Personnalité

TitlePersonnalité
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsRossier, J
Book TitleUniversalis éducation [online]
Paginationelectronic
PublisherEncyclopædia Universalis
Place PublishedParis, France
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The impact of college teaching on students’ academic and labor market outcomes

TitleThe impact of college teaching on students’ academic and labor market outcomes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBraga, M, Paccagnella, M, Pellizzari, M
JournalJournal of Labor Economics
Volume34
Issue3
Pagination781-822
DOI10.1086/684952
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Know thy neighbor: Costly information can hurt cooperation in dynamic networks

TitleKnow thy neighbor: Costly information can hurt cooperation in dynamic networks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAntonioni, A, Cacault, M-P, Lalive, R, Tomassini, M
JournalPLOSOne
Volume9
Issue10
Paginatione110788
Date Publishedoct
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0110788
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Culture, Work Attitudes, and Job Search: Evidence from the Swiss Language Border

TitleCulture, Work Attitudes, and Job Search: Evidence from the Swiss Language Border
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsEugster, B, Lalive, R, Steinhauer, A, Zweimüller, J
JournalJournal of the European Economic Association
Volume15
Number5
Pagination1056–1100
ISSN1542-4766, 1542-4774
URLhttp://academic.oup.com/jeea/article/15/5/1056/2965617/Culture-Work-Attitudes-and-Job-Search-Evidence
DOI10.1093/jeea/jvw024
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Overcoming Salience Bias: How Real-Time Feedback Fosters Resource Conservation

TitleOvercoming Salience Bias: How Real-Time Feedback Fosters Resource Conservation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTiefenbeck, V, Goette, L, Degen, K, Tasic, V, Fleisch, E, Lalive, R, Staake, T
JournalManagement Science
Volume64
Number3
Pagination1458–1476
Date Publishednov
ISSN0025-1909
KeywordsIP204, NIRA
Abstract

Inattention and imperfect information bias behavior toward the salient and immediately visible. This distortion creates costs for individuals, the organizations in which they work, and society at large. We show that an effective way to overcome this bias is by making the implications of one’s behavior salient in real time, while individuals can directly adapt. In a large-scale field experiment, we gave participants real-time feedback on the resource consumption of a daily, energy-intensive activity (showering). We find that real-time feedback reduced resource consumption for the target behavior by 22%. At the household level, this led to much larger conservation gains in absolute terms than conventional policy interventions that provide aggregate feedback on resource use. High baseline users displayed a larger conservation effect, in line with the notion that real-time feedback helps eliminate “slack” in resource use. The approach is cost effective, is technically applicable to the vast majority of households, and generated savings of 1.2 kWh per day and household, which exceeds the average energy use for lighting. The intervention also shows how digitalization in our everyday lives makes information available that can help individuals overcome salience bias and act more in line with their preferences.This paper was accepted by Uri Gneezy, behavioral economics.

URLhttps://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/mnsc.2016.2646
DOI10.1287/mnsc.2016.2646
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The feminization of occupations and change in wages: A panel analysis of Britain, Germany, and Switzerland

TitleThe feminization of occupations and change in wages: A panel analysis of Britain, Germany, and Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMurphy, E, Oesch, D
JournalSocial Forces
Volume4
Issue3
Pagination1221–1255
DOI10.1093/sf/sov099
Refereed DesignationRefereed

How to survey displaced workers in Switzerland? Ways of addressing sources of bias

TitleHow to survey displaced workers in Switzerland? Ways of addressing sources of bias
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBaumann, I, Lipps, O, Oesch, D, Vandenplas, C
EditorOris, M, Roberts, C, Joye, D, Ernst Stähli, M
Book TitleSurveying Human Vulnerabilities across the Life Course
Series TitleLife Course Research and Social Policies 3
Pagination159-176
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York, USA
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Occupational structure and labor market change in Western Europe since 1990

TitleOccupational structure and labor market change in Western Europe since 1990
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsOesch, D
EditorBeramendi, P, Häusermann, S, Kitschelt, H, Kriesi, H
Book TitleThe Politics of Advanced Capitalism
Pagination112-132
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place PublishedCambridge, UK
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Family inclusiveness and spatial dispersion: The spatial consequences of having large and diversified family configurations

TitleFamily inclusiveness and spatial dispersion: The spatial consequences of having large and diversified family configurations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsWidmer, E, Viry, G
JournalOpen Journal of Social Sciences
Volume5
Pagination350-367
Keywordsfamily, inclusiveness, Kinship, social networks, Spatiality
Abstract

This article stresses the critical role of family inclusiveness for shaping the spatiality of families. Some individuals have a rather exclusive definition of their family, focusing on partner, children, siblings and parents. Others develop inclusive definitions of family by considering extended kin, step relatives and friends as significant family members. Family inclusiveness is hypothesized to account for a large share of the dispersion of family members throughout space. Data consisted of a stratified sample of 300 mothers of school-aged children living in the cosmopolitan city of Geneva. The results show that spatial dispersion of families increases with the number of family members considered significant. Inclusion of family members beyond the nuclear family of origin is paradoxically associated with a localised family context. Overall, this study emphasises the importance of family inclusiveness as a key dimension for understanding family spatiality in globalized societies.

