Second Swiss Longitudinal Data Fair

Searching for the right longitudinal data for your doctoral work or new research project? This one-day event will include presentations and posters on various major Swiss longitudinal surveys in the social sciences, including TREE, the Swiss Household Panel, SHARE, CoCon and the LABB of the Swiss Federal Statistical Office and the DAB panel study (Determinants of educational choice and vocational training opportunities).

The presentations of this Second Swiss Longitudinal Data Fair will be followed by practical hands-on sessions in the afternoon.

The surveys (see the abstracts):

  1. The Transitions from Education to Employment (TREE)
  2. Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)
  3. Competence and Context: Contextual and Individual Prerequisites of Productive Youth Development (CoCon)
  4. Swiss Household Panel (SHP)
  5. Longitudinal analyses in the field of education (LABB)
  6. Determinants of educational choice and vocational training opportunities (DAB panel study) 

>> Register for event

Affiche de la conférence

Conférence "Jeunesse vulnérable: quelle intégration? Dans quelle société?"

Quels sont les effets des dispositifs d’insertion dédiés aux jeunes ? Comment promouvoir leur participation au sein de l’économie, de la société et de la sphère publique plus généralement? Cette conférence, organisée le 25 janvier prochain dans le cadre du projet de recherche Re-InVEST (UE Horizon 2020), avec le soutien du SEFRI et du NCCR LIVES, entend croiser les regards sur la question de l’insertion et de la participation des jeunes vulnérables en donnant la parole à des chercheurs, des acteurs de l’administration, de la société civile et de la politique locale, sans oublier la voix des jeunes eux-mêmes.

«Jeunes en rupture», «en décrochage» ou encore «en difficulté», on ne manque pas de mots pour qualifier la problématique d’une jeunesse vulnérable qui peine à trouver sa place au sein de l’école, du marché du travail et de la société. A Genève, les initiatives se sont multipliées et de nombreux acteurs publics et privés se sont mobilisés dans le développement de nouveaux dispositifs de prise en charge visant à favoriser la transition école-métier. Si la nécessité de tels  dispositifs bénéficie aujourd’hui d’un large consensus politique, cette conférence a pour objectif de questionner leur contribution sous l’angle de la participation. Nous nous demanderons ainsi quelles modalités d’insertion sont promues et comment équiper les jeunes vulnérables face aux attentes du monde du travail.

Mais nous nous demanderons aussi dans quelle mesure cette insertion tient compte de leurs aspirations et de leurs points de vue. La prise en compte de ces deux dimensions constitue un défi démocratique pour promouvoir la citoyenneté et la participation des jeunes au sein de l’économie, de la société et de la sphère publique plus généralement.

  • Date: 25 janvier 2019
  • Lieu: Bd du Pont-d’Arve 40, 1205 Genèv, Uni Mail, salle MS13.
  • Entrée libre, sur inscription

ECSR Conference 2019: Inequality over the life course - Call for papers

The European Consortium of Sociological Research (ECSR) holds its 2019 annual conference at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland on 12-14 September 2019. The theme of the conference is: Inequality over the life course. Submissions are now open, and the deadline is February 28, 2019.

The conference is organized by the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES, with the support of the Institute of Social Sciences (ISS) of the University of Lausanne, the Centre CIGEV of the University of Geneva and the Swiss Centre of Expertise in Social Sciences (FORS). 

While there is a particular interest for papers or posters that address this theme, we also welcome submissions on all relevant areas of sociological research.

All submissions are subject to peer review by the programme committee. Authors will be informed about the committee decision by 10th April 2019. Registration is then open until 15th May 2019.

If your paper or poster is accepted for presentation, the following conference fees will apply (in Swiss francs CHF):
  • PhD student from a ECSR member institution: 165 CHF  (~150 €*)
  • PhD student from a non-member institution: 200 CHF  (~180 €*)
  • Post-doctoral researcher from a ECSR member institution: 280 CHF  (~250 €*)
  • Post-doctoral researcher from a non-member institution: 360 CHF  (~320 €*)
    * prices in Euros may vary based on the exchange rate

The conference fee includes all the coffee breaks, lunch on all three days, welcome drinks and snacks on Thursday evening as well as the conference dinner on Friday evening.

>> Provisional programme

Couverture "Trabajo y Hogar"

Le livre “Trabajo y hogar » de Núria Sánchez Mira vient de sortir

Le livre, “Trabajo y hogar: un análisis de género y clase en un contexto de crisis” (Travail et ménage: une analyse de genre et classe dans un contexte de crise) de Núria Sánchez Mira a été présenté à Barcelone ce mois. Il expose une synthèse de sa thèse doctorale sur la division sociale et sexuelle du travail en Espagne dans l’histoire récente.

Le livre de Núria Sánchez Mira, chercheuse post-doc au PRN LIVES et assistante de recherche à l’Institut des sciences sociales (ISS) a été présenté le 13 novembre dernier à  Barcelone. Il est paru grâce au Prix Ángel Rozas à la Recherche en Sciences Sociales de la Fondation Cipriano García, que la chercheuse avait gagné en 2016 en Espagne avec sa thèse doctorale. Cette récompense consiste dans la publication d’un livre du projet gagnant. L’ouvrage expose ainsi une synthèse de la thèse doctorale de la chercheuse espagnole.

« Travail et ménage »  approfondit l’étude de la division sociale et sexuelle du travail en Espagne au cours de la période historique récente. Il explique les changements survenus dans la manière dont les ménages organisent la participation de leurs membres au marché du travail pendant une période d’importantes transformations économiques, politiques, démographiques et sociales. Et la chercheuse y analyse les implications de ces changements pour les rapports de genre au sein du ménage.

