Communiqué de presse - La ségrégation spatiale est moindre dans les cantons avec beaucoup d'étrangers

Communiqué de presse - La ségrégation spatiale est moindre dans les cantons avec beaucoup d'étrangers

Dans le 22e numéro de la revue Social Change in Switzerland, Jonathan Zufferey et Philippe Wanner (Université de Genève) examinent la distribution spatiale de la population étrangère en Suisse. La ségrégation spatiale est la plus forte dans les cantons de Berne et du Valais, et la plus faible à Genève, Vaud et Tessin. Au niveau des nationalités, la ségrégation la plus forte s’observe pour les ressortissants de Turquie et d'Amérique du Nord.

La proportion d'étrangers varie fortement selon le lieu d’habitation. En étudiant la distribution sur tout le territoire au sein des 10'000 personnes environnantes, les auteurs montrent que la proportion d'étrangers est la plus faible à Röthenbach dans l'Emmental bernois, avec 2,1 %, et la plus élevée à Crissier près de Lausanne, avec 62,4 %. Les étrangers sont surreprésentés dans les grandes villes et leurs environs, notamment le long du lac Léman et du lac de Zurich. La proportion d'étrangers est également élevée dans certaines régions de montagne des cantons du Valais (autour de Verbier et Zermatt) et des Grisons (en Engadine). 

La ségrégation des migrants est la plus forte dans les cantons de Berne et du Valais et la plus faible dans les cantons de Genève, Vaud et Tessin. Malgré une forte proportion d'étrangers, la mixité sociale dans ces trois derniers cantons conduit à une faible ségrégation spatiale, alors qu'à Berne et en Valais, les étrangers sont concentrés dans les centres urbains et quelques communes touristiques. Une forte proportion d'étrangers dans les cantons n'est donc pas synonyme de forte ségrégation. 

Une analyse au niveau des nationalités montre que les Français vivent principalement en Suisse romande. Les ressortissants portugais sont concentrés en Suisse latine et dans les Grisons, tandis que les ressortissants italiens sont répartis de manière plutôt égale dans toute la Suisse. Au niveau local, la plus grande ségrégation se retrouve chez les Turcs et les ressortissants d'Amérique du Nord. Les premiers ont des revenus plutôt faibles et la ségrégation est donc liée en partie aux possibilités restreintes sur le marché du logement. Les derniers, en revanche, sont souvent des expatriés hautement qualifiés qui s'installent dans les centres à vocation internationale.

>> J. Zufferey & P. Wanner (2020). La distribution spatiale de la population étrangère en Suisse. Social Change in Switzerland, N°22www.socialchangeswitzerland.ch

Contact: Philippe Wanner, Université de Genève, 078 806 28 69, Philippe.Wanner@unige.ch

La série Social Change in Switzerland documente, en continu, l’évolution de la structure sociale en Suisse. Elle est éditée conjointement par le Centre de compétences suisse en sciences sociales FORS, le Centre de recherche sur les parcours de vie et les inégalités (Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques, Université de Lausanne) LINES et le Pôle de recherche national LIVES – Surmonter la vulnérabilité: perspective du parcours de vie (PRN LIVES). Le but est de retracer le changement de l’emploi, de la famille, des revenus, de la mobilité, du vote ou du genre en Suisse. Basées sur la recherche empirique de pointe, elles s’adressent à un public plus large que les seuls spécialistes.

Vocational versus general education

Vocational versus general education

The latest issue of LIVES Impact, co-authored by Pascal Maeder and Maïlys Korber, investigates the differences in terms of professional perspectives in Switzerland between individuals who have followed a vocational training and those who have opted for a general education.

