Social welfare effects of tax-benefit reform under endogenous participation and unemployment: An ordinal approach
|Title||Social welfare effects of tax-benefit reform under endogenous participation and unemployment: An ordinal approach|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||van Baalen, B, Müller, T|
|Journal||International Tax and Public Finance|
|Keywords||preference, search-matching models, social welfare, tax-benefit reform, unemployment|
This paper analyzes the social welfare effects of tax-benefit reforms in a framework integrating endogenous labor supply and unemployment. We adopt an ordinal approach to social welfare comparisons by searching for "socially desirable" reforms that would improve social welfare for an entire class of social welfare functions. In the model, there is a discrete distribution of individuals' productivities and individuals are heterogeneous with respect to leisure preferences (or disability of work). Labor supply decisions are limited to the participation decision. Unemployment is modeled in a search and matching framework with individual wage bargaining. For the social welfare analysis, the model is calibrated for Switzerland. Starting from a situation with an unemployment benefit scheme, the introduction of in-work benefits is shown to be a "socially desirable" reform: it would be unanimously preferred to the current situation according to all social welfare functions based on the criteria of Pareto, anonymity, and the principle of transfers. This result holds for two different types of preference heterogeneity (leisure preferences or disability of work) and also for the case where job search effort cannot be monitored.