Formes prédominantes de division du travail 

« Travail et ménage » décrit les différentes formes prédominantes de division du travail au niveau des ménages dans une Europe élargie, en soulignant les changements survenus en Espagne pendant la période d’expansion économique, ainsi que le fort impact de la crise. La manière dont les couples organisent l’emploi et le travail domestique et de soins varie d’une classe sociale à l’autre. Comme l'explique l'auteure: "C’est dans la classe ouvrière que le modèle « male breadwinner-female caregiver » est encore le plus répandu. Cependant, c’est précisément entre ces couples que l’on observe de plus en plus de changements, tant au niveau des pratiques que du symbolique."

Remise en question des rôles traditionnels

L’idéal de pourvoyeur (provider) principal masculin est en déclin, ce qui se voit notamment dans les imaginaires et engagements matériels changeants des nouvelles générations de femmes. La crise de l’emploi a renforcé cette tendance, transformant par nécessité de nombreuses femmes en principales pourvoyeuses des ressources de leurs ménages, remettant en question la représentation des rôles traditionnels, tout en créant de nouveaux rapports de pouvoir entre les sexes dans la répartition des travaux.

Alors que les femmes sont les protagonistes des transformations, les hommes restent, dans une plus ou moins grande mesure, à l’arrière-plan, entre la normalisation, la perplexité, la résignation et la résistance.

>> Commander le livre 

 

 

Policy Brief: There is no such thing as THE unemployed

Policy Brief: There is no such thing as THE unemployed

In the Policy Brief (9/18) about "Unemployment and its medium- to long-term effects - A reason to rethink labour market integration schemes", Matteo Antonini explains that labour market integration schemes should be adapted so as to offer more flexible solutions to the employed and avoid the medium and long-term effects of a period of unemployment.

The key messages of this last Policy Brief:

  • The consequences of a period of unemployment can be felt even after returning to work and are not limited to reduced financial resources.
  • Besides groups traditionally considered vulnerable to the negative consequences of a period of unemployment (e.g. older/low-skilled workers), new groups are emerging, including people with high levels of education.
  • Using an innovative longitudinal analysis shows a new professional instability for highly qualified people suggesting that existing social policies and labour market integration schemes should be adapted.

>> LIVES IMPACT 9/18

Laura Bernardi, nommée présidente du Conseil scientifique de l'INED

Congratulations on Laura Bernardi, appointed president of the Scientific Council of INED

Prof. Laura Bernardi presides for the first time the Scientific Council of INED today in Paris.

Today Prof. Laura Bernardi, Professor of Sociology and Demography at UNIL, who directs the CCI1 and is member of IP201 and IP208 of NCCR LIVES, presides for the first time the meeting of the Scientific Council of INED (Institut national d’études démographiques) in Paris, of which she was already a member.

The Scientific Council is composed of representatives of statistics and survey organizations and of specialists from outside INED as Laura Bernardi, "chosen for their expertise in the field of population or another demography-related discipline". Its mission is to evaluate the Institute’s scientific orientations and to provide advisory opinions on any policy concerning scientific activity or recruitment profiles for new researchers.

The Institute’s overall missions are to study all aspects of population, to provide training in and through research, to keep the government, public authorities and general public informed about demographic questions and to disseminate French demographic research internationally.

Congratulations on this nomination! 

Table ronde du Colloque "Innovation et intervention sociale," 21.11.18, Haute école de travail social de Genève, ©NCCR LIVES

Discussions encourageantes pour la création d’un laboratoire d’innovation sociale au sein de LIVES

Près de 100 personnes ont participé le 21 novembre dernier au Colloque international « Innovation et intervention sociales : une recherche d’impact dans les domaines du travail social et de la santé ». Organisé à la Haute école de travail social de Genève, cet événement proposait des conférences et ateliers sur le thème de l’innovation sociale et, surtout, une plateforme d’échanges entre professionnel·le·s engagé·e·s dans diverses formes d’action et chercheur·e·s travaillant dans les domaines du travail social et de la santé.

Organisé par la mission de transfert des connaissances du Pôle de recherche national LIVES, avec le soutien de la Haute école spécialisée de Suisse occidentale (HES-S0), ce colloque a approfondi le thème de l’innovation sociale avec des expert·e·s provenant de Suisse et du Canada.

Anne Parpan-Blaser, professeure à la Haute école spécialisée du Nord-ouest de la Suisse (FHNW), a présenté l’innovation sociale comme un concept-pont entre production et utilisation des connaissances scientifiques et pratiques, tout en relevant les défis et les conditions qui se posent à la construction de cette passerelle. Elle a notamment aussi renvoyé à la problématique qui se pose à l’innovation sociale face à la population à laquelle elle s’adresse: personnes vulnérables dont les besoins sont pris en compte par la recherche, toutefois sans garantie d’une amélioration de leur situation malgré cet investissement scientifique.

Appel à une innovation sociale innovatrice et solidaire

Cette problématique a d’ailleurs été relevée d’emblée lors de l’ouverture du colloque par le directeur du PRN LIVES, Dario Spini, la vice-rectrice de la HES-SO, Christine Pirinoli, et la directrice de la Haute école de travail social de Genève, Joëlle Libois, qui, elle, a appelé à soutenir de l’innovation sociale qui soit à la fois innovatrice et solidaire.

Au cours des ateliers et conférences du colloque, cette problématique est restée au centre des débats. Pour les trois expert-e-s québécois-e-s de l’innovation sociale, les professeur-e-s Mélanie Bourque, Christian Jetté et Jacques Caillouette, membres du Centre de recherche sur l’innovation sociale (CRISES), ce sont les mouvements sociaux qui déclenchent le processus de l’innovation sociale et amènent ainsi des résultats tangibles pour les populations ciblées par la recherche. Ce modèle dit bottom-up a été partagé par certain-e-s intervenant-e-s des ateliers qui y voyaient aussi une manière de respecter les droits sociaux des récipiendaires de prestations sociales.

