DIAL Summer School 2020

DIAL Summer School 2020

The DIAL Summer School 2020 will take place August 17-19 2020 at the University of Turku in Finland. A call for papers has been launched within this framework.

NORFACE's transnational research programme "Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course: structures and processes" (DIAL) is organising a Summer School focusing on multi- and interdisciplinary research about inequalities in the life course. The event will take place August 17-19 2020 at the University of Turku in Finland (the event may be conducted by videoconference due to the current situation). This Summer School is dedicated to young researchers who are involved in DIAL projects or in the INVEST Research Flagship Center. Examples of multi- and interdisciplinary research will be presented. Students will also have the opportunity to present their own work and receive feedback from a multidisciplinary perspective. 

In that regard, a call for papers has been launched. Young researchers are invited to send an abstract of their research related to inequalities in the life course on 2 to 4 pages. A short biography including a description of involvement in a DIAL or INVEST project is requested. The deadline is May 29 2020. 

A document with details about the event is available below. 

Press release - Reducing energy consumption: the inconsistent intentions of the Swiss population

Press release - Reducing energy consumption: the inconsistent intentions of the Swiss population

While consumption of fossil fuels is increasing and global awareness of global warming is growing, the intentions of households to reduce their own consumption are not keeping pace. The new issue of the journal Social Change in Switzerland shows with the help of a survey of 5,000 households that only one third of individuals say they want to reduce their carbon footprint. Moreover, among the latter, this intention is hardly translated into concrete intentions in terms of car use, electricity or heating.

In this new study, researchers Mehdi Farsi, Laurent Ott and Sylvain Weber from the University of Neuchâtel analyse the annual energy demand surveys 2016-2019. They show that only 25% of respondents say they are in favour of reducing the use of their cars, while 33% say they want to reduce their carbon footprint. Women, young people and urban dwellers are generally more willing to reduce their carbon footprint and energy consumption through reduced car use, heating and electricity. Young women are also more supportive of the climate strike.

Knowledge does not rhyme with intent

These surveys also show that men and people over 55 years of age have a better understanding of energy and its climate impact. But a good level of knowledge is not accompanied by more favourable intentions to reduce energy consumption. Indeed, groups of people with better knowledge about energy seem less willing to change their behaviour. Informing the population is therefore not enough to reduce energy consumption.

A fuzzy but well-accepted CO2 tax

By asking people about the CO2 tax, the survey shows that it is often misunderstood or even ignored. While the CO2 tax amounts to more than 25% of the price of fuel (oil and gas), a significant minority of respondents do not realize that they actually pay it. However, if large sections of the population are unaware of a tax, there is no point in expecting it to change their behaviour in terms of energy use. Nevertheless, the three researchers highlight that the Swiss, with the exception of young people living in rural areas, would support the tax in a popular vote.

>> M. Farsi, L. Ott & S. Weber (2020). Les intentions contradictoires des Suisses vis-à-vis de leur consommation d'énergieSocial Change in Switzerland N° 21, 
www.socialchangeswitzerland.ch

Contact : Sylvain Weber, +41 32 718 14 42, sylvain.weber@unine.ch

The series Social Change in Switzerland continuously documents the evolution of the social structure in Switzerland. It is published jointly by the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences FORS, the Centre for Research on Life Course and Inequality (Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Lausanne) LINES and the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspective (NCCR LIVES). The aim is to trace changes in employment, family, income, mobility, voting and gender in Switzerland. Based on state-of-the-art empirical research, they are aimed at a wider audience than just specialists.

Press release - Brain or muscles, what do we lose first?

Press release - Brain or muscles, what do we lose first?

Researchers from NCCR LIVES and the Swiss Centre for Affectives Sciences (CISA, UNIGE) have shown that the decline in cognitive abilities after 50 years of age results in
a decline in physical activity, and that – contrary to what has been suggested by the literature to date – the inverse relationship is much weaker.

