Choix professionnels, orientations temporelles et scripts sexués des professions

TitleChoix professionnels, orientations temporelles et scripts sexués des professions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFassa Recrosio, F
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2013
Issue20.5
Pagination1-38
PublisherNCCR LIVES
Place PublishedLausanne
Type of ArticleArticle scientifique
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordsarticulation des temps sociaux, élites, genre, temporalités, transgression
Abstract

Les trois recherches (mixed method) que nous avons menées sur les professions supérieures (enseignant.e.-chercheur.e.s du monde académique, cadres de l’administration publique et enseignant.e.s de la scolarité post-obligatoire) ont montré que les organisations professionnelles jouent un rôle important dans la manière dont les deux sexes articulent temps professionnels et temps privé, orientant ainsi leur carrière selon des références prioritaires qui peuvent tenir à l’identité professionnelle ou à celle de genre.
Ces résultats nous amènent à discuter du pouvoir d’imposition des «images-guides» de l’orientation temporelle, intériorisées et fortement sexuées du fait d’une socialisation différencielle, et du rôle des contextes professionnels dans leur activation. Dans certains cas l’organisation professionnelle favorise un partage inégal et traditionnel des tâches éducatives alors que ses normes peuvent dans d’autres cas être à la source d’une remise en cause du régime de genre.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2013.20.5
Citation Key716

Where do industrial workers go after plant closure? Survey evidence two years after job displacement

TitleWhere do industrial workers go after plant closure? Survey evidence two years after job displacement
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsOesch, D, Baumann, I
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2013
Issue25
Pagination1-29
PublisherNCCR LIVES
Place PublishedLausanne
Type of ArticleResearch paper
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordslabour market, older workers, plant closure, unemployment
Abstract

This paper analyzes the re-employment prospects of displaced industrial workers. While scholars in political economy are pessimistic about the job prospects of displaced blue collar workers, the literature on labour market flows expects relatively smooth transitions into new jobs. We empirically examine these diverging views based on an individual-level survey on mass redundancy from five plants in Switzerland. Our analysis produces three main results. First, a surprisingly large share of displaced workers was back in employment about two years after being laid-off. 69 per cent were re-employed at the moment of the survey, 17 per cent remained unemployed and 11 per cent had gone into (early) retirement. Interestingly, a majority of workers did not transit to a service job, but returned to manufacturing. Second, our analysis shows smaller differences by education than expected. While having a tertiary degree improves the job prospects, re-employment rates vary little between highly and low educated workers. Third, we find a strong age barrier in re-employment. Among workers above 55 years, over 30 per cent were still unemployed about two years after plant closure. Re-employment rates thus vary much more between age cohorts than between educational levels, men and women or blue and white collar employees.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2013.25
Citation Key711