Education and employment

IP204 (former IP4)

Project leader: Rafael Lalive
Co-leader: Michele Pellizzari

IP204 proposes a research programme to improve our understanding of the factors affecting the employment outcomes for individuals in potentially vulnerable states: job seekers, mothers of new-born children, teenagers and young adults entering working life as well as mature adults with vocational education. In so doing, we take a life-course perspective focusing on processes of accumulation of (dis-)advantages, with a window of analysis that stretches from the short to the long term. We also pay particular attention to the resources that individuals have and evaluate social policies that aim to deal with vulnerability.

During Phase 1 (2011-2014), this project was entitled "Economic inequalities: Towards pathways out of vulnerability" (IP4)

Prof. Giuliano Bonoli, Prof. Mauro Cherubini, Prof. Daniel Oesch, Prof. Michele Pellizzari, Prof. José Ramirez, Prof. Martina Viarengo
Dr. Julie Falcon, Dr. Joelle Latina, Dr. Giannina Vaccaro

PhD Students:
Lionel Cottier, Maria Soledad Fernandez, Kalaivani Karunanethy, Mailys Korber, Fabienne Liechti, Patrick McDonald

Research assistants:
Hélène Benghalem, Gabriela Villalobos Zuniga

Junior SNSF Researcher:
Alessandro Di Nallo

News published on IP204


Selected publications

Other publications

Güell, M., Pellizzari, M., Pica, G., & Rodríguez, J. V. Mora. (2018). Correlating social mobility and economic outcomes. The Economic Journal, 128, 353–403. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12599
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1 MB)
Weber, S., Ramirez, J. V., & Luzzi, G. Ferro. (2019). Travail frontalier et maux du marché du travail : Le cas suisse.. Borders in Perspective - UniGR-CBS cahier thématique. Les travailleurs frontaliers au luxembourg et en suisse : Emploi, quotidien et perceptions, 2, 73–84. doi:10.25353/ubtr-xxxx-2824-db4c
Auer, D., & Fossati, F.. (2019). The absent rewards of assimilation: How ethnic penalties persist in the Swiss labour market. The Journal of Economic Inequality, 17, 285–299. doi:10.1007/s10888-018-9401-2
Carattini, S., Baranzini, A., & Lalive, R.. (2018). Is taxing waste a waste of time? Evidence from a supreme court decision. Ecological Economics, 148, 131–151. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.02.001
PDF icon Article (PDF) (672.28 KB)
Cottier, L., Degen, K., & Lalive, R.. (2019). Can unemployment benefit cuts improve employment and earnings?. Empirical Economics. doi:10.1007/s00181-019-01677-6
PDF icon Article (PDF) (790.53 KB)
Combet, B., & Oesch, D.. (2019). The gender wage gap opens long before motherhood: Panel evidence on early careers in Switzerland. European Sociological Review, 35, 332–345. doi:
PDF icon Article (PDF) (369.99 KB)
Korber, M., & Oesch, D.. (2019). Vocational versus general education: Employment and earnings over the life course in Switzerland. Advances in Life Course Research, 40, 1–13. doi:10.1016/j.alcr.2019.03.003
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.06 MB)
Bonoli, G., & Wilson, A.. (2019). Bringing firms on board. Inclusiveness of the dual apprenticeship systems in Germany, Switzerland and Denmark. International Journal of Social Welfare, 28, 369-379. doi:10.1111/ijsw.12371
PDF icon Article (PDF) (374.52 KB)
Bonoli, G., & Fossati, F.. (2018). More than noise? Explaining instances of minority preference in correspondence studies of recruitment. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. doi:10.1080/1369183X.2018.1502658
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.51 MB)
Bonoli, G. (2019). Social security policy. In A. Ladner, Soguel, N., Emery, Y., Weerts, S., & Nahrath, S. (Eds.), Swiss Public Administration: Making the State Work Successfully (pp. 309–322). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-92381-9_18
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (216.83 KB)
