Package 'vcrpart'. Tree-based varying coefficient regression for generalized linear and ordinal mixed models

TitlePackage 'vcrpart'. Tree-based varying coefficient regression for generalized linear and ordinal mixed models
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBürgin, R, Ritschard, G
Pagination1-57
Date Published03/2015
PublisherCRAN
Abstract

Recursive partitioning for varying coefficient generalized linear models and ordinal linear mixed models. Special features are coefficient-wise partitioning, non-varying coefficients and partitioning of time-varying variables in longitudinal regression.

URLhttp://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/vcrpart/
Citation Key1545

The association of leisure activities in middle adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The moderating role of educational level

TitleThe association of leisure activities in middle adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The moderating role of educational level
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsIhle, A, Oris, M, Fagot, D, Baeriswyl, M, Guichard, E, Kliegel, M
JournalGerontology
Volume61
Issue3
Pagination543-550
Keywordscognition, cognitive reserve, disuse, educational level, general health status, leisure activities, midlife, older adults, vulnerability
Abstract

Background: One of the fundamental challenges for gerontological research is how to maintain and promote intact cognitive functioning in old age. Previous research revealed that high educational level, good health status, and an active lifestyle during adulthood seem to be protective against cognitive impairment in old age. However, up to now, a detailed examination of the interaction of these relations based on a broader variety of activities and considering past and current activities is missing. Objective: The present study set out to extend the literature by investigating in more detail the interactions of educational level and health status with a broad variety of past and current leisure activities in their association with cognitive functioning in a large sample of older adults with a wide age range. Methods: A total of 2,812 older adults (aged 65-101 years) served as the sample for the present study. A test on verbal abilities and one on processing speed were applied. In addition, individuals were retrospectively interviewed regarding their educational level, current general health status, and 18 leisure activities (in terms of currently performed activities and those that had been carried out at the age of 45 years). Results: Regressions indicated that engaging in more current activities and in more activities at the age of 45 years (both analyzed as an overall activity measure) was related to better cognitive performance in old age (r values up to 0.39, p values

DOI10.1159/000381311
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Analyse des trajectoires des chômeurs en fin de droits dans le canton de Genève

TitleAnalyse des trajectoires des chômeurs en fin de droits dans le canton de Genève
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsStuder, M, Hadziabdic, S, Ritschard, G
Pagination183
PublisherCour des comptes de la République et canton de Genève
URLhttp://www.cdc-ge.ch/Htdocs/Files/v/6428.pdf/Rapportsdaudit/2015/rapportfinalUni09.04.2015.pdf
Citation Key1542
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Identifying and tackling inequality. A challenge for social work

TitleIdentifying and tackling inequality. A challenge for social work
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBeuret, B, Bonvin, J-M, Dahmen, S
JournalRevue suisse de travail social
Volume2013
Issue15
Pagination9-26
Abstract

Cette contribution de Benoît Beuret, Jean-Michel Bonvin et Stephan Dahmen se situe dans la perspective dite des capabilités. A la différence de la plupart des contributions concernant le travail social, les auteurs n’interrogent pas prioritairement les droits, les biens, les ressources, les compétences qu’il convient d’octroyer etc. ni la question concernant un certain paternalisme des travailleurs et travailleuses sociales. Leur point de départ est, au contraire, la proposition d’Amartya Sen consistant à concevoir les besoins fondamentaux des citoyens et citoyennes comme la résultante d’un processus démocratique. Il en résulte un défi, celui de prendre en compte les capacités diverses des personnes de participer aux processus délibératifs. Les auteurs traitent de ce défi en discutant, de manière détaillée, les phénomènes d’inégalités multiples. Dépasser ces inégalités conduirait à une égalité participative dont les auteurs esquissent les contours. Enfin, les travailleurs et les travailleuses sociales auraient un rôle important à jouer dans cette perspective, en donnant une voix aux personnes qui s’adressent à eux et à elles.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

The capability approach and sociological conceptions of human agency: An empirical assessment on the basis of an analysis of activation policies

TitleThe capability approach and sociological conceptions of human agency: An empirical assessment on the basis of an analysis of activation policies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDahmen, S
JournalSocial Work & Society
Volume12
Issue2
Pagination1-14
ISSN1613-8953
Abstract

