The wage penalty for motherhood: Evidence on discrimination from panel data and a survey experiment for Switzerland

TitleThe wage penalty for motherhood: Evidence on discrimination from panel data and a survey experiment for Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOesch, D, Lipps, O, McDonald, P
JournalDemographic Research
Volume37
Number56
Pagination1793–1824
Date Published03/2014
ISSN1435-9871
Keywordsdivision of household work, employers, motherhood, motherhood penalty, panel data, wage discrimination
Abstract

Background: The fields of demography, sociology, and socio-psychology have been increasingly drawing on social network theories, which posit that individual fertility decision-making depends in part on the fertility behavior of other members of the population, and on the structure of the interactions between individuals. After reviewing this literature, we highlight the benefits of taking a social network perspective on fertility and family research.
Objective: We review the literature that addresses the extent to which social mechanisms, such as social learning, social pressure, social contagion, and social support, influence childbearing decisions. Methods: We review the most recent contributions of the social networks approach for the explanation of fertility dynamics in contemporary post-industrial societies.
Conclusions: We find that all of the social mechanisms reviewed influence the beliefs and norms individuals hold regarding childbearing, their perceptions of having children, and the context of opportunities and constraints in which childbearing choices are made. The actual impact of these mechanisms on fertility tempo and quantum strongly depends on the structure of social interaction.

URLhttps://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol37/56/
DOI10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.56
Refereed DesignationRefereed