6 LIVES members express themselves on poverty

6 LIVES members express themselves on poverty

The proceedings of the conference "Perspectives on poverty", which was held in Lausanne in fall 2010, have just been published (in French) and were presented at the Geneva 2012 Book Fair.

Under the direction of Professors Jean-Pierre Tabin, involved in the NCCR LIVES IP5, and François-Xavier Merrien, "Perspectives on Poverty" brings together contributions from scientists, heads of administration and politicians.

The symposium was organized by the Department of Health and Social Welfare of the Canton of Vaud, the University of Lausanne, the School of Social Work and Health - EESP and the IDHEAP (Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration).

Among the authors, we find Giuliano Bonoli, Jean-Michel Bonvin, Dominique Joye, Dario Spini and Robin Tillmann, who have in the meantime become members of the

National Center of Competence in Research LIVES, "Overcoming Vulnerability, Life Course Perspective".

More info on the State of Vaud's website

"Family happiness, what is it?" A contribution of LIVES researchers

"Family happiness, what is it?" A contribution of LIVES researchers

Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello and François Höpflinger, members of the NCCR LIVES, publish a book in German with Christof Kübler and Andreas Spillmann, published by the Neue Zürcher Zeitung.

What does family happiness mean? 3000 visitors to the exhibition "Families, everything continues as it never was" had answered this question in 2009 at the Swiss National Museum. For further reflection, the authors make a scientific contribution to these points of view and establish a current status of the family. They describe the development from a patriarchal institution to a community based on affection, and expose the current state of research on marital and family happiness. This review examines the general conditions of happiness in family life in the different phases of life. Children’s drawings and answers to questions from the public exhibition illustrate the book.

www.nzz-libro.ch

LIVES team creates a social network to communicate with young people

LIVES team creates a social network to communicate with young people

The project "Experiences", conducted by researchers at the Swiss National Center for Competence in Research LIVES, is concerned with problems of transition to work by the 15-30 years old people. A colorful homemade kind of Facebook will follow the life course of participants in this study.

Would you be friend with a bird-legged crab, a little boy who talks to his stuffed tiger, or simply with a wise academic? "Not sure", will probably answer the young people contacted by the Project Experiences. It is therefore a real challenge that the five representatives of a research team of NCCR LIVES - Overcoming vulnerability, life course perspectives – have set by creating www.ProjetExperiences.ch, a new social network whose members may appear under the most unusual avatars.

Veronica Eicher took the face of Calvin, the little boy of Calvin & Hobbes comic strip. This 31 years old young researcher admits eclectic tastes such as sewing and the music of the Killers. From April 30 to May 4, 2012, she and her colleagues will try to convince 240 young people in career orientation or preformation at the Center for orientation and professional training (COFOP) in Lausanne to create their own profile on the new online club.

"Correct preconceived ideas on Youth"

The difference with Facebook? Here everything that is said will be used for scientific purposes, in order to "correct the preconceived ideas on youth", the researchers explain. They want to understand what particular resources are mobilized by young people to address their problems and why some are doing better or worse than others in accessing training and work.

For this, the team will start by distributing a questionnaire of eight pages to COFOP classes, in order to identify different dimensions of these teenagers’ life: what group identity do they feel part of, what is their degree of satisfaction and well-being, and on the contrary what are their reasons for concern or stress, what are their plans and their means to achieve them.

The same type of questionnaire will also be sent to a thousand apprentices and young employees of the City of Lausanne under the age of 30 years. These initial data will give an overview of the current situation of a representative sample of youth.

Share concerns and successes

All participants will receive the proposal to open an account on www.ProjetExperiences.ch, so that they can report their experiences over time related to the workplace, share their concerns and successes. The team hopes that discussion groups will be formed, and that the network will be joined by other young people from the French speaking cantons. These testimonies will allow researchers to analyze the evolution of each and retain key events over a period of two to three years, information essential to the study of life course.