Someone dies somewhere in the world every 10 seconds owing to physical inactivity – 3.2 million people a year according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). From the age of 50, there is a gradual decline not just in physical activity but also in cognitive abilities since the two are correlated. But which of them influences the other? Does physical activity impact on the brain or is it the other way around? To answer this question, researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, and the NCCR LIVES used a database of over 100,000 people aged 50-90 whose physical and cognitive abilities were measured every two years for 12 years. The findings, which are published in the journal Health Psychology, show that – contrary to what was previously thought – cognitive abilities ward off inactivity much more than physical activity prevents the decline in cognitive abilities. All of which means we need to prioritise exercising our brains.

The literature in this area has been looking at the impact of physical activity on cognitive skills for a number of years. “Correlations have been established between these two factors, particularly in terms of memory, but also regarding the growth and survival of new neurons,” begins Boris Cheval, a researcher at UNIGE’s Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences (CISA). “But we have never yet formally tested which comes first: does physical activity prevent a decline in cognitive skills or vice versa? That’s what we wanted to verify.”

What came first: the chicken or the egg? 

Earlier studies based on the correlation between physical activity and cognitive skills postulated that the former prevent the decline of the latter. “But what if this research only told half the story? That’s what recent studies suggest, since they demonstrate that our brain is involved when it comes to engaging in physical activity,” continues the Geneva-based researcher.

The UNIGE researchers tested the two possible options formally using data from the SHARE survey (Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe), a European-wide socio-economic database covering over 25 countries. “The cognitive abilities and level of physical activity of 105,206 adults aged 50 to 90 were tested every two years over a 12-year period,” explains Matthieu Boisgontier, a researcher at the LIVES Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR LIVES). Cognitive abilities were measured using a verbal fluency test (naming as many animals as possible in 60 seconds) and a memory test (memorising 10 words and reciting them afterwards). Physical activity was measured on a scale of 1 (“Never”) to 4 (“More than once a week”).

The Geneva researchers employed this data in three separate statistical models. In the first, they looked at whether physical activity predicted the change in cognitive skills over time; in the second, whether cognitive skills predicted the change in physical activity; and in the third, they tested the two possibilities bidirectionally. “Thanks to a statistical index, we found that the second model adjusted the most precisely to the data of the participants,” says Cheval. The study demonstrates, therefore, that cognitive capacities mainly influence physical activity and not vice versa, as the literature to date had postulated. “Obviously, it’s a virtuous cycle, since physical activity also influences our cognitive capacities. But, in light of these new findings, it does so to a lesser extent,” points out Boisgontier.

Slowing down an inevitable decline

From the age of 50, the decline in physical and cognitive abilities is inevitable. However, these results indicate that, contrary to what was once thought, if we act first on our cognitive skills, we can slow the decline of this virtuous circle. “This study backs up our theory that the brain has to make a real effort to get out of a sedentary lifestyle and that by working on cognitive capacities, physical activity will follow”, says Cheval by way of conclusion. 

>> Full scientific article - Cheval, B., Orsholits, D., Sieber, S., Courvoisier, D., Cullati, S., & Boisgontier, M. P. (2020). Relationship between decline in cognitive resources and physical activityHealth Psychology.

COVID-19 - Postponement of NCCR LIVES conferences, seminars and events

COVID-19 - Postponement of NCCR LIVES conferences, seminars and events

Considering the evolution of the situation related to COVID-19, LIVES administrative and research staff will continue its activities teleworking until the end of April.

In order to ensure everyone's health, all research seminars and other conferences that were scheduled until the end of April are postponed to a later date. More information will be communicated regarding these events. Please consult the websites of the institutions and universities for further information about access to their premises.

The members of the NCCR LIVES remain at your disposal by e-mail if you have any questions, on the intranet for LIVES personel, and at communication@lives-nccr.ch or on 021 692 38 83 for the press. Due to the special circumstances that affect us all, e-mail response times may be extended. Thank you for your understanding.

Annulation de l'exposition au sujet des seniors migrants

Annulation de l'exposition au sujet des seniors migrants

En raison de l'évolution de la situation liée au covid-19, le PRN LIVES et l'Association Esprit Nomade ont décidé de reporter l'exposition "Une vie bien remplie : parcours de vie migratoires des plus de 60 ans". Les nouvelles dates seront communiquées ultérieurement.