Bernhard, L., Fossati, F., Hänggli, R., & Kriesi, H. (Eds.). (2019). Debating unemployment policy. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108609340
Bonoli, G. (2018). Active labour market policies for an inclusive growth. In C. Deeming & Smyth, P. (Eds.), Reframing Global Social Policy: Social Investment for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth (1st ed., pp. 169–187). Bristol: The Policy Press.
Oesch, D., & Murphy, E.. (2017). Keine Erosion, sondern Wachstum der Mittelklasse. Der Wandel der Schweizer Berufsstruktur seit 1970. Social Change in Switzerland, 12, 1–13. doi:10.22019/SC-2017-00010
PDF icon Article(PDF) (530.81 KB)
Murphy, E., & Oesch, D.. (2017). Is employment polarisation inevitable? Occupational change in Ireland and Switzerland, 1970–2010. Work, employment and society, Advance online publication, 1–19. doi:10.1177/0950017017738944
PDF icon Article(PDF) (587.7 KB)
Oesch, D., & Rennwald, L.. (2018). Electoral competition in Europe's new tripolar political space: Class voting for the left, centre-right and radical right. European Journal of Political Research, Advance online publication., 1-25. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12259
PDF icon Article(PDF) (437.01 KB)
Weber, S., Ferro-Luzzi, G., & Ramirez, J.. (2018). Do cross-border workers cause unemployment in the host country? The case of Switzerland. Espace populations sociétés, Advance online publication, 1-29. doi:10.4000/eps.7301
PDF icon Article(PDF) (834.59 KB)
Latina, J., & Ramirez, J.. (2017). On the efficiency of school tracking: a perspective from outcomes in dual VET in Switzerland. Journal for Labour Market Research, 51, 1–19. doi:10.1186/s12651-017-0233-5
PDF icon Article(PDF) (988.98 KB)
Felfe, C., & Lalive, R.. (2018). Does early child care affect children's development?. Journal of Public Economics, 159, 33–53. doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2018.01.014
PDF icon Article(PDF) (540.84 KB)
Pellizzari, M., & Fichen, A.. (2017). A new measure of skills mismatch: theory and evidence from PIAAC. IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 6(1), Advance online publication. doi:10.1186/s40172-016-0051-y
PDF icon Article (PDF) (834.19 KB)
Efferson, C., M Cacault, P., Lalive, R., & Kistler, D.. (2016). The evolution of facultative conformity based on similarity. PLoSone, 11(16), e0168551. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168551
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.79 MB)
Eugster, B., Lalive, R., Steinhauer, A., & Zweimüller, J.. (2017). Culture, Work Attitudes, and Job Search: Evidence from the Swiss Language Border. Journal of the European Economic Association, 15, 1056–1100. doi:10.1093/jeea/jvw024
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.92 MB)
Lalive, R., & Parrotta, P.. (2017). How does pension eligibility affect labor supply in couples?. Labour Economics, 46, 177-188. doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2016.10.002
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.07 MB)
Baumann, I., Lipps, O., Oesch, D., & Vandenplas, C.. (2016). How to survey displaced workers in Switzerland? Ways of addressing sources of bias. In M. Oris, Roberts, C., Joye, D., & Ernst Stähli, M. (Eds.), Surveying Human Vulnerabilities across the Life Course (pp. 159-176). New York, USA: Springer.
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (252.54 KB)
Oesch, D. (2015). Occupational structure and labor market change in Western Europe since 1990. In P. Beramendi, Häusermann, S., Kitschelt, H., & Kriesi, H. (Eds.), The Politics of Advanced Capitalism (pp. 112-132). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (295.74 KB)
Carrascal, J. Pablo, de Oliveira, R., & Cherubini, M.. (2015). To call or to recall? That's the research question. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 22(1), 1-30. doi:
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.72 MB)