Created with the content management system Wordpress and the help of staff of the Computer Centre of the University of Lausanne, this website provides an innovative way to conduct social science research. Mouna Bakouri, a doctoral student in the project who has been heavily involved in its design with another doctoral Student, Marlène Barbosa, explains that "this type of tool is known to unite people in the voluntary and activist circles. In our case, it seemed appropriate to the age of the population of interest, and to our mixed methods, with quantitative and qualitative analyzes. The advantage for users is that the knowledge shared on the network cannot be used commercially."

The team also plans to conduct face to face interviews. “We will meet those who are voluntary and who match a certain profile, says Christian Staerklé, professor of social psychology and project leader. We will seek for example those who have an ascending life course, who succeed in facing their problems and getting rid of them. What interests us is the impact of the relational regulations, the support from family and friends, and the impact of political regulations, concerning those engaged in a collective project as an association or a civic movement.” This qualitative part will allow researchers to better understand certain life courses… and participants to find out who was hidden behind the louse with Martian antennas.

contact@projetexperiences.ch

2 public lectures as part of the LIVES doctoral program

The University of Geneva will host two speakers on 19 and 26 April 2012: Raffaela Piccaretta, researcher in statistics at the University of Bocconi (IT), and Cees Elzinga, professor of sociology at the Free University of Amsterdam (NL).

The LIVES Doctoral Program organizes two public lectures in English at Uni Mail, Room M-S130, bd. du Pont d'Arve 40 in Geneva, as part of its module of sequential data analysis.

  • The conference on Thursday, March 19th at 16:00 by Raffaella Piccaretta, specialized in statistical analysis, is entitled "A divisive clustering tree approach for sequence data".
  • The conference on Thursday, April 26th at 13:30 by prof. Cees Elzinga, also an expert in methodology, focus on "Intergenerational Transfer of demography patterns".

LIVES supports two conferences on the health of older workers

Organized among others by Jean-Marie Le Goff, advanced researcher at the Swiss National Center for Competence in Research LIVES, the afternoon of April 19, 2012 will host Anne-Francoise Molinié, demographer, and Brigitta Danuser, professor of occupational medicine.

The Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lausanne, will host two speakers on Thursday, April 19, 2012 from 2 PM to 6 PM in coffee Anthropos, Amphipôle building of the University of Lausanne, for half a day devoted to "Multidisciplinary Perspectives at the end professional career. "

This event is organized by Jean-Marie Le Goff, researcher at 3 of NCCR LIVES' projects (IP1, IP2, IP15) in collaboration with René Knüsel, Dean of the Faculty of Social and Political Science, and Beatrice Steiner, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory for Analysis of Social Policy, Health and Development, University of Lausanne (UNIL).

Anne-Francoise Molinié, demographer, is associate director of the Research Unit "Ages and Work" at the Centre for Research and Studies on the age and people at work (CREAPT), Noiy-le-Grand (France) . Her lecture is titled "Age, experience and health confronted to working conditions", and will develop the concept of strain at work and its measurement in statistical surveys.

Brigitta Danuser is full professor for occupational medicine at the 
University of Lausanne and director of the Institute for Word and Health. She will speak on "Aging at Work in Switzerland". Each of these lectures will be followed by a debate. They are part of the project "Living together under uncertainty" (Anthropos Foundation, Foundation of the 450th UNIL).

Prof. Dario Spini, director of NCCR LIVES (photo Hugues Siegenthaler)

"Can we promote robustness in life?" A lecture by Prof. Dario Spini

The French Section of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work at the University of Fribourg invited the director of the NCCR LIVES on April 18, 2012, as part of a series of public lectures on the theme of vulnerability.

Based on examples from family life and health in the very old age, Prof. Dario Spini, director of the Swiss National Center for Competence in Research LIVES, will develop lines of thought on the dynamics of vulnerability (and robustness) during life. What is the part of the individual, of the the social and of the political action in the life course? What are the principles that need our attention in order for an individual to go through life events and stress in a functional way?

The study of life course provides an interdisciplinary approach to the development of the individual in society. The aim of the NCCR LIVES is that this approach be also reflected by new approaches to public policy, whose objective is to compensate the lack of resources to ensure the fundamental rights to dignity and personal development.

