Bringing firms on board. Inclusiveness of the dual apprenticeship systems in Germany, Switzerland and Denmark
|Bringing firms on board. Inclusiveness of the dual apprenticeship systems in Germany, Switzerland and Denmark
|Year of Publication
|Bonoli, G, Wilson, A
|International Journal of Social Welfare
|collective skill formation, macro-corporatism, VET, welfare state, www2, youth policy
In dual vocational education and training (VET) systems, the state and employers collaborate in order to meet a country's needs in terms of education for youth and professional skills for the labour market. These systems are considered as effective tools to lower youth unemployment. However, since firms in dual VET systems select the apprentices, not every candidate gets access to in-firm training. Consequently, governments develop measures that try to make their dual VET systems more inclusive. We present a categorisation of the different measures used to enhance inclusiveness in three dual collective skill formation countries (Switzerland, Germany and Denmark). We show that inclusiveness measures exist in each of the three countries but are limited in the extent to which firms are expected to play an active role in them. We conclude that the types of measures adopted are related to political economy traditions and the country's level of macro-corporatism.