From the mid-nineties on, European welfare states are facing formidable pressures. As a response to these pressures, a strong international reform agenda has found support around the ideas that benefit recipients have to be “activated” in order to find Jobs. Such approaches conceive the aim of welfare states to strengthen Social Policy as a productive factor and to provide the “right” incentives and compulsion (carrots and sticks) in order to control and design behaviour of persons (van Berkel, 2010; Handler, 2004). On an ideological level, these developments correspond to a shift from previously contested assumptions about human motivation, choice, agency and human responsibility of beneficaries of the welfare state. In Critical Social Policy research, a discussion has emerged around the models of human motivation and agency that have been influential in policy design (see e.g. Le Grand, 2003; Deacon, 2005; White, 2013). The article argues that conceptions of human agency have important political implications when it comes to debates about individual responsibility. This may lead to so called “autonomy gaps” (Anderson, 2009), or to situations in which welfare beneficaries perceive the instituionalized imperative to autonomy as an injunction. The article confronts the capability approach (C.A.) to different competing sociological conceptions of human agency. On the basis of an empirical study of the construction of welfare subjects through activation policies, the article points to some shortcomings of the C.A. especially for the analysis of the micro-workings of power in post-disciplinary societies, in which the exercise of power does not so much consist of imposing direct constraints upon citizens as of “governing trough freedom”. For this reason, the article argues that Sen’s realization-based approach needs to be supplemented by concepts which allow accounting for the social mediatedness of individual identities and for the social construction of subjectivity within different social contexts.

URLhttp://www.socwork.net/sws/issue/view/25
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Tree-based varying coefficient regression for longitudinal ordinal responses

TitleTree-based varying coefficient regression for longitudinal ordinal responses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBürgin, R, Ritschard, G
JournalComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
Volume86
Pagination65-80
Keywordsgeneralized linear models, longitudinal data analysis, mixed models, ordinal regression, recursive partitioning, statistical learning, varying coefficient models
Abstract

A tree-based algorithm for longitudinal regression analysis that aims to learn whether and how the effects of predictor variables depend on moderating variables is presented. The algorithm is based on multivariate generalized linear mixed models and it builds piecewise constant coefficient functions. Moreover, it is scalable for many moderators of possibly mixed scales, integrates interactions between moderators and can handle nonlinearities. Although the scope of the algorithm is quite general, the focus is on its usage in an ordinal longitudinal regression setting. The potential of the algorithm is illustrated by using data derived from the British Household Panel Study, to show how the effect of unemployment on self-reported happiness varies across individual life circumstances.

DOI10.1016/j.csda.2015.01.003
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Les rapports de subordination au cœur de la cité par projet: étude de cas dans l’industrie des machines

TitleLes rapports de subordination au cœur de la cité par projet: étude de cas dans l’industrie des machines
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Cianferoni, N, Kuehni, M
JournalL'homme et la société
Volume2015
Number1-2
Pagination33-50
Abstract

Cet article traite de l’impact de l’implantation de l’organisation par projets sur la relation de travail dans une entreprise de construction ferroviaire helvétique. Cette forme d’organisation remet en question l’échange «subordination vs sécurité» à l’œuvre dans le modèle taylorien faisant émerger des formes de précarité plus ou moins importantes pour les travailleurs, mais fait également place à une plus grande autonomie et responsabilité dans la manière d’organiser son travail. Partant d’entretiens semi-directifs menés auprès de salariés et responsables de ressources humaines, notre propos vise à souligner l’implantation partielle et sélective de ce mode d’organisation du travail qui ne supprime pas les rapports de subordination mais les transforme, contribuant à l’exacerbation des tensions à l’intérieur du groupe ouvrier. Prêtant une attention particulière à l’ancienneté, nous montrons que les critères de sélection et de promotion en vigueur dans l’entreprise sont particulièrement défavorables aux jeunes recrues qui font les frais de cette transformation inachevée tant sur le plan matériel que symbolique.

DOI10.3917/lhs.195.0033
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Specific work-life issues of single and childless female expatriates: An exploratory study in the Swiss context

TitleSpecific work-life issues of single and childless female expatriates: An exploratory study in the Swiss context
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSalamin, X
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2015
Issue42
Pagination1-39
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordsfemale expatriates, gender, single, Switzerland, work-life interface
Abstract

Work-life balance has been identified as a key challenge in expatriation, which impacts both private and professional spheres. Especially for women, work and private life issues have been found to be particularly exacerbated abroad. Up until today, research on work-life interface in the expatriation context has focused on expatriates relocating with a family. However, single expatriates represent a non-negligible proportion of the expatriate population and their work-life experiences remain largely unexplored. This is especially relevant for female expatriates, since reports and past research showed that they were more often single than their male counterparts and had less often children. In the domestic context, recent studies on work-life interface reveal significant issues that single and childless individuals face in balancing both life spheres. The aim of this qualitative exploratory study is to examine the specific work-life experiences of single and childless female expatriates that are working and living in the French speaking part of Switzerland.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.42