Vocational education and training (VET) is known to ease the entry into the labour market by providing specific skills that are readily applicable in a given occupation. This type of education may enable young individuals to find a good match at the beginning of their career, but it may also leave older workers vulnerable to technological change and shifts in the occupational structure. On the other hand, holders of general education may face more difficulties when entering the labour market due to a lack of work-related skills but may be better rewarded after several years of experience due to the larger flexibility of general skills. To address this question, Maïlys Korber investigated employment and wages over the life course for holders of vocational education, and compared them with holders of general education, both at the upper-secondary level. A summary of the results is presented in this policy brief. The following key messages are developped in this issue:

  • Vocational training and education (VET) is associated with an employment advantage for men when compared with upper secondary general education (GE) up to age 30. Thereafter, both groups have similarly high employment rates.
  • The employment prospects of women are very similar over the life course regardless of vocational or general education.
  • General education is associated with higher hourly wage for both men and women over the life course. Initially, men with a VET earn more until age 30 whilst GE trained women already enjoy an advantage at age 26.

Read the integrality of this issue
Printable short version

LIVES Impact (ISSN: 2297-6124) publishes regularly briefs with policy-relevant research findings from studies conducted at the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES “Overcoming Vulnerability: Life-course perspectives” (NCCR LIVES). It is aimed at professionals, public officials and representatives active in social policy and related fields

Series Editor: Pascal Maeder, KTT Officer, pascal.maeder@hes-so.ch 

LIVES Best paper award - 2020 edition

LIVES Best paper award - 2020 edition

In order to stimulate advances in the areas of vulnerability and life course studies, the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES encourages scholars at the beginning of their career to apply to the LIVES Best Paper Award for Early Scholars. Deadline for the 2020 application: 30 June 2020.

The award was usually delivered during the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (SLLS) conference taking place in Germany at the University of Potsdam. Due to the COVID-19 situation, there will be no ceremony for this Award this year. However, we kindly ask the winner to send us a selfie with the prize upon reception, which will be sent out by postal mail. We will gladly post your picture on our website.

Send your application and read the participation criteria on our webform

Good luck!

LIVES Call for Research Projects

LIVES Call for Research Projects

The NCCR LIVES "Overcoming vulnerabiliy: Life course perspective" invites advanced researchers to submit a research project proposition with an international collaboration until June 30, 2020.

The funding will start as of January 2021 at the earliest and will finish at the end of 2022 at the latest.

The amount for the funding of this call is 600,000 CHF for 3 projects (200,000 CHF per project). There is possibility to hire a post-doc for this type of project (but not for a PhD student given the short delay).

All details can be found on this webpage: "Call for contributions - LIVES international research project call"

Please do not hesitate to contact us at Lives.scientific@unil.ch for more information.

SLLS Summer School 2020 - Cancelled

Due to the COVID-19 situation, the 2020 SLLS Summer School on Longitudinal and Life Course Research has been cancelled.

IEE Webinar - Event Studies, Endogenous Timing and the Child Penalty

The child penalty is widely regarded as a main driver of the gender wage gap. This paper contributes to the literature by combining an event study framework with instrumental variables (IV) using the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in Norway as instruments.

The next IEE Webinar will be held online on Wednesday 13 May 2020 from 14:15 to 15:45. (see access on Zoom below)

Prof. Edwin LEUVEN (University of Oslo, Norway) will give the lecture:
Event Studies, Endogenous Timing and the Child Penalty

The child penalty is widely regarded as a main driver of the gender wage gap. This paper contributes to the literature by combining an event study framework with instrumental variables (IV) using the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in Norway as instruments. We find that the endogeneity of fertility timing introduces substantial omitted variable bias in a regular OLS event study, while delayed fertility and intensive margin fertility responses lead to bias in previous IV estimates using IVF treatments. Our approach addresses these issues by centering time on the age of child rather than on time of the IVF attempt, and by instrumenting first and second births. The resulting estimates show that (i) fertility has short-lived negative effects on mother's earnings that mostly disappear after two to three years; (ii) effects are similar for the extensive and intensive margin of fertility; and (iii) partners are shielded from any negative effects.

Access

Please join Zoom meeting : https://unige.zoom.us/j/779077632
Meeting ID: 779077632
Password: 1211

Housing and social ties: what are the challenges for senior citizens?

Housing and social ties: what are the challenges for senior citizens?

Life expectancy is increasing, and with it challenges related to the living environments of senior citizens. The Rendez-vous Leenaards Age & Society 2019 event will address these issues on Thursday, 28 November, from 16:30 to 18:30 in Pully (free and open to all upon registration).

