A new measure of skills mismatch: Theory and evidence from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)

TitleA new measure of skills mismatch: Theory and evidence from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPellizzari, M, Fichen, A
JournalOECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers
Volume2013
Number153
Pagination1-40
Date Published12/2013
PublisherOECD - Organisation for economic co-operation and development
Place PublishedParis, France
Keywordsmismatch, skills
Abstract

This paper proposes a new measure of skills mismatch that combines information about skill proficiency, self-reported mismatch and skill use. The theoretical foundations underling this measure allow identifying minimum and maximum skill requirements for each occupation and to classify workers into three groups, the well-matched, the under-skilled and the over-skilled. The availability of skill use data further permit the computation of the degree of under and overusage of skills in the economy. The empirical analysis is carried out using the first wave of the OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and the findings are compared across skill domains, labour market status and countries.

URLhttp://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/a-new-measure-of-skills-mismatch_5k3tpt04lcnt-en
DOI10.1787/5k3tpt04lcnt-en
Citation Key1197
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Informality and long-run growth

TitleInformality and long-run growth
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDocquier, F, Müller, T, Naval, J
JournalIZA Discussion Paper
Volume2014
Issue7883
Pagination1-42
PublisherForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)
Place PublishedBonn, Germany
Keywordschild labor, development, education, inequality, informality
Abstract

One of the most salient features of developing economies is the existence of a large informal sector. This paper uses quantitative theory to study the dynamic implications of informality on wage inequality, human capital accumulation, child labor and long-run growth. Our model can generate transitory informality equilibria or informality-induced poverty traps. Its calibration reveals that the case for the poverty-trap hypothesis is strong: although informality serves to protect low-skilled workers from extreme poverty in the short-run, it prevents income convergence between developed and developing nations in the long run. Sudden elimination of informality would induce severe welfare losses for several generations on the transition path. Hence, we examine the effectiveness of different development policies to exit the poverty trap. Our numerical experiments show that using means-tested education subsidies is the most cost-effective single policy option. However, for longer time horizons, or as the economy gets closer to the poverty trap threshold, combining means-tested education and wage subsidies is even more effective.

URLhttp://ftp.iza.org/dp7883.pdf
Citation Key1196

The academic and labor market returns of university professors

TitleThe academic and labor market returns of university professors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBraga, M, Paccagnella, M, Pellizzari, M
JournalIZA Discussion Paper
Volume2013
Issue7902
Pagination1-38
Date Published11/2013
PublisherForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)
Place PublishedBonn, Germany
Keywordshigher education, teacher quality
Abstract

This paper estimates the impact of college teaching on academic achievement and on labor market outcomes using administrative data from Bocconi University (Italy) matched with Italian tax records. The estimation exploits the random allocation of students to teachers in a fixed sequence of compulsory courses. We find that good teaching matters more for the labor market than for academic performance. Moreover, the professors who are best at improving the academic achievement of their best students are also the ones who boost their earnings the most. On the contrary, for low ability students the academic and labor market returns of teachers are largely uncorrelated. We also find that professors who are good at teaching high ability students are often not the best teachers for the least able ones. These findings can be rationalized in a model where teaching is a multi-dimensional activity with each dimension having differential returns on the students’ academic learning and labor market success.

URLhttp://ftp.iza.org/dp7902.pdf
Citation Key1195

Labor diversity and firm productivity

TitleLabor diversity and firm productivity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsParrotta, P, Pozzoli, D, Pytlikova, M
JournalEuropean Economic Review
Volume2014
Number66
Pagination144-179
Date Publishedfeb
Keywordscommunication barriers, complementarity, labor diversity, substitutability, total factor productivity
Abstract

Using a matched employer–employee data-set, we analyze how workforce diversity associates with the productivity of firms in Denmark, following two main econometric routes. In the first one, we estimate a standard Cobb–Douglas function, calculate the implied total factor productivity and relate the latter to diversity statistics in a second stage. This reduced-form approach allows us to identify which types of labor heterogeneity appear to descriptively matter. In the second approach, we move toward a richer production function specification, which takes different types of labor as inputs and that allows for flexible substitution patterns, and possible quality differences between types. Both methods show that workforce diversity in ethnicity is negatively associated with firm productivity. The evidence regarding diversity in education is mixed.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014292113001670
DOI10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.12.002
Citation Key1194
Refereed DesignationRefereed