It's about time! Männer und Männlichkeiten in den Disziplinen

TitleIt's about time! Männer und Männlichkeiten in den Disziplinen
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJakoby, N, Liebig, B, Peitz, M, Schmid, T, Zinn, I
EditorJakoby, N, Liebig, B, Peitz, M, Schmid, T, Zinn, I
Book TitleMänner und Männlichkeiten. Disziplinäre Perspektiven
Series TitleReihe Zürcher Hochschulforum
Pagination7-12
Publishervdf Hochschulverlag
Place PublishedZürich
ISBN Number978-3728135407
Keywordsgender, Männlichkeiten

Le baby-boom et les baby-boomers. Explorer l'entrelacement des temps historiques, familiaux et individuels

TitleLe baby-boom et les baby-boomers. Explorer l'entrelacement des temps historiques, familiaux et individuels
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsOris, M
EditorBonvalet, C, Olazabal, I, Oris, M
Book TitleLes baby-boomers, une histoire de famille. Une comparaison Québec-France
Pagination1-16
PublisherPresses de l'Université du Québec
Place PublishedMontréal
ISBN Number9782760542839
Keywordsbaby-boom, famille, fécondité, femmes, France, Québec

Les baby-boomers, une histoire de familles. Une comparaison Québec-France

TitleLes baby-boomers, une histoire de familles. Une comparaison Québec-France
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2015
Series EditorBonvalet, C, Olazabal, I, Oris, M
Series TitleProblèmes sociaux et interventions sociales
Number of Pages286
PublisherPresses de l'Université du Québec
Place PublishedMontréal
ISBN9782760542839

Professional trajectories, individual characteristics, and staying satisfied and healthy

TitleProfessional trajectories, individual characteristics, and staying satisfied and healthy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJohnston, C, Maggiori, C, Rossier, J
JournalJournal of Career Development
Volume43
Issue1
Pagination81-98
Keywordscareer adaptability, life satisfaction, personality, professional trajectories, self-rated health
Abstract

Staying satisfied and healthy in the face of a complex and uncertain professional world is a priority for individuals. This article examines the contribution of personality traits, career adaptability, and prior well-being as predictors of well-being over 1 year in four different professional trajectory groups: those who remained employed, those who experienced a professional change, those who moved from unemployment to employment, and those who remained unemployed. Results show meaningful differences between these groups in terms of well-being over 1 year. Employed individuals have higher life satisfaction and self-rated health than unemployed individuals. Regaining employment contributes to improved well-being. Different professional situations correspond to varying levels of career adaptability, suggesting it may be a precursor for career changes. Personality traits and career adaptability predict well-being over time, but the strongest predictor of future well-being is prior well-being. Results are discussed in light of career development, personality, and well-being theory.

DOI10.1177/0894845315584161
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Swiss youth unemployment during the Great Depression

TitleSwiss youth unemployment during the Great Depression
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPellizzari, M, Tabasso, D
EditorDolado, JJ
Book TitleNo country for young people? Youth labour market problems in Europe
Series TitleVoxEU Books
Pagination49-59
PublisherCEPR
Place PublishedLondon
KeywordsGreat Recession, Swiss labour market, unemployment
Abstract

During the Global Crisis, youth unemployment in Switzerland did not increase as much as in other countries. This chapter argues that one reason for this is the fact that the country was hit by the Crisis almost exclusively through its exporting sector. Three other explanations have to do with important peculiarities of the Swiss labour market: the large number of workers who reside in a neighbouring country and who therefore do not show up in the official unemployment statistics; the large incidence of part-time employment that allowed some of the adjustment to take place on the intensive margin; and the tertiary tier of the dual educational system that provided a training alternative to many of those who lost their jobs.

URLhttp://www.voxeu.org/content/no-country-young-people-youth-labour-market-problems-europe

Making it real: The benefits of workplace learning in upper-secondary vocational education and training courses

TitleMaking it real: The benefits of workplace learning in upper-secondary vocational education and training courses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPolidano, C, Tabasso, D
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Volume42
Pagination130-146
Date Publishedoct
Keywordseducational economics, vocational education and training, workplace learning
Abstract

In OECD countries, ‘real world’ upper-secondary vocational education and training (VET) programs are used to engage less academically oriented youth in learning, while helping to prepare them for post-school work and/or further education. In general terms, VET programs with high employer involvement, such as apprenticeship schemes, are considered to be superior to classroom-based VET programs that are typically found in many English-speaking countries. In this study, we examine outcomes from a potential ‘third way’: classroom-based VET with a short-term structured workplace learning component. Using propensity score matching and PISA data linked to information from the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth, we find this model is associated with higher school completion rates and better employment transitions.

