Successful call for contributions for the next publication "Innovation and Social Intervention"

A successful call for authors. The publication project "Innovation and Social Intervention", planned for the end of 2020, has attracted a great deal of interest - as evidenced by the large number of proposals.

Launched at the end of June, the call for authors for the publication (in French) "Innovation et intervention sociales : impacts, méthodes et mises en œuvre dans les domaines de la santé et de l’action sociale" received nearly fifty publication intentions. For this still relatively new field of activity, this call marks a turning point. Its success demonstrates the interest of people involved in this research domain and the development of this theme within universities and institutions active in the fields of health and social action, in Switzerland and abroad.

This call accompanies the establishment of the "LIVES social innovation" lab which aims to support the development of concrete solutions to overcome vulnerability and thus addresses the social needs and problems that affect our societies in full transformation. Currently in preparation, the laboratory's activities are scheduled to begin in spring 2020. "LIVES social innovation" is the result of a collaboration between the NCCR LIVES and the University of Applied Sciences of Western Switzerland (HES-SO), particularly in the fields of social work and health.

If you have any questions about this, please contact Dr. Pascal Maeder, NCCR LIVES Knowledge Transfer Officer and General Secretary of "LIVES Social Innovation": pascal.maeder@hes-so.ch; + (0)79 362 45 17

Trajectories of mental well-being around critical live events: longitudinal analyses based on the SF12-questionnaire

Trajectories of mental well-being around critical live events: longitudinal analyses based on the SF12-questionnaire

Nicolas Sommet and Leen Vandecasteele invite Marco Giesselmann from the University of Zurich in order to give a lecture for the LINES / LIVES conferences "Life course and social inequalities".

Since the beginning of the 2000s, an approved measurement of mental health has been integrated into several large scale, representative longitudinal surveys: the Short Form 12/36 Health Questionnaire (SF12/36). A common indicator derived from this questionnaire is the Mental Component Summary score (MCS). This indicator is particularly relevant for sociology, and specifically suitable for life course related research: the underlying items address mental tensions and stress - typical outcomes of social stigma and role conflict associated with critical life course transitions. Compared with standard measures of well-being and life satisfaction, MCS shows a curbed short-term impact of critical life events on well-being. On the basis of data from the German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP), it also appears that MCS is not subject to the baseline effects, but rather captures enduring impacts of life course transitions.

Venue

  • Monday, 21 octobre 2019 - 12:15-13:30
  • University of Lausanne, Géopolis, room 5799

Changes in family composition and their effects on social capital in old age: evidence from a longitudinal study conducted in Switzerland

La Faculté des Sciences de la société de l'Université de Genève propose un programme de conférences: "Les déjeuners sociologiques"

Pour ce "Déjeuner", la doctorante du PRN LIVES Julia Sauter présentera sa recherche "Changes in family composition and their effects on social capital in old age: evidence from a longitudinal study conducted in Switzerland"

Conférence 

  • Date et heure: jeudi 21 novembre 2019, 12h30-14h00
  • Lieu: Uni Mail, salle M4276
  • Conférencière: Julia Sauter PRN LIVES, UNIGE - SdS
  • Discutant: Stéphane Cullati, UNIGE - SdS

Voir le programme complet des Déjeuners sociologiques

De "sans-papier" à "Régularisé·e via l'opération Papyrus": trajectoires individuelles et familiales, projets et aspirations.

La Faculté des Sciences de la société de l'Université de Genève propose un programme de conférences: "Les déjeuners sociologiques"

Pour ce "Déjeuner", la doctorante du PRN LIVES Liala Consoli fera une présentation du projet de recherche étudiant la santé des migrant·es sans papier régularisés par le projet "Papyrus" de l'Etat de Genève. 

Conférence

  • Date et heure: jeudi 17 octobre 2019, 12h30-14h00
  • Lieu: Uni Mail, salle M4276
  • Conférencière: Liala Consoli, PRN LIVES, UNIGE - SdS
  • Discutante: Myrian Carjabal, Haute école de travail social, Fribourg, HES-SO. 

Voir le programme complet des Déjeuners sociologiques

5 à 7 de la FBM - Santé, vulnérabilité et parcours de vie

Les 5 à 7 DE LA FBM - SANTÉ, VULNÉRABILITÉS ET PARCOURS DE VIE

Les enjeux de santé publique seront au coeur de cette conférence, qui unit des chercheurs de la Faculté de Biologie et de Médecine et de la Faculté des Sciences sociales et politiques de l'UNIL.