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - Doctoral projects examined by experts
NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - Doctoral projects examined by experts

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - Doctoral projects examined by experts

On 4 and 5 February 2020, 18 doctoral students of the NCCR LIVES presented their research at the NCCR LIVES Doctoriales. This annual workshop enables the NCCR LIVES to train the next generation of researchers in the field of life course and vulnerability. After presenting theirs projects, the doctoral students in turn benefit from the interdisciplinary viewpoint of experts on their work, thus promoting quality research. The researches cover many fields, such as health, aging, career trajectories and network analysis, cumulative disadvantages/disadvantages or methodological advances.

In addition to the primary research objective, the Doctoriales is also a social event, allowing to share methods and experiences, create a network and thus foster future collaborations. "It provides a friendly environment to exchange scientific information and to socially bind with colleagues and senior researchers," says one of the PhD students.

This event allows young researchers to take a step back from their project, as Dr. Emilie Joly-Burra, an expert at the Doctoriales, points out. Above all, it is also an opportunity to offer doctoral students the opportunity to discuss their research with people other than their thesis directors. Dr. Mattia Vacchiano underlines the advantages of this type of event also for senior researchers intervening as experts. "Reflecting on a text, evaluating the quality of its foundations and of the theoretical and empirical elements that make it up is always a beneficial exercise for intellectual activity, and therefore for our work as researchers".

Strengthen presentation skills

This type of workshop is also an opportunity to improve other professional skills that are essential in the academic world: "The Doctoriales helps improve presentation skills. I think it is beneficial to have the possibility to do these oral presentations in a good context, where most part of the audience is known.", says one of the PhD candidates.

Dr. Sabine Kradolfer, event organizer and ad interim Doctoral Programme Officer, is very satisfied with the quality of the work presented. "We have a lot of PhD students in this new cohort and they have already done a lot of thinking about their projects. We have seen good quality interventions even for those who are just starting out." The Doctoriales are a tradition since the first year of the NCCR LIVES in 2011 and, considering the success of the event, the willingness to continue this concept in the framework of the future LIVES Centre is very appealing.

An international expert to stay on the cutting edge

Methodological advances were also in the spotlight at the 2020 edition, with the plenary lecture given by Prof. Marc Scott of New York University on the subject of sequence analysis. Indeed, the complexity of life courses, and consequently of the data collected in longitudinal research, places methodology at the heart of the discussions.

>> All the pictures of the NCCR LIVES Doctoriales are published in this photo gallery. 

The political costs of inequality - LINES/LIVES Research Seminar

As part of the LINES/LIVES research seminars of spring 2020 : "Parcours de vie et inégalités", Fabian Kratz will give a presentation entitled : "The political costs of inequality: A cumulative inequality perspective on anti-immigration attitudes".

  • Title : The political costs of inequality: A cumulative inequality perspective on anti-immigration attitudes
  • Lecturer : Fabian Kratz, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
  • Date : Tuesday 18 February 2020, 12:15 - 13:30 
  • Location : Geopolis building, room 5799 
  • Host : Michael Grätz
  • Themes : Social stratifications and cumulative inequalities
UniTwin international Network

UniTwin international Network

Life Designing interventions (counseling, guidance, education) for decent work and sustainable development. The UniTwin international network organizes a two-day event with presentations open to the public. During the first day, the vernissage of the book "Repères pour l'orientation" will take place. During the second day, the members of the network will give symposiums, conferences and do a roundtable. The thematic of this day will be the role of vocational counseling to promote access to sustainable careers. The event is held on March 5-6 2020 at the University of Lausanne, Amphimax, room 414.

This network was created as part of the UNITWIN/Chairs UNESCO program. It brings together 19 universities from around the world (Europe, South America, North America and Africa) that cooperate to promote access to decent work and decent life through vocational guidance, career counseling and life designing. In order to achieve this, this network takes part in researches and creates programs to promote social inclusion (wp.unil.ch/unitwin).

Presentations will be given in English.