La réinsertion professionnelle des bénéficiares de l'aide sociale en Suisse et en Allemagne

TitleLa réinsertion professionnelle des bénéficiares de l'aide sociale en Suisse et en Allemagne
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBonoli, G, Champion, C
JournalCahiers de l'IDHEAP
Volume2013
Number281
Pagination1-66
PublisherIDHEAP
Place PublishedLausanne
Abstract

Parmi les régimes sociaux pour les personnes sans emploi en âge de travailler, l’aide sociale compte parmi ceux qui ont été confrontés aux plus grands changements au cours des vingt dernières années. Durant cette période, le nombre et le profil des bénéficiaires a évolué à un tel point qu’il devient aujourd’hui difficile de considérer l’aide sociale uniquement sous le prisme d’un dernier filet de protection sociale intervenant pour une minorité d’individus fortement marginalisés socialement. Aujourd’hui, accompagnant une hausse régulière du nombre de bénéficiaires, le public de l’aide sociale est devenu beaucoup plus hétérogène, incorporant une frange de plus en plus importante de personnes pour qui le chômage de longue durée ou le sous-emploi constituent de fait le principal problème. Loin d’être un phénomène typiquement suisse, la transformation radicale du public touchant des prestations d’aide sociale a en fait touché l’ensemble des pays européens.
Ces développements questionnent fondamentalement la mission de l’aide sociale. Traditionnellement, deux missions ont été au centre de l’aide sociale: garantir le minimum vital et favoriser l’intégration sociale des personnes les plus marginalisées socialement. Toutefois, aujourd’hui, avec l’émergence de nouveaux publics, se pose crucialement la question de la réorientation des régimes d’aide sociale vers une prise en charge visant le retour sur le premier marché du travail à plus ou moins long terme. De quels types de mesures de réinsertion professionnelle et de services de placement les bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale disposent-ils en Suisse? Quels dispositifs organisationnels permettent-ils de garantir une prise en charge orientée vers l’emploi adaptée aux bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale?
En Suisse, bien que la réinsertion professionnelle soit désormais considérée comme une mission intégrale de l’aide sociale au niveau politique, il existe encore peu d’études empiriques sur les pratiques effectives mises en place dans les différents cantons en matière d’aide à la réinsertion professionnelle des bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale. Sans prétendre à l’exhaustivité, cette étude dresse un état des lieux de la situation actuelle en Suisse sur la base des quelques études existantes et d’une enquête par questionnaire réalisée auprès des responsables cantonaux en 2011. Malgré d’importantes différences entre et à l’intérieur des cantons et de nombreuses lacunes dans les données statistiques, un des principaux résultats qui ressort de cette étude est que l’accès des bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale à une prise en charge orientée emploi en Suisse reste problématique à plusieurs égards. En effet, alors que l’offre développée par les services sociaux en matière de mesures de réinsertion professionnelle reste souvent restreinte, d’autres pratiques telles que la collaboration interinstitutionnelle ou le recours aux ORP pour les services de placement présentent aussi plusieurs limites. Une comparaison avec la situation en Allemagne, qui a complètement réorganisé la prise en charge de ses chômeurs de longue durée en 2005 en créant une prestation financière et une structure de prise en charge spécifique à cette catégorie de sans-emplois, confirme le potentiel d’amélioration des efforts réalisés en Suisse, particulièrement en ce qui concerne l’importance accordée au retour à l’emploi et l’accès aux mesures de réinsertion professionnelle les plus prometteuses. Toutefois, et malgré une réduction significative du nombre de chômeurs de longue durée depuis l’introduction de la réforme Hartz IV en 2005, l’expérience allemande indique que la mise sur pied d’une structure spécialisée n’est pas non plus sans créer des problèmes, et que, plus généralement, il est difficile d’imputer le succès d’une politique de réinsertion professionnelle pour les bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale uniquement à son modèle organisationnel.