Impliquer les personnes vulnérables

Un avis partagé par les participant-e-s de la table ronde, dont le Conseiller d’Etat genevois Thierry Apothéloz, Philippe Cotting de l’Association REPER à Fribourg, Corinne Hutmacher-Perret de la Conférence suisse des institutions d'action sociale (CSIAS), Jacques Laurent du Service d'accompagnement et d'hébergement de l'adulte du Canton de Neuchâtel, ainsi que Véréna Keller d’Avenir Social. En fin de compte, comme l’a d’ailleurs noté Thierry Apothéloz, l’innovation sociale ouvre également la voie à la participation de segments et groupes de la population usuellement en marge de la société. En œuvrant avec ce type de population, la recherche et l’innovation accroissent non seulement les connaissances pour améliorer l’accompagnement social, mais soutiennent également la cohésion sociale. Cela en impliquant les personnes vulnérables dans un travail qui à priori leur semble très lointain de leurs soucis au quotidien.

"Understanding Social Dynamics: 20 Years of the Swiss Household Panel", Special issue 2020, Swiss Journal of Sociology - delay: 20th December 2018

To celebrate 20 Years of the Swiss Household Panel, the Swiss Journal of Sociology publishes a special issue on the topic "Understanding Social Dynamics: 20 Years of the Swiss Household Panel". The deadline to submit an abstract (proposing an idea for an article) has now been extened until the 20th December 2018.

In 2019, the Swiss Household Panel celebrates its 20th Birthday. On this occasion, we invite for contributions to an anniversary issue of the Swiss Journal of Sociology. The contributions should focus on social dynamics and make use of the longitudinal character of the panel data.

Panel studies have unique analytical advantages. They are essential to understand processes of mobility and inertia. In particular they make it possible to: (a) measure and analyse social change; (b) distinguish between permanent and transitory characteristics of a given phenomenon; and (c) study both intergenerational and intragenerational patterns of phenomena such as poverty, income dynamics, health conditions and practices or political positioning. In addition, they allow researchers to establish (robust) causal relationships between social phenomena. Household panels also allow for intra-household studies, such as the study of mutual influence of household members’ attitudes and behaviours over time. Panel data are therefore important for both academic research and for monitoring and evaluating policies.
For the special issue “Understanding Social Dynamics” of the Swiss Journal of Sociology, we welcome substantive contributions from different conceptual and theoretical horizons, addressing topics such as education, employment, material reward, health, social networks, integration, political behaviour, or attitudes and values. Comparative analyses based on the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) are particularly welcome.
Please submit your proposal for a contribution to Robin Tillmann (robin.tillmann@fors.unil.ch) by 20 December 2018. 
Refugee Routes - Somalia, 29.11.2018, Bern

REFUGEE ROUTES: INFORMATION ABOUT SOMALIA

On Novembre 29TH, 2018 the NCCR LIVES will stand alongside the Swiss Refugee Council (SRC), for the first time in Bern, for an event offering several presentations about the situation of Somalian refugees and asylum seekers, in order to better understand the context in their country and the procedures that they face in Switzerland. This formula will be repeated later on to address other migration contexts from countries like Afghanistan, etc.

This event will take place in German. Please look at the german version of this news for further informations.
>>> Subscription required (until 23.11.2018)

Cover Vol. 10 : Sequence Analysis and Related Approaches (Ed. Springer, 2018)

New volume of the Springer book series: “Sequence Analysis and Related Approaches, Innovative Methods and Applications”

The 10th volume of the Life Course Research and Social Policies Springer book series edited by NCCR LIVES “Sequence Analysis and Related Approaches, Innovative Methods and Applications,” edited by Gilbert Ritschard and Matthias Studer, both affiliated to NCCR LIVES and Geneva School of Social Sciences University of Geneva, Switzerland, is now available in Open Access. A wealth of information for social scientists interested in quantitative life course analysis and other researchers.

This new volume provides innovative methods and original applications of sequence analysis (SA) and related methods for analyzing longitudinal data describing life trajectories such as professional careers, family paths, the succession of health statuses, or the time use. It pays special attention to the combined use of SA and other methods for longitudinal data as well as to alternatives to classical SA that consists in building typologies of sequences from their pairwise dissimilarities.

The benefit of combining SA with other methods

Alongside the two general papers (Courgeau; Eerola) in Part I, five papers demonstrate the benefit of combining SA with other methods to grasp the dynamics that drive the trajectories. SA is combined with survival models (Malin and Wise; Lundevaller et al.; Rossignon et al.), with qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) (Borgna and Struffolino), and with hidden Markov models (Helske et al.). Among the other methodological contributions, three concern the classical SA framework. Two of them propose novel ways for computing dissimilarities between sequences (Collas; Bison and Scalcon) and one feature-based and fuzzy clustering of sequences (Studer). The other methodological papers address alternative non-dissimilarity-based approaches, namely sequence networks (Cornwell; Hamberger), Markov-based clustering (Taushanov and Berchtold), and the measure of the quality or precarity of individual sequences (Manzoni and Mooi-Reci; Ritschard et al.).

Usefulness of SA

The usefulness of SA and the proposed methodological developments are illustrated through the study of several life-course issues such as gendered occupational trajectories (Malin and Wise), labor market participation of women in Germany (Borgna and Struffolino), relationship between labor market participation and other life domains (Helske et al.), how past trajectories affect chances of parental leave in Switzerland (Rossignon et al.), mortality of disabled in 19th century Sweden (Lundevaller et al.), time use during a typical day of dual-earner couples in Italy (Bison and Scalcon), mobility patterns in Togo (Hamberger), internet addiction in Switzerland (Taushanov and Berchtold), quality of employment career after a first unemployment spell (Manzoni and Mooi-Reci), transition from school to work (Studer; Ritschard et al.).