Venue

5-6 March 2020
University of Lausanne, Amphimax, room 414

Registration

Deadline: 1st March 2020
Fees (lunch and coffee breaks included):

  • University members: CHF 40.–
  • Other participants: CHF 50.– 

ONLINE REGISTRATION AND EVENT SITE

www.unil.ch/unitwin/event 

Integrating immigrants through active labour market policy? - LINES/LIVES Research Seminar

As part of the LINES/LIVES research seminars of spring 2020 : "Parcours de vie et inégalités", Flavia Fossati will give a presentation entitled : "Integrating immigrants through active labour market policy? Evidence from survey experiments".

  • Title : Integrating immigrants through active labour market policy? Evidence from survey experiments.
  • Lecturer : Flavia Fossati, Universtiy of Lausanne (LIVES member)
  • Date : Tuesday 10 March 2020, 12:15 - 13:30 
  • Location : Geopolis building, room 5799 
  • Themes : Migration and exclusion logic ; Social stratifications and cumulative inequalities

Is it good to have a stay-at-home mom ? - LINES/LIVES Research Seminar

As part of the LINES/LIVES research seminars of spring 2020 : "Parcours de vie et inégalités", Giulia Dotti Sani will give a presentation entitled : "Is it good to have a stay-at-home mom ? Parental childcare time and work-family arrangement in Italy, 1988-2014".

  • Title : Is it good to have a stay-at-home mom ? Parental childcare time and work-family arrangement in Italy, 1988-2014.
  • Lecturer : Giulia Dotti Sani, Università degli studi di Milano, Italy 
  • Date : Tuesday 17 March 2020, 12:15 - 13:30 
  • Location : Geopolis building, room 5799 
  • Hosts : Daniel Oesch and Alessandro Di Nallo 
  • Themes : Social stratifications and cumulative inequalities; Gender inequalities; Family reconfiguration 

The partner pay gap - LINES/LIVES Research Seminar

As part of the LINES/LIVES research seminars of spring 2020 : "Parcours de vie et inégalités", Vanessa Gash will give a presentation entitled : "The partner pay gap - associations between spouses’ relative earnings and life satisfaction among couples in the UK".

  • TitleThe partner pay gap - associations between spouses’ relative earnings and life satisfaction among couples in the UK.
  • Lecturer : Vanessa Gash, Univesity of London, United Kingdom 
  • Date : Tuesday 19 May 2020, 12:15 - 13:30 
  • Location : Geopolis building, room 5799 
  • Host : Leen Vandecasteele
  • Themes : Social stratifications and cumulative inequalities ; Gender inequalities and intersectionality ; Family reconfiguration 

Personality development in the context of major life transitions - LINES/LIVES Research Seminar

As part of the LINES/LIVES research seminars of spring 2020 : "Parcours de vie et inégalités", Manon A. van Scheppingen will give a presentation entitled : "Personality development in the context of major life transitions".

  • Title : Personality development in the context of major life transitions.
  • Lecturer : Manon A. van Scheppingen, Universiteit van Tilburg, Nederlands
  • Date : Tuesday 16 june 2020, 12:15 - 13:30 
  • Location : Geopolis building, room 5799 
  • Host : Nicolas Sommet
  • Themes : Modeling of trajectories and transitions
2020 SLLS – SUMMER SCHOOL ON LONGITUDINAL AND LIFE COURSE RESEARCH

2020 SLLS – SUMMER SCHOOL ON LONGITUDINAL AND LIFE COURSE RESEARCH

From August 24 to August 28, the 2020 SLLS Summer School on Longitudinal and Life Course Research will be organized at the NCCR LIVES, University of Geneva. Registration is open until May 31 – the number of participants is limited!

Life course research is a burgeoning, interdisciplinary field of studies. It is characterized by theoretical approaches that reflect and inform diverse areas such as sociology, demography, epidemiology, economics, psychology, and social biology. It is also characterized by a set of commonly-used quantitative research methods, such as event-history analysis, multi-level modelling, structural equation modelling and sequence analysis that span disciplinary boundaries.

The Summer School is intended for post-doctoral fellows and postgraduate research students who are interested in exploring the potential of longitudinal and life course research or who want to further develop their existing skills.

The 2020 School is organized by Matthias Studer (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva) and sponsored in part by the NCCR LIVES.

PROGRAM AND EXPERTS

The program includes lectures and discussions led by expert researchers. Examples are drawn from a wide range of longitudinal data sets and illustrated with social and biological life course outcomes. Computer lab sessions develop practical and statistical skills for life course research.  

