The influence of high and low cue–action association on prospective memory performance

TitleThe influence of high and low cue–action association on prospective memory performance
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAlbiński, R, Kliegel, M, Gurynowicz, K
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychology
Volume28
Issue6
Pagination707-717
ISSN2044-5911
Keywordscue-action association, prospective component, prospective memory, retrospective component, study times
Abstract

Recent discoveries in the field of prospective memory (PM) show higher accuracy for remembering intentions in which prospective cue and action are strongly associated. In two experiments presented in this paper participants encoded both high and low association cue–action pairs and were later tested on both prospective and retrospective PM components. Results of both studies show higher PM accuracy for the low association pairs compared to high association ones but only for the prospective component (across both Experiments) and only when a high association cue was presented first (Experiment 2). This finding was accompanied by longer study times for the low association pairs and study times were functionally related to later performance (across both Experiments). In the retrospective component higher accuracy was observed for pairs with high level of association (but only in the first Experiment). Data are discussed in the context of metacognitive processes possibly related to the encoding of an intention as well as cue monitoring in case of PM tasks with high memory load and varying task difficulty.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2016.1186675
DOI10.1080/20445911.2016.1186675
Citation Key2687
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Do inhibitory control demands affect event-based prospective memory performance in ADHD?

TitleDo inhibitory control demands affect event-based prospective memory performance in ADHD?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsAltgassen, M, Koch, A, Kliegel, M
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
PaginationAdvance online publication
ISSN1557-1246
KeywordsADHD, Executive Function, inhibition, prospective memory
Abstract

Objective: Empirical evidence on prospective memory (PM) in ADHD is inconsistent. Differential findings have been related to differential executive control demands. This study aimed at exploring the impact of inhibitory control on event-based PM performance in ADHD. Method: Eighteen adults with ADHD and 18 controls performed a word categorization task with an embedded event-based PM task. In addition participants performed an acoustically presented task that put either low or high loads on inhibitory control processes. Results: Inhibitory load did not differentially affect PM performance: Across both inhibitory load conditions individuals with ADHD showed reduced PM performance when compared with controls. Moreover inhibitory load did not influence PM performance across both groups. Conclusion: Possibly full inhibitory control resources are not necessary during the entire duration of an event-based PM task but may suffice to be employed after cue detection when needing to interrupt the ongoing task. (J. of Att. Dis. 2013; XX(X) 1-XX).

DOI10.1177/1087054713518236
Citation Key2689
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Children's planning performance in the Zoo Map task (BADS-C): Is it driven by general cognitive ability, executive functioning, or prospection?

TitleChildren's planning performance in the Zoo Map task (BADS-C): Is it driven by general cognitive ability, executive functioning, or prospection?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBallhausen, N, Mahy, CEV, Hering, A, Voigt, B, Schnitzspahn, KM, Lagner, P, Ihle, A, Kliegel, M
JournalApplied Neuropsychology: Child
Volume6
Issue2
Pagination138-144
ISSN2162-2965
Abstract

A minimal amount of research has examined the cognitive predictors of children's performance in naturalistic errand-type planning tasks such as the Zoo Map task of the Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome for Children (BADS-C). Thus the current study examined prospection (i.e. the ability to remember to carry out a future intention) executive functioning and intelligence markers as predictors of performance in this widely used naturalistic planning task in 56 children aged 7- to 12-years-old. Measures of planning prospection inhibition crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence were collected in an individual differences study. Regression analyses showed that prospection (rather than traditional measures of intelligence or inhibition) predicted planning suggesting that naturalistic planning tasks such as the Zoo Map task may rely on future-oriented cognitive processes rather than executive problem solving or general knowledge.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21622965.2015.1124276
DOI10.1080/21622965.2015.1124276
Citation Key2690
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Benefits in tasks related to everyday life competences after a working memory training in older adults

TitleBenefits in tasks related to everyday life competences after a working memory training in older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCantarella, A, Borella, E, Carretti, B, Kliegel, M, de Beni, R
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue1
Pagination86-93
ISSN1099-1166
Keywordsaging, everyday abilities, intelligence, older adults, transfer effects, working memory training
Abstract

