An empirical analysis of lay conceptions of memory domains

TitleAn empirical analysis of lay conceptions of memory domains
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVallet, F, Desrichard, O
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Volume5
Issue1
Pagination59-68
ISSN2211-3681
Keywordsdomain-specificity, lay conceptions of memory domains
Abstract

Although experts consider memory in terms of different domains (e.g., short-term memory, spatial memory), little is known about the way in which lay people conceive memory domains. Study 1 addressed this issue by asking 79 French lay people to group together 125 memory situations (previously generated by lay people) according to their similarity. Study 2 used a similar procedure with 99 American lay people and 40 different memory situations. Hierarchical cluster analyses revealed five main memory domains common to the two studies: learn a set of things and recall them later, episodic and detailed memory, autobiographical memory, memory for day-to-day living, and failure to remember. Study 1 revealed a further domain: memory for intellectual and exact knowledge. Identifying these shared lay conceptions of memory provides insights into how lay people communicate about memory and will enable the construction of memory self-evaluation measures that are more representative of all memory domains.

DOI10.1016/j.jarmac.2015.11.002
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Mixing modes of data collection in Swiss social surveys: Methodological report of the LIVES-FORS mixed mode experiment

TitleMixing modes of data collection in Swiss social surveys: Methodological report of the LIVES-FORS mixed mode experiment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRoberts, C, Joye, D, Ernst Stähli, M
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2016
Issue48
Pagination1-42
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordslife course, vulnerability
Abstract

Survey-based data collection makes a fundamental contribution to social science research in Switzerland, and survey data form the empirical base of much of the research into vulnerability across the life course being carried out by the Swiss National Centre for Competence in Research, ‘LIVES’. Because different features of the design of a survey can have implications for the quality of the data collected, optimising the survey design is key to ensuring the accuracy of the conclusions drawn from analyses of the data, and hence for the validity of both theoretical and policy developments derived from these. In this paper we present a methodological report of an experiment designed to provide evidence about which survey designs work best in the Swiss context, to maximise the quality of future quantitative research. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relation between survey design – in particular, the mode or modes of data collection used – and different sources of error affecting data quality, including coverage, nonresponse and measurement error. A key motivation for the research was the growing popularity of ‘mixed mode’ data collection, which offers a number of promising solutions to challenges facing traditional surveys (like under-coverage, declining response rates and rising costs), but carries the disadvantage of confounded measurement and selection errors that can compromise the comparability of the data collected in different modes. In this study, we compare single mode surveys (mail, CATI and web) and sequential mixed mode surveys (CATI plus mail, and web plus mail plus CATI/CAPI) with respect to response rates and the representativeness of the responding sample. The results lend support to the conclusion that mixing modes sequentially can help to increase response rates and improve sample representativeness, though differences are observed as a function of the availability of telephone numbers for sample members. Furthermore, these apparent benefits of mixing modes may not justify the additional burden such designs place on resources. Future research should, therefore, be directed at evaluating the cost-error trade-offs involved in different ways of combining modes from a total survey error perspective.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2016.48

The association of educational attainment, cognitive level of job, and leisure activities during the course of adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The role of openness to experience

TitleThe association of educational attainment, cognitive level of job, and leisure activities during the course of adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The role of openness to experience
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsIhle, A, Oris, M, Fagot, D, Maggiori, C, Kliegel, M
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume28
Issue5
Pagination733-740
Keywordsactivity engagement, cognitive functioning, cognitive level of occupation, cognitive reserve, cognitive stimulation, educational level, older adults, personality
Abstract

Background: The relevance of mental health for everyday life functioning and well-being is crucial. In this context, higher educational attainment, higher cognitive level of one’s occupation, and more engaging in stimulating leisure activities have been found to be associated with better cognitive functioning in old age. Yet, the detailed pattern of the potential interplay of such a cognitively engaged lifestyle with personality dimensions, such as openness to experience, in their relations to cognitive functioning remains unclear.

Methods: Two thousand eight hundred and twelve older adults served as sample for the present study. Psychometric tests on verbal abilities and processing speed were administered. In addition, individuals were retrospectively interviewed on their educational attainment, occupation, and regarding 18 leisure activities that had been carried out in mid-life. Moreover, openness to experience was assessed.

Results: We found that the effect of openness to experience on cognitive functioning was mediated by educational attainment, cognitive level of job, and engaging in different leisure activities. Data were not better described by alternative moderation models testing for interactive (i.e., dependent) effects of openness to experience and cognitively stimulating engagement.