Themes Being Covered Include:

  • Sociology and Demography of the Life Course
  • Life Course Epidemiology
  • Life Course and Genetics
  • Event History Techniques
  • Multilevel Models for Life Course Processes
  • Structural Equation Models (SEM) for longitudinal data
  • Sequence Analysis Approaches

Provisional program available here. 

Experts participating: 

Stéphane Cullati (University of Fribourg), Paolo Ghisletta (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva), Hill Kulu (University of St Andrews), Ross Macmillan (University of Limerick), Dimitri Mortelmans (University of Antwerp), Karel Neels (University of Antwerp), Michael Shanahan (University of Zurich), Matthias Studer (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva), Eric Widmer (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva) and Emilie Joly-Burra (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva).

Keynote speaker:

Marlis Buchmann (University of Zurich)

Application

To apply please fill in this form. 

With the registration, please send us (to upload on the form):

  • A motivation letter presenting your current research and its link with the life course perspective (No longer than 1 page)
  • A Curriculum Vitae including a list of publications

You will receive a notification from the Summer School staff that your application has been received and you will hear whether you have been admitted before June 12, 2020. In all cases, the fee is expected to be paid within 30 days after the notification of acceptance to finalize your registration.

For all practical information (Costs, where to sleep and contact info), please visit our SLLS Summer School page

>>>FAQ - 2020 SLLS Summer School practical 

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Understanding Gender in Wealth Inequality - Humboldt-Universität - 1,2 October 2020

The "Understanding Gender in Wealth Inequality" workshop has issued a call for papers for the event that will take place on 1-2 October 2020 at the Humboldt-Universität in Berlin. The deadline is 30 April 2020.

Overview:

Gender inequalities in education and labour market achievements have narrowed in the last decades in most Western countries. Nevertheless, the gender gap persists in terms of economic outcomes such as income and wealth, as women have substantially lower lifetime earnings and hold less financial, housing and pension wealth than men on average. An increasing number of studies have provided empirical evidence for the gender pay gap and the motherhood penalty during early and mid-adulthood. Despite the cumulative effect of wealth, gender disparities in wealth accumulation remain largely under-researched. Furthermore, wealth is often studied at the household level and assumed to be shared equally within households, which masks any inequality within households.

Therefore, this workshop will consider two different aspects of gender wealth inequality: between households and within the household. Understanding the multiple dimensions of gender wealth inequality is critical, as these inform how and to what extent wealth inequality is linked to women’s economic autonomy and freedom of choices over the life-course.

The workshop:

This two-day workshop has two goals. First, it aims to enhance the understanding of gendered patterns, mechanisms, and consequences of wealth inequality. Second, it brings a multidisciplinary group of early-career researchers to develop a collective research agenda concerning conceptual issues, methodological challenges and policy implications in this area of study.

Questions that may be addressed include:

  • What are the challenges and potential solutions in measuring wealth within households?
  • What are the recent trends and patterns of the gender wealth gap in a country-specific or a comparative perspective over time?
  • What are systematic gender (dis)advantages and to what extent do they explain wealth inequalities between men and women?
  • How do the differences in men’s and women’s life courses explain different wealth accumulation patterns?
  • How do individuals within couples define personal and joint wealth? To what extent is wealth becoming individualised and how does this affect gender inequality in wealth?
  • How and to what extent do partners share wealth? (including at the point of different life course events, such as divorce or separation)

The workshop will consist of individual presentations in thematically organised sessions, as well as additional networking sessions in which participants will have opportunities to connect and discuss future collaborations. Confirmed keynote speakers are Sofie R. Waltl (Assistant Professor, Vienna University of Economics and Business and the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, LISER) and Céline Bessière (Professor, Université Paris-Dauphine).

Abstract submission:

We invite early-career researchers using qualitative or quantitative methods in Social Policy, Sociology, Economics, Law, Psychology and related disciplines to submit abstracts (up to 500 words) for presentations at the workshop by 30 April 2020. You will be notified about the acceptance of your abstract by 1 June 2020. All participants are required to submit a full paper or current draft prior to the workshop. Please send your Curriculum Vitae (CV) and paper abstract to gender.wealth@gmail.com.

