Intraindividual variability in inhibition and prospective memory in healthy older adults: Insights from response regularity and rapidity
|Title||Intraindividual variability in inhibition and prospective memory in healthy older adults: Insights from response regularity and rapidity|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Joly-Burra, E, Van der Linden, M, Ghisletta, P|
|Journal||Journal of Intelligence|
|Keywords||amplitude of fluctuations, autoregressive parameter, functional adaptability, functional diversity, Go/NoGo SART task, intraindividual variability, prepotent response inhibition, prospective memory, random process fluctuation|
Successful prospective memory (PM) performance relies on executive functions, including inhibition. However, PM and inhibition are usually assessed in separate tasks, and analytically the focus is either on group differences or at most on interindividual differences. Conjoint measures of PM and inhibition performance that take into account intraindividual variability (IIV) are thus missing. In the present study, we assessed healthy older adults’ level of performance and IIV in both inhibition and PM using a classical Go/NoGo task. We also created a prospective Go/NoGo version that embeds a PM component into the task. Using dynamic structural equation modeling, we assessed the joint effects of mean level (μ), an indicator of amplitude of fluctuations in IIV (or net IIV; intraindividual standard deviation, iSD), and an indicator of time dependency in IIV (the autoregressive parameter ϕ) in reaction times (RTs) on inhibition and PM performance. Results indicate that higher inhibition failure, but not IIV, predicted PM errors, corroborating the current literature on the involvement of prepotent response inhibition in PM processes. In turn, fastest RT latency (μ) and increased net IIV (iSD) were consistently associated with prepotent response inhibition failure, while coherence in RT pattern (ϕ) was beneficial to inhibition performance when the task was novel. Time-dependent IIV (ϕ) appears to reflect an adaptive exploration of strategies to attain optimal performance, whereas increased net IIV (iSD) may indicate inefficient sustained cognitive processes when performance is high. We discuss trade-off processes between competing tasks.