte et permet d’éviter la phase de risque accru de décès durant cette période de la vie.

URLhttps://www.cairn.info/revue-population-2018-3-page-467.htm

Young adult excess mortality in Switzerland: The role of socioeconomic vulnerability

TitreYoung adult excess mortality in Switzerland: The role of socioeconomic vulnerability
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursRemund, A
JournalPopulation
VolumeVol. 73
Nombre3
Pagination445–480
ISSN0032-4663
Résumé

Le d&\#233;but de l&\#8217;&\#226;ge adulte est souvent caract&\#233;ris&\#233; par une phase de surmortalit&\#233;. On ignore encore si cette augmentation momentan&\#233;e du risque de d&\#233;c&\#232;s est le produit de forces biologiques ou contextuelles, ni si cette menace concerne uniform&\#233;ment tous les individus d&\#8217;une m&\#234;me cohorte. Gr&\#226;ce &\#224; un ensemble de donn&\#233;es unique incluant tous les individus vivant en Suisse n&\#233;s entre 1975 et 1979, des taux diff&\#233;rentiels de mortalit&\#233; par &\#226;ge de 10 &\#224; 34 ans sont calcul&\#233;s. Certains facteurs de risque agissent avec une intensit&\#233; variable qui suit une &\#233;volution similaire &\#224; la forme du risque g&\#233;n&\#233;ral. Les r&\#233;sultats sugg&\#232;rent que les facteurs socio&\#233;conomiques de mortalit&\#233; expliquent au moins en partie la surmortalit&\#233; des jeunes adultes. La division de la cohorte en plusieurs souspopulations repr&\#233;sentant diff&\#233;rents niveaux de vuln&\#233;rabilit&\#233; montre que si une minorit&\#233; de jeunes Suisses conna&\#238;t cet exc&\#232;s temporaire de mortalit&\#233;, ce n&\#8217;est pas le cas pour tous les groupes d&\#8217;individus. Dans l&\#8217;ensemble, les r&\#233;sultats indiquent qu&\#8217;un contexte social favorable compense le stress associ&\#233; &\#224; la transition vers l&\#8217;&\#226;ge adulte et permet d&\#8217;&\#233;viter la phase de risque accrue de d&\#233;c&\#232;s durant cette p&\#233;riode de la vie.

URLhttps://www.cairn-int.info/article-E_POPU_1803_0467–young-adult-excess-mortality-in.htm

The relationship between episodic future thinking and prospective memory in middle childhood: Mechanisms depend on task type

TitreThe relationship between episodic future thinking and prospective memory in middle childhood: Mechanisms depend on task type
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursTerrett, G, Horner, K, White, R, Henry, JD, Kliegel, M, Labuschagne, I, Rendell, PG
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume178
Pagination198–213
ISSN0022-0965
Mots-clésAutobiographical interview, children, episodic future thinking, prospective memory, Retrospective Memory, virtual week
Résumé

Episodic future thinking (EFT), the ability to imagine experiencing a future event, and prospective memory (PM), the ability to remember and carry out a planned action, are core aspects of future-oriented cognition that have individually been the focus of research attention in the developmental literature. However, the relationship between EFT and PM, including the extent to which it varies with PM task type, remains poorly delineated, particularly in middle childhood. The current study tested this relationship in 62 typically developing children aged 8–12 years. Results indicated that EFT ability was significantly related to performance on three types of PM tasks (regular and irregular event based and regular time based). Age was not found to moderate the relationship. Children’s performance on the retrospective memory component of the PM tasks mediated the relationship between EFT ability and their performance on three types of PM tasks. For irregular event-based tasks, however, EFT made an additional significant contribution. This study adds to the limited empirical literature supporting a relationship between EFT and PM in this age band and supports theoretical models arguing that EFT ability may support PM performance by strengthening the encoding of PM task details in retrospective memory. However, additional mechanisms were also indicated for irregular event-based PM tasks, possibly involving strengthening of cue–context associations. These data show for the first time that the contribution of EFT to children’s PM performance varies across task types. This study provides an important and novel contribution to current understanding of the processes that underlie PM development.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022096518305046
DOI10.1016/j.jecp.2018.10.003