URLhttp://www.idheap.ch/idheap.nsf/go/47E16FC4BB8AC81DC1257B81002955A7
Citation Key1193

Social welfare effects of tax-benefit reform under endogenous participation and unemployment: An ordinal approach

TitleSocial welfare effects of tax-benefit reform under endogenous participation and unemployment: An ordinal approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
Authorsvan Baalen, B, Müller, T
JournalInternational Tax and Public Finance
Volume21
Number2
Pagination198-227
Keywordspreference, search-matching models, social welfare, tax-benefit reform, unemployment
Abstract

This paper analyzes the social welfare effects of tax-benefit reforms in a framework integrating endogenous labor supply and unemployment. We adopt an ordinal approach to social welfare comparisons by searching for "socially desirable" reforms that would improve social welfare for an entire class of social welfare functions. In the model, there is a discrete distribution of individuals' productivities and individuals are heterogeneous with respect to leisure preferences (or disability of work). Labor supply decisions are limited to the participation decision. Unemployment is modeled in a search and matching framework with individual wage bargaining. For the social welfare analysis, the model is calibrated for Switzerland. Starting from a situation with an unemployment benefit scheme, the introduction of in-work benefits is shown to be a "socially desirable" reform: it would be unanimously preferred to the current situation according to all social welfare functions based on the criteria of Pareto, anonymity, and the principle of transfers. This result holds for two different types of preference heterogeneity (leisure preferences or disability of work) and also for the case where job search effort cannot be monitored.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10797-012-9263-7
DOI10.1007/s10797-012-9263-7
Citation Key1192
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Non-respondent surveys: Pertinence and feasibility

TitleNon-respondent surveys: Pertinence and feasibility
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsErnst Stähli, M, Joye, D
JournalThe Survey Statistician
Volume68
Pagination16-22
Date Published07/2013
Abstract

Among the techniques to address the problem of unit-nonresponse in surveys, short follow-up surveys for nonrespondents have not (yet) been a strong tradition. They are however promising ways to document and possibly correct for non-response bias, so that it should be of interest to put aside a small part of the overall budget to implement them. This contribution relates to a longer series of experiences from non-respondent surveys as follow-ups of long face-to-face general social surveys in Switzerland. It shows the great opportunities offered, but also the challenges that have to be faced when opting for this approach.

URLhttp://isi-iass.org/home/services/the-survey-statistician/
Citation Key1189
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Social mobility

TitleSocial mobility
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJoye, D, Falcon, J
EditorMichalos, AC
Book TitleEncyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research
Pagination6123-6127
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht
ISBN Number978-94-007-0752-8
Citation Key1188

Intégrer une ENS... et après? Propositions pour une analyse processuelle des parcours de vie des élites scolaires françaises

TitleIntégrer une ENS... et après? Propositions pour une analyse processuelle des parcours de vie des élites scolaires françaises
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBataille, P
JournalRelief
Number48
Pagination265-276
Date Publishedjun
Place PublishedUniversité de Dijon
URLhttp://www.cereq.fr/index.php/content/download/11326/93292/file/Relief48.pdf
Citation Key1185
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Social origins and post-high school institutional pathways: A cumulative dis/advantage approach

TitleSocial origins and post-high school institutional pathways: A cumulative dis/advantage approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGiudici, F, Pallas, AM
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume44
Pagination103-113
Keywordscumulative advantage and disadvantage, life course pathways, sociology of education, transition out of high school
Abstract

The social stratification that takes place during the transition out of high school is traditionally explained with theoretical frameworks such as status attainment and social reproduction. In our paper, we suggest the cumulative dis/advantage hypothesis as an alternative theoretical and empirical approach that explains this divergence in institutional pathways as the result of the dynamic interplay between social institutions (in our case, schools) and individuals’ resources. We use data from the NLSY79 in order to compute institutional pathways (defined by educational and occupational status) of 9200 high school graduates. Optimal Matching Analysis and Cluster Analysis generated a typology of life course pathways. Our results show that both ascribed characteristics and students’ high school characteristics and resources are predictors of post-high school pathways.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X13001580
DOI10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.11.004
Citation Key1184
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Networking the unemployed: Can policy interventions facilitate access to employment through informal channels?

