Family inclusiveness and spatial dispersion: The spatial consequences of having large and diversified family configurations

TitleFamily inclusiveness and spatial dispersion: The spatial consequences of having large and diversified family configurations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsWidmer, E, Viry, G
JournalOpen Journal of Social Sciences
Volume5
Pagination350-367
Keywordsfamily, inclusiveness, Kinship, social networks, Spatiality
Abstract

This article stresses the critical role of family inclusiveness for shaping the spatiality of families. Some individuals have a rather exclusive definition of their family, focusing on partner, children, siblings and parents. Others develop inclusive definitions of family by considering extended kin, step relatives and friends as significant family members. Family inclusiveness is hypothesized to account for a large share of the dispersion of family members throughout space. Data consisted of a stratified sample of 300 mothers of school-aged children living in the cosmopolitan city of Geneva. The results show that spatial dispersion of families increases with the number of family members considered significant. Inclusion of family members beyond the nuclear family of origin is paradoxically associated with a localised family context. Overall, this study emphasises the importance of family inclusiveness as a key dimension for understanding family spatiality in globalized societies.

DOI10.4236/jss.2017.55024
Citation Key3517
Refereed DesignationRefereed

La vulnérabilité, une approche par le parcours de vie

TitleLa vulnérabilité, une approche par le parcours de vie
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOris, M
JournalRevue de Droit Comparé du Travail et de la Sécurité Sociale
Issue1
Pagination36-45
Keywordsinégalités, parcours de vie, théorie, vulnérabilité
Abstract

The concept of vulnerability has recently known a terrific success while (or maybe because) it remains vague. A dynamic approach, the life course perspective, contributes to a theoretical discussion supporting empirical investigations. This paper considers first why vulnerability provokes so much interest, then analyses the processes of vulnerabilization through the prism of the interdisciplinary life course paradigm.

Citation Key3518
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Conflict structures in family networks of older adults and their relationship with health-related quality of life

TitleConflict structures in family networks of older adults and their relationship with health-related quality of life
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsWidmer, E, Girardin, M, Ludwig, C
JournalJournal of Family Issues
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsfamily conflict, family networks, health-related quality of life, old age, stress
Abstract

This study explores the interrelationships between health-related quality of life and conflict structures in family networks of older adults. Data were derived from a sample of 2,858 elders (aged 65 years and older) from the Vivre/Leben/Vivere study, a large survey addressing family life and health conditions of older people in Switzerland. Conflict density in family networks and the betweenness centrality of respondents in family conflict are significantly associated with health-related quality of life measures. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that conflict–health associations are mediated by the level of perceived individual stress where psychological health is concerned. Family conflict structures depend to a large extent on family composition and age. This study stresses the importance of older adults actively shaping the composition of their family contexts in ways that promote both conflict and stress avoidance.

DOI10.1177/0192513X17714507
Citation Key3532
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Devenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre

TitleDevenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLe Goff, J-M, Levy, R
Series TitleQuestion de genre
EditionFirst
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZürich, Switzerland
Keywordsgendered master status, life course, Switzerland, transition to parenthood
Abstract

Devenir parent, donc la transition à la parentalité, marque les parcours de vie par une multitude de changements touchant autant les partenaires que leur couple : transformation de la division du travail, reconfiguration du réseau social, ajustements identitaires… Souvent, ces changements rapprochent l'organisation du couple des rôles traditionnels de père et de mère, modèle qui inclut également les inégalités de genre. Le présent ouvrage vise à comprendre les mécanismes sociaux à l’œuvre dans la manifestation des inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes au moment de la naissance de leur premier enfant dans le contexte social et institutionnel de la Suisse. Le livre présente les résultats d'un projet interdisciplinaire regroupant des psychologues, psychologues sociaux, sociologues et démographes. L'étude a été réalisée en Suisse romande, associant des matériaux quantitatifs et qualitatifs sur la transition à la parentalité et relevés en trois vagues autour de la naissance d'un premier enfant.