Hosted by Blaise Willa, editor-in-chief of the magazine Générations, this Rendez-vous Leenaards will be an opportunity to present the winning projects of the 2019 “Quality of Life 65+” prize – supported by a total sum of more than CHF 1 million – as well as the pilot initiatives under way on the theme of housing. This public event will provide a platform for discussion on the main issues relating to the housing of senior citizens in French-speaking Switzerland, featuring, among others, Prof. Dario Spini, director of NCCR LIVES, and Fabrice Ghelfi, director of the Directorate General for Social Cohesion of the canton of Vaud. 

On this occasion, the results of the Age Report IV an extensive survey of more than 2,500 older people on their housing aspirations will also be presented (www.age-report.ch/fr/) by Prof. Valérie Hugentobler (School of Social Work and Health, HETSL), co-author of the report.

Read more about the Rendez-vous Leenaards âge & société

Registration on www.leenaards.ch/rdvas28nov2019

« I Am the King of the World » - A game to discover the diversity of family life courses

« I Am the King of the World » - A game to discover the diversity of family life courses

In the current lockdown situation, the NCCR LIVES searched its archives to find activities to do with family or friends. With this game developed by LIVES and the "Mystères de l'UNIL 2013" team, children explore a ship in a Goose game mode.

Along the way, players come across life events such as education, health accidents or family problems that either move them forward or backward or induce inactivity. The aim is to make children aware that we are all in the same boat: an economic crisis, for example, will affect all players. Some key concepts of life-course theory have been applied in a simplified way to write the rules of the game: linked lives, intentionality, temporality of events, etc. 

To play, simply print the game board (boat) and the rules (list of life events). You then only need one pawn per person and a die. What will your life course be? 

 

Share your pictures with us!

Take photos or videos during the game and share them on social networks by tagging the LIVES page!

 

Enquête : la pandémie de COVID-19 et les personnes âgées de 65 ans et plus en Suisse

Le contexte actuel de la pandémie de COVID-19 pose des questions au sujet de l’impact du confinement sur le vécu des personnes âgées de 65 ans et plus. Un questionnaire mis en place par des chercheur·es de l'Université de Genève permet aux seniors de s'exprimer sur leur situation actuelle.

Le questionnaire est disponible en ligne jusqu'au 26 avril et peut être rempli de 2 façons: 

  1. Le/la répondant.e, agé.e de 65 ou plus, peut compléter le questionnaire directement en ligne ;
  2. Une personne qui connait un.e possible répondant.e lui fait passer le questionnaire par téléphone et le complète en ligne.

Par cette enquête, les chercheur·es souhaitent récolter d'importantes informations au sujet de l'immobilité, contacts sociaux et formes alternatives de mobilité des seniors. 

COVID-19 - A guide to support professionals involved in effective mobilisation in crisis situations

COVID-19 - A guide to support professionals involved in effective mobilisation in crisis situations

In this period of crisis caused by COVID-19, many actors in society are mobilising to help people in vulnerable situations. Public authorities, professionals, parents and the media are all participating in the common effort and implementing new public actions to curb the spread of the disease. However, in an emergency, it is sometimes difficult to assess whether the implemented measures will achieve the desired effect. Prof. Guy Elcheroth, a researcher at the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES “Overcoming Vulnerability: A Life Course Perspective” at the University of Lausanne, collects 10 practical tips and 10 scientific results in the form of a guide to mobilise 3 types of social behaviour: protection, solidarity and resilience.

A great deal of research in social psychology and related disciplines has already been conducted internationally and indicates which practices have proven to be effective (see fact-sheet). In view of the urgency associated with a period of crisis, the main challenge is to make the right decisions quickly and avoid known pitfalls. This guide is intended to support all actors involved in coordinating public action during this health crisis. The implementation of this knowledge takes on its full meaning in the current situation related to COVID-19. These practices are transferable to other crises and, ideally, are applied upstream at the beginning of a project.