As such this book provides a wealth of information for social scientists interested in quantitative life course analysis, and all those working in sociology, demography, economics, health, psychology, social policy, and statistics.

Five chapters from LIVES reserachers

The Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES is happy that the publication includes five chapters with contributions from LIVES researchers:

Springer series on "Life Course Research and Social Policies" in open access

This Series invites academic scholars to present theoretical, methodological, and empirical advances in the analysis of the life course, and to elaborate on possible implications for society and social policies applications. Thanks to the NCCR LIVES funding, all those books are published in open access. The Series editors are Laura Bernardi, Dario Spini and Jean-Michel Bonvin.

Submit your book proposals!

Ideas and proposals for additional contributions to the Series should be sent to laura.bernardi@unil.ch.

>> Already published

>> Ritschard, G; Studer, M. (eds) (2018). Sequence Analysis and Related Approaches Innovative Methods and Applications. Cham, Switzerland:, Springer, Life Course Research and Social Policies, Vol. 10
>> Download the book (pdf)

April 1 - 5, 2019 - LIVES WINTER SCHOOL, VENICE (I)

5th LIVES WINTER SCHOOL ON LIFE COURSE - FINAL DEADLINE DECEMBER 14!

The fifth edition of the LIVES Winter School (April 1 - 5, 2019) is the first organized in collaboration with Venice International University (on its campus of Isola di San Servolo) and led by the two VIU member universities: the University of Lausanne and the University of Padua. In particular, the Winter School 2019 will focus on training the participants in the production of journal articles as a fundamental aspect of the academic career they are approaching: with a “learning by doing” approach, they will prepare collaborative articles going through all stages of the research process, heading towards a joint publication as a medium-term follow-up. Register now, last places available! Final deadline: December 14, 2018

During an intensive one-week program, doctoral students and young researchers will work on various fields of Life Course research through a multidisciplinary approach (Sociology, Psychology, Social Psychology, Life-span Psychology, Social Demography and Social Policies) on vulnerability across the life course. The School first targets PhD students, but Post-doc researchers are also eligible.

Affiliated institutions
  • Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS), University of Bremen & Jacobs University (D)
  • Hallie Ford Center for Healthy Children & Families, Oregon State University (USA)
  • Centre for Population, Aging and Health, Western University (CA)
  • Ageing and Living Conditions Programme (ALC)
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven (BE)

On-line application

Final deadline: December 14, 2018 on the VIU website
>> Apply
>> Program and practical informations

Venice International University
Isola di San Servolo
30100 Venice - Italy
Tel. +39 041 2719 511
Fax +39 041 2719 510
e-mail: summerschools@univiu.org 

iStock © digtialstorm

Innovation et intervention sociales : une recherche d’impact dans les domaines du travail social et de la santé

Colloque international le 21 novembre 2018 à la Haute école de travail social (HES-SO) de Genève, avec des conférences de Anne Parpan Blaser (FHNW) et de Jacques Caillouette (Université de Sherbrooke), Mélanie Bourque (Université du Québec en Outaouais) et Christian Jetté (Université de Montréal), ainsi que deux ateliers de réflexion et une table ronde réunissant des intervenants de divers horizons.

>> Flyer

L’intervention sociale et sanitaire s’effectue à la croisée des accompagnements individuels et collectifs. Elle s’articule en outre à l’échelle institutionnelle et territoriale. De ce fait, elle réunit une grande variété d’acteurs·trices professionnel·le·s (personnel de premier recours, de formation, de recherche, etc.), des récipiendaires confronté·e·s à toutes sortes de questions sociales et de santé, et dépend également de décisions du législateur, des moyens financiers à disposition et des modes de gestion.

Si l’on considère que l’innovation sociale « peut être définie comme le développement et la mise en œuvre de nouvelles idées (produits, services et modèles) pour répondre à des besoins sociaux et créer de nouvelles relations ou collaborations sociales » (Guide de l’innovation sociale, Commission européenne, 2013), l’intervention sociale et sanitaire peut être considérée comme un champ d’expertise indispensable à la production de nouvelles réponses aux défis sociaux contemporains qui concernent les personnes vulnérables tout au long de leurs parcours de vie : le care, les coûts de la santé, les inégalités sociales et le cumul des désavantages, l’emploi précaire ou atypique, le burnout et la santé au travail, le vieillissement, l’éclatement familial, etc. Ce colloque international questionne dès lors l’apport de l’intervention sociale et sanitaire à l’innovation sociale à travers trois volets:

1. Contours

Le premier volet consistera à donner un éclairage conceptuel pour tenter de définir les contours de l’innovation sociale. Nous le ferons en mettant l’accent sur les processus de l’innovation sociale, notamment en matière de participation des professionnel·le·s, mais aussi des récipiendaires dans des institutions et des territoires circonscrits. Ces personnes se situent à différents points de l’espace social qu’il s’agit de saisir collectivement pour que de nouvelles solutions concrètes puissent émerger. En matière d’innovation sociale, il est en effet tout aussi important de valoriser les processus que les résultats, car les modalités de mise en œuvre doivent permettre de développer le pouvoir d’agir des individus et de renforcer les liens sociaux des collectifs mobilisés. Faut-il comprendre ces processus comme des vecteurs de démocratisation transformative pour le bien commun ? Ces enjeux seront développés par des spécialistes de l’innovation sociale.

2. Processus

Le deuxième volet apportera un regard réflexif sur les processus vécus par les différent·e·s acteurs·trices. Comment fonctionne le collectif d’innovation sociale ? Quelle entente entre les multiples acteurs et actrices ? Comment les différentes expertises (scientifiques, professionnelles et usagères) se combinent-elles ? Du point de vue de la recherche en sciences humaines et sociales, la perspective du parcours de vie permet-elle d’obtenir des résultats novateurs significatifs sans péjorer les droits fondamentaux de personnes vulnérables ? Comment l’intervention sociale se nourrit-elle de cette approche qui met en relief l’interdépendance des domaines de vie et des normes qui gouvernent les ressources sociales, économiques, psychologiques et physiologiques ? Comment peut-elle intégrer des méthodes longitudinales attentives aux temporalités des vulnérabilités ? Quel peut être l’apport des Living Labs pour reconnaître et formaliser la réalisation d’un projet innovant ? Ces questions, et bien d’autres, seront discutées par des spécialistes.