Objective impact of working memory (WM) training on everyday life functioning has rarely been examined and it is not clear whether WM training gains are transferred to reasoning abilities. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a verbal WM training in older adults in terms of specific gains and transfer effects to everyday life and reasoning abilities. community dwelling older adults (from 65 to 75 years of age) were randomly assigned to a training or an active control group. The specific gains in a WM task similar to the one trained were assessed. Transfer effects to everyday life and reasoning abilities were also examined using (i) objective performance-based tasks (the Everyday Problem Test and the Timed Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale) and (ii) the Cattell test and Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices respectively. the trained group showed specific benefits and transfer effects to one of the everyday abilities measures (the Everyday Problem Test) and in the two reasoning tasks. These results suggest that WM training can positively impact cognitive functioning and more importantly older adults' abilities in everyday living.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gps.4448/abstract
DOI10.1002/gps.4448
Citation Key2691
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The effects of task instructor status on prospective memory performance in preschoolers

TitleThe effects of task instructor status on prospective memory performance in preschoolers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsZhang, X, Zuber, S, Liu, S, Kliegel, M, Wang, L
JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume14
Issue1
Pagination102-117
ISSN1740-5629
Abstract

The present study applied a 2 × 2 experimental design to assess prospective memory (PM) development across preschool age and to examine the effect of task instructor status (researcher vs. significant other) on PM performance in 80 preschool children. Participants were required to name pictures (ongoing task [OT]) and to remember to refrain from naming but instead give a different response to certain target cues (PM task). Although the OT was of comparable difficulty for both age groups (as indicated by no performance differences) results still indicated significantly higher PM performance in 5-year-olds than in 3-year-olds confirming the age-related increase of PM capacities between 3 and 5 years. Furthermore results showed a performance-enhancing effect of significant others as task instructors on both age-groups. Post-hoc analysis revealed that 3-year-olds instructed by a significant other still performed marginally worse than 5-year-olds instructed by a researcher underlining the finding that substantial changes of PM capacities take place during early childhood.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1165660
DOI10.1080/17405629.2016.1165660
Citation Key2692
Refereed DesignationRefereed

An individual difference perspective on focal versus nonfocal prospective memory

TitleAn individual difference perspective on focal versus nonfocal prospective memory
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsZuber, S, Kliegel, M, Ihle, A
JournalMemory & Cognition
Volume44
Issue8
Pagination1192-1203
ISSN0090-502X
Keywordscue focality, episodic memory, executive functions, latent variable modeling, prospective remembering
Abstract

The present study targeted the question of whether focal versus nonfocal prospective memory (PM) can be distinguished on a construct level and if so to what extent individual differences in these two constructs are related to individual differences in facets of controlled attention and episodic memory. 315 individuals (aged 20–68 years) were administered focal and nonfocal PM tasks as well as indicators measuring updating inhibition shifting and episodic memory. Latent variable modeling revealed that focal and nonfocal PM were two distinguishable but related constructs. Furthermore analyses showed that focal PM was more strongly related to inhibition while nonfocal PM was more strongly related to shifting. Present data support the conceptual hypothesis that focal and nonfocal PM should be conceptualized as two distinguishable but related constructs. Moreover they suggest that both have some but distinct associations to controlled attention.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/s13421-016-0628-5
DOI10.3758/s13421-016-0628-5
Citation Key2693
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Val66Met) and serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms modulate plasticity in inhibitory control performance over time but independent of inhibitory control training

TitleBrain-derived neurotrophic factor (Val66Met) and serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms modulate plasticity in inhibitory control performance over time but independent of inhibitory control training
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsEnge, S, Fleischhauer, M, Gaertner, A, Reif, A, Lesch, KPeter, Kliegel, M, Strobel, A
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue370
Pagination1-12
ISSN1662-5161
Keywords5-HTTLPR, BDNF Val66Met, executive function training, neuronal plasticity, response inhibition
Abstract

Several studies reported training-induced improvements in executive function tasks and also observed transfer to untrained tasks. However, the results are mixed and there is large interindividual variability within and across studies. Given that training-related performance changes would require modification, growth or differentiation at the cellular and synaptic level in the brain, research on critical moderators of brain plasticity potentially explaining such changes is needed. In the present study, a pre-post-follow-up design (N=122) and a three-weeks training of two response inhibition tasks (Go/NoGo and Stop-Signal) was employed and genetic variation (Val66Met) in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promoting differentiation and activity-dependent synaptic plasticity was examined. Because Serotonin (5-HT) signaling and the interplay of BDNF and 5-HT are known to critically mediate brain plasticity, genetic variation in the 5-HT transporter (5-HTTLPR) was also addressed. The overall results show that the kind of training (i.e., adaptive vs. non-adaptive) did not evoke genotype-dependent differences. However, in the Go/NoGo task, better inhibition performance (lower commission errors) were observed for BDNF Val/Val genotype carriers compared to Met-allele ones supporting similar findings from other cognitive tasks. Additionally, a gene-gene interaction suggests a more impulsive response pattern (faster responses accompanied by higher commission error rates) in homozygous l-allele carriers relative to those with the s-allele of 5-HTTLPR. This, however, is true only in the presence of the Met-allele of BDNF, while the Val/Val genotype seems to compensate for such non-adaptive responding. Intriguingly, similar results were obtained for the Stop-Signal task. Here, differences emerged at post-testing, while no differences were observed at T1. In sum, although no genotype-dependent differences between the relevant training groups emerged suggesting no changes in the trained inhibition function, the observed genotype-dependent performance changes from pre- to post measurement may reflect rapid learning or memory effects linked to BDNF and 5-HTTLPR. In line with ample evidence on BDNF and BDNF-5-HT system interactions to induce (rapid) plasticity especially in hippocampal regions and in response to environmental demands, the findings may reflect genotype-dependent differences in the acquisition and consolidation of task-relevant information, thereby facilitating a more adaptive responding to task-specific requirements.