A common goal: Getting the public onboard

In the multitude of initiatives currently being implemented to help newly vulnerable people and those already in vulnerable situations, the objective is the same: to get the whole population to adhere to public health measures. The difficulty lies in mobilising three social behaviours, which are real bulwarks against this health crisis: protective behaviours that include respect for health instructions such as spatial distancing, solidarity behaviours that facilitate support for vulnerable people and commitment to the continuity of essential services and resilience behaviours aimed at preventing further damage generated by a distressing situation. The course of the health crisis and its human consequences depend on the successful mobilisation of these three behaviours by the entire population.

>>> How to mobilise protective, supportive and resilient behaviours effectively in times of crisis? Full guide (PDF)

>>> 10 practical tips based on 10 scientific findings - Fact-sheet (PDF)

>>> List of all Policy briefs "LIVES IMPACT"

An International Study on Social Relations in the Time of COVID-19

An International Study on Social Relations in the Time of COVID-19

Researchers in psychology launch the international study "Love in the Time of COVID" and look at our social relationships in these times of confinement. How are our social relationships - couple, family, friends - changing and can they help us cope in times of crisis? Who are the most vulnerable individuals? Dr. Anik Debrot, Lecturer at the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: A Life Course Perspective at the University of Lausanne, is part of the team for this longitudinal research, which aims to make comparisons between countries and cultures.

Already available in 8 languages (French, English, German, Italian, Spanish, Turkish, Dutch and Indonesian) and soon also in Thai and Chinese, the international study "Love in the Time of COVID" is launched by the University of Georgia (UGA) in the United States by prof. Richard Slatcher and looks at the uniqueness of this pandemic period. "Confinement has important psychological and relational effects. In order to help future generations to cope with similar situations, we have a duty to document. We have a duty to document," says Dr. Anik Debrot, Lecturer of Clinical Psychology and Psychopathology.

A longitudinal and international study

Respondents, who are volunteers, adults and anonymous, complete an online questionnaire every two weeks during and shortly after the COVID-19 pandemic, lasting 15-20 minutes. The researchers' goal is to gather as many responses from as many countries as possible in order to make national and cultural comparisons.

Contact: Dre Anik Debrot, anik.debrot@unil.ch 

For more information: study website “Love in the Time of COVID” 

Since 2011, the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: A Life-Course Perspective studies the effects of the economy and society on the evolution of situations of vulnerability through longitudinal and comparative studies. It aims to gain a better understanding of the emergence and evolution of vulnerability and the means of overcoming it in order to foster the emergence of innovative socio-political measures. When its funding by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) ends in 2022, it will be replaced by the LIVES Centre, which will resume its research activities.

Class norms and gender determine adolescents' career choices

Class norms and gender determine adolescents' career choices

On April 7 2020, Dinah Gross brilliantly defended her thesis entitled "How gender and class norms shape our worldview: Occupational representations of teenagers in Switzerland" at the University of Lausanne. This work focused on adolescents' representations of professions in terms of gender and prestige.

Sex-type and prestige are two elements that are usually considered to be a founding factor in terms of professional aspirations. Using a questionnaire that surveyed 3125 young people aged 12 to 15 and their parents in Switzerland, Dinah Gross was able to examine how these professional representations vary according to social parameters and how they influence the future career aspirations of these young people.

She was able to show that gender representations of occupations vary according to the sex, gender identity and sexism of the participants. The result is a hierarchical and segregated perception of which occupations are considered suitable for each sex. This perception is in part inherited from parents through the transmission of attitudes and representations. This work also shows that the theory of circumscription and compromise (Gottfredson), indicating that young people choose their future profession following a circumscription process of acceptable alternatives in terms of sex, prestige and difficulty, is unreliable. Indeed, prestige, as well as difficulty, do not seem to be adequate dimensions to predict the future career orientation of young people.

LIVES offers a Doctoral Programme which is primarily designed for doctoral students in the social sciences and psychology who integrate a life course perspective into their work. This programme aims at promoting courses that lead to quality doctorates within a reasonable time frame and to professional integration, particularly in academic careers.

DIAL Summer School 2020

DIAL Summer School 2020

The DIAL Summer School 2020 will take place August 17-19 2020 at the University of Turku in Finland. A call for papers has been launched within this framework.