3. Enjeux

Enfin, le colloque entend interroger les enjeux des processus d’innovation sociale, leurs financements et leurs évaluations. A qui incombe la tâche de valider une innovation sociale ? Selon quels critères et dans quelle temporalité ? Ce type de questionnements interroge la légitimité de l’intervention sociale et sanitaire, mais également le soutien financier et l’institutionnalisation de l’innovation sociale. Le besoin d’intervention dépend en effet fortement de la perception du problème social et de son cadre institutionnel. En Suisse, outre les trois niveaux de compétence étatique et les règles du marché liées à l’économie capitaliste, ce processus est ancré dans un débat idéologique dont les termes doivent être objectivés. C’est en favorisant le dialogue entre les différents acteurs et actrices concerné·e·s que ce troisième volet du colloque sera développé à travers une table ronde.

Programme

Accueil
  • 09h00-09h30 Réception des participant·e·s
  • 09h30-09h35 Ouverture du colloque
  • 09h35-09h50 Mots de bienvenue
  • Joëlle Libois, Directrice de la Haute école de travail social Genève (HETS-GE)
  • Christine Pirinoli, Vice-rectrice Recherche & Innovation, Haute école spécialisée de Suisse occidentale (HES-SO)
  • Dario Spini, Directeur du Pôle de recherche national LIVES
Conférence
  • 09h50-10h35
  • Anne Parpan-Blaser, Haute école spécialisée du Nord-ouest de la Suisse (FHNW)
    L’innovation sociale – Un concept-pont entre production et utilisation des connaissances
  • 10h35-11h00 Pause
Atelier de réflexion
  • 11h00-12h30 L’innovation sociale en action I : le défi de la collaboration

    (présentation en tandem équipe de recherche/partenaire du terrain ou récipiendaires) 

Modération : Olivier Grand, HES-SO

  • Les situations dites complexes des personnes en situation de handicap : plaisir et souffrance dans le travail éducatif
    Toni Cerrone, HETS & Sa | EESP | Lausanne & Pascal Devaux, Fondation Perceval, St-Prex

  • Roms en cité : témoignages, participation et politiques publiques
    Monica Battaglini, HETS-GE & Cera Moaca, Pôle Médiation Intercommunautaire à CARITAS

  • La recherche participative comme méthode pour travailler avec des populations vulnérables et d’impact social à partir des exemples des projets « Encore ! Des histoires ! Évaluation participative du projet pilote de « LivrEchange » et « La parentalité en situation de toxicodépendance dans le canton de Vaud »
    Annamaria Colombo, HETS-FR & Cynthia Pedrazzini, Café des Mamans

  • 12h30-13h30 Pause de midi – repas
Atelier de réflexion
  • 13h30-15h00 L’innovation sociale en action II : le défi du développement
    (présentations en tandem équipe de recherche/partenaire du terrain ou récipiendaires)
  • Le non-recours aux prestations sociales à Genève
    Alain Bolle, CSP Genève/Dominique Froidevaux, Caritas Genève & Barbara Lucas, HETS-GE

  • Cause Commune : Méthodologie de politique d’action sociale communale de Chavannes-près-Renens
    Dario Spini / Emmanuelle Anex, PRN LIVES & Alain Plattet, Commune de Chavannes-près-Renens

  • IncuPA, étude de faisabilité d’un incubateur de projets en faveur du soutien aux proches aidant∙e∙s
    Sandrine Pihet/Noémie Pasquier, HEdS-FR & Jean-Jacques Monachon, Service de la santé publique de canton de Neuchâtel

  • 15h00-15h30 Pause
Conférence
  • 15h30-16h30
  • L'expérience du Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (CRISES) au Québec: apports pratiques et théoriques d’un concept heuristique
    Jacques Caillouette, Université de Sherbrooke, responsable au CRISES de l’axe sur les innovations sociales dans les politiques et pratiques sociales; Mélanie Bourque, Université du Québec en Outaouais, membre du CRISES; Christian Jetté, Université de Montréal, membre du CRISES

Table ronde
  • 16h30-17h45
        • « Centre d’innovation sociale » de LIVES, défis et perspectives
          Modération : Jean-Pierre Tabin (HETS&Sa | EESP)

Participant·e·s (entre autres):

  • Thierry Apothéloz, Conseiller d’Etat, Genève
  • Philippe Cotting, Association REPER, Fribourg
  • Corinne Hutmacher-Perret, Conférence suisse des institutions d'action sociale (CSIAS), Berne
  • Jacques Laurent, Service d'accompagnement et d'hébergement de l'adulte (SAHA), Canton de Neuchâtel
  • Véréna Keller, AvenirSocial, Berne

Informations pratiques

Lieu

Haute école de travail social (HES-SO) de Genève, auditoire E007 (Bâtiment E), Rue Pré-Jérôme 16, 1205 Genève
Plan du quartier : https://www.hesge.ch/hets/contact-0

Inscriptions - il n'est plus possible de s'inscrire

Frais d’inscription: 10 francs payables sur place

Comité d'organisation

  • Milena Chimienti
  • Pascal Maeder (contact)
  • Christian Maggiori
  • Stéphane Rullac
Augmentation spectaculaire de la main d'oeuvre étrangère hautement qualifiée en Suisse

The number of highly-qualified immigrant workers in Switzerland has more than doubled in 25 years

In an article for the journal Social Change in Switzerland, Philippe Wanner and Ilka Steiner show how migrant flows into Switzerland have changed over the last 25 years. In particular, the increase in immigration involving workers with high-level qualifications has been spectacular. The two researchers based their analysis on several original databases and demonstrate the predominant role played by the developing labour market in these changes.