Cycle of public lectures at the University of Fribourg

For 20 years the French Section of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work has launched a series of public lectures. The one that was completed in May 2011 was entitled "Ethics and social sciences. Between promises and distress"; the 2012 theme will be "Vulnerability: the fragility of the social ethics of care". This new round of public lectures will analyze the overall reorganization of the relationship between, on the one hand, existential finitude, social fragility, structural insecurity and, secondly, political transformation, ethics and practice of action on / with / for others. It will question both the meaning and the significance of the articulation "concern vs. vulnerability" at the heart of contemporary societies, as well as the reconstructions that its promotion already contributes to generate in the field of social intervention.

The conferences will be held from late February to mid-May 2012, always on Wednesdays from 5 PM to 7 PM.

Starting an innovative study on a young generation in Switzerland

Starting an innovative study on a young generation in Switzerland

NCCR LIVES researchers will analyze the life course of a few thousand people born between 1976 and 1996. Part of the sample will consist of young who have done their schooling in Switzerland and whose parents are from south-eastern Europe. A method of data collection not yet widespread in Switzerland will be tested.

From spring 2012, biographical questionnaires will begin to circulate in the three Swiss national languages to people between 15 and 35. The goal is to better understand the trajectories of young people today, and especially children of the second generation of immigrants. To create this sample, researchers at the National center for competence in research (NCCR) LIVES will resort to the network of the respondents in order to identify new people to interview.

A new method of data collection though the participants’ network

This study is a complement to data from the Swiss Household Panel (SHP). The latter, launched in 1999, is led by the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences FORS, with whom LIVES works. For the first time, the attention will be focused on young people, initially with particular interest for those whose parents are of Albanian culture, an important community in Switzerland but whose place in the Swiss society has been little investigated to date.

"For the pilot phase of this investigation, we will test a method commonly used in the United States and Canada, but new in Switzerland. When we take a random sample of residents, ethnic minorities are underrepresented. Instead, we will start with 20 people and ask them to give us details of their social network, to form a group of 600 people by repeating this process several times”, says prof. Dario Spini, director of the NCCR LIVES.

The data collection will continue in 2013, extending to nearly 2000 young people across Switzerland and from all origins. The NCCR LIVES commissioned the survey institute M.I.S. Trend to conduct the interviews. To preserve confidentiality, the answers will be anonymous: the researchers only have access to data with no name, no address and no exact date of birth.

Crucial data for the future

The researchers are studying several aspects of the trajectories of respondents: places of residence, types of cohabitation, relationships, family, work, schooling, health. As in all LIVES projects based on a longitudinal study of the life course, key events, the break points and factors related to the possible development of a vulnerability and resources to overcome it will be studied. A series of qualitative interviews will also be conducted by LIVES researchers to investigate further certain trajectories.

Prof. Michel Oris, co-director of NCCR LIVES

LIVES' co-director at the Swiss Conference of Social Action Institutions

During the National Day of the SCSAI, Thursday, March 15, 2012 in Biel, entitled "Too young to be old", prof. Michel Oris will evoke the lives and health of people over 65 years in Switzerland.

The director of the Interfaculty Gerontology Centre (IGC) and co-director of the NCCR "LIVES, overcome vulnerability, life course perspectives", will speak at 12:00 at the Palais des Congrès de Bienne.

See the full program below.

Conferences in econometrics for the opening of a professorship

On 19 and 20 March 2012, University of Geneva will host six candidates for a professorship in econometrics applied to social issues, whose research will have to match with the NCCR LIVES. Their presentation is open to the public.

These public lectures will be held at Uni Mail, 40 bd du Pont d'Arve, J.-C. Seydoux Room (No. 3250), 3rd Floor.

They are organized as part of the recruitment of a professor or associate professor in econometrics applied to social issues, a position that has been shaped according to the NCCR "LIVES, overcome vulnerability, life course perspectives", in which the incumbent must set his/her research.

See the full program below.