Citation Key3535
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Préface. Quid de la sexuation des parcours de vie

TitlePréface. Quid de la sexuation des parcours de vie
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLevy, R, Le Goff, J-M
EditorLe Goff, J-M, Levy, R
Book TitleDevenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre
Series TitleQuestions de genre
EditionFirst
Pagination9-23
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZürich, Switzerland
Keywordsgendered master status, life course, Switzerland, transition to parenthood
Citation Key3536
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Répartition des tâches domestiques et de soins aux enfants. Intentions et pratiques

TitleRépartition des tâches domestiques et de soins aux enfants. Intentions et pratiques
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLe Goff, J-M, Girardin, N
EditorLe Goff, J-M, Levy, R
Book TitleDevenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre
Series TitleQuestions de genre
EditionFirst
Pagination76-109
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZürich, Switzerland
KeywordsDomestic tasks, gendred master status, Switzerland, transition to parenthood
Citation Key3537
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The transition to parenthood in Switzerland: between institutional constraints and gender ideologies

TitleThe transition to parenthood in Switzerland: between institutional constraints and gender ideologies
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGirardin, N, Bühlmann, F, Hanappi, D, Le Goff, J-M, Valarino, I
EditorGrünow, D, Evertsson, M
Book TitleCouples' Transitions to Parenthood
EditionFirst
Pagination146-170
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Place PublishedGlos, UK
Keywordslife course, qualitative, Switzerland, transition to parenthood
Citation Key3538
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Vulnérabilité et capabilité de l’enfant

TitleVulnérabilité et capabilité de l’enfant
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsStoecklin, D
EditorNiang, F, Bernard, F
Book TitlePromotion et défense des droits de l’enfant: Enjeux théoriques, pratiques et philosophiques
Number3
Pagination33-43
PublisherGlobal Studies Institute
Place PublishedGeneva, Switzerland
Citation Key3539
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Turnover as a strategy to escape job insecurity: The role of family determinants in dual-earner couples

TitleTurnover as a strategy to escape job insecurity: The role of family determinants in dual-earner couples
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLebert, F, Voorpostel, M
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Volume37
Issue3
Pagination407-421
Abstract

Job insecurity is a stressful condition with well-known negative consequences. This study investigated the extent to which individuals voluntarily changed jobs as a strategy to cope with job insecurity, taking into account the family context. We tested whether job insecurity promoted voluntary turnover. Family factors were expected to either hamper or stimulate turnover, and to affect the relationship between job insecurity and turnover. Using longitudinal data from the Swiss Household Panel (2004–2013), we showed that men facing job insecurity were more likely to experience voluntary turnover. For women this was only true when they did not have preschool-aged children at home and experienced low levels of economic hardship. Moreover, family factors influenced voluntary turnover differently for men and women: Economic hardship increased the odds of voluntary turnover for men, whereas a partner’s job insecurity lowered the odds for women.

DOI10.1007/s10834-016-9498-z
Citation Key3568
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Parenthood and well-being: The moderating role of leisure and paid work

TitleParenthood and well-being: The moderating role of leisure and paid work
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRoeters, A, Mandemakers, JJ, Voorpostel, M
JournalEuropean Journal of Population
Volume32
Issue3
Pagination381-401
KeywordsFixed effects models
Abstract

This study contributes to our knowledge on the association between parenthood and psychological well-being by examining whether pre-parenthood lifestyles (leisure and paid work) moderate the transition to parenthood. We expected that people with less active lifestyles would find it easier to adapt to the demands of parenthood. Using eleven waves of the Swiss Household Panel (N = 1332 men and 1272 women; 1999–2008, 2010), fixed effects models are estimated for men and women separately. Results show that—on average—parenthood was not associated with well-being for men, whereas it increased wellbeing for women. As expected, the well-being premium/cost to parenthood was contingent upon individuals’ lifestyle before the transition to parenthood. For men, parenthood reduced well-being, but only if they frequently participated in leisure before the birth of the child. For women, motherhood had a beneficial effect on well-being but this effect was weaker for women who combined leisure with working long hours before motherhood.

