Forschungsdossier: Langjährig verheiratete Frauen und Männer – ein psychosoziales Portrait

TitleForschungsdossier: Langjährig verheiratete Frauen und Männer – ein psychosoziales Portrait
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPerrig-Chiello, P, Margelisch, K, Knöpfli, B, Spahni, S
Pagination1-23
PublisherUniversity of Bern
Place PublishedBern
URLhttp://www.entwicklung.psy.unibe.ch/content/team/ppc/ausgewaehlte_publikationen/index_ger.html
Citation Key1018

Sense of coherence and job characteristics in predicting burnout in a South African sample

TitleSense of coherence and job characteristics in predicting burnout in a South African sample
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsJohnston, C, de Bruin, GP, Geldenhuys, M, Györkös, C, Massoudi, K, Rossier, J
JournalSouth African Journal of Industrial Psychology
Volume39
Number1
Pagination1-9
Date Published10/2013
Abstract

Orientation: Research that considers the effects of individual characteristics and job characteristics jointly in burnout is necessary, especially when one considers the possibility of curvilinear relationships between job characteristics and burnout.

Research purpose: This study examines the contribution of sense of coherence (SOC) and job characteristics to predicting burnout by considering direct and moderating effects.

Motivation for this study: Understanding the relationships of individual and job characteristics with burnout is necessary for preventing burnout. It also informs the design of interventions.

Research design, approach and method: The participants were 632 working adults (57% female) in South Africa. The measures included the Job Content Questionnaire, the Sense of Coherence Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The authors analysed the data using hierarchical multiple regression with the enter method.

Main findings: Job characteristics and SOC show the expected direct effects on burnout. SOC has a direct negative effect on burnout. Job demands and supervisor social support show nonlinear relationships with burnout. SOC moderates the effect of demands on burnout and has a protective function so that the demands-burnout relationship differs for those with high and low SOC.

Practical/managerial implications: The types of effects, the shape of the stressor-strain relationship and the different contributions of individual and job characteristics have implications for designing interventions.

Contribution/value add: SOC functions differently when combined with demands, control and support. These different effects suggest that it is not merely the presence or absence of a job characteristic that is important for well-being outcomes but how people respond to its presence or absence.

DOI10.4102/sajip.v39i1.1096
Citation Key1017
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Späte Scheidungen: Fakten, Gründe und Auswirkungen. Ein interdisziplinärer Blick auf Ergebnisse einer Schweizer Studie

TitleSpäte Scheidungen: Fakten, Gründe und Auswirkungen. Ein interdisziplinärer Blick auf Ergebnisse einer Schweizer Studie
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPerrig-Chiello, P, Knöpfli, B, Gloor, U
JournalThe Journal of Family Practice
Number4
Pagination845-866
KeywordsAlter, Auswirkungen, causes, conséquences, divorce, genre, Geschlecht, Gründe, langjährige Ehe, personnes âgées, Scheidung
Abstract

Zusammenfassung: Scheidungen im Alter sind eine zunehmende gesellschaftliche Realität, allerdings wurde dieses Phänomen bislang kaum wissenschaftlich untersucht. In diesem Beitrag werden neueste Forschungsergebnisse einer Schweizer Studie vorgestellt, welche zeigen, dass späte Scheidungen ein einschneidendes kritisches Lebensereignis mit multiplen Gründen und mannigfachen negativen Auswirkungen auf persönlicher, familialer und sozialer Ebene ist. Allerdings gibt es grosse individuelle Unterschiede, insbesondere Geschlechterunterschiede, hinsichtlich der Gründe und auch bezüglich der psychosozialen Adaptation. Das Ausleuchten derForschungsresultate trägt nicht nur zu einem besseren Verständnis des Phänomens bei, sondern liefert auch Grundlagen für die familienrechtliche Praxis.

Résumé: Malgré le fait que les taux de divorces après un long mariage sont en constante augmentation, ce phénomène n’a guère été un objet de recherche. Dans cette contribution, des résultats d’une étude suisse sont présentés qui démontrent qu’un divorce après un long mariage est un événement critique avec multiples conséquences négatives sur le plan individuel, familial et social. Toutefois, il existe de grandes différences individuelles, notamment des différences de genre en ce qui concerne les raisons et l’adaptation psychosociale. L’analyse de ces résultats ne contribue pas seulement à une meilleure compréhension du phénomène, mais livre en même temps une base importante pour la pratique du droit familial.

