Cohabitational trajectories

TitleCohabitational trajectories
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsWidmer, E, Gauthier, J-A
EditorLevy, R, Widmer, E
Book TitleGendered life courses between standardization and individualization. A European approach applied to Switzerland
Pagination53-70
PublisherLIT Verlag
Place PublishedWien

Paying for performance: Incentive pay schemes and employees' financial participation

TitlePaying for performance: Incentive pay schemes and employees' financial participation
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBryson, A, Freeman, R, Lucifora, C, Pellizzari, M, Pérotin, V
EditorBoeri, T, Lucifora, C, Murphy, KJ
Book TitleExecutive remuneration and employee performance-related pay: A transatlantic perspective
Chapter2
Pagination123-278
PublisherOxford University Press
Place PublishedOxford

The use of welfare by migrants in Italy

TitleThe use of welfare by migrants in Italy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPellizzari, M
JournalInternational Journal of Manpower
Volume34
Number2
Pagination155-166
ISSN0143-7720
Keywordsbenefits, immigration, Italy, migration, welfare
Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the issue of welfare use by migrants in Italy and overcome the limitations of previous studies related to the quality of the data and to the high level of fragmentation of the Italian welfare system.
Design/methodology/approach – In this paper the author is able to overcome the limitations of previous research by using an original administrative archive of means tests, performed at all levels of the public administration, to establish individual's and households’ eligibility to all kinds of benefits, both in cash and kind.
Findings – Results show that, without controlling for observable characteristics, migrants from outside the EU are more likely to apply for welfare. Once individual and household characteristics are controlled for, such a residual welfare dependency is greatly reduced but does not disappear. Geographical location is a key factor, given that migrants tend to locate in the richest areas of the country, which also happen to be the ones where local welfare is most generous.
Originality/value – To the best of the author's knowledge, the administrative database used in this paper has never been used for analysing the use of welfare by migrants. Moreover, the role of geographical sorting of migrants has never been investigated in this area.

DOI10.1108/01437721311320672
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The relative stability of national career patterns in European top management careers in the age of globalisation: A comparative study in France/Germany/Great Britain and Switzerland

TitleThe relative stability of national career patterns in European top management careers in the age of globalisation: A comparative study in France/Germany/Great Britain and Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsDavoine, E, Ravasi, C
JournalEuropean Management Journal
Pagination152-163
Date PublishedJan-07-2012
ISSN02632373
Keywordsinternational careers, managerial elite, national career patterns, top management profiles
Abstract

While top management career patterns are highly embedded in national institutional contexts, the phenomenon of globalization has recently called into question the future of these patterns. In this article we discuss the stability of certain features of national top management profiles as well as the emergence of a new globalized managerial elite characterized by new elements legitimating top management authority. We collected biographical and career related information from 916 top managers employed by 111 companies located in France, Germany, Great Britain and Switzerland. Our data shows a certain erosion of national models due to the gradual arrival of non-national top managers, but this process occurs very slowly despite the strong international dimension of the companies studied.

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S026323731200062X
DOI10.1016/j.emj.2012.06.001
Short TitleEuropean Management Journal
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Reducción de costos de transporte por medio de la innovación capesina: Una ruta por recorrer

TitleReducción de costos de transporte por medio de la innovación capesina: Una ruta por recorrer
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsIguíñiz Echeverría, J, Díaz, R, Vaccaro, G
JournalEconPapers, Working Papers Series
Volume2012-341
Pagination1-34
PublisherDepartamento de Economía, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
Place PublishedLima
Keywordscampesinado, costo de transporte, enfoque de capacidades, innovación agrícola, Perú
Abstract

Mirar a la economía desde el interés por libertad de los individuos en general y de los agentes económicos en particular constituye un ejercicio relativamente poco común. En este trabajo nos centramos en un tipo de libertad: la que se refiere a “Los servicios económicos (en forma de oportunidades para participar en el comercio y la producción) (Sen 2000, 28). Un aspecto de tal libertad es el acceso a mercados. Ofrecemos una aproximación a uno de los elementos requeridos para dicho acceso: la innovación productiva que afecta el costo de transporte. En este trabajo, innovación tiene el sentido limitado de sustitución de cultivos que aumenta la proporción de productos con alto valor unitario dentro de la canasta de productos agrícolas de cada campesino. ¿Hay en el Perú un proceso de cambio de productos hacia aquellos que tienen un mayor valor por unidad de peso? Los resultados están basados en la ENAHO.