Conclusions: To explain interindividual differences in cognitive functioning in old age, present data are in line with a mechanism in which individuals with high openness to experience may have been more engaged in stimulating activities in early and mid-life. Possibly by increasing their cognitive reserve throughout adulthood, this may finally enhanced their cognitive performance level later in old age.

DOI10.1017/S1041610215001933

The caregiver burden in male romantic partners of women with non-metastatic breast cancer: The protective role of couple satisfaction

TitleThe caregiver burden in male romantic partners of women with non-metastatic breast cancer: The protective role of couple satisfaction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsCairo Notari, S, Favez, N, Notari, L, Charvoz, L, Delaloye, J-F
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
PaginationAdvance online publication
ISSN1359-1053
Keywordsbreast cancer, caregiver burden, couple satisfaction, male romantic partner, stress process model
Abstract

We examined the evolution of the subjective burden of romantic partners caring for women with non-metastatic breast cancer and investigated the moderating role of couple satisfaction on caring stress. Forty-seven partners filled out questionnaires 3 and 12 months after surgery. Using a stress process model, we examined caring stressors and moderating factors (couple satisfaction, coping and social support) as predictors of subjective burden. Results showed that subjective burden decreases over time and that the couple satisfaction largely explains it above and beyond other influential variables. Partners dissatisfied with their couple relationship are especially vulnerable to the stress of caregiving.

DOI10.1177/1359105316633285
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Low back pain and health-related quality of life in community dwelling older adults

TitleLow back pain and health-related quality of life in community dwelling older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsCedraschi, C, Luthy, C, Allaz, A-F, Herrmann, F, Ludwig, C
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume25
Issue9
Pagination2822-2832
Keywordscommunity dwelling, health-related quality of life, low back pain, older adults
Abstract

Purpose
Investigation of self-reported of low back pain (LBP) over the last month and associated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of a community-dwelling population aged ≥65.

Methods
Cross-sectional study including older adults selected randomly from population records. Data were collected within a sample stratified by age and sex. Physical and psychological healths were investigated using a standardized definition of LBP and the EuroQoL-5D for HRQoL. Analyses were first conducted on the entire sample (N = 3042) and subsequently considering the subsample who reported LBP and a paired sample drawn from the pool of LBP-free respondents.

Results
889 (29 %) respondents reported LBP within the past month, present ‘most days’ or ‘every day’ in 52 % and limiting activities in the same proportion. Average pain score was 4.6 (SD 2.2; 0–10 scale). Age was associated with pain frequency and duration, with younger groups more often reporting pain ‘some days’ and ‘dating back

Conclusion
LBP appears to be a more permanent condition in the older groups. LBP may be a part of the definition of a subgroup of elderly at risk of becoming frail in relation with higher levels of functional limitations, psychological difficulties and social restrictions, hence globally impaired HRQoL.

DOI10.1007/s00586-016-4483-7
Refereed DesignationRefereed

No cross-sectional evidence for an increased relation of cognitive and sensory abilities in old age

TitleNo cross-sectional evidence for an increased relation of cognitive and sensory abilities in old age
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsIhle, A, Oris, M, Fagot, D, Kliegel, M
JournalAging & Mental Health
Volume21
Issue4
Pagination409–415
ISSN1360-7863
Keywordscognitive performance, older adults, sensory abilities
Abstract

Objectives: A key question in gerontological research concerns whether good functioning can be maintained in some cognitive abilities in old age, even if deficits occur in other cognitive or sensory abilities. Our goals were to investigate relations of cognitive and sensory abilities in old age, whether these relations differed in size across old age, and whether this was affected by general cognitive ability (processing speed), educational level, and/or general health status.
Methods: Two thousand eight hundred and twelve older adults (aged 65–101, M = 77.9 years) from the Vivre–Leben–Vivere survey served as cross-sectional sample for the present study. We administered psychometric tests on processing speed (the speed of cognitive processing), cognitive flexibility (the ability to alternate between cognitive operations), and verbal abilities (vocabulary). In addition, we interviewed individuals on their hearing, eyesight, educational level, and general health status. We regressed sizes of relations between abilities (calculated within each 1-year age tranche) on mean age within the corresponding age tranche, with the number of participants within the corresponding age tranche as case weights.
Results: We observed a decrease in relations between processing speed and cognitive flexibility in old age that was particularly pronounced in individuals with high educational level (r = −.41). In contrast, we did not find differences in relations between other cognitive and sensory abilities across old age, which held for different levels of general cognitive ability, education, and general health status.
Conclusion: Present data do not support the view of a generally increased relation of cognitive and sensory abilities in old age.

URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13607863.2015.1109055
DOI10.1080/13607863.2015.1109055
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Formation et mobilité sociale en Suisse: Regards sur cinquante ans d'inégalités

TitleFormation et mobilité sociale en Suisse: Regards sur cinquante ans d'inégalités
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsFalcon, J, Joye, D
EditorFelouzis, G, Goastellec, G
Book TitleLes inégalités scolaires en Suisse
Chapter9
Pagination201-224
PublisherPeter Lang
Place PublishedBern
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Going beyond work and family: A longitudinal study on the role of leisure in the work-life interplay

TitleGoing beyond work and family: A longitudinal study on the role of leisure in the work-life interplay
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKnecht, M, Wiese, B, Freund, A
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume37
Issue7
Pagination1061-1077
Keywordsconflict, facilitation, family, leisure, subjective well-being, work
Abstract

Going beyond the relation of work and family, the present three-wave longitudinal study spanning one year assessed different forms of conflict and facilitation between leisure and the life domains work and family and their relation to subjective well-being. A sample of N = 277 employed men and women reported their perceived conflict and facilitation between leisure, work, and family and subjective well-being. Results suggest that leisure is a source of facilitation for work and family, and, at the same time, a major recipient of conflict from work and family. Moreover, leisure conflict was negatively correlated and leisure facilitation was positively associated with concurrent subjective well-being. Both conflict and facilitation between all three life domains remained highly stable over the course of one year. Only few and non-systematic lagged effects were found, indicating that the variance of the stability of the constructs and their relations over time leave little room for longitudinal predictions. Taken together, the study demonstrates that, similar to work–family relations, conflict and facilitation with the leisure domain are also associated with subjective well-being and remain highly stable over the course of a year in the lives of young and middle-aged adults.

DOI10.1002/job.2098
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Transnational mobilities as a way of life among older migrants from southern Europe

TitleTransnational mobilities as a way of life among older migrants from southern Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBolzman, C, Kaeser, L, Christe, E
JournalPopulation, Space and Place
Volume23
Issue5
Pagination1-13
Keywordscirculation, duality of resources and references, life course, mobility, older migrants, transnationalism
Abstract

This paper focuses on older Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese migrants who spent their working lives in Switzerland and explores their different forms of geographical mobility between Switzerland and their home countries. Although drawing inspiration from the transnationalism literature and the new mobilities paradigm, we do not neglect a more structural perspective that stresses the constraints endured by older migrants when they try to build mobile lives. We approach the issue of transnational mobility using mainly quantitative data from the survey Vivre–Leben–Vivere, which focuses on the living conditions and health of individuals aged 65 years and above currently living in Switzerland. Within this survey, an oversample of approximately 300 older immigrants of Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese origin aged between 65 and 79 years was conducted in Geneva and Basel. The quantitative data are complemented by material from interviews with three Spanish families living in Geneva. Our data show that to ‘settle in Switzerland’ or to return home does not imply that older immigrants' transnational mobility ceases. To some extent, it could be argued that they never really ‘settled’ and transnational mobility is a way of life that is more adapted to the duality of resources and references that they have built up during their adult life. Their geographical mobility can take different forms and is adapted to legal constraints, to family configurations, and to individual situations.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/psp.2016
DOI10.1002/psp.2016
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Uncovering the care setting–turnover intention relationship of geriatric nurses

TitleUncovering the care setting–turnover intention relationship of geriatric nurses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRahnfeld, M, Wendsche, J, Ihle, A, Müller, SR, Kliegel, M
JournalEuropean Journal of Ageing
Volume13
Issue2
Pagination159-169
ISSN1613-9372 1613-9380
Keywordsgeriatric nurses, health, job demands, job satisfaction, resources, turnover intention
Abstract