Since the beginning of the 21st century Switzerland has experienced a significant increase in net migration. At the same time, the profile of migrant flows has changed dramatically, with the number of highly-qualified migrants more than doubling between 1991 and 2014. Using new data, Philippe Wanner and Ilka Steiner show that the number of new migrants with a tertiary education has increased from 30,000 in 1991 to 40,000 in 2000 and reaches more than 60,000 after 2007. Today migrants with high-level qualifications represent half of the total annual influx.

Immigration levels involving highly-qualified people vary across different nationalities. On the basis of a new survey, the authors show that the proportion of highly-qualified migrants exceeds 80% for French and UK nationals. It reaches two thirds for German and Austrian migrants, but is only 24% for new migrants from Portugal. In recent years, Spanish and Italian migrant flows in particular have undergone significant changes in their profile. Today over 50% are highly-qualified people, whereas historically these flows consisted of people with fairly basic qualifications.

The increase in highly-qualified migration can be explained by the demands of the Swiss labour market. New data show that over half of highly-qualified European immigrants had an employment contract in Switzerland before they arrived in the country. Nonetheless, the authors point out that international migration has only played a secondary role in response to the labour market's needs. Between 2010 and 2013 it was responsible for meeting less than 30% of the demand for workers with a tertiary education. New generations of young native Swiss, better qualified than their elders, have played the biggest role in this respect.

>> Wanner, Philippe et Steiner, Ilka (2018). Une augmentation spectaculaire de la migration hautement qualifiée en Suisse. Social Change in Switzerland No 16. Retrieved from www.socialchangeswitzerland.ch

Contact : Ilka Steiner, 078 610 36 31, Ilka.Steiner@unige.ch

Prof. Marieke van den Brink, Radboud Univer­sity Nijmegen (NL)

LECTURE: GENDER PRACTICES IN RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION IN ACADEMIA, Prof. Marieke Van den Brink

On November 5th, the Equality Programme of the NCCR LIVES and the Equality Office of the University of Lausanne will welcome a lecture by Prof. Marieke van den Brink from Radboud University Nijmegen, in the Netherlands. She will unmask some persistent myths related to recruitment and selection which are often used to explain away the under-representation of women in senior academic positions.

Marieke van den Brink is Professor of Gender & Diversity at the Institute for Social and Cultural Research at Radboud University Nijmegen, in the Netherlands. Her main research interests are gender and diversity in organisations, organisational learning and processes of power and resistance. She is an elected member of the prestigious Young Academy of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her work has been published in many journals, including Journal of Management Studies, Organization Studies, Organization, Human Relations, Gender, Work & Organization, Social Science & Medicine, Employee Relations.

Programme:
  • 12:15-12:25: Welcome address by Stefanie Brander (Equality Office, UNIL) & Eva Green (Vice-dean for Equality and Careers, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences)
  • 12:25-13:30: Lecture by Marieke van den Brink & discussion
  • 13:30-14:00: Standing lunch

Venue: University of Lausanne, Geopolis building, room 1620

>> REGISTRATION

Contacts & informations: equality@lives-nccr.ch 
 
This event is organised in partnership with:
- Equal Opportunities Office of EPFL
- College of Humanities of EPFL
- Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Lausanne
- Interfaculty Platform for Gender Studies (PlaGe) of the University of Lausanne
The same lecture will take place at the University of Bern, Main building, Hochschulstrasse 4, Room 114, on Monday 5 November from 18:15 to 19:30.
Refugee Routes  - Osar - Eritrea

Refugee routes: Information about Eritrea (sold-out)

On Novembre 1st, 2018 the NCCR LIVES will stand alongside the Swiss Refugee Council (SRC) for an event offering several presentations about the situation of Eritrean refugees and asylum seekers, in order to better understand the context in their country and the procedures that they face in Switzerland. This formula will be repeated later on to address other migration contexts from countries like Afghanistan, etc.

This event will take place in French. Please look at the French version of this news for more information.

>> Subscription required (sold-out)

 istock_baona

Foyers monoparentaux à l’aide sociale: présentation de l'étude aux services sociaux neuchâtelois

Sur invitation de l’Office de la politique familiale et de l’égalité du Canton de Neuchâtel, Ornella Larenza va présenter demain aux responsables des services sociaux son étude LIVES sur les foyers monoparentaux à l’aide sociale. Une belle reconnaissance de sa compétence en la matière et un bel exemple de la manière dont des projets de recherche peuvent être liés aux réflexions sur les politiques sociales.

Demain, sur invitation de Nicole Baur, Ornella Larenza, doctorante FNS de l’Université de Lausanne, va présenter les premiers résultats de son étude LIVES* sur les foyers monoparentaux à l’aide sociale. La directrice de l’Office de la politique familiale et de l’égalité du Canton de Neuchâtel a réuni à cette fin un parquet de responsables des services sociaux communaux et intercommunaux, ainsi que des assistant·e·s sociaux/ales.

Bel exemple d'échange avec les institutions

La « Journée au vert » de demain est destinée à la présentation des premiers résultats de la recherche d'Ornella Larenza, réalisée sur mandat du canton de Neuchâtel. Ce sera aussi l’occasion d’un «focus group», destiné à échanger sur l’interprétation de ces premiers résultats, ainsi que sur les pratiques des professionnels des services sociaux du canton.