TitleNetworking the unemployed: Can policy interventions facilitate access to employment through informal channels?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBonoli, G
JournalInternational Social Security Review
Volume67
Number2
Pagination85-106
Keywordsnetworks, unemployment
Abstract

It is widely known that informal contacts and networks constitute a major advantage when searching for a job. Unemployed people are likely to benefit from such informal contacts, but building and sustaining a network can be particularly difficult when out of employment. Interventions that allow unemployed people to effectively strengthen their networking capability could as a result be promising. Against this background, this article provides some hints in relation to the direction that such interventions could take. First, on the basis of data collected on a sample of 4,600 newly-unemployed people in the Swiss Canton of Vaud, it looks at the factors that influence jobseekers’ decisions to turn to informal contacts for their job search. The article shows that many unemployed people are not making use of their network because they are unaware of the importance of this method. Second, it presents an impact analysis of an innovative intervention designed to raise awareness of the importance of networks which is tested in a randomized controlled trial setting.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/issr.12040/full
DOI10.1111/issr.12040
Citation Key1183
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Tie strength and family formation: Which personal relationships are influential?

TitleTie strength and family formation: Which personal relationships are influential?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsKeim, S, Klärner, A, Bernardi, L
JournalPersonal Relationships
Volume20
Number3
Pagination462-478
Date Publishedsep
Keywordsfamily social influence, fertility, social networks
Abstract

On the basis of the analysis of qualitative interviews in Western Germany, it has been argued that personal relationships have a strong impact on individuals' family formation processes and childbearing intentions. Persons who influence individuals' childbearing choices were identified. Strong ties, such as among core family members (i.e., parents and siblings), are an important contributing factor, but the authors are also able to show that weak ties, such as those among colleagues and acquaintances, need to be considered when examining social influence on family formation processes. Apart from single network partners, influential groups of persons have been identified. Such groups serve as a comparative standard regarding the timing of having one's first child and subsequent children.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6811.2012.01418.x/abstract
DOI10.1111/j.1475-6811.2012.01418.x
Citation Key1181
Refereed DesignationRefereed

History of lifetime smoking, smoking cessation and cognitive function in the elderly population

TitleHistory of lifetime smoking, smoking cessation and cognitive function in the elderly population
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMons, U, Schöttker, B, Müller, H, Kliegel, M, Brenner, H
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume28
Number10
Pagination823-831
Keywordscognitive function, elderly, smoking, smoking cessation
Abstract

To examine potential associations of the history of lifetime smoking and smoking cessation with cognitive function in the elderly. In a population-based cohort study of older adults in Saarland, Germany, a detailed lifetime history of smoking was obtained using standardised questionnaires. Cognitive function was assessed with a validated telephone-based instrument (COGTEL) at the five-year follow-up in a subsample of n = 1,697 participants with a baseline age >65 years. Multiple linear regression models were employed to predict cognitive performance, adjusting for potential confounding factors. Ever-smokers with a higher cumulative dose of smoking in pack-years scored lower in the cognitive assessment than never-smokers, with the association being more pronounced in current smokers than in former smokers. In fully adjusted models, current smokers with 21–40 pack-years scored 4.06 points lower (95 % CI −7.18 to −0.94) than never-smokers. In former smokers, a longer time since smoking cessation was associated with higher scores in the cognitive test with reference to current smokers, even after adjustment for pack-years. Former smokers who had quit for more than 30 years scored 4.23 points higher (95 % CI 1.75 to 6.71) than current smokers. Dose–response-relationships of cognitive function with cumulative dose of smoking as well as with time since smoking cessation were substantiated by restricted cubic splines regression. Our results support suggestions that smokers are at an increased risk for cognitive impairment in older age; that the risk increases with duration and intensity of smoking, and subsides with time after smoking cessation.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10654-013-9840-9
DOI10.1007/s10654-013-9840-9
Citation Key1168
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The roads to reproduction: Comparing life-course trajectories in preindustrial Europe