Photo Hugues Siegenthaler

5 shut down Swiss companies used as a case study on unemployment

For the thesis project of Isabel Baumann, graduate assistant at the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Lausanne, 750 former employees of bankrupted or relocated firms in Geneva and elsewhere responded to a questionnaire on the consequences of redundancy. This survey will provide a better picture of winners and losers.

1200 people who lost their jobs after plant closures in Geneva, Bern and Solothurn between early 2009 and mid-2010 received in fall 2011 a questionnaire about their current situation on a occupational, financial and personal level. 63% of these people responded to the survey, whose data are now being analyzed as part of the thesis of Isabel Baumann, PhD student at LIVES and Life course and Social Inequality Research Center (LINES), who presented her project on February 13, 2012 during the first “Doctoriales” of NCCR LIVES.

The five companies, formerly active in the areas of machine and printing industries, have experienced different fates: at best, the employees were dismissed with six-month notice and compensation; at worse, the entire workforce lost its job from one day to another without any indemnity.

The collected data indicate that two thirds of respondents were working again at the time of the survey, about two years after the plant closure, and half had found a new job within two months. Isabel Baumann’s hypothesis is that employers hire a person more easily when dismissed collectively than another type of unemployed because they believe the candidate's personal skills were not responsible for his dismissal. This theory will be verified by comparing the sample with a database of people with a similar profile but that did not undergo mass layoffs.

Maintain the skills

Another hypothesis states that workers, who accepted a temporary job as a transitory career step, face lower wage losses than workers with the same unemployment spell but without a temporary job. "I expect this result because a temporary job prevents the loss of occupational skills, and is interpreted by employers as a signal of motivation," says the doctoral student.

The thesis of Isabel Baumann will focus on those whose wellbeing and wages have been particularly impacted, positively or negatively, by the plant closure and reintegration to the labor market. 20% of workers have finally found a better paying job and 30% suffer wage losses. Among these, the doctoral student expects to see especially the low skilled, the older people, those who don’t speak well the local language or those having remained long in the same job, whose occupational skills are less easy to transfer. On the contrary, it is expected that the winners will be overrepresented among people with more general skills such as management, supervision or communication.

Concerning the impacts on social life and health, the relationships with friends and family were relatively unaffected by the event, contrary to the psychological health, which is most impacted, positively or negatively, by redundancy and its consequences. A closer analysis of the results will help better understand these mechanisms.

Photo Hugues Siegenthaler

The city of Lausanne participates to a study on the impact of paternity leave

During the NCCR LIVES’ 2012 “Doctoriales”, from February 13 to 14, Isabel Valarino presented a thesis project which aims to analyze the influence of the emergence of parental leave on the representations and practices of fatherhood. 20 fathers working in the administration of Lausanne will be interviewed.

Graduate assistant at the Life and Social Inequality Research Center (LINES) and member of LIVES’ IP 6, "Vulnerability at the interface of family and professional life: Gender and occupational differentials”, Isabel Valarino recently received the agreement of the Municipality to access the young fathers of the Lausanne's administration. In the coming months, she plans to interview 20 men who took advantage of paternity leave and 5 managers who have dealt with his absence. The City of Lausanne has been offering since mid-2010 a 21-day paternity leave to male employees, who represent a potential of nearly 100 people per year.

These qualitative interviews are one focus of the researcher, who will also conduct a quantitative study of all men who beneficiated of the paternity leave provided by the City of Lausanne, in order to compare those who took three full weeks with those who decided to quit only for a few days. In her thesis, the PhD student is also interested in the evolution of cultural values carried by the debate on paternity leave in the media, and the evolution of political and institutional debate, which is analyzed on the basis of various interventions at the federal Parliament and answers which followed.

According to Isabel Valarino, "Parental leave policies in Switzerland are gendered. Currently mothers only are defined as legitimate caregivers by the law." However, she assumes that although Switzerland, unlike many of its European neighbors, has yet no paternity or parental leave provided for by law, the debate surrounding this issue and the introduction of voluntary or negotiated right by some employers nevertheless participate in constructing representations and practices of fatherhood, going towards a greater investment of men in the education of their children.