The workshop is free of charge. Participants are responsible for funding their own travel and accommodation costs. Financial assistance may be available for a limited number of participants. The workshop is funded by the European Consortium for Sociological Research (ECSR) Network Workshop Grant.

Organising committee:

Ellie Suh (University of Oxford & CASE, London School of Economics), Nicole Kapelle (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin & University of Queensland), Theresa Nutz (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin), Daria Tisch (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) and Andreas Weiland (Universität Mannheim)

Neuchâtel's single-parent homes on social assistance in the light of a study by the LIVES research cluster

According to a study by the NCCR LIVES "Overcoming Vulnerability: Life-Course Perspectives", single-parent homes in Neuchâtel on social assistance are generally run by women facing multiple problems. Indeed, interviews with single mothers indicate an accumulation of disadvantages over the life course linked to social origin, incomplete schooling, health problems, migratory experience or inequalities in the life of a couple.

The first part of the study, which is quantitative, provides an overview of the profile of the population concerned for the year 2016 based on the cantonal database of recipients of economic social assistance (ASE). According to this census, in more than 90% of cases, it consists of a single mother of around 40 years of age and her children. These families are more likely to live in the more urbanised areas of the canton. Cases of widowhood are very rare.

Most single parents are in an assistance unit with only one dependent child, and the youngest child is on average 9.5 years old. More than a fifth of the parents are employed and often work part-time. Slightly more than half of the single-parent households receiving ESA in the canton of Neuchâtel are of Swiss nationality, while a quarter are nationals of a European country.

Finally, only a small minority of beneficiaries manage to leave the ASE in less than twelve months, and almost all of the households remain in long-term support. In the beneficiary households headed by fathers, the same profile characteristics of the total population (mothers and fathers) are generally found.

Exit from social assistance impeded by work and health

The second and third parts of the study highlight the factors that may contribute to and exit from welfare. These components are based on interviews with welfare recipients and professionals working in social services. All respondents point to multiple difficulties that accumulate and interlock throughout the life course, until a trigger (job loss, end of unemployment insurance entitlements, separation/divorce, etc.) makes them difficult to manage and leads people to depend on economic social assistance. Thus, the importance of the payment and amounts of alimony and child support is emphasized by both recipients and social work professionals.

The lack of reliable childcare solutions is often mentioned, making it difficult for single parents to pursue a professional activity. Among the factors that can prevent people from leaving the assistance are working in sectors with few jobs, physical health problems or the relatively old age of the beneficiaries for the labour market. In addition, the prospect of becoming subject to seizure in the event of exit from the scheme, for beneficiaries with debts, may create an incentive to stay on welfare.

Prevent, support and educate to get by

The study reveals the importance of working upstream to prevent the accumulation of disadvantages. In this case, it is a question of taking action in multiple areas of life: schooling, mental health, social and professional integration, etc. Furthermore, it is important that the financial support of social assistance be taken into account by family/work reconciliation policies specific to the needs of single parents. From the point of view of the beneficiaries, support solutions better adapted to the different types of beneficiaries would be desirable, depending on the employment sector for example, and in particular in the form of additional training not currently covered by social assistance.

This research was carried out in partnership with the Office for Family Policy and Equality of the Canton of Neuchâtel and led by Dr. Ornella Larenza under the direction of Prof. Laura Bernardi (University of Lausanne, NCCR LIVES). She is studying the multiple facets of single-parent households in Neuchâtel on social assistance. After completing her doctorate at the NCCR LIVES, Dr. Ornella Larenza is now a researcher at the University of Applied Sciences of Ticino (SUPSI).

The complete study is available on our "Reports, partnerships, events" page. Any questions in this regard can be addressed to the author of the study.