La Faculté de biologie et de médecine (FBM), en collaboration avec la Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques (SSP) de l’UNIL, vous invite à une soirée de conférences 

ouverte à toutes et à tous. 

Santé, vulnérabilités et parcours de vie

Lundi 11 novembre 2019, 17h-19h
Auditoire César Roux | CHUV | Lausanne

Programme

«Vulnérabilité aux urgences: pour la pratique d’une médecine sociale»
Prof. Patrick Bodenmann, FBM-UNIL et Unisanté

Chef du Département vulnérabilités et médecine sociale

«Le développement du bien-être tout au long de la vie»
Prof. Laura Bernardi, SSP-UNIL
Institut des sciences sociales et Centre de recherche sur les parcours de vie et les vulnérabilités

«Santé, droits et précarité: deux exemples tunisiens
Prof. Irene Maffi, SSP-UNIL
Institut des sciences sociales et Laboratoire d’étude des sciences et des techniques 

«Santé et vulnérabilités: quelques enjeux pour la santé publique» 
Dre Stéfanie Monod, État de Vaud
Directrice de la Direction générale de la santé

Voir le programme complet

Know personal networks to better identify vulnerable people

Know personal networks to better identify vulnerable people

Family solidarity remains at the heart of public policies, despite the "destandardization" of life courses. Indeed, networks of personal relationships have now diversified and rely namely on friends or colleagues. This is shown by the results of the Family tiMes study, which encourages the development of social and family policies that are more grounded in the reality of life trajectories and that would allow for better targeting of at-risk groups.

Individuals' social relationships are built up over transitions in life trajectories, such as parenthood, unemployment or an accident, and the duration of the different stages. In their article, researchers Gaëlle Aeby, Jacques-Antoine Gauthier and Eric D. Widmer show that contemporary life courses are subject to "de-strandardization" due to the uncertainty of the trajectories and reversibility of certain events, such as marriage or the choice of a profession. As a result, individual roles change and modify the structure of personal networks.  

The Family tiMes survey, which includes some 800 people born in the 1950s and 1970s, reveals that the network of "very important" people has an average of 4 members. Based on these data, the three researchers identify seven types of personal networks, four focused on family, and three on friends. The nuclear family (spouse and children) is thus at the centre of the relationships of individuals who have become parents in their twenties. On the other hand, networks that give pride of place to friendly ties are those of people who prefer a conjugal life (without children), who are single or who have experienced a marital breakdown. In these networks, friends play a key role as providers of emotional and material support.

Better identify at-risk groups

In Switzerland, solidarity standards, particularly for childcare, education funding or support for the elderly, are still strongly based on family and individual autonomy. In order to better identify groups at risk, public policies would benefit from targeting critical life events. They could thus adjust to the needs of each individual and take into account the hazards of contemporary family trajectories.

www.socialchangeswitzerland.ch 

Programme of the 1st "Swiss Internet Intervention Day" - 8th November 2019

Programme of the 1st "Swiss Internet Intervention Day" - 8th November 2019

The first « Swiss Internet Intervention Day » takes place at the University of Lausanne on 8th November 2019, on the theme “Guided and unguided psychological internet interventions : Tailoring programs to the clients’ needs”.

This first edition will bring together researchers from different Swiss universities working with Internet-based intervention methods. They will share their extensive experience in keynote talks about tailoring interventions to specific populations and the therapeutic alliance. The Swiss Internet Intervention Day will offer an opportunity to share and discover the current richness of the work carried out in Switzerland and internationally as well as develop future questions and research directions.

Subscription through this form is required for this event. 

Information and programme are in the following document and on the website of the University of Lausanne

In addition to this event, Prof. Andersson will give a workshop on Saturday 9th November 2019 on "The application of Internet Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in practice" 

Job openings at NCCR LIVES

NCCR LIVES "Overcoming vulnerability: Life course perspectives" offers two postdoctoral Researcher SNSF positions.

The NCCR LIVES aims at better understanding the phenomenon of vulnerability as well as the means to overcome it by adopting longitudinal and comparative approaches. The scope of this research centre is to stimulate interdisciplinary and international scientific publications and exchanges, and particularly to support younger scholars.

For more information about NCCR LIVES, watch our portrait video

Refugee routes: information night about Afghanistan

Refugee routes: information night about Afghanistan

On September 26th, 2019 the NCCR LIVES will stand alongside the Swiss Refugee Council (SRC) for an event offering several presentations about the situation of Afghan refugees and asylum seekers, in order to better understand the context in their country and the procedures that they face in Switzerland.