Photo Hugues Siegenthaler

LIVES’ PhD students or affiliated confront their thesis project to experts

The “Doctoriales” 2012 of the NCCR hosted by the Universities of Lausanne and Geneva enabled 56 graduate students to present the status of their work to eminent representatives of the social sciences. Two days of stress, but also of fun.

Knotted stomachs, rashes and palpitations were the order of the first “Doctoriales” of NCCR LIVES on 13 and 14 February, 2012 in Lausanne. Interviewed by two experts per session, 56 doctoral students had 20 minutes to explain their research - its methodological framework, its methodology, its first results. Most presentations were held in English, the language of much of the expert - LIVES project managers or Advisory Board members from European and American universities.

"It was a good exercise in scale," says a French student, "but also an additional source of stress," adds a fellow Hispanic. Both note that the level of debate may have suffered from low oral expression and comprehension by the students. "I did not catch all the comments that were made about my work, one must admit, but I learned a lot after the session by talking face to face with an expert, who gave me excellent bibliographic advices and indicated a database that I did not know."

The presentations covered a wide range of issues addressed by the National Center of Competence in Research: family, work, health, migration, ages and methodology, almost always with the issue of vulnerability in the background. For PhD students, it was interesting to get feedback from other disciplines than their own: sociologists were interviewed by epidemiologists, demographers by economists, etc.

"A LIVES spirit"

In addition to promoting exchanges with renowned professors from several branches of the humanities, the “Doctoriales” were appreciated by the young researchers for the sheer pleasure of being among peers - usually in multiple locations -, to share their difficulties and learn from the others’ research during the sessions and outside, in the hallways or during meals. "It's good to compare themselves to others," said a fourth year doctoral student, "and it was simply cool to be all together. "

"We think that these Doctoriales helped to develop a LIVES spirit ", said after at the end of the two days Prof. Michel Oris, co-director of the center, and Delphine Fagot, head of the doctoral program, concluding: "What struck me is the playful side these days, despite the general stress... "

Two members of LIVES publish a book on family care for the elderly

Two members of LIVES publish a book on family care for the elderly

The results of the study SwissAgeCare / AgeCare Switzerland Latin, commissioned by the association of home care in Switzerland, were published in January 2012 by Hans Huber editions.

Edited by professors Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello and François Höpflinger, both members of the NCCR LIVES, with a foreword by Dr. Stephanie Mörikofer-Zwez, former president of the Swiss support services and home care, the book "Familial caregivers of elderly persons. Problems, needs, resources and cooperation with home-care professionals" is part of the series "Practical Nursing".
 
The research team from the Universities of Bern and Zürich highlights the problems, needs, resources, and the living conditions of family cargivers of elderly persons and their collaboration with home-care professionals. Thus, demographic, epidemiological and social developments are described and analyzed, as well as their impact on current and future needs of family caregiving and professional home-care. The study also highlights who is responsible of the familal care , how, why and under which conditions. This broadens the scope of action in view of a precise support, adapted to the demand and of a discharge of family caregivers.

NCCR's vice-director on the front page of UNIL's website

A portrait of Prof. Laura Bernardi retraces his biography from Rome to Lausanne via Belgium, the United States and Germany. A trajectory marked by the interest for mixed methods for this demographer inspired by anthropology and specialized in fertility issues.

See the portrait of prof. Laura-Bernardi, vice-director of NCCR LIVES, published by the Office of european research projects of University of Lausanne (Euresearch).

Professor Dario Spini invited to the Black Movie Festival in Geneva

The director of the NCCR LIVES will participate in a roundtable on the theme of "Figures of alienation" with the professors Sandro Cattacin and Jean Ziegler on February 21, 2012.

Resolutely against the current standardized cinemas, innovative, uninhibited, Black Movie offers each year for 10 days a program of emerging talents and established filmmakers whose films remain unreleased in Switzerland. Anchored in the contemporary world, a reflection of its aesthetic and social movements, it develops a thematic approach and focuses its sections around social issues or current events.