DOI10.4236/jss.2017.55024
Refereed DesignationRefereed

La vulnérabilité, une approche par le parcours de vie

TitleLa vulnérabilité, une approche par le parcours de vie
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOris, M
JournalRevue de Droit Comparé du Travail et de la Sécurité Sociale
Issue1
Pagination36-45
Keywordsinégalités, parcours de vie, théorie, vulnérabilité
Abstract

Le concept de vulnérabilité connaît un succès exponentiel sans que ses contours soient réellement circonscrits. Une approche dynamique, celle des parcours de vie, contribue à lui donner un sens à la fois théorique et concret. Cet article s’interrogera en premier lieu sur les facteurs qui font de la vulnérabilité un mot fétiche en ce début du 21e siècle. Dans un deuxième temps, en s’appuyant sur le paradigme interdisciplinaire du parcours de vie, les processus de vulnérabilisation seront considérés.
The concept of vulnerability has recently known a terrific success while (or maybe because) it remains vague. A dynamic approach, the life course perspective, contributes to a theoretical discussion supporting empirical investigations. This paper considers first why vulnerability provokes so much interest, then analyses the processes of vulnerabilization through the prism of the interdisciplinary life course paradigm.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

Conflict structures in family networks of older adults and their relationship with health-related quality of life

TitleConflict structures in family networks of older adults and their relationship with health-related quality of life
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsWidmer, E, Girardin, M, Ludwig, C
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Volume39
Number6
Pagination1573-1597
Date Published04/2018
ISSN0192-513X
Keywordsfamily conflict, family networks, health-related quality of life, old age, stress
Abstract

This study explores the interrelationships between health-related quality of life and conflict structures in family networks of older adults. Data were derived from a sample of 2,858 elders (aged 65 years and older) from the Vivre/Leben/Vivere study, a large survey addressing family life and health conditions of older people in Switzerland. Conflict density in family networks and the betweenness centrality of respondents in family conflict are significantly associated with health-related quality of life measures. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that conflict–health associations are mediated by the level of perceived individual stress where psychological health is concerned. Family conflict structures depend to a large extent on family composition and age. This study stresses the importance of older adults actively shaping the composition of their family contexts in ways that promote both conflict and stress avoidance.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846743/
DOI10.1177/0192513X17714507
Alternate JournalJ Fam Issues
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Devenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre

TitleDevenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLe Goff, J-M, Levy, R
Series TitleQuestion de genre
EditionFirst
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZürich, Switzerland
Keywordsgendered master status, life course, Switzerland, transition to parenthood
Abstract

Devenir parent, donc la transition à la parentalité, marque les parcours de vie par une multitude de changements touchant autant les partenaires que leur couple : transformation de la division du travail, reconfiguration du réseau social, ajustements identitaires… Souvent, ces changements rapprochent l'organisation du couple des rôles traditionnels de père et de mère, modèle qui inclut également les inégalités de genre. Le présent ouvrage vise à comprendre les mécanismes sociaux à l’œuvre dans la manifestation des inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes au moment de la naissance de leur premier enfant dans le contexte social et institutionnel de la Suisse. Le livre présente les résultats d'un projet interdisciplinaire regroupant des psychologues, psychologues sociaux, sociologues et démographes. L'étude a été réalisée en Suisse romande, associant des matériaux quantitatifs et qualitatifs sur la transition à la parentalité et relevés en trois vagues autour de la naissance d'un premier enfant.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

Préface. Quid de la sexuation des parcours de vie

TitlePréface. Quid de la sexuation des parcours de vie
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLevy, R, Le Goff, J-M
EditorLe Goff, J-M, Levy, R
Book TitleDevenir parents, devenir inégaux. Transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre
Series TitleQuestions de genre
EditionFirst
Pagination9-23
PublisherSeismo
Place PublishedZürich, Switzerland
Keywordsgendered master status, life course, Switzerland, transition to parenthood
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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