This event will take place in French. Please look at the French version of this news for further information.

Workshop "Presentation and discussion of the OECD employment outlook 2019"

Workshop "Presentation and discussion of the OECD employment outlook 2019"

The workshop Presentation and discussion of the OECD employment outlook 2019 will be held on 18 September at the Centre médical universitaire (CMU), in Geneva.

The highlight of the workshop is a presentation by Dr. Andrea Bassanini, Senior Economist in the Jobs and Income Division of the Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs of the OECD. 

Please find below the programme of this event, organized by Prof. Michele Pellizzari from NCCR LIVES, and subscribe via the following Doodle link. 

Appel à candidature du premier prix de master de l’Institut de démographie de l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

En hommage à Valeria Solesin, le prix de master, dont le montant s’élève à 1000 euros, est destiné à soutenir un travail original et d’excellente qualité en démographie et sciences de la population

Le. La candidat.e soumettra une synthèse sous forme d’un « quatre pages » dont un jury appréciera les qualités. Le document reprendra tout ou partie du mémoire de recherche de M2. Toutes les thématiques relevant de la démographie et des sciences de la population sont les bienvenues. Le critère d’évaluation est la qualité du quatre pages au regard des attentes du champ scientifique :

  • problématique clairement définie, clarté du propos
  • pertinence de la démarche et des méthodes mobilisées
  • discussion des résultats

La date limite d’envoi des dossiers est le 30 septembre 2019 (23 h au plus tard). Ils sont à adresser par mail aux adresses suivantes : diridup@univ-paris1.fr et virginie.barrusse@univ-paris1.fr

Le jury est composé des personnalités suivantes 

  • Laura Bernardi, professeure, Université de Lausanne
  • Benoît Ceroux, chargé de recherche et d’évaluation à la CNAF
  • Virginie De Luca Barrusse, professeure, directrice de l’IDUP
  • Virginie Dejoux, maîtresse de conférences, Université de Dijon
  • Pauline Hervois, docteure en démographie, IDUP
  • Renaud Orain, maître de conférences à l’IDUP
  • Arnaud Régnier-Loilier, directeur de recherche à l’INED
  • Juliette Robin, chargée d’études statistiques à la DREES (service statistique du ministère des Solidarités et de la Santé)

Pour plus d'informations, consulter le fichier ci-dessous.

7th Swiss Festival of Qualitative Methods: "Open data and qualitative research in the social sciences"

7th Swiss Festival of Qualitative Methods: "Open data and qualitative research in the social sciences"

The seventh edition of the "Swiss Festival of Qualitative Methods" will take place on Monday 9 and Tuesday 10 September 2019 at the University of Lausanne (Géopolis building). The Festival presents recent innovations in the field of qualitative and mixed methods. During this edition, it will highlight the issues and challenges raised by open data in the field of qualitative research, through three thematic workshops and two plenary sessions.

The Festival offers a platform for exchange for researchers in the social sciences and humanities (and especially for doctoral and post-doctoral students) wishing to learn new methods.  It also aims to bring together the qualitative research community active in French-speaking Switzerland and will be conducted mainly in French. More specifically, renowned specialists will be available to discuss the application of methods and theories in various research workshops. Participants who so wish will have the opportunity to address issues as close as possible to their concerns.

Registration deadline: 5 September 2019

For more information about the event, please read the French version of this news or visit the Festival website

"Cause commune" Project - First meeting with the population of Chavannes-près-Renens

"Cause commune" Project - First meeting with the population of Chavannes-près-Renens

On Tuesday 9 July 2019, researchers from the NCCR LIVES, representatives of associations and employees of the City of Chavannes-près-Renens (Vaud) met with the population of the same municipality to discuss the needs of the inhabitants. The objective is to develop activities that improve their social environment and quality of life, focusing on social connection.

Involve residents in the organization of their city. This is the core of the "Cause commune" project, which the LIVES National Centre of Competence in Research "Overcoming Vulnerability: Life-Course Perspectives" is carrying out in collaboration with the City of Chavannes-près-Renens. Indeed, while material security is essential to guarantee a good quality of life, the social environment and the possibility of being an actor of this common space is a determining factor in the mental and physical health of the population. 