Ornella Larenza, PhD

Ricercatrice

SUPSI - Scuola universitaria professionale della Svizzera italiana
DEASS - Dipartimento economia aziendale, sanità e sociale
http://www.supsi.ch/deass
Palazzo E, Via Cantonale 16e
CH-6928 Manno
Ufficio 206
+41 (0)58 666 6729

ornella.larenza@supsi.ch

Journées internationales de sociologie du travail 2020 : Les frontières du travail : déplacements, brouillages et recompositions

Les 17ème Journées internationales de sociologie du travail (JIST), co-organisées par le PRN LIVES, se dérouleront du 4 au 6 novembre 2020 à l’Université de Lausanne. La thématique de cette année est : « Les frontières du travail : déplacements, brouillages et recompositions ». Dans ce cadre, les JIST 2020 lancent un appel à communication jusqu’au 30 avril 2020.

Cette année les JIST se penchent sur la thématique des « frontières ». Il s’agit de réfléchir aux frontières du travail à la fois dans un sens matériel et institutionnalisé (frontières nationales, groupes professionnels, statuts d’emploi…) mais aussi dans un sens symbolique et informel (travail d’organisation et d’exécution, travail « féminin » et « masculin »…). Cet événement souhaite ainsi privilégier une réflexion sur les recompositions en cours autour des catégories et catégorisations de travailleurs et de travailleuses.

Appel à communication

Les JIST ont lancé un appel à communication à cette occasion. Les organisateurs sont particulièrement intéressés à recevoir des projets interrogeant les recompositions actuelles du monde du travail en analysant l’évolution de ses frontières. Voici les informations et différentes dates importantes quant à cet appel à communication :

  • Date limite de proposition de communication : 30 avril 2020 
    Envoi d’un résumé de 2 500 signes maximum (espaces compris), présentant la problématique, le cadre théorique, les supports empiriques et les principaux résultats. Ce résumé comportera un titre et trois à cinq mots clés. Rédigé de préférence en français (ou en anglais ou en espagnol) il sera déposé sur la plateforme : http://www.unil.ch/jist2020
  • Réponse du Comité scientifique : 1er juin 2020
  • Diffusion du programme final : début août 2020
  • Date limite d’envoi du texte final de la communication : 1er octobre 2020
    D’une longueur de 30 000 à 50 000 signes (espaces compris), rédigé de préférence en français (ou en anglais ou en espagnol), le texte final de la communication sera adressé à : jist2020@unil.ch
  • Journées internationales de sociologie du travail : 4-6 novembre 2020

Une liste de pistes analytiques, un programme prévisionnel ainsi que d’autres informations relatives à ces journées sont disponibles sur le site internet de l’événement ou alors via le document disponible ci-dessous.

Contact
jist2020@unil.ch

Public lecture by Prof. Marc Scott (NYU) - Sequence analysis and life course studies

Public lecture by Prof. Marc Scott (NYU) - Sequence analysis and life course studies

Prof. Marc Scott, from New York University, will give a public lecture during NCCR LIVES Doctoriales on 5 February 2020, "Both sides now: Methodological frameworks for objectives and challenges in sequence analysis".

Methods and models for life course studies are guided by the principle that progress through life is contextual and multi-dimensional. This poses the challenge of distilling large sequences of events into meaningful factors that can be related to other dimensions of the life course. Due to the categorical and temporal characteristics of these events, the field of sequence analysis developed to address fundamental social science questions emerging from rich longitudinal studies. These include questions that are relatively easy to state, but hard to specify and answer, such as to what extent does early life history matter in shaping events in later adulthood? More generally, how do we relate the full content of life experiences (literally the information contained within them) to subsequent outcomes, or across concurrent dimensions? We discuss current and developing frameworks that address these methodological challenges, comparing and contrasting them in the context of patterns in cohabitation and professional status (early home life, education, work and family) using the Swiss Household Panel.

Venue

5 February 2020
16.15 - 17.30
UNIL Géopolis, room 2137

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - 9th edition

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - 9th edition

Eighteen young researchers of the NCCR LIVES Doctoral Programme will present their thesis projects to internal and external experts on Tuesday 4 and Wednesday 5 February 2020 in Lausanne.

The 9th edition of the National Centre of Competence in Research Doctoral Programme LIVES "Overcoming Vulnerability, Life Course Perspective" will be held at the University of Lausanne, Géopolis, on 4 and 5 February 2020.