TitleThe roads to reproduction: Comparing life-course trajectories in preindustrial Europe
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDribe, M, Manfredini, M, Oris, M
EditorLundh, C, Kurosu, S
Book TitleSimilarity in difference. Marriage in Europe and Asia 1700-1900
Chapter4
Pagination85-116
PublisherMIT Press
Place PublishedBoston
ISBN Number9780262027946
KeywordsAsia, comparisons, Europe, leaving home, life-course, reproduction
Citation Key1167

Sequence analysis and transition to adulthood: An exploration of the access to reproduction in nineteenth-century East Belgium

TitleSequence analysis and transition to adulthood: An exploration of the access to reproduction in nineteenth-century East Belgium
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOris, M, Ritschard, G
EditorBlanchard, P, Bühlmann, F, Gauthier, J-A
Book TitleAdvances in sequence analysis: Theory, method, applications
Chapter8
Pagination152-167
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London
ISBN Number978-3-319-04969-4
Keywordslife course, reproduction, sequence analysis, transition to adulthood
Abstract

In the population history of European pre-industrial population, late marriage and high level of final celibacy are seen as the most important components of demographic regimes, avoiding an excessive demographic pressure on scarce resources. While during the last decades the scientific approach emphasized the study of individual life trajectories, life transitions are still often considered isolated from each other. In this paper, we look at marriage from an original perspective, as one event on the road to adulthood, whom the position in a given life course is related with other steps like leaving home, establishing a household, and the access to legitimate reproduction through a first birth. Sequence analysis is definitively the appropriate tool for a holistic and integrative approach of the various roads young men and women could take to enter into adulthood. Working on nineteenth century rural regions in East Belgium, we used TraMineR to reconstruct sequences and identified four clusters both for males and females. To complete this exploratory data-mining with an explanatory point of view, we proceeded to univariate ANOVA-like discrepancy analyses of the life trajectories, and then grew a regression tree for our sequences. Results show high level of complexities in rural, supposedly traditional societies, an exercise of individual agency in tolerant but also influent structures that resulted in a high diversity of personal trajectories and a global respect of the social order.

Citation Key1166

Advances in sequence analysis: Theory, methods, applications

TitleAdvances in sequence analysis: Theory, methods, applications
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2014
Series EditorBlanchard, P, Bühlmann, F, Gauthier, J-A
EditionFirst
Number of Pages304
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedAmsterdam
ISBN Number978-3-319-04968-7
Keywordsbiographical theory, methods, sequence analysis
Abstract

This book gives a general view of sequence analysis, the statistical study of successions of states or events. It includes innovative contributions on life course studies, transitions into and out of employment, contemporaneous and historical careers, and political trajectories. The approach presented in this book is now central to the life-course perspective and the study of social processes more generally. This volume promotes the dialogue between approaches to sequence analysis that developed separately, within traditions contrasted in space and disciplines. It includes the latest developments in sequential concepts, coding, atypical datasets and time patterns, optimal matching and alternative algorithms, survey optimization, and visualization. Field studies include original sequential material related to parenting in 19th-century Belgium, higher education and work in Finland and Italy, family formation before and after German reunification, French Jews persecuted in occupied France, long-term trends in electoral participation, and regime democratization. Overall the book reassesses the classical uses of sequences and it promotes new ways of collecting, formatting, representing and processing them. The introduction provides basic sequential concepts and tools, as well as a history of the method. Chapters are presented in a way that is both accessible to the beginner and informative to the expert.