DOI10.1007/s10680-016-9391-3
Citation Key3569
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Gendered work-family life courses and financial well-being in retirement

TitleGendered work-family life courses and financial well-being in retirement
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMadero Cabib, I, Fasang, A
JournalAdvances in Life Course Research
Volume27
Pagination43-60
Date Publishedmar
KeywordsGermany, pension scheme, retirement, Switzerland
DOI10.1016/j.alcr.2015.11.003
Citation Key3575
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Éditorial. Les migrations des Roms roumains en Europe: politiques d’inclusion, stratégies de distinction et (dé)construction de frontières identitaires

TitleÉditorial. Les migrations des Roms roumains en Europe: politiques d’inclusion, stratégies de distinction et (dé)construction de frontières identitaires
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsNedelcu, M, Ciobanu, RO
JournalRevue Européenne des Migrations Internationales
Volume32
Issue1
Pagination7-17
Citation Key2789
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Ageing in a foreign country: Vulnerabilities, challenges and policy implications

TitleAgeing in a foreign country: Vulnerabilities, challenges and policy implications
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCiobanu, RO, Fokkema, T, Nedelcu, M
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Volume43
Issue2
Pagination164-181
Keywords(transnational) care, agency, coping strategies, loneliness, older migrants, social vulnerability, support networks
Abstract

This paper starts with a short review of the growing literature on the topic of older migrants, particularly in relation to this population’s diversity, social vulnerability, loneliness, (transnational) care and support networks. It then introduces the collection of papers of this special issue by proposing an approach to studying older migrants as social actors who develop strategies to surpass vulnerabilities. Older migrants mobilise their resources while taking into account structural opportunities and restrictions from the meso and macro levels. Hence their strategies are placed at the intersection between family obligations and resources, social networks, and migration and care regimes. Such an interdisciplinary and multi-level model acknowledges the heterogeneity of older migrants. The paper concludes with a discussion of the research results that have implications for policies targeting the growing population of older migrants.

DOI10.1080/1369183X.2016.1238903
Citation Key2790
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The role of religion in protecting older Romanian migrants from loneliness

TitleThe role of religion in protecting older Romanian migrants from loneliness
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCiobanu, RO, Fokkema, T
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Volume43
Issue2
Pagination199-217
Keywordscoping strategies, loneliness, older migrants, religion, social networks
Abstract

This article explores qualitatively how and to what extent religion protects older Romanian migrants from loneliness. The analysis is based on fieldwork research in two Swiss cantons and in neighbouring France among 30 Romanian migrants aged 57+. The sample is heterogeneous made up of persons who fled the communist regime in their youth and others who migrated later in life for work or to be with their families. The fieldwork research points towards a population that is coping successfully with migration and other challenges many of whom did not report feelings of loneliness. In an increasingly laic occidental world many of the Romanian participants in our research appear to be religious and go to church; this often protects them from loneliness whether they migrated 30 years or seven months ago. The article concludes with study limitations implications and directions for further research.

DOI10.1080/1369183X.2016.1238905
Citation Key2792
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Personality related to quality of life: mediating effects of emotion regulation and self-efficacy

TitlePersonality related to quality of life: mediating effects of emotion regulation and self-efficacy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPocnet, C, Dupuis, M, Congard, A, Jopp, D
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume41
Issue2
Pagination196-208
Date Publishedfeb
DOI10.1007/s11031-017-9603-0
Citation Key3283
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Patterns of control beliefs in chronic fatigue syndrome: results of a population-based survey

TitlePatterns of control beliefs in chronic fatigue syndrome: results of a population-based survey
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDoerr, J, Jopp, D, Chajewski, M, Nater, U
JournalBMC Psychology
Volume5
Issue6
Pagination1-11
DOI10.1186/s40359-017-0174-3
Citation Key3288
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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