URLhttp://departamento.pucp.edu.pe/economia/images/documentos/DDD341.pdf

Class size and class heterogeneity

TitleClass size and class heterogeneity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsDe Giorgi, G, Pellizzari, M, Woolston, WG
JournalJournal of the European Economic Association
Volume10
Issue4
Pagination795-830
Abstract

We study how class size and class composition affect the academic and labor market performance of college students, two crucial policy questions given the secular increase in college enrollment. Our identification strategy relies on the random assignment of students to teaching classes. We find that a one standard deviation increase in class - size results in a 0.1 standard deviation deterioration of the average grade. Further, the effect is heterogeneous as it is stronger for males and lower income students. Also, the effects of class composition in terms of gender and ability appear to be inverse U-shaped. Finally, a reduction of 20 students (one standard deviation) in one's class size has a positive effect on monthly wages of about €80 ($115) or 6% over the average.

Refereed DesignationRefereed

Da dove veniamo? Che siamo? Dove andiamo? (Final report)

TitleDa dove veniamo? Che siamo? Dove andiamo? (Final report)
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLosa, FB, Stephani, E, Bigotta, M, Ritschard, G
Pagination1-112
Date Published11/2012
PublisherUffcio cantonale di statistica
Place PublishedBellinzona
Abstract

Chi colpisce la disoccupazione di lunga durata? Quanti, chi e come riescono a rientrare sul mercato del lavoro? Il rientro è contrassegnato da traiettorie più o meno complesse e/o contraddistinte da stati precari? La caduta in disoccupazione di lunga durata è una ricaduta che diventa poi cronica oppure le traiettorie di vita dicono altro? L’Ufficio di Statistica del Canton Ticino e l’Università di Ginevra rispondono a queste domande attraverso un’analisi delle traiettorie di vita professionali dei disoccupati di lunga durata in Svizzera. Le risposte a tali quesiti – di rilevanza sociale, economica, per le politiche del lavoro e per il finanziamento delle assicurazioni sociali – rappresentano nuovi elementi conoscitivi per la comprensione del mercato del lavoro e per la lotta all’esclusione lavorativa e sociale.

Notes

http://www3.ti.ch/DFE/DR/USTAT/index.php?fuseaction=pubblicazioni.volume_dettaglio&anno=2012&idVolume=961&idCollana=121

Citation Key873

A “dramaturgical” analysis of spouse role enactment in expatriation: An exploratory gender comparative study in the diplomatic and consular field

TitleA “dramaturgical” analysis of spouse role enactment in expatriation: An exploratory gender comparative study in the diplomatic and consular field
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDavoine, E, Ravasi, C, Salamin, X, Cudré-Mauroux, C
JournalJournal of Global Mobility
Volume1
Number1
Pagination92-112
Keywordsdual career couples, expatriate management, expatriate spouse, expatriates, gender analysis, male spouse, social roles, spouses
Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the social role played by expatriate spouses during international assignments, using a dramaturgical approach. Design/methodology/approach – Role expectations were investigated on the basis of an exemplary case: the spouses of diplomatic and consular employees of the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Qualitative data were collected in interviews with 40 male and female spouses and analyzed with a “goffmanian” dramaturgical role analysis approach. Findings – The dramaturgical analysis of the accompanying persons’ discourse highlights the different dimensions of the expatriate spouse role and how expatriate spouses construct and personalize their role. Furthermore, this analysis brings new insights into the way male spouses may support female expatriates and reveals gender differences in the enactment of the expatriate spouse role. Research limitations/implications – This study has been carried out in the diplomatic sector, which might be more structured for the spouses in terms of role expectations than in multinational companies. Further research should be carried out to better understand these expectations in the context of multinational companies. Originality/value – The dramaturgical approach is a useful conceptual framework to explore the role enactment of the expatriate spouse, especially by considering the spouse role with a new distribution of gender roles. In this context, the role repertoire approach represents a promising field of investigation for research on expatriation and international mobility.

DOI10.1108/JGM-09-2012-0005
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Do financial incentives affect firms’ demand for disabled workers?

TitleDo financial incentives affect firms’ demand for disabled workers?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLalive, R, Wüllrich, J-P, Zweimüller, J
JournalJournal of the European Economic Association
Volume11
Issue1
Pagination25-58
Date Published02/2013
Abstract

A number of OECD countries aim to encourage work integration of disabled persons using quota policies. For instance, Austrian firms must provide at least one job to a disabled worker per 25 nondisabled workers and are subject to a tax if they do not. This “threshold design” provides causal estimates of the noncompliance tax on disabled employment if firms do not manipulate nondisabled employment; a lower and upper bound on the causal effect can be constructed if they do. Results indicate that firms with 25 nondisabled workers employ about 0.04 (or 12%) more disabled workers than without the tax; firms do manipulate employment of nondisabled workers but the lower bound on the employment effect of the quota remains positive; employment effects are stronger in low-wage firms than in high-wage firms; and firms subject to the quota of two disabled workers or more hire 0.08 more disabled workers per additional quota job. Moreover, increasing the noncompliance tax increases excess disabled employment, whereas paying a bonus to overcomplying firms slightly dampens the employment effects of the tax.