Targeting population groups

In order to ensure that community activities meet the real needs of the population, residents actively participate in their definition through focus groups facilitated by representatives of the Social Cohesion Department of the Commune of Chavannes. These meetings are organised by district with local actors (associations, representatives of the authorities, police, etc.). During the first forum, held at the Collège de la Planta, four groups were able to exchange ideas and points of view on activities that could be carried out, as well as on the method used: 

  • children (0-10 years old)
  • young people (11-24 years old)
  • parents
  • seniors (55+)

Many ideas were brought forward and discussed, such as waste management and the creation of a friendly sports centre. The forum was also an opportunity to present the Cause commune approach and the research projects that support it.

The "Cause commune" project in brief

This intervention and research, co-financed by the Etat de Vaud and the Fondation Leenaards, aims to test the impact of the social environment on the health of the inhabitants. Conducted over four years, it will include three phases:

  1. establish a diagnosis, in close collaboration with the municipal authorities and the population.
  2. develop new activities on the basis of information collected from the population.
  3. issue recommendations, which may also be useful to other municipalities and cantons.

More information on the "Cause commune" project is available on the City of Chavannes website. 

SOLIDARITIES graduate student conference

Questions of how solidarity forms—and why and when it sticks—have been foundational to the social sciences: early scholars were attentive to social cohesion and class unity; more recently, notions of solidarity have been conceptualized in relation to performative assemblies of social movements and networks of collective action. We invite paper contributions from across disciplines as well as multi-modal presentations (performance, poetry, video, sonic ethnography, or demonstration), which explore the complex engagements with solidarity that emerge from—and respond to—anthropology’s history, methods, and modes of analysis.

Keynote

Mythri Jegathesan is a cultural anthropologist and Assistant Professor at Santa Clara University (SCU). Since 2008, she has conducted ethnographic projects on labor aspiration and postwar agro-economic transitions and with members of the Working Women's Front, the first women-led trade union to organize women workers across formal and informal sectors in Sri Lanka. Dr. Jegathesan has published in Anthropological Quarterly, Dialectical Anthropology, and SAMAJ: South Asia Multidisciplinary Journal. Her first monograph, Tea and Solidarity: Tamil Women and Work in Postwar Sri Lanka, is part of the Decolonizing Feminisms series of University of Washington Press. 

Submission Guidelines

  • Individual Presentation SubmissionsPlease submit a concise abstract (max. 300 words) along with a brief bio (presenter’s name, program, year of study, research focus, and contact information) to jhuanthrogradconference@gmail.com by July 15, 2019. For multi-modal presentations, please indicate any equipment requirements. 
  • Panel Submissions: Please submit a concise panel abstract along with three to four individual paper abstracts (max. 300 words) to jhuanthrogradconference@gmail.com by July 15, 2019. 
  • The conference will take place on Friday and Saturday, September 20-21, 2019 at Johns Hopkins University’s Homewood campus. We encourage submissions from graduate students across disciplines as well as artists and practitioners. Submission of full papers is required no later than two weeks prior to the start of the conference. 

New issue of LIVES Impact: "Mental Health through Internet-basd Intervention? Using LIVIA to overcome grief"

Mental health services are rapidly adapting to the digital age, offering an increasing number of internet-based interventions such as LIVIA. Aimed at people experiencing prolonged grief symptoms due to the loss of a spouse, LIVIA offers similar advantages to other internet-based interventions. Therefore, the timing and pace of the intervention can be determined individually. Moreover, IBIs such as LIVIA also offer a high level of anonymity, removing barriers to counselling or therapy due to stigmatization.

Key messages

  • Internet-based interventions in mental health such as LIVIA are easy to access, affordable, offer a high degree of anonymity and reduce stigmatization associated with traditional face-to-face therapies/interventions.

  • Consisting of 10 weekly sessions, LIVIA has been shown to reduce grief, depression and psychological distress whilst increasing satisfaction with life among older adults experiencing prolonged grief symptoms.

  • Drawing on cognitive behavioural therapy, LIVIA is effective after spousal bereavement and separation/divorce also for individuals with less severe grief symptoms, making it suitable for indicated prevention.

     

Find here the complete version of the policy brief

Le non-recours à l'aide sociale

Un nombre important de personnes qui pourraient bénéficier de lʹaide sociale ne réclament rien. Le non-recours à ces aides peut être dû à un manque dʹinformation ou au parcours administratif difficile pour les obtenir. Mais certaines personnes ne souhaitent tout simplement pas avoir recours à une assistance.