Citation Key1165

"Ça n'a pas de prix". Diversité des modes de rétribution du travail des artisans d'art

Title"Ça n'a pas de prix". Diversité des modes de rétribution du travail des artisans d'art
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBajard, F, Perrenoud, M
JournalSociétés Contemporaines
Volume3
Number91
Pagination93-116
ISSN1150-1944
Abstract

Cet article expose les formes de rétributions non monétaires observées chez des céramistes et autres artisans d’art, dans des espaces du travail indépendant, en marge des mondes de l’art les plus légitimes. La relative précarité économique de ces professionnels s’accompagne d’une quête de bonheur dans le travail qui semble évacuer, du moins en partie, la question du profit marchand. Réduire cette situation à une dénégation de l’économie et à une forme d’illusion vocationnelle paraît impropre à restituer la «double vérité», objective et subjective, du rapport au travail de ces indépendants. En prenant au sérieux le sens que ces enquêtés donnent à leur activité, on montre qu’ils pensent les rétributions du travail dans toute la diversité de leurs formes. Cet article expose ainsi à quelles conditions le revenu pécuniaire s’articule alors avec d’autres types de bénéfices, qu’il s’agisse de la valeur axiologique du travail (travail de belle facture, artifié) ou d’une «qualité de vie» liée aux espaces et aux temps du travail.

URLhttp://www.cairn.info/revue-societes-contemporaines-2013-3-page-93.htm
DOI10.3917/soco.091.0093
Citation Key1062
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Lutter contre les pauvres. Les politiques face à la mendicité dans le canton de Vaud

TitleLutter contre les pauvres. Les politiques face à la mendicité dans le canton de Vaud
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTabin, J-P, Knüsel, R
Number of Pages152
PublisherEditions d'En Bas
Place PublishedLausanne
ISBN Number978-2-8290-0463-6
Abstract

Comment expliquer que la présence dans les rues de certaines villes de quelques dizaines de personnes qui mendient suscite autant de réactions négatives? D’où vient cette méfiance face à la mendicité? Pourquoi ce sujet est-il à l’agenda politique en Suisse et en Europe? Qui sont les personnes qui mendient à Lausanne? Comment vivent-elles? Ce livre cherche à répondre à ces questions en explorant tout d’abord l’histoire de la pauvreté, de la mendicité et du vagabondage dans nos sociétés. Avec la sécularisation de l’assistance sociale, depuis le Moyen-Âge, l’idée que les personnes qui demandent la charité n’ont pas leur place dans la société s’est progressivement installée. Les auteurs proposent ensuite une analyse de la construction du « problème » de la mendicité par les autorités législatives, judiciaires et administratives en Suisse, et plus particulièrement dans le canton de Vaud. Au regard d’un traitement médiatique souvent caricatural, l’ouvrage présente enfin les résultats d’une enquête de terrain à Lausanne fondée sur des entretiens avec des personnes en contact avec la mendicité et avec ceux et celles qui la pratiquent, ainsi que sur des observations systématiques. En conclusion, selon les auteurs, aucune politique adéquate ne sera possible sans impliquer les personnes qui mendient comme des partenaires et des êtres humains à part entière.

Citation Key1163

Les normes d'une famille "juste" dans les interventions des assistants et assistantes sociales de l'aide sociale publique

TitleLes normes d'une famille "juste" dans les interventions des assistants et assistantes sociales de l'aide sociale publique
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsModak, M, Messant, F, Keller, V
JournalNouvelles questions féministes
Volume32
Number2
Pagination57-72
ISSN0248-4951
Abstract

Cet article porte sur la normativité familiale que nous étudions à partir de la fonction économique de la famille. Notre recherche porte sur les interventions des assistantes et assistants sociaux (AS) de l’Aide sociale publique en Suisse romande. Nous analysons les logiques d’action que ces AS mobilisent pour conduire leur intervention dans ce cadre législatif. Les résultats de l’étude montrent que la normativité familiale des AS varie selon le type de problème familial abordé et le parcours professionnel de l’AS, et qu’elle infléchit significativement la division sexuelle du travail au sein du groupe familial.

URLhttp://www.cairn.info/revue-nouvelles-questions-feministes-2013-2-page-57.htm
Citation Key1161
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Pages