Citation Key1015
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Trajectoires de jeunes bénéficiaires de l'aide sociale en Suisse

TitleTrajectoires de jeunes bénéficiaires de l'aide sociale en Suisse
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Dif-Pradalier, M, Rosenstein, E
JournalAgora débats/jeunesses
Volume65
Issue3
Pagination61
Date Published2013
ISSN1268-5666
Abstract

Dans le cadre de cette contribution, nous nous proposons d’étudier l’impact des politiques sociales sur les trajectoires de jeunes en situation de rupture, selon l’approche par les capacités développée par Amartya Sen. L’article se base sur une analyse approfondie du programme FORJAD (Formation pour jeunes adultes en difficulté), initié dans le canton de Vaud (Suisse) à l’attention des jeunes adultes (18-25 ans) bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale. L’objectif est de mettre au jour la base normative de ce programme pour saisir son impact sur les trajectoires de vie et les capabilités de ses bénéficiaires.

URLhttp://www.cairn.info/revue-agora-debats-jeunesses-2013-3-page-61.htm
DOI10.3917/agora.065.0061
Citation Key1014
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Searching for typical life trajectories applied to childbirth histories

TitleSearching for typical life trajectories applied to childbirth histories
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGabadinho, A, Ritschard, G
EditorLevy, R, Widmer, E
Book TitleGendered life courses between individualization and standardization. A European approach applied to Switzerland
Pagination287-312
PublisherLIT Verlag
Place PublishedVienna
Citation Key1001

Age of tracking and the smoothness of upper secondary school transitions

TitleAge of tracking and the smoothness of upper secondary school transitions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLatina, J, Ramirez, J
JournalUniversity of Geneva Working Papers
Volume2012
Pagination1-18
Place PublishedGeneva
Keywordseducation, relative educational quality, tracking, transitions, treatment effect
Abstract

Middle school tracking is a common feature of many counrties' school system. In this paper, we examine if a one-year delay in middle school tracking influences the probability of track changes at the upper secondary level, using panel data for Geneva (Switzerland) over the period 1993-2007. We tyke advantage of a natural experiment, whereby a group of middle schools tracked their students a year later than the rest of schools. Because of specific conditions, we argue that selection into treatment is independent of potential outcome and, therefore, use a regression design to identify the average treatment effect. Both linear probability and panel data models estimate a small but significant negative impact of delayed middle-school tracking on the smoothness of upper secondary school transitions. However, we find that this negative effect of a later tracking decreases with the level of performance. We explain this result as a by-product of the "big-fish-little-pond" effect.

Citation Key999

Doing and undoing gender at work: Managing masculinities in contrasting occupational settings

TitleDoing and undoing gender at work: Managing masculinities in contrasting occupational settings
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZinn, I
EditorGregersdotter, K, Hållén, N
Book TitleFemininities and masculinities in action: On theory and practice in a moving field
Pagination175-196
PublisherInter-Disciplinary Press
Place PublishedOxford
ISBN Number978-1848881341
Citation Key998

Socialisation séquentielle et identité de genre liées à la transition de l'école à l'emploi

TitleSocialisation séquentielle et identité de genre liées à la transition de l'école à l'emploi
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGauthier, J-A, Gianettoni, L
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume39
Issue1
Pagination33-55
Citation Key997

Représentations sexuées et accès au professorat universitaire pour les femmes

TitleReprésentations sexuées et accès au professorat universitaire pour les femmes
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsFassa Recrosio, F, Gauthier, J-A
EditorBenninghoff, M, Fassa Recrosio, F, Goastellec, G, Leresche, J-P
Book TitleInégalités sociales et enseignement supérieur
Series TitlePerspectives en éducation & formation
Chapter7
Pagination117-130
PublisherDe Boeck
Place PublishedBruxelles
ISBN Number978-2-8041-7116-2
Citation Key994

Scientifiques de mère en fille? Mixité, héritages sexués et pratiques éducatives familiales: Le cas des normalien.ne.s de Saint-Cloud, Fontenay-aux-roses et Lyon (1984-1987)

TitleScientifiques de mère en fille? Mixité, héritages sexués et pratiques éducatives familiales: Le cas des normalien.ne.s de Saint-Cloud, Fontenay-aux-roses et Lyon (1984-1987)
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsBataille, P
EditorBenninghoff, M, Fassa Recrosio, F, Goastellec, G, Leresche, J-P
Book TitleInégalités sociales et enseignement supérieur
Series TitlePerspectives en éducation & formation
Chapter8
Pagination131-150
PublisherDe Boeck
Place PublishedBruxelles
ISBN Number978-2-8041-7116-2
Citation Key993