From February 17 to 27, the festival will offer about sixty films, including 10 in competition, plus a series of children's films as well as workshops and concerts. Twenty filmmakers will be present and two roundtables organized.

The one on the figures of alienation, February 21 at 7 pm to Function: Cinema, Grütli Art House, will bring together three experts in various fields of investigation: the economy with Jean Ziegler, the sociology with Sandro Cattacin and the psychology with Dario Spini, director of the NCCR "LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives." This debate is co-organized with the bi-monthly La Cité and will be led by Isabelle Csupor sociologist.

See the full program of the festival

NCCR LIVES organizes its first "Doctoriales"

On 13 and 14 February 2012 in Vidy (Lausanne), 57 LIVES doctoral students or affiliated to this National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) will present their thesis project in front of a series of experts. The program is available.

In four parallel sessions per half day, PhD candidates will present the status of their research as part of a wide range of themes covered by the NCCR "LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability, lifecourse perspectives": marriage, parenting, passage to adulthood, old age, social inequality, career paths, unemployment, migration...

They will be heard by a series of internal and external experts to LIVES, a total of 24 professors and researchers in sociology, psychology, social psychology, demography, socio-economics.

pixelfit © iStock

Looking at the social networks of unemployed people in Vaud

A questionnaire will be distributed to 5000 people looking for work during the months of February and March 2012, first step in an analysis of the impact of links with the human environment in access to employment. A project of the NCCR LIVES, hosted by the Universities of Lausanne and Geneva.

As from February 1st, 2012, and for two months, the newly unemployed people following the collective briefing on the unemployment insurance of Canton de Vaud (a meeting named “SICORP”, gateway to accessing the unemployment benefits), will receive a questionnaire of ten pages with multiple choice questions about their social network at large (parents, friends, neighbors, former colleagues, community associations, etc.). Participants will have twenty minutes to complete this survey related to the NCCR LIVES individual project (IP) No 4, directed by Professor Jean-Marc Falter, entitled Economic inequalities: Towards pathways out of vulnerabilityy.

During the next twelve months, people having found a new job will receive a second questionnaire. Those who are still unemployed after one year will receive a third type of form at the end of these twelve months, step considered as the transition to long-term unemployment.

Led by doctoral students Anna Von Ow and Nicolas Turtschi with post-doc Patrick Arni under the guidance of professors Giuliano Bonoli, Rafael Lalive and Daniel Oesch, such a survey on social networks and access to employment has never been done yet in Switzerland. "To our knowledge, only four studies were conducted in the world on the subject, but in different contexts," says Nicolas Turtschi, who holds a master's degree in social sciences.

The power of close relationships

The project is a continuation of the theory of Mark Granovetter on the strength of weak ties. In the early 70's, the latter argued that the distant network of a person - weak links - better than the closest - strong links – give better access to the flow of information, necessary process in reaching employment. Indeed, the usual circle of relationships does generally not bring new useful information. This theory is now called into question because it is believed that the group of intimates has other functions: it will be easier for example to be recommended by a relative than by a vague acquaintance.

The first data collected in the survey will be coded quickly, with the participation of two students from the IDHEAP and analyzed in conjunction with the results of the other two questionnaires. In parallel, Nicolas Turtschi will conduct qualitative interviews with about forty people suffering from the greatest obstacles to employment integration (age, education level, migration patterns, etc.).

Finally, a test will be conducted on the impact of information on the activation of social networks. Half of the hundred SICORP conducted in February and March will offer an awareness module given by the advisors of the regional employment offices (ORP). It will be possible to compare the results of those encouraged to mobilize their communities with those of the unemployed who have not had this type of incentive. This measure is of great interest to the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), which funds a part of the project.

The State of Canton de Vaud was another valuable ally of the research. "We have excellent contacts with the Employment Service, who supported us, and with the nearly 60 ORP counselors involved throughout the territory, whom we met in January for a half day. They were extremely motivated and positive", says Nicolas Turtschi.