In times of global demographic changes strategies are needed for improving nursing staff retention. We examined the association of care setting (nursing homes and home care) with geriatric nurses’ intention to leave their job and their profession. Thus far it is unclear why nurses’ turnover intention and behaviour do not differ between care settings although working conditions tend to be better in home care. We used the Job Demands-Resources model to explain indirect and buffering effects by job demands (time pressure social conflicts) and resources (task identity supervisor support and co-worker support) via nurses’ perceived health and job satisfaction on nurses’ leaving intentions. The present cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted with a sample of N = 278 registered nurses and nursing aides in German geriatric care. As expected there was no direct relationship between care setting and leaving attitudes. Demands and resources predicted the intention to leave with job satisfaction as mediator. We found more demands in nursing homes but no differences in resources. Serial mediation effects of care setting on intentions to leave via demands/resources and health/job satisfaction as mediators were found only for time pressure and social conflicts. Unexpectedly there were no clear differences between intention to leave the job and the profession. As hypotheses were only partly confirmed other buffering and detrimental effects on leaving intentions are discussed. The present data suggest that detailed concepts for personnel and career planning in geriatric care are needed.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10433-016-0362-7
DOI10.1007/s10433-016-0362-7
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Hair cortisol and cognitive performance in working age adults

TitleHair cortisol and cognitive performance in working age adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMcLennan, SN, Ihle, A, Steudte-Schmiedgen, S, Kirschbaum, C, Kliegel, M
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume67
Pagination100-103
ISSN0306-4530
Keywordscognition, cortisol, hair cortisol, HCC, HPA, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis
Abstract

It has been hypothesized that prolonged exposure to high cortisol levels results in cognitive impairment. However previous research into the relationship between cortisol and cognition has produced mixed results most likely due to difficulties achieving valid estimates of long-term cortisol exposure based on salivary or plasma cortisol assessments at a single time point. Furthermore there has been little research on the cognitive effects of long-term cortisol exposure in working-age adults. In the present study hair samples were collected from 246 nurses (89.8% female) aged from 21 to 62 (M = 42.0, SD = 11.2). Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) in the proximal 3-cm hair segment were analyzed providing an estimate of integrated cortisol secretion over the 3 month-period prior to hair sampling. Cognition was measured using a battery of 15 neuropsychological tests measuring core dimensions of memory inductive reasoning processing speed crystalized intelligence and major aspects of executive functioning. HCC was not significantly related to any of the cognitive abilities measured either before or after controlling for potential moderators such as age sex education health well-being work ability and burnout. Tests for nonlinear relationships also yielded non-significant results. Thus despite the study being well powered long term cortisol exposure did not appear to be related to cognitive performance in this sample of working-age adults suggesting that long term cortisol exposure may be less relevant to cognition in younger and middle-aged adults than was previously thought.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306453016300282
DOI10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.01.029
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Apolipoprotein E e4 and cognitive function: A modifiable association? Results from two independent cohort studies

TitleApolipoprotein E e4 and cognitive function: A modifiable association? Results from two independent cohort studies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsPerna, L, Mons, U, Rujescu, D, Kliegel, M, Brenner, H
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Volume41
Pagination35–45
ISSN1420-8008 1421-9824
KeywordsAlzheimer's disease, cognitive decline, hypercholesterolemia, prevention, risk factors
Abstract

Background: The apolipoprotein E (APOE) e4 genetic polymorphism is a major risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease hence the possible prevention of its detrimental effects on cognition is of high relevance. Methods: We used linear regression models to assess associations of APOE e4 with cognitive performance in a population-based cohort study (n = 1 434) and in a cohort of patients with coronary heart disease (n = 366) and restricted cubic splines to explore dose-response relationships between serum cholesterol levels and cognition depending on APOE polymorphism. Results: The association of APOE e4 with cognitive function was strongly amplified in the presence of hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascular disease in both independent cohorts; hypercholesterolemia was associated with cognitive function only among APOE e4 carriers in the presence of cardiovascular disease. The interaction effect between APOE genotype and hypercholesterolemia was statistically significant in both cohorts. Conclusions: The detrimental effects of APOE e4 polymorphism on cognition may strongly depend on modifiable risk factors.