Migrant integration in a VET-oriented schooling system: A ladder hard to climb

TitleMigrant integration in a VET-oriented schooling system: A ladder hard to climb
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLatina, J, Ramirez, J
JournalUniversity of Geneva Working Papers
Volume2013
Pagination1-24
Place PublishedGeneva
Keywordseducation, migrant integration, multinomial logit model, school composition effects, tracking, transitions
Abstract

Using a typology based on different forms of capital, we focus on migrant integration into the Swiss schooling system, as expressed by their track choice at the upper-secondary level. In particular, we examine whether school transitions of children from certain migrant communities are negatively affected by a lack of social capital and apply for this purpose a two-step methodology based on the estimation of a reduced-form multinomial logit, using longitudinal data from the Canton of Geneva (Switzerland), for the period 1993-2007. While differing substantially between high-track and low-track students, results confirm that social capital matters independently of human and financial capital and, while affecting all students, the impact of a lack of social capital is higher on high-track students. Among low-track male students, recent migrants are disadvantaged compared to natives and first-wave migrants, as they are, ceteris paribus, more often oriented toward non-certifying remedial education. Moreover, we find that structural compositions of middle schools explain almost all the estimated yearly school fixed-effects and that compositional changes clearly do not affect low-track and high-track students in the same way.

Citation Key992

National minorities and their representation in social surveys: which practices make a difference?

TitleNational minorities and their representation in social surveys: which practices make a difference?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLaganà, F, Elcheroth, G, Penic, S, Kleiner, B, Fasel, N
JournalQuality & Quantity
Volume47
Issue3
Pagination1287-1314
Date Published2013
ISSN0033-5177
Keywordsethno-national minorities, response rates, sampling bias, stratified sampling, survey languages, survey methodology
Abstract

This paper presents a systematic study of survey mechanisms that produce or reduce minority bias in social surveys. It extends the work of Lipps et al. (2011) who have demonstrated that, in the Swiss context, the more an ethno-national minority community differs, socio-culturally and socio-economically, from the national majority, the less it is likely to be represented in its proper proportion in the major national surveys. Minority bias furthermore has a vertical dimension: socio-economic bias against individuals from the most deprived backgrounds becomes extreme within ethno-national minority communities. Using data from the Swiss Labour Force Survey, the Swiss Household Panel, and the Swiss sam- ple of the European Social Survey, in the present work we empirically assess the impact of three types of survey practices on minority bias: (1) strategies to increase overall response rates of the whole population indiscriminately from its minority status, (2) the use of pre- and post-stratification measures that take into account the overall share of foreigners in the national population, and (3) the conduct of interviews in a wider range of languages, in order to facilitate survey response among certain (linguistic) minorities. Our findings show that efforts to increase overall response rates can, paradoxically, create even more minority bias. On the other hand, they suggest that a combination of stratified sampling and a wider range of survey languages can have a positive effect in reducing survey bias, both between and within national categories. We conclude that measures that take into account and adapt to the social and cultural heterogeneity of surveyed populations do make a difference, whereas additional efforts that only replicate existing routine practices can be counter-productive.

URLhttp://www.springerlink.com/index/pdf/10.1007/s11135-011-9591-1
DOI10.1007/s11135-011-9591-1
Short TitleQual Quant
Citation Key990
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Envejecimiento activo. Algunas reflexiones del año europeo (2012) del envejecimiento activo y la solidaridad intergeneracional

TitleEnvejecimiento activo. Algunas reflexiones del año europeo (2012) del envejecimiento activo y la solidaridad intergeneracional
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsOris, M
EditorRamiro Fariñas, D
Book TitleUna vejez activa en España
Pagination35-38
PublisherEDIMSA Editores Médicos
Place PublishedMadrid
Citation Key989

Conclusion – War and community: What have we learned about their relationship?

TitleConclusion – War and community: What have we learned about their relationship?
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsElcheroth, G, Corkalo Biruski, D, Spini, D
EditorSpini, D, Elcheroth, G, Corkalo Biruski, D
Book TitleWar, community and social change. Collective experiences in the Former Yugoslavia
Series TitlePeace Psychology
Pagination227-235
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York
ISBN Number978-1-4614-7490-6
Citation Key988

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