Liechti, F., Fossati, F., Bonoli, G., & Auer, D.. (2017). The signalling value of labour market programmes. European Sociological Review, 33(2), 257-274. doi:10.1093/esr/jcw061
PDF icon Article (PDF) (302.37 KB)
Auer, D., Bonoli, G., & Fossati, F.. (2017). Why do immigrants have longer periods of unemployment? Swiss evidence. International Migration, 55(1), 157-174. doi:10.1111/imig.12309
PDF icon Article (PDF) (140.59 KB)
Oesch, D. (2016). Wandel der Berufsstruktur in Westeuropa seit 1990: Polarisierung oder Aufwertung?. In Essays on Inequality and Integration (pp. 184-210). Zurich, Switzerland: Seismo.
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (369.66 KB)
Joye, D., & Falcon, J.. (2016). Soziale Ungleichheiten in der Schweiz: eine Bestandsaufnahme und aktuelle Herausforderungen. In B. Ziegler (Ed.), Ungleichheit(en) und Demokratie (First., pp. 21-41). Zürich: Schulthess.
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (1.19 MB)
Turtschi, N. (2016). Le réseau social: un outil inégalitaire?. Revue suisse de sociologie, 42(3), 499-520.
PDF icon Article (PDF) (602.78 KB)
McDonald, P. (2017). Improving our Understanding of Employer Decision-making Thanks to Factorial Survey Analysis. LIVES Working Paper, 61, 26. doi:
PDF icon Article (570.01 KB)
Korber, M., & Oesch, D.. (2016). Does Vocational Education Give a Happy Start and a Lousy End to Careers?. LIVES Working Paper, 57, 40. doi:
PDF icon Article (1.39 MB)
Arni, P., van den Berg, G., & Lalive, R.. (2016). Treatment Versus Regime Effects of Carrots and Sticks. LIVES Working Paper, 55, 1-40. doi:
PDF icon Article (663.42 KB)
Abrassart, A., & Bonoli, G.. (2015). Availability, cost or culture? Obstacles to Childcare Services for Low Income Families. Journal of Social Policy, 44(4), 787-806. doi:10.1017/S0047279415000288
Müller, T., & Tai, S. H. T.. (2016). Individual attitudes towards migration: reconciling opposing views. University of Geneva Working Paper Series, WPS 16-02-1.
PDF icon Article (PDF) (712.08 KB)
M Cacault, P., Goette, L., Lalive, R., & Thoenig, M.. (2015). Do we harm others even if we don’t need to?. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(729), 1-9. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00729
PDF icon Article (PDF) (3 MB)
De Giorgi, G., Paccagnella, M., & Pellizzari, M.. (2015). Gender Complementarities in the Labor Market. In S. W. Polachek, Tatsiramos, K., & Zimmermann, K. F. (Eds.), Gender Convergence in the Labor Market (Vol. 41, pp. 277- 298). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. doi:10.1108/S0147-912120140000041015
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (391.5 KB)
Lalive, R., Landais, C., & Zweimüller, J.. (2015). Market Externalities of Large Unemployment Insurance Extension Programs. American Economic Review, 105(12), 3564-96. doi:10.1257/aer.20131273
PDF icon Article (PDF) (3.1 MB)
Güell, M., Pellizzari, M., Pica, G., Mora, R., & V., J.. (2015). Correlating social mobility and economic outcomes. Working Papers of the Centre for Studies in economics and finance, 394. Retrieved from
PDF icon Article (PDF) (2.86 MB)
Leonardi, M., Pellizzari, M., & Tabasso, D.. (2015). Wage compression within the firm. Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA).
PDF icon Article (PDF) (824.47 KB)
Baumann, I., Lipps, O., Oesch, D., & Vandenplas, C.. (2016). How to survey displaced workers in Switzerland: Ways of addressing sources of bias. In M. Oris, Roberts, C., Joye, D., & Ernst Stähli, M. (Eds.), Surveying human vulnerabilities across the life course (pp. 159-176). New York: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24157-9_7
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (252.54 KB)
Falcon, J., & Joye, D.. (2015). Formation et mobilité sociale en Suisse: Regards sur cinquante ans d'inégalités. In G. Felouzis & Goastellec, G. (Eds.), Les inégalités scolaires en Suisse (pp. 201-224). Bern: Peter Lang.
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (432.1 KB)