Cognitive function and its associations in older adults from Amazonas, Brazil

TitreCognitive function and its associations in older adults from Amazonas, Brazil
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursTinôco, MAntonieta, Gouveia, ÉRúbio, Ihle, A, Kliegel, M, Jurema, J, Machado, FTeles, Odim, APinto, Muniz, BRégia, Ribeiro, EEsteves, Gouveia, BRaquel, Freitas, DLuís
JournalRevista Brasileira de Atividade Física & Saúde
Volume23
Nombree0013
ISSN1413-3482
Résumé

The objectives of this study were: (1) to investigate the age-related differences in cognitive function (CF), nutritional status (MNA), physical activity (AF), quality of life (QoL), depression, social sat- isfaction (SS) and socioeconomic status (SES), and (2) to explore the relationships between CF and the previous variables. This cross sectional study included 268 men and 433 women (aged 71.4 ± 7.0 years). CF was determined with the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Correlates were as follows: Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), PA (Baecke questionnaire modified for older adults), Quality of life (QoL SF- 12), Geriatrics Depression Scale (GDS), Satisfaction and Social Support Scale, and Socioeconomic status (SES). All instruments were applied in a face to face interview. An independent t-test identi- fied significantly higher scores in young-old adults (≤ 69 years) for CF (p

URLhttps://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:114454
DOI10.12820/rbafs.23e0013

Exploration of psychological mechanisms of the reduced stress response in long-term meditation practitioners

TitreExploration of psychological mechanisms of the reduced stress response in long-term meditation practitioners
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursLiudmila, G, Pierre-Yves, B, Guido, B, Matthias, K
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume104
Pagination143–151
ISSN0306-4530
Mots-clésCognitive appraisals, Contemplative practices, emotion regulation, Self-conscious emotions, stress, TSST
Résumé

Previous research links contemplative practices, such as meditation, with stress reduction. However, little is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study compares the physiological stress response (reactivity and recovery) measured by changes in salivary cortisol, heart rate, heart rate variability, and the associated stress-related ratings in long-term meditation practitioners (N = 29) and age- and sex- matched meditation naïve controls (N = 26). The participants were administered the Trier Social Stress Test in its active and placebo versions. The results demonstrated that long-term meditation practitioners had faster cortisol recovery from stress, and experienced less shame and higher self-esteem after the exposure to social-evaluative threat. In addition, long-term meditation practitioners scored higher on adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies, such as acceptance and positive reappraisal, and lower on maladaptive ones, such as catastrophizing. The cognitive emotion regulation strategy of acceptance mediated the relationship between meditation practice and cortisol recovery. These results suggest that meditation practice is associated with faster recovery from stress due to the employment of adaptive emotion regulation strategy of acceptance, delineating a pathway underlying the positive effects of meditation on stress.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306453018308977
DOI10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.02.026

Barrieren für die Arbeitsmarktpartizipation älterer Arbeitnehmender

TitreBarrieren für die Arbeitsmarktpartizipation älterer Arbeitnehmender
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBaumann, I
JournalAngewandte Gerontologie Appliquée
Volume3
Nombre4
Pagination20–22
ISSN2297-5160
URLhttps://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/10.1024/2297-5160/a000063
DOI10.1024/2297-5160/a000063

Prolongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults: Propensity score matching

TitreProlongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults: Propensity score matching
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursEyjolfsdottir, HS, Baumann, I, Agahi, N, Fritzell, J, Lennartsson, C
JournalSocial Science & Medicine
ISSN0277-9536
Mots-clésHeterogeneous effects, mortality, Pensions, physical health, Propensity score matching, retirement, self-rated health, Socioeconomic differences
Résumé

