Social origins and post-high school institutional pathways: A cumulative dis/advantage approach

TitreSocial origins and post-high school institutional pathways: A cumulative dis/advantage approach
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursGiudici, F, Pallas, AM
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2014
Ticket30
Pagination1-26
PublisherNCCR LIVES
Place PublishedLausanne
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-cléscumulative advantage and disadvantage, life course pathways, sociology of education, transition out of high school
Résumé

The social stratification that takes place during the transition out of high school is traditionally explained with theoretical frameworks such as status attainment and social reproduction. In our paper, we suggest the cumulative dis/advantage hypothesis as an alternative theoretical and empirical approach that explains this divergence in institutional pathways as the result of the dynamic interplay between social institutions (in our case, schools) and individuals' resources.
We use data from the NLSY79 in order to compute institutional pathways (defined by educational and occupational status) of 9200 high school graduates. Optimal Matching Analysis and Cluster Analysis generated a typology of life course pathways. Our results show that both ascribed characteristics and students’ high school characteristics and resources are predictors of post-high school pathways.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2014.30