Bigotta, M. (2015). Priority to local workers and its consequences on unemployment duration. LIVES Working Papers, 2015(46), 1-24. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.46
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.42 MB)
Bonoli, G., & Turtschi, N.. (2015). Inequality in social capital and labour market re-entry among unemployed people in Switzerland. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 42, 97-95. doi:10.1016/j.rssm.2015.09.004
PDF icon Article (PDF) (523.26 KB)
Boeri, T., De Philippis, M., Patacchini, E., & Pellizzari, M.. (2015). Immigration, housing discrimination and employment. The Economic Journal, 125(586), F82-F114. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12232
PDF icon Article (PDF) (253.28 KB)
Pellizzari, M., & Tabasso, D.. (2015). Swiss youth unemployment during the Great Depression. In J. J. Dolado (Ed.), No country for young people? Youth labour market problems in Europe (pp. 49-59). London: CEPR. Retrieved from
PDF icon Chapter (PDF) (317.59 KB)
Polidano, C., & Tabasso, D.. (2014). Making it real: The benefits of workplace learning in upper-secondary vocational education and training courses. Economics of Education Review, 42, 130-146. doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2014.06.003
PDF icon Article (PDF) (454.78 KB)
Polidano, C., Tabasso, D., & Tseng, Y. - P.. (2015). A second chance at education for early school leavers. Education Economics, 23(3), 358-375. doi:10.1080/09645292.2013.834294
PDF icon Article (PDF) (159.93 KB)
Oesch, D., & von Ow, A.. (2015). Do informal contacts increase labor market inequality? Social ties, job access and wages for the unemployed. LIVES Working Papers, 2015(38), 1-30. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.38
PDF icon Article (PDF) (986.92 KB)
Oesch, D. (2015). Welfare regimes and change in the employment structure: Britain, Denmark and Germany since 1990. Journal of European Social Policy, 25(1), 94-110. doi:10.1177/0958928714556972
PDF icon Article (PDF) (575.51 KB)
Baumann, I. (2015). Decreased well-being after job loss: testing omitted causes. LIVES Working Papers, 2015(36), 1-33. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.36
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.32 MB)
Murphy, E. (2014). Workers' movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. European Sociological Review, 30(6), 685-701. doi:10.1093/esr/jcu066
Arni, P., Lalive, R., & van Ours, J. C.. (2013). How effective are unemployment benefit sanctions? Looking beyond unemployment exit. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 28, 1153-1178. doi:10.1002/jae.2289
PDF icon Article (PDF) (265.43 KB)
De Giorgi, G., & Pellizzari, M.. (2013). Understanding social interactions: Evidence from the classroom. The Economic Journal, 124, 917-953. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12083
PDF icon Article (PDF) (343.45 KB)
Bonoli, G. (2014). Employers’ attitudes towards long-term unemployed people and the role of activation in Switzerland. International Journal of Social Welfare, 2014(23), 421-430. doi:10.1111/ijsw.12086
PDF icon Article (PDF) (108.41 KB)
Pellizzari, M., & Fichen, A.. (2013). A new measure of skills mismatch: Theory and evidence from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, 2013, 1-40. doi:10.1787/5k3tpt04lcnt-en
PDF icon Article (PDF) (760.4 KB)
Docquier, F., Müller, T., & Naval, J.. (2014). Informality and long-run growth. IZA Discussion Paper, 2014(7883), 1-42. Retrieved from
PDF icon Article (PDF) (611.79 KB)
Parrotta, P., Pozzoli, D., & Pytlikova, M.. (2014). Labor diversity and firm productivity. European Economic Review, 2014, 144-179. doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.12.002
PDF icon Article (PDF) (704.96 KB)
Parrotta, P., Pozzoli, D., & Pytlikova, M.. (2014). The nexus between labor diversity and firm's innovation. Journal of Population Economics, 27, 303-364. doi:10.1007/s00148-013-0491-7
PDF icon Article (PDF) (707.95 KB)