NORFACE's transnational research programme "Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course: structures and processes" (DIAL) is organising a Summer School focusing on multi- and interdisciplinary research about inequalities in the life course. The event will take place August 17-19 2020 at the University of Turku in Finland (the event may be conducted by videoconference due to the current situation). This Summer School is dedicated to young researchers who are involved in DIAL projects or in the INVEST Research Flagship Center. Examples of multi- and interdisciplinary research will be presented. Students will also have the opportunity to present their own work and receive feedback from a multidisciplinary perspective. 

In that regard, a call for papers has been launched. Young researchers are invited to send an abstract of their research related to inequalities in the life course on 2 to 4 pages. A short biography including a description of involvement in a DIAL or INVEST project is requested. The deadline is May 29 2020. 

A document with details about the event is available below. 

Press release - Reducing energy consumption: the inconsistent intentions of the Swiss population

Press release - Reducing energy consumption: the inconsistent intentions of the Swiss population

While consumption of fossil fuels is increasing and global awareness of global warming is growing, the intentions of households to reduce their own consumption are not keeping pace. The new issue of the journal Social Change in Switzerland shows with the help of a survey of 5,000 households that only one third of individuals say they want to reduce their carbon footprint. Moreover, among the latter, this intention is hardly translated into concrete intentions in terms of car use, electricity or heating.

In this new study, researchers Mehdi Farsi, Laurent Ott and Sylvain Weber from the University of Neuchâtel analyse the annual energy demand surveys 2016-2019. They show that only 25% of respondents say they are in favour of reducing the use of their cars, while 33% say they want to reduce their carbon footprint. Women, young people and urban dwellers are generally more willing to reduce their carbon footprint and energy consumption through reduced car use, heating and electricity. Young women are also more supportive of the climate strike.

Knowledge does not rhyme with intent

These surveys also show that men and people over 55 years of age have a better understanding of energy and its climate impact. But a good level of knowledge is not accompanied by more favourable intentions to reduce energy consumption. Indeed, groups of people with better knowledge about energy seem less willing to change their behaviour. Informing the population is therefore not enough to reduce energy consumption.

A fuzzy but well-accepted CO2 tax

By asking people about the CO2 tax, the survey shows that it is often misunderstood or even ignored. While the CO2 tax amounts to more than 25% of the price of fuel (oil and gas), a significant minority of respondents do not realize that they actually pay it. However, if large sections of the population are unaware of a tax, there is no point in expecting it to change their behaviour in terms of energy use. Nevertheless, the three researchers highlight that the Swiss, with the exception of young people living in rural areas, would support the tax in a popular vote.

>> M. Farsi, L. Ott & S. Weber (2020). Les intentions contradictoires des Suisses vis-à-vis de leur consommation d'énergieSocial Change in Switzerland N° 21, 
www.socialchangeswitzerland.ch

Contact : Sylvain Weber, +41 32 718 14 42, sylvain.weber@unine.ch

The series Social Change in Switzerland continuously documents the evolution of the social structure in Switzerland. It is published jointly by the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences FORS, the Centre for Research on Life Course and Inequality (Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Lausanne) LINES and the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspective (NCCR LIVES). The aim is to trace changes in employment, family, income, mobility, voting and gender in Switzerland. Based on state-of-the-art empirical research, they are aimed at a wider audience than just specialists.

Press release - Brain or muscles, what do we lose first?

Press release - Brain or muscles, what do we lose first?

Researchers from NCCR LIVES and the Swiss Centre for Affectives Sciences (CISA, UNIGE) have shown that the decline in cognitive abilities after 50 years of age results in
a decline in physical activity, and that – contrary to what has been suggested by the literature to date – the inverse relationship is much weaker.

Someone dies somewhere in the world every 10 seconds owing to physical inactivity – 3.2 million people a year according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). From the age of 50, there is a gradual decline not just in physical activity but also in cognitive abilities since the two are correlated. But which of them influences the other? Does physical activity impact on the brain or is it the other way around? To answer this question, researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, and the NCCR LIVES used a database of over 100,000 people aged 50-90 whose physical and cognitive abilities were measured every two years for 12 years. The findings, which are published in the journal Health Psychology, show that – contrary to what was previously thought – cognitive abilities ward off inactivity much more than physical activity prevents the decline in cognitive abilities. All of which means we need to prioritise exercising our brains.