En Suisse, de nombreuses ont droit à des prestations sociales, mais n'en font pas la demande. Frédérique Leresche, chargée de recherche à lʹécole dʹétudes sociales et pédagogique et doctorante du PRN LIVES analyse les raisons qui poussent ces gens à refuser lʹaide proposée. Elle s'est exprimée en mai au micro de l'émission radio Tribu de la RTS-La 1ère

Division of Labour within Families in Europe: The Role of Gender Regimes and Other Socio-Cultural Factors

The concept of work-life conflict has attracted increasing attention from scholars during the last decades. This can be explained by the profound global changes in family lives and family organisation since the 1970s. The main aim of this thematic issue is to examine the relationship of gender norms and other socio-cultural factors with the perceived work-life conflicts among men and women across European countries with different welfare regimes.

Europe is an interesting case as European countries experienced very different trajectories regarding these changes. North-Western European countries saw a substantial increase in female labour force participation: women's work patterns changed (and still do) as women do not tend to withdraw anymore from the labour market after marriage or motherhood but remain employed until retirement. While in the Nordic countries some institutional reforms started to decrease women's burdens, elsewhere, including in Southern Europe, where female labour force participation started to increase later, i.e., in the 1990s, women's additional commitment to work was not complemented with the development of the necessary structures to support family-related work. At the same time Central-Eastern European post-socialist countries experienced a substantial decline in female labour force participation throughout the 1990s because of the economic restructuring from state-socialist full-employment to market economies. This transition also brought a rise in work pressure and cuts in welfare services, leaving more burden of care on the families.

Although there is much research on work-life conflict, we still know very little about how micro- and macro-level variables influence work-life conflict across and within European countries. Comparative research that attempts to explain country-differences in work-life conflict is still scarce, and the existing studies show puzzling results, when for instance high levels of work-family conflict are reported for countries known for generous work-family policies. These suggest that work-life conflict issues should be examined from a broader perspective: socio-cultural and economic factors such as gender norms and national policies might modify or interact with the relationship between working conditions and work-life conflict.

The main aim of this thematic issue is to examine the relationship of gender norms and other socio-cultural factors with the perceived work-life conflicts among men and women across European countries with different welfare regimes. 

Editor(s)

Michael Ochsner (FORS Lausanne, Switzerland / ETH Zurich, Switzerland), Ivett Szalma (MTA TK—Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary) and Judit Takács (MTA TK—Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)

Information

Instructions for Authors

Authors interested in submitting a paper for this issue are asked to consult the journal’s instructions for authors and send their abstracts (about 250 words, with a tentative title and reference to the thematic issue) by email to the Editorial Office: si@cogitatiopress.com.

Open Access

The journal has an article publication fee to cover its costs and guarantee that the article can be accessed free of charge by any reader, anywhere in the world, regardless of affiliation. We defend that authors should not have to personally pay this fee and advise them to check with their institutions if funds are available to cover open access publication fees. Institutions can also join Cogitatio’s Membership Program at a very affordable rate and enable all affiliated authors to publish without incurring any fees.

Social Innovation and Intervention: Impact, Methods and Implementation in the Healthcare and Social Sectors (publication project)

Social innovation is a relatively recent reference which has gradually been defined as an alternative to technological innovation. It marks the rejection of economic growth as the sole perspective for development. For proposals, we call on all authors in the field of social and healthcare interventions who are dealing with questions related to social innovation and are keen to share their knowledge and experience, particularly within the context of Switzerland (but not only).

We are considering three types of contributions:

  • “Long” texts with a maximum of 40,000 characters (including empty spaces & excluding the bibliography) seeking to explore a question / theme in detail;
  • “Concise” texts with a maximum of 20,000 characters (including empty spaces & excluding the bibliography) allowing, for example, for the description and analysis of a specific social innovation project or measure.
  • “Short contributions” such as, for example, personal accounts, widening the standard scope of academic publications using illustrative insets and thus open the project to other forms of expression. These insets may consist of 2500 to 3500 characters (including spaces) or fill one page.

 We invite all interested authors to submit proposals as follows:

  • title
  • 4-5 keywords
  • proposed form of contribution (“long”, “concise” or “short”)
  • topic of the contribution with the questions addressed and the link to one of the above-mentioned dimensions and, if applicable, brief description of empirical data (method of analysis, results) and 3 to 4 bibliographical references (maximum 1800 characters including empty spaces)
  • a short biography of the author(s)

Please signal your interest to make a contribution by July 15, 2019, writing to pascal.maeder@hes-so.ch. Proposals may be sent to the same address until September 15, 2019. 

