Migration and reproduction in an urbanizing context. Family life courses in 19th century Antwerp and Geneva
|Title||Migration and reproduction in an urbanizing context. Family life courses in 19th century Antwerp and Geneva|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Schumacher, R, Matthijs, K, Moreels, S|
This paper investigates the family life course of native and immigrant women in 19th century Antwerp and Geneva, two contexts characterized by rapid population growth, urbanization and immigration. Using data from the COR-sample of Antwerp and from a family reconstitution of Geneva, we analyze individual family life courses in a sequential data perspective. We conceptualize the reproductive life course as a sequence of 4 states: the phase between the entry into reproductive age and marriage (1), the interval between marriage and first birth (2), the period of childbearing (3) and the phase of completed family size (4). The analysis shows an opposition between local immigrants (characterized by long child-bearing periods) and long-distance immigrants (longer periods of completed family size) in Antwerp. In Geneva, natives married at a much younger age than immigrants, which explains why their life course was characterized by a longer period of completed family size.