DOI10.3389/fnhum.2016.00370
Citation Key2796
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Prospective and retrospective memory are differentially related to self-rated omission and commission errors in medication adherence in multimorbidity

TitleProspective and retrospective memory are differentially related to self-rated omission and commission errors in medication adherence in multimorbidity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsIhle, A, Inauen, J, Scholz, U, König, C, Holzer, B, Zimmerli, L, Bettegay, E, Tobias, R, Kliegel, M
JournalApplied Neuropsychology: Adult
PaginationAdvance online publication
ISSN2327-9095
Keywordsforgetting, medication adherence, multimorbidity, prospective remembering
Abstract

We investigated the relations of self-rated omission errors (i.e., forgetting to take one’s medication) and commission errors (i.e., unnecessary repetitions of medication intake because of forgetting that it has already been taken) in medication adherence in multimorbidity to prospective and retrospective memory performance. Moreover, we examined whether these relations were moderated by the number of medications that had to be taken.

DOI10.1080/23279095.2016.1209675
Citation Key2845
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Insight level in the assimilation process: A comparison of good- and poor-outcome cases in short-term dynamic psychotherapy of depressive inpatients

TitleInsight level in the assimilation process: A comparison of good- and poor-outcome cases in short-term dynamic psychotherapy of depressive inpatients
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMeystre, C, Kramer, U, Despland, J-N, de Roten, Y
JournalCounselling Psychology Quarterly
Volume30
Issue2
Pagination134-151
DOI10.1080/09515070.2016.1161598
Citation Key2973
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Work-life balance vulnerabilities and resources for women in Switzerland: Results from a national study

TitleWork-life balance vulnerabilities and resources for women in Switzerland: Results from a national study
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsStauffer, SD, Maggiori, C, Johnston, C, Rossier, J, Rochat, S
EditorFaniko, K, Lorenzi-Cioldi, F, Sarrasin, O, Mayor, E
Book TitleGender and Social Hierarchies: Perspectives from Social Psychology
EditionFirst
Chapter8
Pagination117-131
PublisherPeter Lang
Place PublishedBern, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-1-138-93811-3
Citation Key782
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Looking too old? How an older age appearance reduces chances of being hired

TitleLooking too old? How an older age appearance reduces chances of being hired
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKaufmann, M, Krings, F, Sczesny, S
JournalBritish Journal of Management
Volume27
Issue4
Pagination727-739
DOI10.1111/1467-8551.12125
Citation Key1984
Refereed DesignationRefereed

When winning is everything: The relationship between competitive worldviews and job applicant faking

TitleWhen winning is everything: The relationship between competitive worldviews and job applicant faking
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRoulin, N, Krings, F
JournalApplied Psychology: An international Review
Volume65
Issue4
Pagination643-670
DOI10.1111/apps.12072
Citation Key1986
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The mediating impact of parental support on the relationship between personality and career indecision in adolescents

TitleThe mediating impact of parental support on the relationship between personality and career indecision in adolescents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsMarcionetti, J, Rossier, J
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Paginationadvance online publication
DOI10.1177/1069072716652890
Citation Key2025
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Career adaptability, hope, optimism and life satisfaction in Italian and Swiss adolescents

TitleCareer adaptability, hope, optimism and life satisfaction in Italian and Swiss adolescents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSantilli, S, Marcionetti, J, Rochat, S, Rossier, J, Nota, L
JournalJournal of Career Development
Volume44
Issue1
Pagination62-76
DOI10.1177/0894845316633793
Citation Key2030
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Working alliance in career counseling: A systematic overview

TitleWorking alliance in career counseling: A systematic overview
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWhiston, SC, Rossier, J, Barón, PMHernand
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Volume24
Issue4
Pagination591-604
Keywordscareer counseling, therapeutic alliance, vocational counseling, working alliance
Abstract

The research related to the working alliance in career counseling is reviewed in this article. This review indicates that the working alliance does typically increase over the course of career counseling. Furthermore in career counseling, most of the correlations between the working alliance and various outcome measures were significant and hovered around .30, which is consistent with findings related to the correlation between the working alliance and the outcome in psychotherapy. In terms of factors that predict the working alliance’s contribution to career counseling outcome, there is a lack of studies and more research is needed in this area. This article also provides suggestions for practice in career counseling and recommendations for future research.