URLhttp://www.karger.com/?doi10.1159/000440697
DOI10.1159/000440697
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Analyser le travail social. Une approche intégrant l’agentivité et les rapports sociaux

TitleAnalyser le travail social. Une approche intégrant l’agentivité et les rapports sociaux
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBachmann, L, Rodari, S
JournalPensée plurielle. Parole, pratiques et réflexions du social
Volume2
Number36
Pagination121-132
Keywordsagentivité, critères d’évaluation, grille d’analyse, individualisation, rapports sociaux, travail social
Abstract

Cet article souligne la qualité heuristique d’une double grille d’interprétation pour analyser l’activation et, plus généralement, les interventions du travail social dans les nouveaux dispositifs d’aide. Il vise à rendre explicite cette double grille de lecture intégrant autant l’agentivité des individus que les rapports sociaux qui les traversent, double grille qui se devine parfois implicitement dans les recherches. Pour ce faire, nous nous appuyons sur une étude en cours sur l’attribution d’aide financière des assistantes sociales et assistants sociaux aux personnes surendettées en Suisse romande, dans un contexte où les professionnel-le-s bénéficient d’une relative marge de manœuvre en termes d’attribution.

URLhttp://www.cairn.info/revue-pensee-plurielle-2014-2-page-121.htm
DOI10.3917/pp.036.0121

Appropriations des idées féministes et transformation de soi par la lecture

TitleAppropriations des idées féministes et transformation de soi par la lecture
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsAlbenga, V, Bachmann, L
JournalPolitix. Revue des sciences sociales du politique
Volume28
Issue109
Pagination69-89
Abstract

En s’inscrivant dans la sociologie de la réception, cet article analyse les effets de la lecture comme support à la diffusion d’idées féministes chez les femmes des classes moyennes. En comparant les cas de lectrices issus de deux enquêtes de terrain, l’une sur des cercles de lecture lyonnais majoritairement féminins, l’autre sur des femmes sensibilisées aux questions de genre à Genève, nous proposons de comprendre comment des textes littéraires, de sciences sociales ou de développement personnel soutiennent des trajectoires de transgression, voire de subversion du genre. Ces processus sont rendus possibles par deux formes différenciées d’appropriation des idées féministes: la contestation des normes liées à la féminité hétérosexuelle et l’autonomisation matérielle et symbolique à l’égard des hommes.

DOI10.3917/pox.109.0069
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Active social policies revisited by social workers

TitleActive social policies revisited by social workers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTabin, J-P, Perriard, A
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Work
Volume19
Issue3-4
Pagination441-454
Keywordsactive social policies, implémentation des politiques sociales, implementation of social policies, politiques sociales actives, Suisse, Switzerland
Abstract

Social policies are described as active on the basis of formal legal provisions, or on the grounds of expenditure data. Using the notion, set forth by Lipsky, M. [(1980). Street-level bureaucracy: Dilemnas of the individual in public services (2010 ed.). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation] as well as by several subsequent authors, that social workers who implement policies actually play a role in (re)defining them, the present article intends to explore the way in which active social policies are implemented in a Swiss canton. On the basis of an original study, we show that, on the one hand, social workers tend to view activation as a distant perspective – which means they often do no put it into practice right away. And activation, when social workers do deem it to be necessary, takes on different meanings depending on whether they are dealing with young people or with mothers. As a result, the actual meaning of the word activation varies – a fact that scholars who focused solely on formal/legal activation policies were not in a position to observe.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

The choices and constraints of secondary singles: Willingness to stepparent among divorced online daters across Europe

TitleThe choices and constraints of secondary singles: Willingness to stepparent among divorced online daters across Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPotârcă, G, Mills, M, van Duijn, M
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Volume38
Issue10
Pagination1443-1470
Keywordscross-national, divorce/separation, mate selection, remarriage, stepfamilies
Abstract

Using a large-scale sample of online daters in eight European countries (N = 196,777), we examine willingness to stepparent among divorcees in relation to both gender and number of children, as well as a set of contextual determinants. We find evidence that having one’s own resident children increases the readiness to partner someone with children. Contrary to previous findings, women are generally less willing to stepparent than men, but when resident children are present, gender dissimilarities fade. Notable national differences are also found. Divorced mothers living in Sweden, the Netherlands, Austria, or France are more open to having a partner with children, whereas Polish and Spanish divorced mothers would be less willing to stepparent. These results are interpreted in light of each country’s institutional background.