Ornella Larenza travaille depuis plus de quatre ans dans le projet LIVES consacré à la monoparentalité, dirigé par la Prof. Laura Bernardi. « C’est un bel exemple de la manière dont ce projet de recherche LIVES est lié aux réflexions sur les politiques sociales et à l’échange avec les institutions », souligne la Prof. Bernardi. « Et cela valorise également notre expertise dans le domaine des parcours de vie et de la vulnérabilité », ajoute Ornella Larenza. Et de se réjouir encore de cette reconnaissance de sa propre compétence dans le domaine des politiques sociales et la vulnérabilité des familles monoparentales en Suisse. Ce d’autant qu’il s’agit de son sujet de thèse.

Travail de réseaux efficace

L’étude sur les foyers monoparentaux à l’aide sociale a débuté ce printemps. Elle comporte deux volets: une analyse quantitative des caractéristiques des bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale économique vivant dans un foyer monoparental d’une part et une enquête qualitative avec une quinzaine d’entretiens individuels.

«Ce mandat pour le canton de Neuchâtel est le fruit du travail de réseaux effectué depuis le début de ce projet avec les institutions et professionnels en Suisse romande», se réjouit encore la Prof. Laura Bernardi.

Job Insecurity: a challenge or hindrance stressor? by Prof. Hans De Witte

Prof. dr. Hans De Witte, from Research Group Work, Organisational & Personnel Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium, will give this conference about job insecurity, organized by LIVES. Job insecurity refers to subjective concerns about the continued existence of the actual job, alternatively defined as the perceived threat of job loss and the worries related to that threat. In this lecture, a short overview of job insecurity research will be presented, focussed on some of the ‘popular assumptions’ in media and consultancy nowadays: that job insecurity motivates employees (e.g. it constitutes a challenge) rather than being a factor that demotivates (e.g. a ‘hindrance’).

  • Where: Université de Lausanne, Géopolis, salle 5799, CH-1015 Lausanne
  • When: 12 October 2018, from 16h00 to 17h15
  • Organisation : Dr. Ieva Urbanaviciute and Prof. Jérôme Rossier
  • Contact for more information: ieva.urbanaviciute@unil.ch
  • Registration
iStock © electravk

Experiencing burn-out or depression can also bring personal growth in the long run

A thesis in psychology presented by Hannah Klaas at the University of Lausanne on 24 September 2018 shows that many people who have suffered from mental illness have also found that aspects of their experience have been positive for their personal development and their relationships with others. This takes time, and stigmatisation certainly doesn’t help. But do not we say that what doesn’t kill us makes us stronger?

Research in psychology rarely deals with large samples of "normal" populations. However, Hannah Klaas had this opportunity at the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES. Using data from the Swiss Household Panel, which tracks thousands of households longitudinally right across Switzerland year after year, she was able to extract a sub-sample of 682 people who have had a serious health problem during their lifetimes, half of whom suffered from a physical ailment, while the other half was made up of people who have suffered from a mental health problem: mainly depression, burn-out or anxiety.

In writing her thesis she had several objectives: to determine the place that the illness had taken in the identity of these people, to observe how social context, social support and stigmatisation influence recovery and development, and finally to compare the lived experiences depending on whether the ailment had affected the body or the mind. Indeed, it has been known for around thirty years that traumatic experiences such as disasters, interpersonal violence or physical health problems can ultimately have a positive impact on personal development. However, apart from a few poorly disseminated, mainly qualitative, studies, the consequences of mental illness on what is called adversarial growth has never been observed quantitatively.

Personal growth and relationships with others

The thesis by Hannah Klaas clearly demonstrates that various positive aspects can come from mental health problems such as depression, burn-out or anxiety, both in terms of personal fulfilment and in changes in relationships with other people. 60% of those taking part in the study reported a significant or moderate degree of personal growth, and 35% had experienced some positive changes since the illness.

Those for whom the disease has become an inherent part of their identity exhibit more signs of adversarial growth. They consider that they have become more understanding, more tolerant and stronger after having gone through this hardship, and claim to have a greater appreciation of life. Many remark that the situation has allowed them to arrange their lives better, for example by ending relationships seen as unhealthy, or by becoming more aware of problem areas in their lives.

“This effect is most evident in people who have had psychotherapy,” notes Hannah Klaas. On the other hand, whether or not an individual has received drug medication has no connection, either positive or negative, with this personal development. In this study, those people who state that they have grown through the adversity that they have experienced are in no way differentiated by their socio-demographic characteristics. "We are talking about the development of intra-personal and social skills, which has no connection with the level of education", the researcher notes in order to explain this broad representation of different social backgrounds.

Over time...

Is it a question of resilience? "It's not a question of going back to a pre-illness state, but rather of a personal development which goes far beyond that," explains Hannah Klaas. Moreover, her thesis indicates that the link between centrality of identity and personal growth is becoming increasingly apparent over time, particularly when the symptoms and the direct impacts of the illness have ceased.

The age at which the psychological problems started also counts, but only to a moderate extent. For certain aspects, adversarial growth seems to be more prevalent among people aged 40 or older. “For some also earlier, but when you're in the middle of your life and you have more experience, it might be easier to find meaning or a reason for your illness, to accept it and to take positive aspects from it for your relationships with others. Or perhaps at this stage you are more ready to make changes in your life?”, suggests the doctoral student.

Discrimination and recovery

Her thesis also shows that people who have suffered severe discrimination because of their state of health find it harder to see themselves as cured. However, and very interestingly, adversarial growth helps people to cope with stigmatisation. People who have experienced some form of stigmatisation benefit more from their personal fulfilment: when they have managed to transcend these problems and have “grown” as a result, they show high levels of subjective recovery. This personal development therefore contributes more to the recovery of persons discriminated against for a mental illness, compared to victims of physical illnesses discriminated against or to other patients who have not been stigmatised. However, it is not essential to have experienced personal development in the face of adversity to feel cured, because 25% of the people questioned felt that they had recovered without noticing any significant progress in their personal development.