Murphy, E., & Oesch, D.. (2014). The feminization of occupations and wage change: A panel analysis of Britain, Germany and Switzerland. LIVES Working Papers, 2014(31), 1-31. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2014.31
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.15 MB)
Hanappi, D. (2013). Precarious Work: Agenda and implications for corporate social responsibility. In S. O. Idowu, Capaldi, N., Zu, L., & Das Gupta, A. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of corporate social responsibility (Vol. Volume 3 (I-R), pp. 1880-1886). Berlin: Springer.
Bonoli, G., & Natali, D. (Eds.). (2012). The politics of the new welfare state. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Oesch, D. (2012). Die Bedeutung von Gesamtarbeitsverträgen für die Arbeitsmarktregulierung in der Schweiz. Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht und Arbeitslosenversicherung, 1, 120-127.
PDF icon Article (PDF) (419.42 KB)
Bryson, A., Freeman, R., Lucifora, C., Pellizzari, M., & Pérotin, V.. (2013). Paying for performance: Incentive pay schemes and employees' financial participation. In T. Boeri, Lucifora, C., & Murphy, K. J. (Eds.), Executive remuneration and employee performance-related pay: A transatlantic perspective (pp. 123-278). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pellizzari, M. (2013). The use of welfare by migrants in Italy. International Journal of Manpower, 34, 155-166. doi:10.1108/01437721311320672
PDF icon Article (PDF) (90.74 KB)
De Giorgi, G., Pellizzari, M., & Woolston, W. G.. (2012). Class size and class heterogeneity. Journal of the European Economic Association, 10(4), 795-830.
PDF icon Article (PDF) (901.61 KB)
Lalive, R., Wüllrich, J. - P., & Zweimüller, J.. (2013). Do financial incentives affect firms’ demand for disabled workers?. Journal of the European Economic Association, 11(1), 25-58. doi:10.1111/j.1542-4774.2012.01109.x
PDF icon Article (PDF) (714.92 KB)
Kyyrä, T., Parrotta, P., & Rosholm, M.. (2013). The effect of receiving supplementary UI benefits on unemployment duration. Labour Economics, 21, 122–133. doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2013.02.002
PDF icon Article (PDF) (338.18 KB)
Oesch, D., & Baumann, I.. (2013). Where do industrial workers go after plant closure? Survey evidence two years after job displacement. LIVES Working Papers, 2013(25), 1-29. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2013.25
PDF icon Article (PDF) (666.81 KB)
Murphy, E. (2013). Workers’ movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. LIVES Working Papers, 2013(21), 1-40. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2013.21
PDF icon Article (PDF) (4.08 MB)
Marino, M., Parrotta, P., & Pozzoli, D.. (2012). Does labor diversity promote entrepreneurship?. Economics Letters, 116(1), 15-19. doi:10.1016/j.econlet.2012.01.004
PDF icon Article (PDF) (183.71 KB)
Bühlmann, F.. (2012). Configurations of atypical and precarious employment in Switzerland. LIVES Working Papers, 2012(15), 1-35. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2012.15
PDF icon Article (PDF) (971.92 KB)
Hanappi, D. (2011). Economic action, fields and uncertainty. Journal of Economic Issues, XLV(4), 785-803. doi:10.2753/JEI0021-3624450402
PDF icon Article (PDF) (186.03 KB)
Hanappi, D. (2011). Field, habitus, and economic reason: Prospects of conceptualizing economic action. LIVES Working Papers, 2011(6), 1-20. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2011.6
PDF icon Article (PDF) (451.33 KB)
Hanappi, D. (2011). An integrative approach to managerial and professional careers in post-industrial labour markets. LIVES Working Papers, 2011(2), 1-28. doi:10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2011.2
PDF icon Article (PDF) (1.1 MB)
Eugster, B., Lalive, R., Steinhauer, A., & Zweimüller, J.. (2011). The demand for social insurance: Does culture matter?. The Economic Journal, 121(556), F413-F448. doi:10.1111/ecoj.2011.121.issue-55610.1111/j.1468-0297.2011.02479.x
PDF icon Article (PDF) (566.01 KB)