DOI10.1177/0192513X16631017
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Le temps de l’emploi

TitleLe temps de l’emploi
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsTabin, J-P, Perriard, A
JournalChroniques du travail
Volume5
Pagination94-109
Date Published12/2015
Abstract

Cet article s'intéresse aux édifices normatifs qui soutiennent les politiques actives d'assistance sociale dans le canton suisse de Vaud. Pour les jeunes, une formation post-obligatoire est visée parce qu'elle est considérée comme le sésame qui peur permettra la transition vers l'emploi. Avec la parentalité, ce n'est plus le parcours formation-emploi qui a la priorité, mais le présent: trouver un emploi, et pour les mères essentiellement, savoir articuler tâches parentales et emploi. La cinquantaine passée, parfois avant, les personnes à l'assistance sont considérées comme trop âgées pour le marché de l'emploi, au point que les politiques visent pour l'essentiel le renoncement à l'emploi avant l'âge de la retraite. L'intervention sociale a dès lors pour effet de (re)produire les normes sociales qui lient âge, genre et emploi.

Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Distress and body image disturbances in women with breast cancer in the immediate postsurgical period: The influence of attachment insecurity

TitleDistress and body image disturbances in women with breast cancer in the immediate postsurgical period: The influence of attachment insecurity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsFavez, N, Cairo Notari, S, Charvoz, L, Notari, L, Ghisletta, P, Panes-Ruedin, B, Delaloye, J-F
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume21
Issue12
Pagination2994-3003
Keywordsattachment, body image, breast cancer, distress, immediate postsurgical period
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess, in the immediate postsurgical period, the influence of attachment avoidance and anxiety on distress and body image disturbances in women facing breast cancer. Seventy-five women participated in the study 3 weeks after surgery. Questionnaires were used to assess study variables. To predict distress and body image disturbances, we controlled for several variables known to influence adjustment to the stress of breast cancer. The results of hierarchical regression analyses show that attachment explains the outcomes above and beyond other influential variables. Insecurely attached women are especially vulnerable to the stress of the disease.

DOI10.1177/1359105315589802
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Vieillir: Les apports de la démographie historique et de l'histoire de la famille

TitleVieillir: Les apports de la démographie historique et de l'histoire de la famille
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsOris, M, Dubert, I, Viret, JL
JournalAnnales de Démographie Historique
Volume2015
Issue1
Pagination201-229
Keywordsétat de la littérature, vieillissement
Abstract

Ce bilan des recherches en démographie historique et histoire de la famille considère la vieillesse et le vieillissement. Il embrasse le temps long des représentations, des réalités socioéconomiques et de leurs interrelations. Il met en évidence des discours et des normes chargés d’ambivalence, des inscriptions idéologiques, des différenciations sociales. L’articulation des parcours et des phases de vie avec les dynamiques familiales est interrogée à partir de l’hypothèse de la dureté de la famille nucléaire. Le 19e siècle et la première moitié du 20e siècle forment une période complexe, entre continuités et ruptures. Les évolutions depuis 1945 sont impressionnantes, toujours ambivalentes, et bien mieux comprises grâce au regard historique.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

Marital stability, satisfaction and well-being in old age: Variability and continuity in long-term continuously married older persons

TitleMarital stability, satisfaction and well-being in old age: Variability and continuity in long-term continuously married older persons
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMargelisch, K, Schneewind, K, Violette, J, Perrig-Chiello, P
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume21
Issue4
Pagination389-398
Keywordsmarital satisfaction, marital stability, marital status, old age, well-being
Abstract

Objectives: Recent research shows that the well-documented positive effects of marital stability on well-being and health outcomes are conditional upon the quality of marriage. To date few studies have explored the relationship between marital satisfaction, well-being and health among very long-term married individuals. This study aims at identifying groups of long-term married persons with respect to marital satisfaction and comparing them longitudinally concerning their well-being outcomes, marital stressors, personality and socio-demographic variables.

Method: Data are derived from a survey (data collection 2012 and 2014) with 374 continuously married individuals at wave 1 (mean age: 74.2 years, length of marriage: 49.2 years) and 252 at wave 2. Cluster analyses were performed comparing the clusters with regard to various well-being outcomes. The predictive power of cluster affiliation and various predictors at wave 1 on well-being outcomes at wave 2 was tested using regression analyses.

Results: Two groups were identified, one happily the other unhappily married, with the happily married scoring higher on all well-being and health outcomes. Regression analyses revealed that group affiliation at wave 1 was not any longer predictive of health, emotional loneliness and hopelessness two years later, when taking into account socio-demographic variables, psychological resilience and marital strain, whereas it remained an important predictor of life satisfaction and social loneliness.

Conclusion: Marital satisfaction is associated with health and well-being in older couples over time, whereas psychological resilience and marital strain are major predictors explaining the variance of these outcomes.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/136078
DOI10.1080/13607863.2015.1102197
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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