La fabrique des parents - devenir et être parent en fonction des contextes géographiques, historiques et culturels

L'objectif de cette journée est d'étudier la parentalité sous toutes ses formes, à travers trois questions principales : quelles sont les modalités d’entrée et d’exercice de la parentalité, en fonction des contextes sociaux, économiques, politiques, légaux, historiques, géographiques ou de la trajectoire propre du parent ? Comment évolue la parentalité en fonction de l’âge de l’enfant ? Comment les normes de parentalité (“bonne” ou “mauvaise” manière d’être parent, déclinaison de la parentalité en fonction du sexe du parent) influencent son exercice ? Cet appel est ouvert à toutes les disciplines de sciences humaines : histoire, sociologie, anthropologie, droit, géographie, démographie, etc.

Les propositions de communication (4000 signes maximum espaces compris, titre, résumé de 400 signes maximum et principales références bibliographiques) devront être envoyées le 2 septembre 2019 au plus tard, par courriel à l’adresse : reppama.contact@gmail.com.

Les résultats de la sélection seront communiqués le 4 novembre 2019.

 

Vulnerability of lone parents: social policy support makes all the difference
Dr. Ornella Larenza

Vulnerability of lone parents: social policy support makes all the difference

In her thesis entitled "Social policy shaping the life-course: A study on lone parents' vulnerability", Dr Ornella Larenza demonstrates that access to social policies is vital to prevent lone parents from finding themselves in situations of vulnerability.

Lone parents often experience a deterioration in their health, as well as their financial situation. Observing this reality, Dr Ornella Larenza devoted her thesis – which she successfully presented on 3 May 2019 – to studying the growing diversity of lone parents. She also investigated how social policies can play a part in increasing their vulnerability throughout their life course.

The impact of unpaid child maintenance on other aspects of life

Dr Larenza concentrated her research on two specific areas of social policy: payment of child maintenance, and receipt of state welfare benefits.

With regard to the first of these, she showed that the legal framework governing the execution of child support obligations is only of limited assistance to mothers confronted with breaches of parental obligations towards their children. Furthermore, not all mothers react to such breaches, since they are placed in a moral dilemma with regard to the other parent and that person's relationship with the children. Some mothers ultimately adapt to total non-compliance by the other parent by changing their career path, which has repercussions for other areas of their lives. For example, some mothers increase their working hours, but this compels them to take time away from their children and give up the relationship with them that they truly wish for.

With regard to the second, the researcher illustrated how lone parents respond when faced with difficulties accessing state benefits (e.g. by seeking alternative sources of financial support from friends and family, by fighting the authorities which prevent them from receiving benefits, or by adapting their life course to the conditions imposed on access to benefits) and how these circumstances may not only affect their financial situation, but also bring about a more complex set of changes in several areas of their lives, including consequences for their relationship with their partner and their role as a parent.

A combination of analytical methods to achieve a global perspective on the life course

On behalf of the panel*, Prof. Eva Green, Vice-Dean at the University of Lausanne, also congratulated Ms Larenza for her "innovative approach which cuts across different domains of social policy, and for the rigour of the study's qualitative longitudinal analysis".

Dr Larenza conducted a case study combining cross-sectional (synchronic) and longitudinal (diachronic) qualitative analyses. This study allowed her to show that the vulnerability of lone parents is a process, and that the way it develops depends simultaneously on the ingredients it contains (stress factors and resources available to the individual) and how these are arranged over time. Therefore, it is not merely necessary to consider negative consequences, but also to take into account a more complex dynamic between stress factors and resources.

Social policies may play a part in this vulnerability process as ingredients helping to form complex constellations of problems. In particular, they may take on the role of stress factors where a lone parent finds the support structure is absent or hard to access, or that support is inadequate. They may in the end shape the vulnerability process for lone parents, and generate repercussions in several areas of their lives and over the course of time.

Finally, the study shows that the degree of agency (capacity to react) of lone parents experiencing vulnerability reflects the configuration of the ingredients in the process, and that this agency may be significantly oriented by their relationships with important people such as their children, former partner and family of origin. This capacity to react particularly depends on the parent's ability to access resources and to mobilise these in order to overcome stress factors.

* Members of the panel: Prof. Eva Green, Vice-Dean (Chair); Prof. Laura Bernardi, Institute of Social Sciences (thesis supervisor); Ms Claire Bidart, Research Director at the University of Aix-Marseille CNRS (National Centre of Scientific Research); Prof. Giuliano Bonoli, IDHEAP (Graduate School of Public Administration); Prof. Jane Millar, University of Bath.

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