DOI10.1016/j.econedurev.2014.06.003
Refereed DesignationRefereed

A second chance at education for early school leavers

TitleA second chance at education for early school leavers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPolidano, C, Tabasso, D, Tseng, Y-P
JournalEducation Economics
Volume23
Issue3
Pagination358-375
Keywordsdemand for schooling, educational economics, human capital
Abstract

The objective of this paper is to better understand the factors that affect the chances of re-engaging early school leavers in education, with a particular focus on the importance of time out from school (duration dependence) and school-related factors. Using data from three cohorts of the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth and duration models that control for unobserved heterogeneity, our results suggest that programmes that encourage an early return to study and those that develop post-school career plans may be more effective than programmes that concentrate on improving numeracy and literacy scores.

DOI10.1080/09645292.2013.834294
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Life satisfaction trajectories of elderly women living in Switzerland: An age-period-cohort analysis

TitleLife satisfaction trajectories of elderly women living in Switzerland: An age-period-cohort analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBurton-Jeangros, C, Zimmermann-Sloutskis, D
Journal36
Volume1
Pagination106-132
Keywordselderly women, life satisfaction, longitudinal analyses, Switzerland
Abstract

Old age is a priori a vulnerable stage of the lifecourse. Quality of life can be expected to decline in older age due to loss, isolation, and declining cognitive and physical abilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution, prevalence and trajectory of life satisfaction (LS) as a measure of quality of life among Swiss elderly women. We also assessed the impact of different social determinants on LS within the age categories of the ‘young old’ and the ‘old old’ across different cohorts. Using the Swiss Household Panel survey data, analyses of LS distribution and trajectories were conducted for 1,402 women aged 65–84 years. About 50 per cent of elderly women in Switzerland were very satisfied with their lives. The mean LS score and the prevalence of satisfied women were lower in more recent cohorts of identical ages. However, their LS remained more stable over ageing than was the case in former cohorts. High education, satisfaction with income, social support, living with a partner and good self-perceived health were all positive and significant predictors of LS. Longitudinal analyses allowed the ageing process net of cohort and period effects to be disentangled and the assessment of the influence of both social determinants and within-individual psychological traits on the self-evaluation of LS.

DOI10.1017/S0144686X14001044
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Insiders and outsiders in stepfamilies: Adults' and children's views on family boundaries

TitleInsiders and outsiders in stepfamilies: Adults' and children's views on family boundaries
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCastrén, A-M, Widmer, E
JournalCurrent Sociology
Volume63
Issue1
Pagination35-56
Keywordsconfigurational perspective, exclusiveness, family boundary, inclusiveness, stepfamily
Abstract

This study examines descriptions of families after separation and re-partnering, with a focus on family boundaries between those considered family and those excluded from it. Adults in post-separation families may try to maintain a large number of family ties originating from various partnerships, or they may limit the recognition of their family to the members of their new household. Children, on the other hand, are encouraged to maintain contact with both parents and their relatives. Family descriptions of 48 re-partnered mothers residing in Switzerland, as well as their current partners and children, are analysed by focusing on exclusiveness and inclusiveness in written or drawn descriptions. Descriptions collected in family interviews follow a balance of social tensions among interdependent individuals by which responses of children usually match those of their mothers. Mothers’ responses show a high level of exclusiveness, whereas responses of mothers’ partners and children are more balanced between exclusivity and inclusivity. Inclusiveness in family after re-partnering is also connected to conditions such as family structure, mothers’ education, and employment.

DOI10.1177/0011392114551650
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Employability: Review and research prospects

TitleEmployability: Review and research prospects
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGuilbert, L, Bernaud, J-L, Gouvernet, B, Rossier, J
JournalInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
Volume16
Issue1
Pagination69-89
Keywordscareer, employability, professional integration
Abstract

Professional transition, employment, and reemployment are major concerns for nations facing adverse economic situations. The employability construct represents a scientific challenge in order to better understand the relationship between the job seekers’ issues and the expectations of the world of work. This paper presents a review of the concept of employability. Three main perspectives (educational and governmental, organizational, and individual) that are not exclusive can be identified. This review highlights the importance of adopting a systemic integrative approach and a wider interpretation of employability. A research agenda to develop the theory and applications of the concept of employability is proposed.

DOI10.1007/s10775-015-9288-4
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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