Priority to local workers and its consequences on unemployment duration

TitlePriority to local workers and its consequences on unemployment duration
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBigotta, M
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2015
Issue46
Pagination1-24
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordsdifference-in-differences, employment priority, labour migration, policy evaluation, unemployment duration
Abstract

The impact of immigration on national labour markets is of increasing concern for policy makers. Employment, unemployment and wages are the traditional channels examined by social scientists when bringing evidence to the decision-making table. However, this paper contributes to the more limited empirical literature on migration's effects on unemployment duration, by exploiting the deregulation of migration policies between Switzerland and the European Union. It applies a counterfactual approach and implements difference-in-differences methodology paired with inverse probability weighting. This paper concludes ultimately that the abolition of the priority granted to local workers results in a rise in unemployment duration.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.46
Citation Key1667

Different pathways out of the parental home: A gender perspective

TitleDifferent pathways out of the parental home: A gender perspective
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsRossignon, F
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2015
Issue45
Pagination1-33
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordscompeting risk analysis, gender, home-leaving, pathways out of the parental home, Switzerland
Abstract

The aim of this study is to show that, because of socialisation process that develop normative conceptions of behaviours and attitudes that are appropriate for each sex category, men and women tend to choose different pathways out of the parental home. Using retrospective data from the LIVES Cohort survey, a panel survey of 1691 respondents that started in autumn 2013 in Switzerland, a competing risk analysis model has been developed. This approach examines the effects of sex and other independent variables, such as age, ethnic origin, family structure during childhood and place of residence on the propensity to leave home to live alone, to live with a partner or to share a residency with roommates. The results show that in comparison with men, women have a higher likelihood of leaving home to start a union. This confirms the idea according to which the diverging paths taken by men and women during their transition to adulthood can be considered as an anticipation of the roles they are expected to fulfil later in life or of the behaviours they feel is viewed by others as the right and socially accepted way to behave. Finally, there is some evidence that the impact of age, ethnic origin, family structure and place of residence on the different pathways out of the parental home varies according to sex. As a consequence, even though these independent factors have a significant impact on the departure from the parental home, it seems that sex overlaps this effect.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.45
Citation Key1657