Informal Economy, Vulnerabilities and Employment

Prof. Michel Oris, professor at the University of Geneva and co-director of NCCR LIVES, will open an international conference on "Informal Economy, Vulnerabilities and Employment" on February 9th and 10th, 2012, Geneva.

This international conference, organized by the Institute of Socioeconomics of the University of Geneva, in collaboration with the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium) and the International Labour Organization, is concerned with the interactions between informal economy, vulnerabilities and employment. It will bring over thirty experts from Africa, Asia, America and Europe together for an intensive two-days conference held in English at the University of Geneva.

Conference venue: Room M1160, Unimail, Bd Pont-d'Arve 40.

Admission is free but registration is necessary. Please sign in to sandra.constantin@unige.ch <mailto:sandra.constantin@unige.ch>.

More information: http://www.unige.ch/ses/socioeco/institut/recherche/InformalEconomy.html Contact: sandra.constantin@unige.ch, Isabelle.Hillenkamp@unige.ch or Michel.Oris@unige.ch

NCCR LIVES at the congress of the Swiss Society of Gerontology

Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello, professor at the Institute of Psychology at the University of Bern and head of an individual project within the PRN LIVES, will speak at the SSG convention of 2012 at the University "Miséricorde" of Fribourg. Posters on researches conducted by teams of professors Dario Spini and Michel Oris, respectively director and co-director of the NCCR LIVES, will also be presented during the congress.

The conference of Prof. Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello will take place in plenary on Friday, February 3 at 12:20. It will be titled "Grand Ages: solidarity between generations as a family challenge" and will be held in German.

As part of the National centre of competence in research (NCCR) LIVES, Prof. Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello is responsible for the individual project No. 12, "Vulnerability and Development: Developmental dynamics and differential effects of the loss of an intimate partner in the second half of life."

During the congress of the SSG, an exhibition and a poster competition of various researches will be held on Friday 3 all day. Several researchers from LIVES will present their work, supervised by Prof. Dario Spini, Director of the NCCR, University of Lausanne, and Prof. Michel Oris, co-director, University of Geneva. A session with the authors will run from 10:20 to 11:00. The award ceremony will take place at 15:30.

Analyzing the relationship between trajectories and predictors

Matthias Studer, doctoral student at the Department of Economics, University of Geneva, a member of LIVES, will speak on Tuesday, January 24th, 2012, at 12:30 at the premises of the NCCR LIVES, Vidy Building, Room 531.

  • Meeting "Methods and Research": dispersion analysis of sequences of states, trajectories and links between variables
  • Organized by Prof. André Berchtold, senior lecturer and fellow at PRN LIVE, a joint seminar between the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (SSP) of the University of Lausanne and the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences (FORS)

The sequence analysis has become one of the preferred methods to analyze the trajectories. It allows to study in a holistic recurring patterns and taking into account the multiplicity of possible states. Technically, this is based on a measure of distance between trajectories, which allows to compare them. In practice, these distances are often used to construct a typology of trajectories and trajectories identify types.

Beyond the descriptive approach, the focus is typically to identify factors that influence the construction of the path. To do this, it is customary to relate the types obtained with other factors of interest, such as gender, using logistic regression or tests of association. However, focusing on the types of trajectories, we lose information, which can lead to misleading conclusions. We present a set of methods that can analyze the relationship between the sequences on the one hand and one or more explanatory factors on the other. Originally used in ecology, these methods rely on the definition of a measure of dispersion of the sequences and on a generalization of the principles of analysis of variance (ANOVA) for all types of dissimilarities. Conceptually, these methods allow a paradigm shift. Rather than relying on the search for models of trajectories, we consider that they are inserted in multiple contexts that influence - in their own way - the construction of a trajectory. These methods thus complement traditional sequence analysis, primarily exploratory, with a confirmatory approach.

Matthias Studer holds a DAS in sociology from the University of Geneva. He is currently a doctoral student in the Department of Economics, University of Geneva. Inside NCCR LIVES, he participates to IP6 and IP14.

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