Many countries are raising the age of pension eligibility because of increases in life expectancy. Given the social gradient in life expectancy and health, it is important to understand the potential late-life health effects of prolonging working life and whether any effects differ by socioeconomic position. We examined the effect of prolonging working life beyond age 65 on mortality and a series of indicators of late-life physical health (the ability to climb stairs without difficulty, self-rated health, ADL limitations, and musculoskeletal pain) in a representative sample of the Swedish population. In addition to average effects, we also examined heterogeneous effects, for instance by occupational social class. To do this, we use propensity score matching, a method suitable for addressing causality in observational data. The data came from two linked Swedish longitudinal surveys based on nationally representative samples with repeated follow-ups; The Swedish Level of Living Survey and the Swedish Panel Study of Living conditions of the Oldest Old, and from national income and mortality registries. The analytical sample for the mortality outcome included 1852 people, and for late-life physical health outcomes 1461 people. We found no significant average treatment effect on the treated (ATT) of working to age 66 or above on the outcomes, measured an average of 12 years after retirement: mortality (ATT -0.039), the ability to climb stairs (ATT -0.023), self-rated health (ATT -0.009), ADL limitations (ATT -0.023), or musculoskeletal pain (ATT -0.009) in late life. Analyses of whether the results varied by occupational social class or the propensity to prolong working life were inconclusive but suggest a positive effect of prolonging working life on health outcomes. Accordingly, more detailed knowledge about the precise mechanisms underlying these results are needed. In conclusion, working to age 66 or above did not have effect on mortality or late-life physical health.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953619300930
DOI10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.026

Sex differences in relation patterns between health-related quality of life of older adults and its correlates: a population-based cross-sectional study in Madeira, Portugal

TitreSex differences in relation patterns between health-related quality of life of older adults and its correlates: a population-based cross-sectional study in Madeira, Portugal
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursGouveia, BR, Ihle, A, Kliegel, M, Freitas, DL, Gouveia, ÉR
JournalPrimary Health Care Research & Development
Pagination1–5
ISSN1463-4236, 1477-1128
Mots-cléshealth-related quality of life, older adults, sex differences
Résumé

{A population-based cross-sectional study aimed to examine sex differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of older adults, and investigate whether the relation patterns between HRQoL and its correlates differed between sexes. A stratified proportional and representative sample included 802 volunteers, aged 60–79. HRQoL (36-item Short Form Health Survey), functional fitness (Senior Fitness Test), physical activity (PA) (Baecke questionnaire), demographic information and health features (questionnaires) were assessed. Men showed significantly higher HRQoL (P

DOI10.1017/S1463423618000233

The relation of low cognitive abilities to low well-being in old age is attenuated in individuals with greater cognitive reserve and greater social capital accumulated over the life course

TitreThe relation of low cognitive abilities to low well-being in old age is attenuated in individuals with greater cognitive reserve and greater social capital accumulated over the life course
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursIhle, A, Oris, M, Sauter, J, Spini, D, Rimmele, U, Maurer, J, Kliegel, M
JournalAging & Mental Health
ISSN1360-7863
Mots-cléscognition, cognitive reserve, life course, social capital, well-being
Résumé

Objectives: The present study sets out to investigate the relation of cognitive abilities to well-being and its interplay with key life course proxies of cognitive reserve and social capital in a large sample of older adults.Method: Three thousand eighty older adults served as sample for the present study. Physical well-being (EuroQoL-5D questionnaire) and psychological well-being (Satisfaction with Life Scale) as well as cognitive performance in terms of verbal abilities (Mill Hill vocabulary scale), processing speed (Trail Making Test part A), and cognitive flexibility (Trail Making Test part B) were assessed. Participants reported information on education, occupation, cognitively stimulating leisure activities, the different languages regularly spoken as well as family and close friends.Results: Moderation analyses showed that the relation of cognitive performance to physical and psychological well-being was significantly attenuated in individuals with a higher cognitive level of the first job after education, a larger number of midlife and current cognitively stimulating leisure activities, a larger number of languages regularly spoken, a larger number of significant family members and friends, and more frequent contact with and more confidence in significant family members.Conclusion: Present data suggest that the relation of low cognitive abilities to low well-being in old age is attenuated in individuals with greater cognitive reserve and greater social capital accumulated over the life course.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2018.1531370
DOI10.1080/13607863.2018.1531370

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