Social support

Social support is crucial. Joining a support group, being part of an association or joining a club all encourage adversarial growth. On the other hand, people who suffer from loneliness and isolation find it harder to make sense of their difficulties, even if they lie in the past.

It should be noted that the sample consisted mainly of people who have already had their health problem for at least two years, for whom the direct impacts of the condition have ceased or who have become used to managing the problem, and who have come to accept their illness and are willing to talk about it. In addition, these people have a higher than average level of trust in others. Swiss nationals and academics are also over-represented in the sample, although their rating of adversarial growth  is no higher than in other social categories.

There is hence a high probability that the most vulnerable individuals have not been adequately represented in the study, either because they hide their illness or because they have not been diagnosed. Moreover, the analysis of a sub-group showing low cure rates shows that these people (10%) are more afraid of talking about their illness and report a lower level of adversarial growth. These are also people who indicate more instances of being stigmatised, who receive less social support, and less often belong to groups.

Recommendations

For Hannah Klaas, the most important message of her thesis is that mental illness should not be a taboo, and that "positive things can even come out of it, such as gaining a better understanding of one's strengths or being able to put an end to a toxic relationship." She recommends that the creation of support groups be encouraged, with the particular aim of developing a positive identity in people with illnesses, and of fighting stigma even more, because “people are more than their health problem.”

According to the researcher, more on-line information is needed on recovery and the opportunities for adversarial growth aimed at those affected and their close ones, and even campaigns in schools to gain a better understanding of these phenomena: “We learn what cancer is, but never depression. For example, it is a little known fact that half of the people who suffer from depression experience only one episode during their lifetimes.”

>> Hannah Klaas(2018). Identity, adversarial growth and recovery from mental and physical health problems. Under the supervision of Dario Spini. Université de Lausanne

iStock ©fizkes

"Why the brain struggles to get off the sofa"

Researchers at UNIGE have observed that the brain has a natural tendency to make as little effort as possible, and that it has to summon numerous resources to counter this affinity for the sedentary lifestyle.

About 30% of adults and 80% of teenagers today do not meet the minimum levels of daily physical activity for staying healthy, as recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Previous studies have already demonstrated that there is a gap between the intentionto play sport and actually playing it among individuals with a leaning towards a sedentary lifestyle. But what happens in the brain to prevent intention being followed by action?

Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG), Switzerland, have studied the neuronal activity of people faced withmaking the choice between physical activity and doing nothing.They noted that the brain requires far greater resources to escape ageneral attraction to minimising effort. A struggle then breaks out between the desire to do nothing and the physical activity. The results, published in the journal Neuropsychologia, are consistent with the idea that our ancestors had to avoid unnecessary physical effort to increase their chances of survival – which, of course, is no longer necessary in our modern societies.

Many people take out membership of a fitness club or gym but never set foot inside. This type of behaviour, which the researchers termed the “physical activity paradox”, has been demonstrated by earlier studies that contrasted the controlled system based on reason – I have to play sport to be healthy – with the automatic system based on affect – the discomfort and fatigue experienced during physical activity. When there is conflict between reason and affect, the physical activity behaviour is not implemented, and the individual tends to remain sedentary. But what happens at the neuronal level? The research team headed by Boris Cheval, (a researcher at NCCR LIVES at the Faculty of Medicine at UNIGE and HUG), and Matthieu Boisgontier (a researcher at Leuven University, Belgium, and University of British Columbia, Canada), studied the neuronal activity of 29 people, all of whom wanted to be active in their daily lives without necessarily being so. The participants had to choose between physical activity and inactivity while the researchers probed their brain activity using an electroencephalograph equipped with 64 electrodes.

Less time but more resources

“We made participants play the “manikin task” which involved steering a dummy towards images representing a physical activity, and subsequently moving it away from images portraying sedentary behaviour. They were then asked to perform the reverse action,” explains Boris Cheval. The researchers compared the differences in the time. We found that participants took 32 milliseconds less to move away from the sedentary image, which is considerable for a task like this,” continues Boris Cheval. It was an outcome that went against the theory and the physical activity paradox. So, how can it be explained? The answer lies in the power of reasoning. The participants shunned the sedentary image faster than they approached it for two reasons: first, because this action was consistent with the instructions given by the researchers; and, more importantly, because it was in keeping with their intention to be physically active. Accordingly, they called on the resources needed to break free from their natural inclination, which drives them to minimise their efforts and react quickly to counter this “instinct”.

“On the other hand,” points out Boris Cheval, “we observed that the electrical activity associated with two brain zones in particular, the fronto-medial cortex and the fronto-central cortex, was much higher when the participant had to choose the sedentary option.” These two areas represent the struggle that takes place between reason and the affects, and the capacity to inhibit natural tendencies, respectively.“ This means the brain has to use much more resources to move away from sedentary behaviour, rather than follow its natural penchant for minimising effort.”

Fighting the legacy of evolution

Where does this inclination for sedentary behaviour come from? “Making as little effort as possible was crucial for the human species during evolution”, says the researcher. “This orientation towards saving and conserving resources increased the chances of survival and reproduction.” Today, however, our modern society renders this energy optimisation obsolete. “On the contrary, physical activity should be encouraged instead of putting temptations in the way to do less, such as escalators or elevators. For instance, we could modify the waypublic spaces are designed to reduce the opportunities for individuals to engage spontaneously in behaviour associated with minimising effort.”

>> Contact: Boris.Cheval@unige.ch+41 22 379 89 42

Source: press release UNIGE (18/09/18)

New video : "Misleading norms - The Everyday Story of Louise"

The Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES produced a short 6-minute animated movie about the life course of a woman in Switzerland. It shows the different steps which may lead from a worry-free childhood to vulnerability at old age. The story is inspired by different research results that LIVES members published about gender inequalities.

Making : y-en-a·com sàrl

All LIVES videos are on Viméo

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