During these two days, doctoral students registered in the LIVES Doctoral Program will present the progress of their research. Experts internal and external to LIVES are mobilized to listen to them and comment on their project, bringing interdisciplinary expertise to young researchers.

The themes covered by the current theses cover many of the areas covered by the NCCR LIVES, such as health, ageing, migration, professional trajectories, family, interpersonal networks, social structures and methodology.

The event is closed with a public lecture by Marc Scott, Professor of Applied Statistics at New York University, "Both sides now: Methodological frameworks for objectives and challenges in sequence analysis".

10TH ALPINE POPULATION CONFERENCE

10TH ALPINE POPULATION CONFERENCE

The next Alp-Pop conference will take place on January 19-22, 2019 in La Thuile, Aosta Valley, Italy. It brings together scholars interested in population issues across several disciplines, including demography, economics, epidemiology, political science, sociology and psychology.

The conference emphasizes empirical rigor and innovation over a given topic or geographical area, and meets the challenges of interdisciplinary and international audiences. Inquiries can be addressed via email to: alp.pop@unibocconi.it.

The confirmed key-note speakers for the 2020 Conference are:

  • Hilary HOYNES (University of California Berkeley)
  • Jan VAN BAVEL (University of Leuven)

Alp-Pop scholars confer both formally and informally. A traditional conference program (paper and poster presentations) mixes with group activities in a world-class winter resort. The conference location, the Hotel Planibel in La Thuile (Aosta Valley), is next to the ski-slopes, and is in close proximity to the airports of Geneva and Torino/Milano.

Participants are expected to seek their own funding. Special-rate rooms have been reserved at the conference hotel with arrival on January 19 (conference starts in the afternoon) and departure on January 22 (the conference will end in the late morning). Participants will receive information on how to reach La Thuile and regular updates on the conference organization.

Organizing committee: 

  • Arnstein Aassve (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
  • Massimo Anelli (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
  • Nicoletta Balbo (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
  • Laura Bernardi (Swiss National Center for Competence in Research LIVES, University of Lausanne)
  • Francesco Billari (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
Inheritance in Switzerland increases but its taxation decreases

Inheritance in Switzerland increases but its taxation decreases

The volume of inheritance in Switzerland should reach a record breaking amount of CHF 95 billion in 2020, which represents an estimated average of 11'000 CHF per capita. According to the last report of the Social Change in Switzerland series, inheritance plays a more and more important role in the fortune of Swiss people, since half of this fortune comes from inheritance. In parallel, taxation on inheritance has globally decreased to reach an average of 1.4% against 4.1% in 1990 in a context of fear of tax evasion. With his article, Marius Brülhart shows that this fear is not verified and that inheritance therefore represents an unexploited tax base.

95 billion is the total sum of inheritances in Switzerland projected for 2020. This amount represents half of the country's wealth today. But this large sum is less and less subject to taxation. In Switzerland, inheritance tax has risen to an average of 1.4% compared with 4.1% in 1990, with some cantons having even abolished this tax. The decrease is partly explained by tax competition, which was a strong argument in the various votes on this subject. However, the fear that fortunes will move to another canton if the tax on inheritance is too high is only "presumed", as Marius Brülhart, professor of economics at the University of Lausanne, proves. Tax competition between the cantons has therefore created a significant untapped tax base that could be used to invest in future public services without any major side effects. With a return to the 1990 tax rate of 4.1%, each canton could generate CHF 2.5 billion.

Older and older heirs
The Swiss are receiving their inheritance later and later in life. 60% of the beneficiaries are people over 60. The trend in donations during life is also on the rise and now accounts for 30-40% of the total volume of inheritances. The impact of inheritances on social inequalities has yet to be studied. On the other hand, inequalities in the distribution of wealth are increasing in Switzerland. Today, 1% of the population holds more than 40% of the total private wealth, compared to around 32% in 1982.

The Social Change in Swizerland series documents the evolution of social structure in Switzerland. It is edited jointly by the Swiss Center of expertise in social sciences FORS, the Life course and inequality research Center LINES and the Swiss National Center of Competences in Research LIVES – Overcoming vulnerabilty: Life course perspectives. The goal is to retrace change in employability, family, income, mobility, votation or gender in Switzerland.

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