The literature in this area has been looking at the impact of physical activity on cognitive skills for a number of years. “Correlations have been established between these two factors, particularly in terms of memory, but also regarding the growth and survival of new neurons,” begins Boris Cheval, a researcher at UNIGE’s Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences (CISA). “But we have never yet formally tested which comes first: does physical activity prevent a decline in cognitive skills or vice versa? That’s what we wanted to verify.”

What came first: the chicken or the egg? 

Earlier studies based on the correlation between physical activity and cognitive skills postulated that the former prevent the decline of the latter. “But what if this research only told half the story? That’s what recent studies suggest, since they demonstrate that our brain is involved when it comes to engaging in physical activity,” continues the Geneva-based researcher.

The UNIGE researchers tested the two possible options formally using data from the SHARE survey (Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe), a European-wide socio-economic database covering over 25 countries. “The cognitive abilities and level of physical activity of 105,206 adults aged 50 to 90 were tested every two years over a 12-year period,” explains Matthieu Boisgontier, a researcher at the LIVES Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR LIVES). Cognitive abilities were measured using a verbal fluency test (naming as many animals as possible in 60 seconds) and a memory test (memorising 10 words and reciting them afterwards). Physical activity was measured on a scale of 1 (“Never”) to 4 (“More than once a week”).

The Geneva researchers employed this data in three separate statistical models. In the first, they looked at whether physical activity predicted the change in cognitive skills over time; in the second, whether cognitive skills predicted the change in physical activity; and in the third, they tested the two possibilities bidirectionally. “Thanks to a statistical index, we found that the second model adjusted the most precisely to the data of the participants,” says Cheval. The study demonstrates, therefore, that cognitive capacities mainly influence physical activity and not vice versa, as the literature to date had postulated. “Obviously, it’s a virtuous cycle, since physical activity also influences our cognitive capacities. But, in light of these new findings, it does so to a lesser extent,” points out Boisgontier.

Slowing down an inevitable decline

From the age of 50, the decline in physical and cognitive abilities is inevitable. However, these results indicate that, contrary to what was once thought, if we act first on our cognitive skills, we can slow the decline of this virtuous circle. “This study backs up our theory that the brain has to make a real effort to get out of a sedentary lifestyle and that by working on cognitive capacities, physical activity will follow”, says Cheval by way of conclusion. 

>> Full scientific article - Cheval, B., Orsholits, D., Sieber, S., Courvoisier, D., Cullati, S., & Boisgontier, M. P. (2020). Relationship between decline in cognitive resources and physical activityHealth Psychology.

COVID-19 - Postponement of NCCR LIVES conferences, seminars and events

COVID-19 - Postponement of NCCR LIVES conferences, seminars and events

Considering the evolution of the situation related to COVID-19, LIVES administrative and research staff will continue its activities teleworking until the end of April.

In order to ensure everyone's health, all research seminars and other conferences that were scheduled until the end of April are postponed to a later date. More information will be communicated regarding these events. Please consult the websites of the institutions and universities for further information about access to their premises.

The members of the NCCR LIVES remain at your disposal by e-mail if you have any questions, on the intranet for LIVES personel, and at communication@lives-nccr.ch or on 021 692 38 83 for the press. Due to the special circumstances that affect us all, e-mail response times may be extended. Thank you for your understanding.

Annulation de l'exposition au sujet des seniors migrants

Annulation de l'exposition au sujet des seniors migrants

En raison de l'évolution de la situation liée au covid-19, le PRN LIVES et l'Association Esprit Nomade ont décidé de reporter l'exposition "Une vie bien remplie : parcours de vie migratoires des plus de 60 ans". Les nouvelles dates seront communiquées ultérieurement.