DOI10.1111/j.1542-4774.2012.01109.x
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Le rôle des réseaux sociaux pour le retour à l’emploi

TitleLe rôle des réseaux sociaux pour le retour à l’emploi
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBonoli, G, Lalive, R, Oesch, D, Turtschi, N, von Ow, A, Arni, P, Parrotta, P
PublisherSECO
Place PublishedBern
Keywordschômeurs, réinsertion, réseaux sociaux, sensibilisation
Abstract

Rapport pour la Commission de surveillance du fonds de compensation de l'Assurance chômage.

Citation Key870

Beyond collective denial: Public reactions to human rights violations and the struggle over the moral continuity of communities

TitleBeyond collective denial: Public reactions to human rights violations and the struggle over the moral continuity of communities
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsElcheroth, G, Spini, D
EditorSpini, D, Elcheroth, G, Corkalo Biruski, D
Book TitleWar, community and social change. Collective experiences in the Former Yugoslavia
Pagination205-226
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York

Estimating the relationship between time-varying covariates and trajectories: The sequence analysis multistate model procedure

TitleEstimating the relationship between time-varying covariates and trajectories: The sequence analysis multistate model procedure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsStuder, M, Struffolino, E, Fasang, A
JournalSociological Methodology
Volume43
Issue1
Pagination1-34
Date Published08/2013
ISSN0081-1750
Keywordsemployment trajectories, event history analysis (EHA), German reunification, life-course sociology, multistate model, sequence analysis
Abstract

The relationship between processes and time-varying covariates is of central theoretical interest in addressing many social science research questions. On the one hand, event history analysis (EHA) has been the chosen method to study these kinds of relationships when the outcomes can be meaningfully specified as simple instantaneous events or transitions. On the other hand, sequence analysis (SA) has made increasing inroads into the social sciences to analyze trajectories as holistic “process outcomes.” We propose an original combination of these two approaches called the sequence analysis multistate model (SAMM) procedure. The SAMM procedure allows the study of the relationship between time-varying covariates and trajectories of categorical states specified as process outcomes that unfold over time. The SAMM is a stepwise procedure: (1) SA-related methods are used to identify ideal-typical patterns of changes within trajectories obtained by considering the sequence of states over a predefined time span; (2) multistate event history models are estimated to study the probability of transitioning from a specific state to such ideal-typical patterns. The added value of the SAMM procedure is illustrated through an example from life-course sociology on how (1) time-varying family status is associated with women’s employment trajectories in East and West Germany and (2) how German reunification affected these trajectories in the two subsocieties.

URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0081175017747122
DOI10.1177/0081175017747122
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Analyse des événements d’histoire de vie. Estimation de modèles logistiques à temps discret

TitleAnalyse des événements d’histoire de vie. Estimation de modèles logistiques à temps discret
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLe Goff, J-M, Forney, Y
Secondary AuthorsAntonietti, J-P, Berchtold, A
JournalCahiers Recherche et Méthodes
Number3
Pagination1-27
PublisherUniversity of Lausanne
Place PublishedLausanne
URLhttp://www.unil.ch/webdav/site/consultation-statistique/shared/Cahiers_CREM/CREM_3.pdf

Méthodes non-paramétriques de l’analyse des événements du parcours de vie (Event history analysis). Estimation avec SPSS. Méthode de Kaplan-Meier et méthode actuarielle

TitleMéthodes non-paramétriques de l’analyse des événements du parcours de vie (Event history analysis). Estimation avec SPSS. Méthode de Kaplan-Meier et méthode actuarielle
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLe Goff, J-M, Forney, Y
Secondary AuthorsAntonietti, J-P, Berchtold, A
JournalCahiers Recherche et Méthodes
Number2
Pagination1-45
PublisherUniversity of Lausanne
Place PublishedLausanne
URLhttp://www.unil.ch/webdav/site/consultation-statistique/shared/Cahiers_CREM/CREM_2.pdf

Growing religious pluralism in early nineteenth-century Geneva: New methods for revealing hidden structures and dynamics from censuses

TitleGrowing religious pluralism in early nineteenth-century Geneva: New methods for revealing hidden structures and dynamics from censuses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsOris, M, Ritschard, G, Perroux, O
JournalPopolazione e Storia
Volume11
Number2
Pagination43-58
Keywords19th century censuses, dynamics, Geneva, implicative graphs, implicative statistics, religious pluralism
Abstract

This paper has a local, a general and a methodological ambition. We deal with a specific story, that of Geneva, the «Calvinist Rome», which was obliged in the first half of the nineteenth century to open its doors to the others, especially to the secular enemies who took the form of Catholic immigrants. Using implicative graphs we discover that the protestant religion remained the dominant structuring principle. While relatively stable protestant socioeconomic groups competed for power, Catholics did not take part in these struggles but grew demographically, remaining as invisible as possible.

DOI10.4424/ps2010-10
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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