DOI10.1177/1069072715615849
Citation Key2080
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The relationship between orientations to happiness and job satisfaction one year later in a representative sample of employees in Switzerland

TitleThe relationship between orientations to happiness and job satisfaction one year later in a representative sample of employees in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMartínez Martí, ML, Ruch, W
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume18
Issue1
Pagination1-15
Keywordsengagement, job satisfaction, longitudinal study, orientation to happiness, positive psychology, representative sample
Abstract

There are three different routes to happiness: the pleasant life, the good or engaged life, and the meaningful life. These three orientations are positively related with life satisfaction, but the relation with job satisfaction is still not clear. This study examines the relationship between the three orientations to happiness (OTH) and job satisfaction in a one-year longitudinal study with a representative sample (N = 752, 387 men) of working adults living in Switzerland. This study is part of a larger survey that includes several self-report measures. Regression analyses showed that engagement was positively related with job satisfaction one year later. Moreover, when controlling for sociodemographic variables (i.e., age and gender), work-related variables (i.e., household income, managerial responsibility, and financial responsibility), and the five factors of personality (i.e., neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) the interaction of the three OTH (i.e., pleasure x engagement x meaning), still predicted job satisfaction significantly. Individuals who endorse the three OTH presented the highest job satisfaction one year later. Therefore, although engagement is more important for job satisfaction than pleasure or meaning, the best predictor of job satisfaction is the interaction of the three OTH. Thus, people who are high in the three OTH simultaneously enjoy the highest job satisfaction. Future studies should examine whether this relationship is causal.

DOI10.1007/s10902-016-9714-4
Citation Key2083
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Character strengths predict resilience over and above positive affect, self-efficacy, optimism, social support, self-esteem, and life satisfaction

TitleCharacter strengths predict resilience over and above positive affect, self-efficacy, optimism, social support, self-esteem, and life satisfaction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMartínez Martí, ML, Ruch, W
JournalThe Journal of Positive Psychology
Volume12
Issue2
Pagination110-119
Abstract

The incremental value of character strengths in the prediction of resilience, after the effects of other well-known resilience-related factors (i.e. positive affect, self-efficacy, optimism, social support, self-esteem, life satisfaction) and sociodemographic variables are accounted for, is examined. Using a cross-sectional design, participants (N = 363 adults) completed online measures of character strengths, resilience, and resilience-related factors. A principal component analysis of character strengths was conducted and five factors were extracted, which could be interpreted as emotional, interpersonal, intellectual, restraint, and theological strengths. All strengths factors, except theological strengths, yielded significant positive correlations with resilience. A hierarchical regression showed that strengths predicted an additional 3% of the variance in resilience over and above sociodemographic variables, positive affect, self-efficacy, optimism, social support, self- esteem, and life satisfaction. Emotional strengths and strengths of restraint were significant positive predictors. Implications, limitations, and future research are discussed.

DOI10.1080/17439760.2016.1163403
Citation Key2428
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Believing in a personal just world helps maintain well-being at work by coloring organizational justice perceptions

TitleBelieving in a personal just world helps maintain well-being at work by coloring organizational justice perceptions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJohnston, C, Krings, F, Maggiori, C, Meier, LL, Fiori, M
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume25
Issue6
Pagination945-959
DOI10.1080/1359432X.2016.1192132
Citation Key2653
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The use of selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) in goal pursuit in the daily lives of middle-aged adults

TitleThe use of selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) in goal pursuit in the daily lives of middle-aged adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKnecht, M, Freund, A
JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume14
Issue3
Pagination350-366
DOI10.1080/17405629.2016.1207518
Citation Key2663
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Femmes et sciences : Apports et écueils des comparaisons internationales

TitleFemmes et sciences : Apports et écueils des comparaisons internationales
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLe Feuvre, N
EditorRogers, R
Book TitleLes femmes dans le monde académique
EditionFirst
Pagination65-79
PublisherPresses universitaires de Rennes
Place PublishedRennes, France
Keywordsacademic careers, cross-national comparaison, working conditions
Citation Key2041
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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