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - Doctoral projects examined by experts
NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - Doctoral projects examined by experts

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - Doctoral projects examined by experts

On 4 and 5 February 2020, 18 doctoral students of the NCCR LIVES presented their research at the NCCR LIVES Doctoriales. This annual workshop enables the NCCR LIVES to train the next generation of researchers in the field of life course and vulnerability. After presenting their projects, the doctoral students in turn benefit from the interdisciplinary viewpoint of experts on their work, thus promoting quality research. The research covers many fields, such as health, aging, career trajectories and network analysis, cumulative disadvantages/disadvantages or methodological advances.

In addition to the primary research objective, the Doctoriales is also a social event, where doctoral students can share methods and experiences, create a network and thus foster future collaborations. "It provides a friendly environment to exchange scientific information and to bond socially with colleagues and senior researchers," says one of the PhD students.

This event allows young researchers to take a step back from their project, as Dr. Emilie Joly-Burra, an expert at the Doctoriales, points out. Above all, it is also an opportunity to offer doctoral students the opportunity to discuss their research with people other than their thesis directors. Dr. Mattia Vacchiano underlines the advantages of this type of event also for senior researchers intervening as experts. "Reflecting on a text, evaluating the quality of its foundations and of the theoretical and empirical elements that make it up is always a beneficial exercise for intellectual activity, and therefore for our work as researchers".

Strengthen presentation skills

This type of workshop is also an opportunity to improve other professional skills that are essential in the academic world: "The Doctoriales help improve presentation skills. I think it is beneficial to have the possibility to make these oral presentations in a supportive context, where most of the audience are known.", says one of the PhD candidates.

Dr. Sabine Kradolfer, event organizer and ad interim Doctoral Programme Officer, is very satisfied with the quality of the work presented. "We have a lot of PhD students in this new cohort and they have already done a lot of thinking about their projects. We have seen good quality interventions even for those who are just starting out." The Doctoriales have been a tradition since the first year of the NCCR LIVES in 2011 and, considering the success of the event, the willingness to continue this concept in the framework of the future LIVES Centre is very strong."

An international expert to stay at the cutting edge

Methodological advances were also in the spotlight at the 2020 edition, with the plenary lecture given by Prof. Marc Scott of New York University on the subject of sequence analysis. The complexity of life courses, and consequently of the data collected in longitudinal research, does indeed set methodology at the heart of the discussions.

>> All the pictures of the NCCR LIVES Doctoriales are published in this photo gallery. 

The political costs of inequality - LINES/LIVES Research Seminar

As part of the LINES/LIVES research seminars of spring 2020 : "Parcours de vie et inégalités", Fabian Kratz will give a presentation entitled : "The political costs of inequality: A cumulative inequality perspective on anti-immigration attitudes".

  • Title : The political costs of inequality: A cumulative inequality perspective on anti-immigration attitudes
  • Lecturer : Fabian Kratz, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
  • Date : Tuesday 18 February 2020, 12:15 - 13:30 
  • Location : Geopolis building, room 5799 
  • Host : Michael Grätz
  • Themes : Social stratifications and cumulative inequalities
UniTwin international Network

UniTwin international Network

Life Designing interventions (counseling, guidance, education) for decent work and sustainable development. The UniTwin international network organizes a two-day event with presentations open to the public. During the first day, the vernissage of the book "Repères pour l'orientation" will take place. During the second day, the members of the network will give symposiums, conferences and do a roundtable. The thematic of this day will be the role of vocational counseling to promote access to sustainable careers. The event is held on March 5-6 2020 at the University of Lausanne, Amphimax, room 414.

This network was created as part of the UNITWIN/Chairs UNESCO program. It brings together 19 universities from around the world (Europe, South America, North America and Africa) that cooperate to promote access to decent work and decent life through vocational guidance, career counseling and life designing. In order to achieve this, this network takes part in researches and creates programs to promote social inclusion (wp.unil.ch/unitwin).

Presentations will be given in English.

Venue

5-6 March 2020
University of Lausanne, Amphimax, room 414

Registration

Deadline: 1st March 2020
Fees (lunch and coffee breaks included):

  • University members: CHF 40.–
  • Other participants: CHF 50.– 

ONLINE REGISTRATION AND EVENT SITE

www.unil.ch/unitwin/event 

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